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Skills for Preschool Teachers

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780130962683

ISBN10:
0130962686
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

This text presents a discussion of the basic classroom skills that are essential to teachers in preschool, center-based child care, Head Start, and pre-kindergarten settings. The content is built around the 13 functional areas of the Child Development Associate (CDA) credential, which also makes it useful for those who are updating their skills or preparing for the national CDA credential. Each skill topic is presented with both theoretical background and ideas for practical applications in working with young children and their families.

Author Biography

Janice J. Beaty is professor emerita at Elmira College in Elmira, New York.

Table of Contents

Maintaining a Safe Classroom
1(26)
Safety Checklist
2(1)
Promotes Toy and Materials Safety Within Each Learning Center
2(10)
Art Center
2(3)
Block-Building Center
5(1)
Book Center
6(1)
Computer Center
6(1)
Cooking Center
6(1)
Dramatic Play Center
7(1)
Large Motor Center
7(1)
Manipulative/Math Center
8(1)
Music Center
8(1)
Sand/Water Center
8(1)
Science Center
8(1)
Woodworking Center
9(1)
General Room Conditions
10(1)
Bathroom
10(1)
Stairs/Exits
10(1)
Outdoor Playground
11(1)
Plans and Implements Necessary Emergency Procedures
12(3)
Emergency Illnesses or Injuries
12(1)
Preparing for Accidents
13(1)
Weather Emergencies
14(1)
Emergency Exiting
15(1)
Provides Appropriate Supervision and Models Safe Behavior
15(6)
Supervising Classroom Areas
15(1)
Anticipating Unsafe Behavior
16(1)
Redirecting Unsafe Behavior
16(1)
Modeling Safe Behavior
16(1)
Involving Children in Safety Rules
17(1)
Teaching Car Safety Through Dramatic Play
17(1)
Teaching Traffic Safety with Signs and Games
17(1)
Using Books as Follow-Up Safety Reinforcers
18(1)
Preparing for Field Trips
19(1)
Preparing Children for Personal Safety
19(2)
Summary
21(5)
Maintaining a Healthy Classroom
26(22)
Encourages Children to Follow Common Health and Nutrition Practices
27(9)
Exercising
27(2)
Resting
29(1)
Washing
30(1)
Nutrition
31(2)
Family Involvement in Classroom Food Activities
33(1)
Medical Tests and Examinations
34(1)
Other Health Practices
35(1)
Provides and Uses Materials to Ensure Children's Health and Cleanliness
36(1)
Toothbrushing
37(1)
Recognizes Unusual Behavior or Symptoms of Children Who May Be III, and Provides for the Children
37(6)
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
38(1)
Allergies and Asthma
38(1)
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
39(1)
Child Abuse
40(1)
Ear Infections
41(1)
Physical and Mental Disabilities
41(2)
Summary
43(5)
Establishing a Learning Environment
48(36)
Separates and Places Learning Centers in Appropriate Spaces
50(6)
Determining Learning Centers
50(1)
Room Layout
50(1)
Separating Activities
51(1)
Floor Planning
52(2)
Self-Regulating Methods
54(1)
Follow-up Planning
54(2)
Provides Appropriate Materials for Children's Self-Directed Play and Learning
56(20)
Play as Learning
56(1)
Equipping Learning Centers
57(1)
Block-Building Center
57(5)
Book Center
62(2)
Dramatic Play Center
64(1)
Manipulative/Math Center
65(1)
Art Center
66(1)
Large Motor Center
66(2)
Music Center
68(1)
Science Center
68(2)
Writing Center
70(1)
Computer Center
71(2)
Sand/Water Play Center
73(1)
Woodworking Center
74(1)
Cooking Center
75(1)
Child's Private Area
75(1)
Accommodations for Children with Special Needs
76(1)
Changes Materials Periodically to Meet Children's Developmental Needs
76(3)
Developmentally Appropriate Materials
76(1)
Developmental Levels
77(1)
Changing Materials
78(1)
Evaluating Room Arrangement
79(1)
Summary
79(5)
Advancing Physical Skills
84(26)
Assesses Children's Large Motor Skills and Provides Appropriate Activities
86(9)
Walking
86(2)
Balancing
88(1)
Hopping/Jumping/Leaping
88(2)
Running/Galloping/Skipping
90(1)
Climbing
91(1)
Crawling/Creeping/Scooting
92(1)
Picking Up/Carrying
93(1)
Throwing/Catching
93(1)
Riding Wheeled Equipment
94(1)
Making Plans for Individuals
94(1)
Assesses Children's Small Motor Skills and Provides Appropriate Materials and Activities
95(7)
Small Motor Assessment
95(1)
Inserting
96(2)
Zipping
98(1)
Twisting/Turning
98(1)
Pouring
99(1)
Stringing Beads
99(1)
Cutting with Scissors
99(1)
Cutting with a Knife
100(1)
Holding and Hammering
101(1)
Holding and Printing/Tracing
101(1)
Planning for Individuals
102(1)
Children with Disabilities
102(1)
Provides Opportunities for Children to Engage in Creative Movement
102(2)
Role of the Teacher
102(1)
Imitating Animals
103(1)
Other Motions
104(1)
Summary
104(6)
Advancing Cognitive Skills
110(30)
Helps Children Develop Curiosity about Their World Through Sensory Exploration
112(9)
Assessing Children's Curiosity
112(2)
Sensory Questions
114(2)
Scientific Inquiry: The Guessing-Game Method
116(2)
Equipment and Materials in the Classroom
118(2)
Field Trips Around the Building
120(1)
Helps Children Develop Basic Concepts about their World by Classifying, Comparing, and Counting Objects in It
121(9)
Sorting and Classifying Objects That Are Alike
121(2)
Comparing Objects By Size, Shape, Color, and Number
123(7)
Helps Children Develop Basic Concepts about Their World Through Hands-On Experiences with Living Things
130(4)
Following a Broad but Simple Concept
131(3)
Summary
134(6)
Advancing Communication Skills
140(32)
New Brain Research
141(1)
Talks with Individual Children to Encourage Listening and Speaking
142(8)
Becoming an Active Listener
142(1)
Helping Children Become Active Listeners
143(2)
Helping Children Become Speakers
145(4)
Bilingual Children
149(1)
Uses Books and Stories to Motivate Listening, Speaking, and Emergent Reading
150(11)
Books to Motivate Listening
151(3)
Reading Books to Children
154(2)
Books to Motivate Speaking
156(3)
Books to Motivate Emergent Reading
159(2)
Provides Materials and Activities to Support Emergent Writing
161(4)
Writing Opportunities
161(1)
Alphabet Letters
162(1)
Computer Programs
163(2)
Summary
165(7)
Advancing Creative Skills
172(24)
Acceptance and Encouragement
174(1)
Freedom
174(1)
Gives Children the Time, Opportunity, and Freedom to Do Pretend and Fantasy Role Play
174(4)
Picture Books as Motivators
175(2)
Guided Fantasy
177(1)
Provides a Variety of Art Materials and Activities for Children to Explore on Their Own
178(7)
Process Versus Product
179(1)
Easel Activities
179(1)
Art Supplies
179(2)
Acceptance of Art Products
181(1)
Stages of Art Development
182(1)
Computer Art Programs
183(2)
Encourages Children to Create and Have Fun with Music
185(7)
New Brain Research Regarding Music
186(1)
Singing
186(2)
Using Recorded Music
188(1)
Books to Motivate Music
189(1)
Manipulating the Music Medium
189(1)
Rhythm Instruments
190(1)
Other Creative Activities
191(1)
Summary
192(4)
Building a Positive Self-Concept
196(22)
Accepts Self and Every Child as Worthy and Uses Nonverbal Cues to Let Children Know They Are Accepted
198(8)
Adult Self-Acceptance
198(1)
Adult-Child Acceptance
199(2)
Nonverbal Cues
201(2)
Child Self-Acceptance
203(1)
Mirrors, Photos, and Tapes
203(2)
Self-Concept Name Games
205(1)
Self-Concept Art
205(1)
Self-Concept Picture Books
205(1)
Accepts Diversity in Children and Helps Children to Accept One Another
206(4)
Stress Similarities but Honor Differences
206(2)
Build on Each Child's Strengths
208(1)
Have High Expectations for Everyone
209(1)
Helps Every Child to Experience Success in the Classroom
210(4)
Strengthening a Child's Independence
210(1)
Control over the Classroom Environment
211(2)
Children's Activity Choices
213(1)
Teacher's Role
214(1)
Summary
214(4)
Promoting Social Skills
218(22)
Helps Children Learn to Work and Play Cooperatively Through Sharing and Turn-taking
219(4)
Sharing and Turn-taking
220(1)
Modeling and Demonstrating Turn-Taking Behavior
221(1)
Puppets
222(1)
Books with Sharing and Turn-Taking Themes
222(1)
Computer Turn-Taking
223(1)
Helps Children Learn to Enter Ongoing Play Without Disruptions
223(10)
Group-Access Strategies
224(2)
Dramatic Play
226(1)
Dramatic Play Areas
227(1)
Teacher's Role
228(2)
Block Building
230(1)
Handling Interpersonal Conflicts
230(2)
The Shy Child
232(1)
Helps Children Learn to Make Friends
233(2)
Picture Books with a Friendship Theme
234(1)
Summary
235(5)
Providing Guidance
240(20)
Uses Positive Prevention Measures to Help Eliminate Inappropriate Behavior in the Classroom
242(5)
Learning Environment
242(1)
New Materials
242(2)
Orderly Sequence of Events
244(1)
A Minimum of Waiting
244(1)
A Maximum of Time
244(1)
Child Involvement in Rules
245(1)
Setting Limits
246(1)
Force Unacceptable
247(1)
Uses Positive Intervention Methods to Help Children Control Their Inappropriate Behavior
247(5)
Accepting Negative Feelings
247(1)
Helping Children Verbalize Negative Feelings
248(1)
Redirecting Inappropriate Behavior
249(1)
No ``Time-Out'' Chair
249(2)
Intervening in Interpersonal Conflicts
251(1)
Uses Positive Reinforcement Techniques to Help Children Learn Appropriate Behavior
252(3)
Positive Reinforcement
252(1)
Focus on Victim Not Aggressor
253(1)
Model Appropriate Behavior
253(2)
Summary
255(5)
Promoting Family Involvement
260(26)
Involves Parents in Participating in Children's Program
262(12)
Focus on the Child
262(2)
Building Trust in Parents and Parental Trust in the Program
264(3)
Beginning School
267(1)
Two-Way Communication
268(1)
Parents' Night in the Classroom
269(1)
Home Visits
269(2)
Family Members' Classroom Visits
271(1)
Books and Materials as Connectors
271(1)
Parents as Classroom Volunteers
272(1)
Parent Conferences
273(1)
Recognizes and Supports Families of Different Makeup
274(4)
Single-Parent Families
274(1)
Blended Families
275(1)
Culturally Diverse Families
275(1)
Working Parents
276(1)
Family Support of Programs
277(1)
Supports Families and Children Under Stress
278(2)
Moving
278(1)
Adoption
279(1)
New Baby
279(1)
Death of a Family Member
280(1)
Summary
280(6)
Providing Program Management
286(32)
Uses a Team Approach to Plan a Flexible Curriculum
288(12)
Team Planning Sessions
288(1)
Team Roles and Responsibilities
289(1)
Overcoming Team Problems
290(1)
Planning a Flexible Daily Schedule
291(1)
Goals
291(1)
Time Blocks
292(1)
Arrival
293(1)
Free Choice (a.m.)
294(2)
Snack Time (a.m./p.m.)
296(1)
Playground
296(1)
Rest Time (a.m.)
296(1)
Lunchtime
297(1)
Nap Time
297(1)
Free Choice (p.m.)
298(1)
Circle Time
298(1)
Departure
298(1)
Recording the Daily Schedule
299(1)
Plans and Implements an Emergent Curriculum to Assure a Quality Program
300(6)
Emergent Curriculum Themes
300(1)
Using Curriculum Webs in Planning
300(6)
Evaluates Curriculum Outcomes Through Child Observation and Team Conferences
306(6)
Summary
312(6)
Promoting Professionalism
318(25)
Makes a Commitment to the Early Childhood Profession
321(7)
Knowledge Base in the Field of Early Childhood
321(2)
Training Opportunities in the Field of Early Childhood
323(1)
Becoming a CDA: Child Development Associate
324(1)
Professional Resource File
324(3)
Using Skills for Preschool Teachers in CDA Training
327(1)
Why Become a CDA?
327(1)
Licensing and Credentialing
328(1)
Service Requirements in the Field of Early Childhood Education
328(1)
Behaves Ethically Toward Children and Their Families
328(5)
Shows Respect for All
328(2)
Demonstrates Caring Toward All Children
330(1)
Respects Privacy of Children, Families, and Coworkers
331(1)
NAEYC's Code of Ethical Conduct
332(1)
Takes Every Opportunity to Improve Professional Growth
333(3)
Ongoing Training
333(1)
CDA Credential Renewal
334(1)
Join a Professional Organization, Read its Publications, Network with Colleagues in the Field
334(1)
Personal Contribution
335(1)
Summary
336(7)
Index 343


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