9780073125459

Social Ethics : Morality and Social Policy

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780073125459

  • ISBN10:

    0073125458

  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 7/20/2006
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
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Summary

In its seventh edition,Social Ethics: Morality and Social Policycontinues to provide material that will encourage reflective and critical examination of key contemporary moral problems. With additional readings and a new organization that groups related chapters together under four categories, this edition enhances the teachability that was the most salient characteristic of previous editions. The text maintains its ability to bring the central issues into clear focus, while allowing supporting arguments for widely diverse positions to be presented by those who embrace them.

Table of Contents

Preface

PART ONE: LIFE-AND-DEATH ISSUES

CHAPTER 1 ABORTION

Introduction

Pope John Paul II, The Unspeakable Crime of Abortion

Mary Anne Warren, On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion

Don Marquis, Why Abortion is Immoral

Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion

Margaret Olivia Little, The Morality of Abortion

Justice Harry A. Blackmun, Majority Opinion in Roe v. Wade

George J. Annas, “Partial-Birth Abortion” and the Supreme Court

Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 1

CHAPTER 2 EUTHANASIA AND PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE

Introduction

James Rachels, Active and Passive Euthanasia

Daniel Callahan, Killing and Allowing to Die

Dan W. Brock, Voluntary Active Euthanasia

Stephen G. Potts, Objections to the Institutionalisation of Euthanasia

David T. Watts and Timothy Howell, Assisted Suicide Is Not Voluntary Active Euthanasia

Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, Opinion of the Court in Washington v. Glucksberg

Justice Sandra Day O’Connor, Concurring Opinion in Washington v. Glucksberg and Vacco v. Quill

Franklin G. Miller and Diane E. Meier, Voluntary Death: A Comparison Of Terminal Dehydration and Physician-Assisted Suicide

Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 2

CHAPTER 3 THE DEATH PENALTY

Introduction

Justices Potter Stewart, Lewis F. Powell, Jr., and John Paul Stevens, Opinion in Gregg v. Georgia

Justice Thurgood Marshall, Dissenting Opinion in Gregg v. Georgia

Igor Primoratz, A Life for a Life

Stephen Nathanson, An Eye for an Eye?

Louis P. Pojman, Deterrence and the Death Penalty

Jeffrey Reiman, Common Sense, the Deterrent Effect of the Death Penalty, and the Best Bet Argument

David Dolinko, Procedural Arguments Against the Death Penalty

Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 3

PART TWO: LIBERTY ISSUES

CHAPTER 4 SEX AND MARRIAGE

Introduction

Vincent C. Punzo, Morality and Human Sexuality

Thomas A. Mappes, Sexual Morality and the Concept of Using Another Person

John Corvino, Why Shouldn’t Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality

Chief Justice Margaret H. Marshall, Majority Opinion in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health

Justice Martha B. Sosman, Dissenting Opinion in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health

Maggie Gallagher, What Marriage Is For: Children Need Mothers and Fathers

Jonathan Rauch, For Better or Worse? The Case for Gay (and Straight) Marriage

Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 4

CHAPTER 5 PORNOGRAPHY, HATE SPEECH, AND CENSORSHIP

Introduction

John Stuart Mill, On Liberty

The Attorney General’s Commission on Pornography, The Question of Harm

Helen E. Longino, Pornography, Oppression, and Freedom: A Closer Look

Mark R. Wicclair, Feminism, Pornography, and CensorshipIllinois Supreme Court, Opinion in Village of Skokie v. National Socialist Party of America

Charles R. Lawrence III, Racist Speech as the Functional Equivalent of Fighting Words

Andrew Altman, Liberalism and Campus Hate Speech: A Philosophical Examination

Judge Peter Stone, Opinion in Corry v. Stanford University

Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 5

CHAPTER 6 DRUG CONTROL AND ADDICTION

Introduction

Justice Jacob J. Spiegel, Opinion in Commonwealth v. Joseph D. Leis

Thomas S. Szasz, The Ethics of Addiction

Robert E. Goodin, Permissible Paternalism: Saving Smokers from Themselves

Ethan A. Nadelmann, The Case for Legalization

James Q. Wilson, Against the Legalization of Drugs

Daniel Shapiro, Addiction and Drug Policy

Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 6

CHAPTER 7 TERRORISM, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND CIVIL LIBERTIES

Introduction

Stephen Nathanson, Can Terrorism Be Morally Justified?

Alison M. Jaggar, What Is Terrorism, Why Is It Wrong, and Could It Ever Be Morally Permissible?

David Luban, The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights

Justice Hugo Lafayette Black, Majority Opinion in Korematsu v. United States

Justice Frank Murphy, Dissenting Opinion in Korematsu v. United States

Jeremy Waldron, Security and Liberty: The Image of Balance

Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 7

PART THREE: JUSTICE ISSUES

CHAPTER 8 SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC JUSTICE

Introduction

John Hospers, What Libertarianism Is

Kai Nielsen, A Moral Case for Socialism

Iris M. Young, Five Faces of Oppression

Nancy Fraser, After the Family Wage: A Postindustrial Thought Experiment

Howard McGary, The African-American Underclass and the Question of Values

Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 8

CHAPTER 9 WORLD HUNGER AND POVERTY

Introduction

Peter Singer, Famine, Affluence, and Morality

Garrett Hardin, Living on a Lifeboat

Amartya Sen, Property and Hunger

Thomas Pogge, Two Reflections on The First United Nations Millennium Development Goal

Max Borders, Western Ethical Imperialism?

United Trauma Relief, A Consensus Statement on Sweatshop Abuse

Matt Zwolinski, Sweatshops

Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 9

PART FOUR: PLANETARY ISSUES

CHAPTER 10 ANIMALS

Introduction

Peter Singer, All Animals Are Equal

Tom Regan, The Case for Animal Rights

R. G. Frey, Moral Vegetarianism and the Argument from Pain and Suffering

Carl Cohen, The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research

Mary Anne Warren, Human and Animal Rights Compared

Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 10

CHAPTER 11 THE ENVIRONMENT

Introduction

William F. Baxter, People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution

Jan Narveson, For Free Market Environmentalism

Tony Smith, Against Free Market Environmentalism

Peter S. Wenz, Just Garbage

Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethic

Bernard E. Rollin, Environmental Ethics

Bill Devall and George Sessions, Deep Ecology

Ramachandra Guha, Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique

Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 11

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