9780198731894

The Sixteenth Century

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780198731894

  • ISBN10:

    0198731892

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-05-02
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

This volume in the Short Oxford History of Europe series examines the sixteenth century--one of the most tumultuous and dramatic periods of social and cultural transformation in European history. Six leading experts consider this period from political, social, economic, religious, and intellectual perspectives. The book includes material on regions of Europe often ignored in other general histories of the period, such as the East and the Mediterranean world. This unique text challenges, tests, and revises the received wisdom of past accounts in light of the most modern historical scholarship. Traditional textbook history--from the multiple "revolutions" to the rise of the nation-states--emerges transformed from this volume.

Author Biography


Euan Cameron is Henry Luce III Professor of Reformation Church History at the Union Theological Seminary, New York, and was previously Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. He has published extensively on European history in the age of the Reformation, including The European Reformation and, as editor, Early Modern Europe: An Oxford History, both published by Oxford University Press.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors x
Introduction 1(18)
Euan Cameron
The scene in 1500
1(7)
Received ideas about the sixteenth century
8(1)
Distinctive themes of this book
9(10)
1 The economy
Tom Scott
Populations, prices, and wages
19(5)
Eastern Europe
24(11)
The Mediterranean lands
35(5)
North-western Europe
40(11)
Conclusion
51(7)
2 Politics and warfare 58(31)
Mark Greengrass
Unified spaces
59(7)
Political elites
66(12)
War and finance
78(6)
Images of rule
84(5)
3 Society 89(27)
Christopher F. Black
The bonds of society
91(5)
Social hierarchies: peasants, labourers, the middling sort, and elites
96(3)
Towns and cities
99(2)
Elites and status
101(4)
Rural and urban society: mobility
105(2)
Gender relations
107(4)
The poor and social control
111(2)
Fears and tensions
113(3)
4 The mind 116(29)
Charles G. Nauert
Northern Europe: Christian humanism
117(2)
The religious programme of Erasmus
119(3)
Classical scholarship in literature and law
122(1)
The search for the esoteric
123(2)
Aristotle revived and challenged
125(2)
Where Aristotle could not lead: mathematics and astronomy
127(3)
The life sciences
130(2)
Moral philosophy
132(2)
Political thought
134(6)
Challenges to knowledge: forms of scepticism
140(3)
Towards the seventeenth century
143(2)
5 The turmoil of faith 145(29)
Euan Cameron
The beliefs of the majority
145(4)
Shared Catholicism on the eve of the Reformation
149(3)
The 'Luther-Movement'
152(3)
Community and city reformations in the Germanic world
155(4)
Peasants, princes, and monarchs
159(3)
The refugee paradigm
162(4)
Catholicism chooses its path
166(4)
On the margins of the confessions
170(2)
Conclusion
172(2)
6 Europe and a world expanded 174(26)
D.A. Brading
Expanding territories in the sixteenth century
174(2)
The Iberian powers and the first oceanic explorations
176(4)
The conquests of Mexico and Peru
180(3)
The Church in New Spain: ethical responses to conquest
183(3)
Establishing a hispanic society in the New World
186(3)
The Portuguese empire
189(5)
Other European powers
194(1)
Europeans in Africa
195(1)
The Society of Jesus in the wider world
196(2)
The wider world in European literature
198(2)
Conclusion and commentary 200(9)
Euan Cameron
Further reading 209(25)
Chronology 234(11)
Maps 245(12)
Index 257

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