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Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia,9780323002738

Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia

by ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780323002738

ISBN10:
0323002730
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Elsevier Science Health Science div
List Price: $38.95
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Summary

SMALL ANIMAL ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA covers the administration of anesthesia and management of pain in small animals. It includes discussions of actions and side effects of anesthetic agents; the physiology of respiration, heart rate, and blood pressure; monitoring animals' vital signs during all phases of anesthesia; emergency response; anesthetic equipment; and specialized techniques, such as local anesthesia, postoperative analgesia, and the use of muscle-paralyzing agents and ventilators. * Contains the latest drugs and procedures for small animals. * Features over 100 clear and useful illustrations, clarifying procedures and explaining concepts in the text. * Provides a handy, practical text that is easy to read and logically organized. * Includes objectives, key points, and review questions to help reinforce learning. * Balances theory with clinical application for sound small animal instruction.

Table of Contents

The Preanesthetic Period
1(45)
Patient Evaluation
2(12)
Patient History
2(3)
Physical Examination
5(6)
Diagnostic Tests
11(3)
Classification of Patient Status
14(1)
Selection of the Anesthetic Protocol
14(2)
Factors That Influence Selection
14(2)
Preanesthetic Patient Care
16(5)
Withholding Food Before Anesthesia
16(1)
Correction of Preexisting Problems
17(1)
Intravenous Catheterization
17(4)
Other Preanesthetic Patient Care
21(1)
Preanesthetic Agents
21(25)
Reasons for the Use of Preanesthetic Agents
21(2)
Anticholinergics (Parasympatholytics)
23(5)
Tranquilizers and Sedatives
28(1)
Phenothiazines
28(2)
Benzodiazepines
30(2)
Thiazine Derivatives
32(3)
Opioids (Narcotics)
35(11)
General Anesthesia
46(63)
Definition of General Anesthesia
47(1)
Components of General Anesthesia
47(2)
Preanesthesia
48(1)
Induction
48(1)
Maintenance
48(1)
Recovery
48(1)
Safety of General Anesthesia
49(1)
Classical Stages and Planes of Anesthesia
50(5)
Stage I
51(1)
Stage II
51(1)
Stage III
51(3)
Stage IV
54(1)
Overview of Anesthetic Stages and Planes
54(1)
Induction Techniques and Agents
55(6)
Induction Using Injectable Agents
55(1)
Induction Using Inhalation Agents
56(4)
Monitoring During the Induction Period
60(1)
Endotracheal Intubation
61(10)
Advantages of Endotracheal Intubation
61(1)
Problems Associated with Endotracheal Intubation
62(9)
Maintenance of Anesthesia
71(28)
Monitoring Vital Signs
72(6)
Use of Instruments to Monitor Vital Signs
78(10)
Reflexes and Other Indicators of Anesthetic Depth
88(6)
Judging Anesthetic Depth
94(1)
Recording Information During Anesthesia
95(4)
Patient Positioning and Comfort During Anesthesia
99(1)
Recovery from General Anesthesia
100(9)
Stages of Recovery
101(1)
Anesthetist's Role in the Recovery Period
101(8)
Anesthetic Agents and Techniques
109(38)
Comparison of Inhalation and Injectable Anesthesia
110(1)
Injectable Anesthetics
111(17)
Barbiturates
111(9)
Cyclohexamines
120(5)
Neuroleptanalgesia
125(1)
Propofol
126(2)
Etomidate
128(1)
Inhalation Anesthetics
128(12)
Characteristics of an Ideal Agent
128(1)
Classes of Inhalation Anesthetic
129(3)
Mechanism of Action of Inhalation Agents
132(1)
Distribution and Elimination of Inhalation Agents
132(1)
Properties of Inhalation Agents
132(2)
Halothane
134(2)
Isoflurane
136(1)
Methoxyflurane
137(1)
Other Chlorofluorocarbon Agents
138(1)
Nitrous Oxide
139(1)
Agents Used in the Postanesthetic Period
140(1)
Doxapram
141(6)
Anesthetic Equipment
147(44)
Equipment Needed for Anesthesia
148(24)
Endotracheal Tubes
148(3)
Anesthetic Machines
151(14)
Vaporizers
165(7)
Operation of the Anesthetic Machine
172(11)
Rebreathing Systems
173(1)
Nonrebreathing Systems
173(4)
Choice of Rebreathing Versus Nonrebreathing
177(1)
Carrier Gas Flow Rates
178(2)
Safety Concerns When Using a Total Rebreathing System
180(3)
Care and Use of Anesthetic Equipment
183(8)
Setting Up Anesthetic Equipment
183(1)
Maintenance of Anesthetic Equipment
183(8)
Workplace Safety
191(19)
Hazards of Waste Anesthetic Gas
191(14)
Short-term Problems
192(1)
Long-term Effects
192(2)
Assessment of Risk
194(2)
Reducing Exposure to Waste Anesthetic Gas
196(8)
Monitoring Waste Gas Levels
204(1)
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases
205(5)
Fire Safety Precautions
205(1)
Use and Storage of Compressed Gas Cylinders
205(5)
Anesthetic Problems and Emergencies
210(42)
Reasons Why Anesthetic Problems and Emergencies Arise
211(14)
Human Error
211(2)
Equipment Failure
213(2)
Anesthetic Agents
215(1)
Patient Factors
216(9)
Response to Anesthetic Problems and Emergencies
225(27)
Role of the Veterinary Technician in Emergency Care
225(1)
General Approach to Emergencies
226(16)
Problems That May Arise in the Recovery Period
242(10)
Special Techniques
252(25)
Local Analgesia
253(11)
Agents Used in Veterinary Anesthesia
253(1)
Characteristics of Local Analgesia
253(1)
Mechanism of Action
254(1)
Route of Administration
255(7)
Toxicity
262(2)
Controlled Ventilation
264(6)
Types of Assisted or Controlled Ventilation
264(1)
Ventilation in the Awake Animal
264(1)
Ventilation in the Anesthetized Animal
265(1)
Manual Ventilation
266(2)
Mechanical Ventilation
268(2)
Risks of Controlled Ventilation
270(1)
Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
270(7)
Analgesia
277(30)
Introduction
277(2)
What is Analgesia?
277(1)
Why Treat Pain?
278(1)
General Principles of Analgesia
279(5)
Physiology of Pain
279(1)
Monitoring Signs of Pain
279(3)
Methods of Pain Control
282(2)
Pharmacologic Analgesia
284(23)
Delivery of Analgesic Drugs
285(1)
Classes of Analgesic Drugs
286(1)
Opioid Agents
286(9)
Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs
295(5)
Combination Therapy
300(1)
Other Agents
300(7)
Appendix A Standard Values and Equivalents 307(4)
Appendix B Catheter Comparison Scale 310(1)
Appendix C Equipment and Drugs for Use in an Emergency Crash Kit 311


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