9780205340231

Single-Case Designs for Educational Research

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780205340231

  • ISBN10:

    0205340237

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 11/4/2004
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

This much anticipated new text offers the most up-to-date and in-depth treatment available of the single-case design process. ";...;it has short chapters, technical terms are defined and discussed flawlessly, the examples tend to be brief and illustrative, and the narrative is not cluttered with many references."; ";The framework used in the "Experimental Questions" chapter (i.e. demonstration, comparitive, parametric, and component) is incredibly effective in shaping the types of research questions that are asked. This chapter will be a contribution, and students will appreciate it."; ~Mark Wolery, Vanderbilt University ";The inclusion of information about the premise of experimentation and strategic issues are a unique feature of this text and will likely make it a preferred choice over other single case design texts currently available."; ~Leasha M. Reese, University of West Florida ";An absolute pleasure to read. This is a well-written and thoughtfully organized text that I would certainly consider adopting...; It covers all the basic information in an easy-to-read style with real-life examples from the classroom."; ~Teresa Taber Doughty, Purdue University

Table of Contents

Preface ix
PART I Background
1(26)
Conducting Experiments
2(10)
What Is an Experiment?
2(5)
Experimental Progress
7(2)
Assumptions of Researchers
9(2)
Conclusion
11(1)
History of Single-Case Designs
12(15)
Historical Antecedents to Single-Case Designs
15(4)
Emergence of Behavior Analysis
19(5)
Linking Educational Research and Behavior Analysis
24(1)
Conclusion
25(2)
PART II Strategic Issues
27(50)
Functional Relations
28(20)
Independent and Dependent Variables
28(3)
Extraneous Variables
31(4)
Baselines
35(6)
Uncontrolled Baselines
38(1)
Controlled Baselines
39(2)
Demonstrating Functional Relations
41(6)
Conclusion
47(1)
Direct and Systematic Replication
48(15)
Direct Replication
50(3)
Systematic Replication
53(7)
Intraexperiment Replication
54(4)
Interexperiment Replication
58(2)
Additional Participant Populations
60(1)
Failures to Replicate
60(2)
Conclusion
62(1)
Experimental Questions
63(14)
Demonstrative Analysis
65(3)
Comparative Analysis
68(2)
Parametric Analysis
70(2)
Component Analysis
72(3)
Conclusion
75(2)
PART III Measurement
77(46)
Quantifying Behavior
78(16)
Benefits of Counting Behavior
79(3)
Dimensional Quantities of Behavior
82(9)
Frequency (Rate)
83(2)
Duration
85(1)
Latency
86(1)
Interresponse Time
87(3)
Celeration
90(1)
Choosing Dimensional Quantities
91(3)
Recording Systems
94(18)
Developing and Using a Recording System
95(15)
Observational Codes
95(1)
Measurement Techniques
96(10)
Recording Medium
106(1)
Sampling Settings
106(2)
Training Observers
108(1)
Recording Independent Variables
109(1)
Conclusion
110(2)
Interobserver Agreement
112(11)
Why Collect Interobserver Agreement?
112(2)
Different Formulas for Calculating Interobserver Agreement
114(5)
Total Agreement
115(1)
Interval Agreement
116(1)
Occurrence/Nonoccurrence Agreement
117(1)
Additional Interobserver Agreement Approaches
118(1)
Levels and Frequencies of Interobserver Agreement
119(2)
Acceptable Interobserver Agreement Outcomes
119(1)
Percentage of Observations
120(1)
Interactions between Levels and Frequencies of Interobserver Agreement
120(1)
Conclusion
121(2)
PART IV Design Tactics
123(66)
A-B-A-B Designs
124(12)
A-B-A-B Designs
125(4)
Reversibility of Behavior
128(1)
B-A-B Designs
129(3)
A-B-C and Associated Designs
132(3)
Strengths and Limitations
135(1)
Multielement Designs
136(14)
Multielement Designs
136(4)
Tactical Issues and Multielement Designs
140(9)
Baseline versus Independent Variables
140(2)
Interactions among Conditions
142(5)
Alternating Treatments Design
147(2)
Strengths and Limitations
149(1)
Multiple Baseline Designs
150(13)
Basic Multiple Baseline Designs
152(3)
Multiple Baseline Design Variants
155(6)
Multiprobe Multiple Baseline Designs
155(2)
Nonconcurrent Multiple Baseline Designs
157(4)
Strengths and Limitations
161(2)
Repeated Acquisition Designs
163(6)
Repeated Acquisition Designs
163(3)
Methodological Issues
166(1)
Task Comparability
166(1)
Condition Sequence
167(1)
Number of Conditions
167(1)
Strengths and Limitations
167(2)
Brief Experimental Designs
169(9)
Brief Experimental Designs
169(6)
A-B-A-B Variants
170(2)
Multielement Variants
172(3)
Strengths and Limitations
175(3)
Combined Designs
178(11)
Combined Designs
178(10)
Strengths and Limitations
188(1)
PART V Analyzing Data
189(45)
Visual Data Analysis
191(27)
Elements of a Graph
193(3)
Visual Inspection of Graphs
196(10)
Within-Phase Patterns
197(6)
Between-Phase Patterns
203(2)
An Example
205(1)
Using Graphs to Analyze Data
206(8)
Training People to Visually Analyze Data
214(3)
Conclusion
217(1)
Social Validity
218(16)
Social Validity
219(2)
Approaches to Social Validity
221(10)
Subjective Evaluation
221(5)
Normative Comparison
226(2)
Sustainability
228(3)
Trends in the Use of Social Validity
231(2)
Conclusion
233(1)
References 234(11)
Index 245

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