9780471292708

Site Characterization : Sampling and Analysis

by Unknown
  • ISBN13:

    9780471292708

  • ISBN10:

    0471292702

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1997-10-31
  • Publisher: WILEY

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

Purchase Benefits

  • Free Shipping On Orders Over $35!
    Your order must be $35 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
List Price: $144.00 Save up to $57.60
  • Rent Book $86.40
    Add to Cart Free Shipping

    TERM
    PRICE
    DUE

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
  • The Rental copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

Site Characterization Sampling and Analysis HMTRI Site Characterization: Sampling and Analysis is an introductory environmental sampling textbook intended for use in community/technical college environmental technology curricula or in industrial training programs. Comprehension of the subject matter is enhanced by associated coursework in chemistry, biology, environmental regulations, and college-level mathematics. The goal of the present textbook is to provide the environmental technician with the knowledge and skills necessary to assist a site characterization project planner in the sampling and monitoring process. Among the tasks the students will learn how to perform are: assisting the research of a site's background for data that a project manager will use in the development of a site sampling plan meeting representative sampling objectives and quality control/quality assurance objectives preparing to go onsite for a sampling event monitoring a site for potentially hazardous atmospheres following the sampling plan in collecting samples from various media (e.g., soil, surface water, ground water, and containers) troubleshooting under unforeseen circumstances preparing samples for transport to the laboratory documenting field activities communicating with laboratory personnel interpreting lab reports, including the validation of quality control data The text contains photographs and line drawings to help students visualize equipment and processes. Included are instructional aids such as chapter objectives, concept statements before major sections, review questions (as well as application and critical thinking activities) after each section, and a glossary of the terminology.

Author Biography

About the Author The Hazardous Materials Training and Research Institute (HMTRI) is a non-profit organization established in 1987 by two Iowa community colleges who have long been active in environmental health and safety education and training. The colleges are Kirkwood Community College in Cedar Rapids, and the Eastern Iowa Community College District headquartered in Davenport. HMTRI is recognized as one of a select number of national centers of excellence in the environmental field by several federal agencies, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), and the State of Iowa.

Table of Contents

To the Student xi
Chapter 1--Site Investigation
1(24)
1-1 The Purpose of Site Characterization
3(5)
Four Stages of Site Characterization
6(2)
1-2 Background and Historical Research
8(8)
Historical Research/Data Gathering
8(6)
Phase I Environmental Site Assessments for Property Transfer
14(2)
1-3 Field Investigation Teams and Duties
16(6)
The Site Health and Safety Program
16(1)
Organization of the Field Team
17(3)
The Technician's Role in Avoiding Liability
20(2)
Summary
22(1)
Application and Critical Thinking Activities
23(2)
Chapter 2--The Sampling Plan
25(20)
2-1 The Written Sampling Plan
26(5)
Purpose of the Written Sampling Plan
26(3)
Sampling Plan Elements
29(2)
2-2 Types of Samples
31(3)
Biased versus Unbiased Sampling
31(1)
Grab versus Composite Samples
31(1)
Media versus Waste Samples
32(1)
Homogeneous versus Heterogeneous Samples
33(1)
Sample Collection Order
33(1)
Sample Labeling Designations
33(1)
2-3 The Statistical Approach to Obtaining Representative Samples
34(5)
2-4 Quality Control and Quality Assurance
39(3)
Duplicate Samples and Blank Samples
40(1)
Matrix Spikes
41(1)
Background Samples
42(1)
Critical Data Point Samples
42(1)
Summary
42(1)
Application and Critical Thinking Activities
43(2)
Chapter 3--Equipment and Sample Preparation
45(22)
3-1 Preparing to Go Onsite
46(3)
3-2 Selecting Sampling Equipment
49(11)
Preview of Air Sampling
49(1)
Preview of Soil and Sediment Sampling
50(2)
Preview of Groundwater Sampling
52(1)
Preview of Sampling Surface Waters
53(2)
Preview of Container Sampling: Drums, Tanks and Bags
55(2)
Sampling Other Media
57(1)
Problems Associated with Obtaining Representative Samples
58(2)
3-3 Preparing Samples for the Laboratory
60(5)
Selection of Containers
60(1)
Sample Holding Time, Preservation and Storage
61(1)
Shipping Requirements
62(1)
Documentation
63(2)
Summary
65(1)
Application and Critical Thinking Activities
65(2)
Chapter 4--Sampling Air Quality
67(28)
4-1 Introduction
68(4)
Regulatory Authority for Air Sampling and Monitoring
68(2)
Following the Sampling Plan
70(1)
Substances Sampled and Monitored
71(1)
4-2 Air Monitoring
72(15)
Oxygen Monitoring
72(3)
Combustible Gas/Vapor Monitoring
75(3)
Toxic Gas and Vapor Monitoring
78(4)
Radiation Monitoring
82(1)
Gas Chromatography (GC)
83(1)
Aerosol Monitoring
83(1)
Characteristics of Air Monitoring Instruments
83(4)
4-3 Air Sampling
87(5)
Purposes for Sampling: Personal and Area Assessment
87(1)
Principle of Operation
88(1)
Collection Media and Containers
88(2)
Sampling Pumps
90(1)
Sampling and Monitoring Equipment Maintenance
90(1)
Safety Procedures
91(1)
Summary
92(1)
Application and Critical Thinking Activities
93(2)
Chapter 5--Sampling Soils and Sediments
95(32)
5-1 Introduction
96(6)
Regulatory Authority for the Sampling of Soil, Sediment and Other Geologic Material
97(1)
Defining Soil and Sediment
97(4)
Subsurface Geology: Bedrock
101(1)
5-2 Describing Soils and Sediments
102(7)
Describing Soil by ASTM's USCS Visual-Manual Method
103(3)
Identifying and Describing the Fine-grained Components of Soil
106(1)
Identifying and Describing the Coarse-grained Components of Soil
106(1)
Identifying Soil Type with the USDA SCS Ternary Diagram
107(1)
5-3 Sampling Soils, Sediments and Other Geologic Materials
109(16)
Logistical Arrangements
109(2)
Specific Soil Sampling Equipment and Procedures
111(8)
Field Screening of Soils and Sediments
119(1)
Equipment Decontamination and Cleaning
120(2)
Selection of Containers, Preservatives and Holding Times for Geologic Materials
122(2)
Safety Precautions Recommended in Sampling Geologic Materials
124(1)
Summary
125(1)
Application and Critical Thinking Activities
125(2)
Chapter 6--Sampling Water
127(38)
6-1 Purposes of Water Sampling
128(3)
Regulatory Framework
129(2)
6-2 The Hydrologic Cycle, Aquifers and Wells
131(5)
The Hydrologic Cycle
131(2)
Aquifers and Confining Units
133(1)
Anatomy of a Typical Monitoring Well
133(2)
Types of Wells
135(1)
6-3 Sampling Groundwater
136(13)
Opening the Well
136(1)
Measuring Water Level
136(2)
Development of a Monitoring Well
138(2)
Purging a Monitoring Well Before Sampling
140(3)
Purging and Sampling Devices: Bailers and Pumps
143(5)
Physical Tests on Wells and Aquifers
148(1)
6-4 Sampling Surface Waters
149(4)
Sampling Devices
149(4)
6-5 Sampling Drinking Water and Wastewater
153(3)
Sampling Drinking Water
153(1)
Sampling Wastewater
153(3)
6-6 Storing Water Samples
156(6)
Storing Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
157(1)
Storing Extractable Organics
158(1)
Storing Metals
158(1)
Storing Other Water Samples
159(1)
Decontamination
160(2)
6-7 Safety Precautions Recommended in Sampling Water
162(1)
Summary
163(1)
Application and Critical Thinking Activities
163(2)
Chapter 7--Sampling Drums and Containers
165(28)
7-1 Introduction
167(1)
7-2 Procedures for Sampling Drums
168(7)
Staging Drums for Sampling
169(1)
Opening Drums for Sampling
170(3)
Sampling Drums
173(1)
Equipment
173(2)
7-3 Procedures for Sampling Tanks
175(7)
Preparing to Sample a Tank
175(2)
Sampling the Tank
177(1)
Tank Sampling Equipment
178(4)
7-4 Procedures for Sampling Waste Piles
182(3)
Representative Sampling of a Pile
183(2)
7-5 DOT and EPA Container and Drum Specifications
185(3)
General Container and Drum Specifications
185(3)
7-6 OSHA's Container and Drum Handling Standards
188(3)
29 CFR 1910.120(j) Handling Drums and Containers
188(3)
Summary
191(1)
Application and Critical Thinking Activities
191(2)
Chapter 8--Methods of Analysis
193(26)
8-1 Analysis Options
194(7)
Field Vversus Mobile Laboratory versus Fixed Laboratory Analysis
195(3)
Five Levels of Data Quality
198(1)
How to Choose an Environmental Laboratory
199(2)
8-2 General Laboratory Procedures
201(5)
Sample Preparation
202(1)
Sample Analysis and Laboratory Quality Control
202(1)
How Methods of Analysis are Determined
203(3)
8-3 Laboratory Instrumentation
206(8)
Laboratory Instruments
207(7)
8-4 Methods for Determination of Hazardous Waste
214(2)
Summary
216(1)
Application and Critical Thinking Activities
217(2)
Chapter 9--Data Validation and Interpretation
219(26)
9-1 Introduction
220(5)
The Role of the Sampling Technician in Achieving High-Quality Data
221(1)
Defining Analytical Error
221(1)
Defining Data Validation
222(1)
Contents of the Laboratory Analysis Report
222(3)
9-2 Laboratory Quality Assurance/Quality Control
225(11)
Internal Audits
225(1)
Accuracy and Precision of Analytical Procedures
226(1)
Internal Laboratory Quality Control Samples
227(5)
Detection Limits -- "No Such Thing as Zero"
232(1)
Data Qualifiers
233(3)
9-3 Validation and Interpretation of Analytical Results by Data Users
236(7)
Step 1: Validate Data Quality
237(2)
Step 2: Determine if Data Will Reduce Decision Uncertainties
239(3)
Step 3: Compare and Interpret Data to Project Specifics
242(1)
Summary
243(1)
Application and Critical Thinking Activities
243(2)
Appendix 1--Personnel Safety Plan Hazardous Waste Site 245(6)
Appendix 2--Excerpt from a Sampling and Analysis Plan 251(18)
Appendix 3--Table A: Tabulated Values of "t" for Evaluating Solid Wastes 269(2)
Appendix 4 -- Table B: TCLP Regulatory Thresholds (RT) 40 CFR 261.24 271(2)
Appendix 5--Sampling Plan-Table of Contents 273(2)
Appendix 6--Sampling Usage Guides 275(4)
Appendix 7--Data Interpretation 279(2)
Glossary 281(18)
Acknowledgments 299(6)
Bibliography 305(4)
Index 309

Rewards Program

Write a Review