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The Simon and Schuster Short Prose Reader,9780130959959

The Simon and Schuster Short Prose Reader

by ; ; ; ; ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780130959959

ISBN10:
0130959952
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div
List Price: $39.67
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Summary

A short prose reader for developmental writers. Includes over 55 readings by a diverse group of authors, arranged rhetorically. Short, appealing essays provide models for writing as well as sparking invention ideas. "Step-by-Step" writing assignments based on each reading guide students in composing successful papers.

Table of Contents

Thematic Contents xiii
Editing Skills Contents xvii
Preface xix
Active Reading
1(13)
Learning to Be an Active Reader
1(1)
Keeping a Journal
2(1)
Previewing the Reading
2(2)
Title
2(1)
Author and Other Publication Facts
2(1)
Visual Features and Supplements
3(1)
Responses and Predictions
3(1)
A First Reading
4(1)
Staying Aware of Conventions
4(2)
Subject
4(1)
Main Idea or Thesis
4(1)
Supporting Material
4(1)
Patterns of Organization
5(1)
Paragraphs
5(1)
Transitions
6(1)
Marking the Text
6(1)
Sample Marked Essay: Ronald Dahl, ``Burned Out and Bored''
6(4)
Clarifying Meaning
10(1)
Using the Dictionary
10(1)
Reading Aloud
11(1)
Discussing
11(1)
Rereading
11(1)
Making Inferences and Associations
11(1)
Reading Between the Lines
11(1)
Developing Inference Skills
11(1)
Writing to Understand and Respond
12(2)
The Reading-Writing Connection
14(14)
Writing in Response to Reading
14(1)
Building an Essay
14(6)
Finding Ideas
15(2)
Devising a Working Thesis
17(1)
Making a Plan
18(1)
Composing a Draft
19(1)
Improving the Draft
19(1)
Sample Student Essay with Author's Comments
20(3)
Ann Moroney, ``A New Adventure at Six Flags Great America''
21(2)
Responding to a Reading
23(1)
``Learning to Write''
24(2)
Russell Baker
``I did my best to avoid showing pleasure, but what I was feeling was pure ecstasy at this startling demonstration that my words had the power to make people laugh.''
Suggestions for Writing
26(2)
Strategies for Conveying Ideas: Narration and Description
28(36)
The Point of Narration and Description
28(1)
Using Narratives
29(1)
Using Description
29(1)
The Principles of Narration and Description
29(3)
Organizing the Events
30(1)
Including Specific Details
30(1)
Selecting Descriptive Words
30(2)
The Pitfalls of Narration and Description
32(1)
What to Look for in Narration and Description
32(2)
``Wind!''
34(6)
William Least Heat-Moon
``The wind got louder, then the windows blew out, and we realized we were in trouble when the heat stove went around the corner and out a wall that had just come down.''
``Jackie's Debut: A Unique Day''
40(8)
Mike Royko
``When Robinson stepped into the batter's box, it was as if someone had flicked a switch. The place went silent.''
``A Guard's First Night on the Job''
48(6)
William Recktenwald
Getting no worse than garbage thrown at you is the prison equivalent of everything going smoothly.''
``More Room''
54(7)
Judith Ortiz Cofer
``Every time a child was due, she would demand, More space, more space.''
``Domestic Abuse''
61(3)
Kelly Berlin
``My sister and Scott had been dating a couple of years, despite the disapproval of my family.''
Strategies for Making a Point: Example and Illustration
64(33)
The Point of Example and Illustration
65(1)
Using Examples to Explain and Clarify
65(1)
Using Examples and Illustrations to Convince
66(1)
The Principles of Example and Illustration
66(1)
Select Appropriate Examples
66(1)
Give Plenty of Examples
67(1)
Include Specific Information
67(1)
The Pitfalls of Example and Illustration
67(1)
What to Look for in Example and Illustration
68(2)
``Down with Forests''
70(5)
Charles Kuralt
``I walked out into the morning wondering how our national forests can ever survive our breakfasts.''
```Just Walk on By': A Black Man Ponders His Power to Alter Public Space''
75(7)
Brent Staples
``It was clear that she thought herself the quarry of a mugger, a rapist, or worse.''
``One Man's Kids''
82(7)
Daniel Meier
``My work is dominated by 6-year-olds.''
``Civil Rites''
89(6)
Caroline Miller
``[T]he confusion extends to everything from deciding who goes through the door first to who initiates sex.''
``My Key Chain''
95(2)
David C. Lair
``Of these [possessions], I believe that my key chain says more about my self and my life than anything else does.''
Strategies for Clarifying Meaning: Definition and Explanation
97(33)
The Point of Definition and Explanation
97(1)
The Principles of Definition and Explanation
98(1)
Descriptive Details
98(1)
Examples
98(1)
Narration
98(1)
Comparison
99(1)
Contrast
99(1)
The Pitfalls of Definition and Explanation
99(1)
Missing Your Audience
99(1)
Going in Circles
99(1)
Abstraction
100(1)
Leaving Information Out
100(1)
What to Look for in Definition and Explanations
100(2)
``Mommy, What Does `Nigger' Mean?''
102(7)
Gloria Naylor
``[T]he word `nigger' was used in my presence, but it was set within contexts and inflections that caused it to register in my mind as something else.''
``What Is Intelligence, Anyway?''
109(6)
Isaac Asimov
``In a world where I could not use my academic training and my verbal talents but had to do something intricate or hard, working with my hands, I would do poorly.''
``When It Comes to Chewing the Fat, We're Obsessive''
115(6)
Dave Barry
``Virtually all edible substances, and many automotive products, are now marketed as being `low-fat' or `fat-free.' Americans are Obsessed with fat content.''
``Cultural Baggage''
121(7)
Barbara Ehrenreich
``Motherhood put the screws on me, ethnicity-wise.''
``Nothing to Be Scared Of''
128(2)
Kerri Mauger
``Hallucinations can include all of the senses, and my mother had both seen and heard things that weren't there.''
Strategies for Sorting Ideas: Classification and Division
130(39)
The Point of Classification and Division
130(1)
The Principles of Classification and Division
131(1)
Give a Purpose to Your Classification
131(1)
Establish a Clear Basis for Your Classification
132(1)
Make Your Groups Parallel and Equal
132(1)
The Pitfalls of Classification and Division
132(2)
What to Look for in a Classification
134(2)
``It's Only a Paper World''
136(7)
Kathleen Fury
``Many experts claimed that the computer age heralded the advent of the paperless office....If anything, offices are overwhelmed by even more paper, much of it now with sprocket holes.''
``Friends, Good Friends---and Such Good Friends''
143(8)
Judith Viorst
``The best of friends, I still believe, totally love and support and trust each other, and bare to each other the secrets of their souls, and run---no questions asked---to help each other, and tell harsh truths to each other when they must be told.''
``I'm OK; You're a Bit Odd''
151(8)
Paul Chance
``A sadist and a masochist may work out a mutually rewarding relationship, but does that make them healthy?''
``Types of Stress for Young People''
159(7)
David Elkind
``The major task of psychological stress management is to find ways to balance and coordinate the demands that come from within with those that come from without.''
``Stats on ER''
166(3)
Megan Quick
``Some people are so obsessive about not missing one episode that all other activities cease while ER is on.''
Strategies for Examining Two Subjects: Comparison and Contrast
169(38)
The Point of Comparison and Contrast
169(1)
Using Comparisons to Explain
169(1)
Using Comparisons to Persuade
170(1)
Using Contrast to Decide
170(1)
The Principles of Comparison and Contrast
170(2)
Using the Block Plan
170(1)
Using the Point-by-Point Plan
171(1)
The Pitfalls of Comparison and Contrast
172(1)
Avoid Using Too Many Transitional Words
172(1)
Avoid Repetition in Concluding
173(1)
What to Look for in Comparison and Contrast
173(2)
``Two Views of the Mississippi''
175(7)
Mark Twain
``All the grace, the beauty, the poetry had gone out of the majestic river.''
``Neat People vs. Sloppy People''
182(8)
Suzanne Britt
``I've finally figured out the difference between neat people and sloppy people. The distinction is, as always, moral.''
``Women and Men''
190(6)
Scott Russell Sanders
``I was baffled when the women at college accused me and my sex of having cornered the world's pleasures.''
``The Trouble with Talent: Are We Born Smart or Do We Get Smart?''
196(9)
Kathy Seal
``Our national mania for positive self-esteem too often leads us to puff up kids' confidence, and we may forget to tell them that genius is 98 percent perspiration.''
``Four Eyes''
205(2)
David A. Dean
``Instantly the world is crisp and clear. You walk toward the bathroom in confidence, knowing you will not stub your toe on invisible obstacles.''
Strategies for Explaining How Things Work: Process and Directions
207(34)
The Point of Writing about Process and Directions
207(1)
The Principles of Process and Directions
208(1)
The Pitfalls of Process and Directions
208(1)
Reviewing Your Process
209(1)
Addressing Your Audience
209(1)
What to Look for in Process and Directions
209(3)
``How to Make Your Dendrites Grow and Grow''
212(5)
Daniel Golden
``Date provocative people. Better yet, marry one of them.''
``How to Write a Personal Letter''
217(7)
Garrison Keillor
``Probably your friend will put your letter away, and it'll be read again a few years from now---and it will improve with age.''
``Flea Facts''
224(6)
Richard Gray, Jr.
``The plague was transmitted to humans by a flea that rode a rat that rode a boat that visited ocean-side city after city. Now this was a flea problem.''
``Cow Tools''
230(8)
Gary Larson
`` `Cow Tools' awakened me to the fact that my profession was not just an isolated exercise in the corner of my apartment.''
``A Graceful Stride''
238(3)
Ann Moroney
``At every one of my races, I sat in my blocks looking at the line of hurdles in front of me with fear in my heart.''
Strategies for Analyzing Why Things Happen: Cause and Effect
241(36)
The Point of Cause-and-Effect Writing
241(1)
The Principles of Cause-and-Effect Writing
242(1)
Types of Causes and Effects
242(1)
Patterns of Cause and Effect
242(1)
The Pitfalls of Cause-and-Effect Writing
243(1)
What to Look for in Cause-and-Effect Writing
244(2)
``Ignorance Is Not Bliss''
246(7)
Eric Marcus
``The actual telling was far less terrifying than all the anticipation. While my grandmother cried plenty, my family was wrong, because the truth didn't kill her.''
``Why We Crave Horror Movies''
253(7)
Stephen King
``The mythic horror movie, like a sick joke, has a dirty job to do. It deliberately appeals to all that is worst in us.''
``Fifth Chinese Daughter''
260(8)
Jade Snow Wong
``Did a daughter have any right to expect more than a fate of obedience, according to the old Chinese standard?''
``Working: Nobody Talks about the Common Person's Life''
268(7)
Steve Lopez
``No one is talking about how to educate, train, and employ those who have fallen behind or never even got started.''
``Soap Operas: Entertainment for Everyone''
275(2)
Amelia Doggett
``As a matter of fact, none of the soap opera fans I know are housewives, have a lot of spare time, or eat bon-bons.''
Strategies for Influencing Others: Argument and Persuasion
277(39)
The Point of Argument and Persuasion
277(1)
The Principles of Argument and Persuasion
278(1)
The Pitfalls of Argument and Persuasion
278(2)
Taking on Too Much
278(1)
Mistaking the Audience
279(1)
Logical Fallacies
279(1)
What to Look for in Argument and Persuasion
280(2)
``Why Prisons Don't Work''
282(7)
Wilbert Rideau
``If getting tough resulted in public safety, Louisiana citizens would be the safest in the nation.''
``Of Headless Mice...and Men: The Ultimate Cloning Horror''
289(2)
Charles Krauthammer
``For sheer Frankenstein wattage, the purposeful creation of these animal monsters has no equal.''
``Will Cloning End Human Evolution?''
291(3)
Michael Mautner
``Without the satisfactions of love and sex, of dating and of families, will cloned generations even care to propagate further?''
``The Case for Cloning''
294(6)
J. Madeleine Nash
``Most lawmakers are focused on a nightmarish vision in which billionaires and celebrities flood the world with genetic copies of themselves.''
``Send Your Children to the Libraries''
300(7)
Arthur Ashe
``I strongly believe the black culture expends too much time, energy and effort raising, praising and teasing our black children as to the dubious glories of professional sports.''
``A Crime of Compassion''
307(7)
Barbara Huttmann
``[E]very night I prayed that Mac would die, that his agonized eyes would never again plead with me to let him die.''
``Too Bad It's Just an Ad''
314(2)
Amanda Davis
``Why can't I graciously surrender to a man's desires without fear of rape or retribution?''
Further Readings
316(22)
``Coming to America, to Clean''
317(3)
Ana Maria Corona
``Every year some of the girls would catch the bus to Tijuana or Ciudad Juarez and try to get jobs on the other side of the frontier. Some came back to visit with nice clothes and money. Some never came back.''
``Salvation''
320(2)
Langston Hughes
``I decided that maybe to save further trouble, I'd better lie, too, and say that Jesus had come, and get up and be saved.''
`` `I Know What I Can Do' ''
322(4)
Sheryl Flatow
`` `I never let my deafness hold me back. I never feel sorry for myself. Never.' ''
``Thank You''
326(4)
Alex Haley
``I discovered in time that, even in the business world, probably no two words are more valued than `thank you'....''
``Computercide: A Reality in Our New Age of Frustration''
330(2)
Ellen Goodman
``I am struggling to learn a new way to do what I used to do the old way so that I can once again work with everybody else who is also learning a new way in order to work with me.''
``The Discus Thrower''
332(3)
Richard Selzer
`` `Every morning he orders scrambled eggs for breakfast, and, instead of eating them, he picks up the plate and throws it against the wall.' ''
``On Natural Death''
335(3)
Lewis Thomas
``Pain is useful for avoidance, for getting away when there's time to get away, but when it is end game, and no way back, pain is likely to be turned off, and the mechanisms for this are wonderfully precise and quick.''
Glossary 338(13)
Credits 351(4)
Index 355


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