9780534633578

Sniffy the Virtual Rat Lite, Version 2.0 (with CD-ROM)

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780534633578

  • ISBN10:

    0534633579

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 10/21/2004
  • Publisher: Thomson-Wadsworth
  • View Upgraded Edition

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Summary

Preface: Installing Sniffy Lite. Acknowledgments. Quick Guide to Menus and Commands. 1. Introduction to Sniffy. 2. Introduction to Classical Conditioning. 3. Basic Phenomena of Classical Conditioning: Acquisition, Extinction and Spontaneous Recovery. 4. Introduction to Operant Conditioning. 5. Basic Operant Phenomena: Magazine Training, Shaping, Extinction, Spontaneous Recovery, and Secondary Reinforcement. 6. Schedules of Reinforcement and the PartialReinforcement Effect. 7. Shaping Behaviors Other Than Bar Pressing. Appendix: How To Manage Your Sniffy Lite Files.Glossary. References. Index.

Table of Contents

Preface: Installing and Running Sniffy Lite ix
Acknowledgments xv
Quick Guide to Menus and Commands xvii
1 Introduction to Sniffy 1(6)
Why We Created Sniffy
1(1)
How We Created Sniffy, the Animated Creature
2(1)
Sniffy, the Program
2(2)
Sniffy Is a Learning Tool, Not a Research Tool
4(1)
Applying What You Learn From Sniffy
5(2)
2 Introduction to Classical Conditioning 7(20)
A First Look at Sniffy Lite
7(3)
Classical Conditioning Background
10(4)
The Conditioned Emotional Response (CER)
11(3)
The Design Classical Conditioning Experiment Dialog Box
14(3)
The Sensitivity & Fear Mind Window
17(1)
The CS Response Strength Mind Window
18(1)
The Movement Ratio Window
19(1)
The Cumulative Record During Classical Conditioning
20(1)
The Suppression Ratio Window
21(1)
How to Get Reliable, Comparable Results
21(1)
Putting Everything Together to Understand Classical Conditioning
22(1)
Exporting Your Results to Other Programs
23(1)
Printing All the Contents of a Data Window
24(1)
Copying and Pasting the Visible Portion of a Window
24(3)
3 Basic Phenomena of Classical Conditioning: Acquisition, Extinction, and Spontaneous Recovery 27(14)
Important Technical Information
27(1)
Accelerating Time
28(1)
Another Time-Saving Hint
29(1)
Background to the Classical Conditioning Exercises
30(1)
Exercise 1: Basic Acquisition of a CR
30(5)
Exercise 2: Extinction
35(2)
Exercise 3: Spontaneous Recovery
37(2)
Some Questions and Things To Do
39(2)
4 Introduction to Operant Conditioning 41(10)
Edward Thorndike
41(1)
B.F. Skinner
42(3)
The Operant Chamber
45(1)
Reinforcement and Punishment
46(5)
5 Basic Operant Phenomena: Magazine Training, Shaping, Extinction, Spontaneous Recovery, and Secondary Reinforcement 51(22)
Operant Conditioning: Technique
51(1)
The Operant Associations Mind Window
52(1)
Exercise 4: Magazine Training
53(1)
Exercise 5: Shaping Sniffy to Press the Bar
54(5)
If You Have Trouble
58(1)
Exercise 6: Cumulative Records-Visualizing Sniffy's Responding
59(3)
Exercise 7: Extinction
62(5)
Exercise 8: Secondary Reinforcement
67(2)
Exercise 9: Spontaneous Recovery
69(2)
Some Questions and Things to Do
71(2)
Behavioral Repertoire
71(1)
Another Effect of Magazine Training
72(1)
6 Schedules of Reinforcement and the Partial-Reinforcement Effect 73(16)
Background and Examples
73(4)
Variable-Ratio (VR) and Variable-Interval (VI) Schedules
77(1)
Fixed Ratio (FR) Schedules
78(1)
Fixed-Interval (Fl) Schedules
78(1)
Setting Up a Schedule in the Design Operant Conditioning Experiment Dialog Box
79(2)
Exercise 10: Placing Sniffy on a Small VR Schedule
81(2)
Exercise 11: Increasing the Value of Sniffy's VR Schedule
83(1)
Exercise 12: Variable-Interval Schedules
84(1)
Exercise 13: Fixed-Ratio Schedules
84(1)
Exercise 14: Fixed Interval Schedules
85(1)
How Realistic Are Sniffy's Schedule Performances?
85(1)
Exercise 15: The Effect of Partial Reinforcement on Extinction
86(1)
Some Questions and Things to Do
87(2)
Does Schedule Size Affect Overall Response Rate?
88(1)
Does Schedule Size Affect Resistance to Extinction?
88(1)
7 Shaping Behaviors Other Than Bar Pressing 89(14)
Exercise 16: Shaping Sniffy to Beg
91(2)
If You Have Trouble
92(1)
Exercise 17: Shaping Sniffy to Wipe His Face
93(2)
If You Have Trouble
94(1)
Exercise 18: Shaping Sniffy to Roll
95(3)
If You Have Trouble
97(1)
Exercise 19: Shaping Sniffy to Perform Other Behaviors
98(1)
Exercise 20: Shaping a Cat to Beg or Walk on Its Hind Legs
99(2)
Some Questions and Things to Do
101(2)
APPENDIX How to Manage Your Sniffy Lite Files 103(21)
Floppy Disks and Hard Disks
103(2)
Deciding Where to Save Your Files
105(2)
Getting Easy Access to the Sniffy Program and Files From Your Computer Desktop
107(2)
Creating a Windows Shortcut
107(1)
Placing Aliases in the Mac OS X Dock
108(1)
Saving Files
109(4)
Saving Files in Windows XP
109(3)
Saving Files in Mac OS X
112(1)
Opening Files
113(4)
Opening Files in Windows XP
113(2)
Opening Files in Mac OS X
115(2)
Copying Files From a Hard Disk to a Floppy Disk
117(2)
Instructions for Windows XP Users
117(1)
Instructions for Mac OS X Users
118(1)
Copying Files From a Floppy Disk to a Hard Disk
119(1)
Instructions for Windows XP Users
119(1)
Instructions for Mac OS X Users
119(1)
Using Sniffy Lite Macintosh Files on a Windows PC and Vice Versa
120(1)
Storing Files on a CD
121(1)
E-mailing Files
122(2)
Glossary 124(3)
References 127(2)
Index 129

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