Short Course In Photography, 8/E

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  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 1/1/2012
  • Publisher: PRENTICE HALL
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#xA0; The London, Upton, Stone series has helped over 1,000,000 photography students capture their potential. The new 8th edition of A Short Course in Photographyintroduces students to the fundamentals of photography and suggests ways in which they might create photographs that have meaning. With a special focus on black and white photography, the book also explores digital techniques and web photography resources, equipment, cameras and camera accessories, the exposure and development of film, and the making and finishing of prints. All aspects of the process are explained and illustrated clearly in two-page spreads, each of which addresses a self-contained topic.

Author Biography

Jim Stone is an Associate Professor of Photography at the University of New Mexico. His photographs have been collected by the Museum of Modern Art and The Smithsonian American Art Museum, among many others. Books of his work include Stranger Than Fiction (Light Work, 1993),Historiostomy (Piltdown Press, 2001), and Why My Pictures are Good (Nazraeli Press, 2005).

He has also published six higher education titles that are widely used in university courses: A User¹s Guide to the View Camera, Darkroom Dynamics, Photography, Photography: The Essential Way, A Short Course in Photography, and A Short Course in Digital Photography.

Barbara London has authored and co-authored many photography books from their first editions to their current ones, including Photography, Photography: The Essential Way, A Short Course in Photography, A Short Course in Digital Photography, The Photograph Collector's Guide, and more.


Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Camera

Getting Started Camera and film

Loading film into the camera

Focusing and setting the exposure

Exposure readout

Exposing the film

What will you photograph?

Using a digital camera

Types of Cameras

Basic Camera Controls

More about Camera Controls  

Inside a singlelens reflex camera

Shutter Speed Affects light and motion

Aperture Affects light and depth of field

Shutter Speed and Aperture Blur vs. depth of field

Getting the Most from Your Camera and Lens


Chapter 2 Lens

Lens Focal Length The basic difference between lenses  

Normal Focal Length The most like human vision

Long Focal Length Telephoto lenses

Short Focal Length Wide-angle lenses

Zoom, Macro, and Fisheye Lenses

Focus and Depth of Field

Automatic Focus

Depth of Field Controlling sharpness in a photograph

More about Depth of Field How to preview it

Perspective How a photograph shows depth

Lens Attachments Making close-ups

Using filters

Polarization and other effects


Chapter 3 Film

Selecting and Using Film

Film Speed and Grain The two go together

Special-Purpose Films Infrared and chromogenic

Color in Film and Digital

Color Films


Chapter 4 Exposure

Normal Exposure, Underexposure, and Overexposure

Exposure Meters What different types do

How to calculate and adjust an exposure manually  

Overriding an Automatic Exposure Camera

Making an Exposure of an Average Scene

Exposing Scenes That are Lighter or Darker than Average


Exposing Scenes with High Contrast

Low Light and Reciprocity

Exposures in Hard-to-Meter Situations


Chapter 5 Developing the Negative

Processing Film Equipment and chemicals you’ll need

Mixing and Handling Chemicals

Processing Film Step by Step Setting out materials needed

Preparing the film


Stop bath and fixer

Washing and drying

Summary of Film Processing

How Chemicals Affect Film

Evaluating Your Negatives

Push Processing


Chapter 6 Printing

Printing Equipment and materials you’ll need

Making a Contact Print Step by Step

Processing a Print Step by Step Development

Stop bath and fixer

Washing and drying

Summary of Print Processing

Making an Enlarged Print Step by Step Setting up the enlarger

Exposing a test print

Exposing a final print

Evaluating Your Print for Density and Contrast

More about Contrast How to control it in a print

Local Controls Burning in and dodging



Mounting a Print

Equipment and materials you’ll need

Dry Mounting a Print Step by Step

Bleed Mounting/Overmatting


Chapter 7 Lighting

Qualities of Light From direct to diffused

Existing Light Use what’s available

The Main Light The strongest source of light

Fill Light To lighten shadows

Simple Portrait Lighting

Using Artificial Light Photolamp or flash

More about Flash How to position it

Using Flash


Chapter 8 Digital Photography

Equipment and Materials You’ll Need

Pixels Make the Picture

Digital Color Modes, gamuts, spaces, and profiles


Using Histograms and the Info Palette

Setting up a Workflow Stay organized

Workflow programs: Aperture and lightroom

Importing an Image


Getting Started Editing an Image

Adjusting an Image Levels


Adjusting Part of an Image Selections

More Techniques Layers





Making a Digital Image Step by Step

Soft Proofing


Storage, Archiving, Retrieval

Ethics and Digital Imaging


Chapter 9 Seeing Like a Camera

What’s in the Picture The edges or frame

The background

Depth of Field Which parts are sharp  

Time and Motion in a Photograph

Depth in a Picture Three dimensions become two

Chaos becomes order

Photographing for Meaning

Portraits Informal: Finding them

Formal: Setting them up

Photographing the Landscape

Photographing the Cityscape

Photographing Inside

Responding to Photographs


How to Learn More



Photo Credits



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