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Social Problems

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780131891876

ISBN10:
0131891871
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div
List Price: $99.80

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Summary

Macionis's Social Problems is the only social problems text that explains how society frames social problems and solutions through politics. The text analyzes social issues and policies, using the concepts of sociological theory and the everyday language of politics. & This text helps students understand the attitudes and values that define the political spectrum in the United States. Once students know how social problems are defined by our society through politics, and how the policies to solve these problems are developed, students are able to &become involved in solving social problems through activism and political involvement.

Table of Contents

Preface xx
Part I Sociology's Basic Approach
Sociology: Studying Social Problems
1(25)
Getting the Picture
1(1)
Seeing Patterns: The Sociological Perspective
2(1)
Social Problems: The Basics
2(4)
Social Problems over Time
3(1)
The Social-Constructionist Approach
4(1)
Claims Making
5(1)
A Defining Moment
Ryan White: Changing the Face of AIDS
6(3)
Problems and Social Movements
6(1)
Social Problems: Eight Assertions
7(2)
Looking Beyond Ourselves: A Global Perspective
9(1)
Analyzing Social Problems: The Role of Theory
10(4)
The Structural-Functional Approach
10(2)
The Social-Conflict Approach
12(1)
The Symbolic-Interaction Approach
13(1)
Finding the Facts: Sociological Research
14(4)
Research Methods
15(1)
Truth, Science, and Politics
16(1)
Truth and Statistics
17(1)
Responding to Social Problems: Social Policy
18(3)
Policy Evaluation
19(1)
Policy and Culture
20(1)
Policy and Politics
20(1)
Politics: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
21(1)
The Political Spectrum
21(1)
Social and Economic Issues
21(1)
Who Thinks What?
22(1)
Going On From Here
22(4)
Chapter Summary
23(1)
Key Concepts
24(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
24(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
25(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
25(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
25(1)
Part II Problems of Social Inequality
Poverty and Wealth
26(28)
Getting the Picture
27(1)
Economic Inequality in the United States
28(3)
Inequality of Income and Wealth
28(1)
Taxation
29(2)
The Rich and the Poor: A Social Profile
31(6)
The Rich
31(1)
The Poor
32(1)
The Poverty Line
32(1)
The Poverty Gap
32(1)
The Poor: A Closer Look
33(2)
Working Families: Working Harder
35(1)
The Working Poor
36(1)
The Non-Working Poor
36(1)
The Underclass
37(1)
Problems Linked to Poverty
37(2)
Poor Health
37(1)
Substandard Housing
38(1)
Homelessness
38(1)
Limited Schooling
38(1)
Crime and Punishment
38(1)
Political Alienation
39(1)
Responding to Poverty: The Welfare System
39(2)
A Brief History of Welfare
40(1)
A Defining Moment
U.S. Society Discovers Poverty
41(2)
Recent Welfare Reform
42(1)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Poverty
43(4)
Structural-Functional Analysis: Some Poverty Is Inevitable
43(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: Defining the Problem
44(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Poverty Can Be Eliminated
45(2)
Politics and Poverty: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
47(2)
Conservatives: Personal Responsibility
47(1)
Liberals: Societal Responsibility
48(1)
Radicals: Change the System
49(1)
Going On From Here
49(5)
Chapter Summary
50(1)
Key Concepts
51(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
52(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
52(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
53(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
53(1)
Racial and Ethnic Inequality
54(30)
Getting the Picture
55(1)
Race and Ethnicity
56(4)
Race
56(2)
Ethnicity
58(1)
Immigration
58(1)
Minorities
59(1)
Patterns of Majority-Minority Interaction
60(2)
Genocide
60(1)
Segregation
60(2)
A Defining Moment
Rosa Parks: Saying No to Segregation
62(1)
Assimilation
62(1)
Pluralism
62(1)
The Social Standing of U.S. Minorities
63(6)
Native Americans
63(1)
People of African Descent
64(1)
People of Asian Descent
65(2)
Hispanic Americans
67(2)
Prejudice
69(5)
Stereotypes
69(1)
Racism
70(1)
Measuring Prejudice: The Social Distance Scale
70(3)
Institutional Racism: The Case of Racial Profiling
73(1)
Causes of Prejudice
73(1)
Multiculturalism
73(1)
Discrimination
74(2)
Institutional Discrimination
74(1)
Prejudice and Discrimination: A Vicious Circle
75(1)
Affirmative Action: Reverse Discrimination or Antidote for Prejudice?
75(1)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Racial and Ethnic Inequality
76(2)
Structural-Functional Analysis: The Importance of Culture
76(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: The Personal Meaning of Race
77(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: The Structure of Inequality
77(1)
Politics, Race, and Ethnicity: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
78(2)
Conservatives: Culture and Effort Matter
78(1)
Liberals: Society and Government Matter
78(1)
Radicals: Fundamental Changes Are Needed
79(1)
Going On From Here
80(4)
Chapter Summary
81(1)
Key Concepts
82(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
82(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
83(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
83(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
83(1)
Gender Inequality
84(26)
Getting the Picture
85(1)
What Is Gender?
86(2)
Patriarchy
86(2)
The Problem of Sexism
88(1)
Gender and Social Institutions
88(5)
Gender and the Family
88(1)
Gender and Education
88(1)
Gender and the Mass Media
89(1)
Gender and Religion
90(1)
Gender and Politics
91(1)
Gender and the Military
92(1)
Gender and Work
92(1)
Gender Stratification
93(5)
Income
93(2)
Housework
95(1)
Violence against Women
95(1)
Sexual Harassment
96(1)
Sexuality, Beauty, and Reproduction
96(1)
Women: A Majority-Minority?
97(1)
Minority Women: Intersection Theory
97(1)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Gender Inequality
98(3)
Structural-Functional Analysis: Gender and Complementarity
98(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: Gender in Everyday Life
99(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Gender and Inequality
100(1)
Feminism
101(1)
Feminist Foundations
101(1)
A Defining Moment
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Claiming Women's Right to Equality
102(2)
Types of Feminism
103(1)
Politics and Gender: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
104(3)
Conservatives: The Value of Families
104(1)
Liberals: The Pursuit of Equality
105(1)
Radicals: Change the System
106(1)
Going On From Here
107(3)
Chapter Summary
107(1)
Key Concepts
108(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
108(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
109(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
109(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
109(1)
Aging and Inequality
110(24)
Getting the Picture
111(1)
Growing Old
112(2)
Industrialization and Aging
112(1)
Life Expectancy
113(1)
The Graying of the United States
114(1)
Elders: A Diverse Population
115(1)
Problems of Aging
115(10)
Social Isolation
116(1)
Retirement
116(1)
Ageism
117(2)
Victimization of the Elderly
119(1)
The Growing Need for Caregiving
120(1)
Poverty
121(1)
Housing
122(2)
Medical Care
124(1)
Death and Dying
124(1)
A Defining Moment
Dr. Jack Kevorkian: Challenging Our Ideas about Death
125(1)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Aging and Inequality
126(3)
Structural-Functional Analysis: The Need to Disengage
126(2)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: Staying Active
128(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Age and Inequality
128(1)
Politics and Aging: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
129(2)
Conservatives: More Family Responsibility
129(1)
Liberals: More Government Assistance
129(1)
Radicals: Capitalism and the Elderly
130(1)
Going On From Here
131(3)
Chapter Summary
131(1)
Key Concepts
132(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
132(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
133(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
133(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
133(1)
Part III Problems of Deviance, Conformity, and Well-Being
Crime and Criminal Justice
134(30)
Getting the Picture
135(1)
Norms, Law, and Crime
136(1)
Crime: The Extent of the Problem
136(7)
Crime Statistics
136(1)
Violent Crime: Patterns and Trends
137(3)
Property Crime: Patterns and Trends
140(3)
``Street'' Crime: Who Are the Criminals?
143(1)
Age
143(1)
Gender
143(1)
Social Class
143(1)
Race and Ethnicity
143(1)
Other Dimensions of the Crime Problem
144(3)
Juvenile Delinquency
144(1)
Hate Crimes
145(1)
White-Collar Crime
145(1)
Corporate Crime
146(1)
Organized Crime
146(1)
A Defining Moment
Ralph Nader: Making Corporations More Accountable
147(1)
Victimless Crime
147(1)
The Criminal Justice System
148(4)
Due Process
148(1)
Police
149(1)
Courts
149(1)
Punishment
150(2)
Community-Based Corrections
152(1)
Explaining Crime: Biological and Psychological Theories
152(3)
Biological Causes
152(2)
Psychological Causes
154(1)
Explaining Crime: Sociological Theories
155(3)
Structural-Functional Analysis: How Society Creates Crime
155(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: Socially Constructing Reality
156(2)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Crime and Inequality
158(1)
Politics and Crime: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
158(1)
Conservatives: Crime and Morality
158(1)
Liberals: Crime and Jobs
159(1)
Radicals: Crime and Inequality
159(1)
Going On From Here
159(5)
Chapter Summary
161(1)
Key Concepts
162(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
162(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
163(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
163(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
163(1)
Violence
164(26)
Getting the Picture
165(1)
What Is Violence?
165(2)
Violence as a Social Problem
166(1)
Criminal Violence
167(4)
Murder
167(3)
Rape
170(1)
Family Violence
171(1)
Violence against Children
172(1)
A Defining Moment
U.S. Society Discovers Child Abuse
172(3)
Violence against Women
174(1)
Violence against Elders
174(1)
Social Dimensions of Violence
175(4)
The Mass Media and Violence
175(1)
Drugs and Violence
176(1)
Poverty and Violence
177(1)
Youth Gangs and Violence
177(1)
Guns and Violence
178(1)
Explaining Violence: Biological and Psychological Theories
179(1)
The Biological Approach
179(1)
The Psychological Approach
180(1)
Explaining Violence: Sociological Theories
180(2)
Structural-Functional Analysis: The Culture of Violence
180(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: Learning Violence
181(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Violence and Inequality
182(1)
Politics and Violence: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
182(2)
Conservatives: Violence and Morality
182(1)
Liberals: Violence and Opportunity
183(1)
Radicals: Violence as Insurrection
184(1)
Going On From Here
184(6)
Chapter Summary
186(1)
Key Concepts
187(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
188(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
188(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
189(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
189(1)
Sexuality
190(28)
Getting the Picture
191(1)
What Is Sex?
192(1)
Sex: A Biological Issue
192(1)
Sex: A Cultural Issue
192(1)
Sexual Attitudes in the United States
192(1)
A Defining Moment
Alfred Kinsey: Talking Openly about Sex
193(2)
The Sexual Revolution
193(1)
The Sexual Counterrevolution
194(1)
Sexual Orientation
195(3)
Homosexuality
195(1)
What Gives Us a Sexual Orientation?
196(1)
Homosexuality and Public Policy
197(1)
Gay Marriage
197(1)
The Gay Rights Movement
198(1)
Pornography
198(2)
Is Pornography a Social Problem?
199(1)
Pornography and Violence
199(1)
Sexual Harassment
200(2)
Who Harasses Whom?
201(1)
Must Harassment Harm Victims? Recent Court Cases
202(1)
Prostitution
202(2)
Prostitutes: A Profile
202(1)
Arrests for Prostitution
202(2)
Child Prostitution
204(1)
Teenage Pregnancy
204(2)
The Costs of Teenage Pregnancy
205(1)
Sex Education: A Solution?
205(1)
Abortion
206(1)
Abortion: Looking Back
206(1)
The Abortion Controversy Today
206(1)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
207(3)
Gonorrhea and Syphilis
207(1)
Genital Herpes
208(1)
Aids
208(2)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Sexuality
210(3)
Structural-Functional Analysis: Controlling Sexuality
210(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: Defining Sexuality
211(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Sex and Power
212(1)
Politics and Sexuality: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
213(2)
Conservatives: The Value of Traditional Morality
213(1)
Liberals: Sex and Individual Choice
213(1)
Radicals: Go to the Root of the Problem
214(1)
Going On From Here
215(3)
Chapter Summary
215(1)
Key Concepts
216(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
216(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
217(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
217(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
217(1)
Alcohol and Other Drugs
218(26)
Getting the Picture
219(1)
What Is a Drug?
219(2)
Drugs and Culture
220(1)
Drugs and Social Diversity
220(1)
Changing Views of Alcohol
221(1)
The Extent of Drug Use
221(2)
Why Do People Use Drugs?
222(1)
Use and Abuse
222(1)
Addiction and Dependency
222(1)
Types of Drugs
223(5)
Stimulants
223(2)
Depressants
225(2)
Hallucinogens
227(1)
Cannabis
227(1)
Steroids
228(1)
Prescription Drugs
228(1)
Drugs and Other Social Problems
228(4)
Problems of Family Life
228(1)
Homelessness
229(1)
Health Problems
230(1)
Crime
230(1)
Global Poverty
231(1)
Terrorism
232(1)
Social Policy: Responding to the Drug Problem
232(2)
Strategies to Control Drugs
232(2)
A Defining Moment
Bill Wilson: Alcoholics Can Learn to Be Sober
234(4)
The War on Drugs
234(2)
Counterpoint: Decriminalization
236(2)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Drug-Related Social Problems
238(1)
Structural-Functional Analysis: Regulating Drug Use
238(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: The Meaning of Drug Use
238(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Power and Drug Use
239(1)
Politics and Drugs: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
239(1)
Conservatives: Just Say No
239(1)
Liberals: Reform Society
240(1)
Radical Views: Right-Wing Libertarians and the Far Left
240(1)
Going On From Here
240(4)
Chapter Summary
241(1)
Key Concepts
242(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
242(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
243(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
243(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
243(1)
Physical and Mental Health
244(28)
Getting the Picture
245(1)
Health and Illness: A Global Perspective
246(3)
High-Income Nations
246(1)
Low-Income Nations
247(1)
Rich and Poor Compared: The AIDS Epidemic
247(2)
Health Policy: Paying for Care
249(3)
Socialist Systems
250(1)
Capitalist Systems
250(2)
Health Care in the United States: A System in Crisis?
252(7)
The Cost Problem
252(1)
Who Pays?
253(2)
The Coverage Problem
255(1)
Health: Class, Ethnicity, and Race
256(1)
Health: The Importance of Gender
257(1)
People with Disabilities
258(1)
The Nursing Shortage
259(1)
Mental Health and Illness
259(4)
Types of Mental Disorders
260(1)
Mental Illness: A Myth?
260(1)
Mental Illness: Class, Race, and Gender
260(2)
Treatment Strategies
262(1)
A Defining Moment
Dorothea Dix: Changing Society's View of People with Mental Illnesses
263(2)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Health Problems
265(1)
Structural-Functional Analysis: Health and Social Roles
265(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: The Meaning of Health
265(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Health and Inequality
266(1)
Politics and Health: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
266(1)
Conservatives: Free-Market Care
266(1)
Liberals: Government Care
267(1)
Radicals: Capitalism Is Unhealthy
267(1)
Going On From Here
267(5)
Chapter Summary
269(1)
Key Concepts
270(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
270(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
270(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
271(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
271(1)
Part IV Problems of Social Institutions
Economy and Politics
272(24)
Getting the Picture
273(1)
Economic Systems: Defining Justice, Defining Problems
274(2)
The Capitalist Model
274(1)
The Socialist Model
275(1)
Mixed Systems
275(1)
The Economy and Politics
276(2)
Problems of the U.S. Political Economy
278(4)
The Power of Corporations
278(1)
Monopoly and Oligopoly
279(1)
Conglomerates and Other Linkages
280(1)
The Power of Money
280(1)
Campaign Financing
280(2)
A Defining Moment
Doris Haddock: Sparking a Movement for Campaign Finance Reform
282(4)
Voter Apathy
283(1)
Who Votes? Class, Age, Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
284(1)
The Gender Gap: Seeing Things Differently
284(1)
Social Movements: How Much Change?
285(1)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Economic and Political Problems
286(2)
Structural-Functional Analysis: Rule by the Many
286(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Rule by the Few
287(1)
Economics and Politics: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
288(3)
Conservatives: The System Is Working
288(1)
Liberals: The Need for Reform
289(1)
Radicals: A Call for Basic Change
289(2)
Going On From Here
291(5)
Chapter Summary
292(1)
Key Concepts
293(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
294(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
294(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
295(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
295(1)
Work and the Workplace
296(26)
Getting the Picture
297(1)
The Importance of Work
298(1)
Structural Changes in the U.S. Economy
298(2)
The Industrial Revolution
298(1)
The Information Revolution
299(1)
Deindustrialization
300(1)
Globalization
300(1)
Other Problems of the U.S. Workplace
300(10)
The Dual Labor Market
301(1)
Danger to Workers
301(2)
Workplace Alienation
303(1)
McDonaldization and ``McJobs''
304(2)
The Temping of the Workplace
306(1)
Unemployment
306(1)
Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
307(1)
Workplace Segregation
308(1)
Union Decline
309(1)
A Defining Moment
Eugene Debs: Standing Up for the Union
310(1)
New Information Technology: The Brave New Workplace
311(3)
Telecommuting
311(1)
Workplace Isolation
312(1)
Controlling Employees
312(1)
``Deskilling'' Workers
312(2)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Work-Related Problems
314(2)
Structural-Functional Analysis: Finding a New Equilibrium
314(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: The Meaning of Work
315(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Work and Inequality
315(1)
Politics and the Workplace: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
316(1)
Conservatives: Look to the Market
316(1)
Liberals: Look to Government
316(1)
Radicals: Basic Change Is Needed
317(1)
Going On From Here
317(5)
Chapter Summary
319(1)
Key Concepts
320(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
320(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
321(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
321(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
321(1)
Family Life
322(22)
Getting the Picture
323(1)
What Is a Family?
324(1)
Debate over Definitions
324(1)
A Sociological Approach to Family Problems
324(1)
Controversies over Family Life
325(10)
Living Together: Do We Need to Marry?
325(1)
Postponing Marriage
326(1)
Parenting: Is One Enough?
326(1)
Families, Race, and Poverty
327(1)
Conflict between Work and Family Life
328(1)
Child Care
329(1)
Divorce
330(3)
Child Support
333(1)
Remarriage: Problems of Blended Families
334(1)
Gay and Lesbian Families
334(1)
A Defining Moment
Axil and Eigil Axgil: Changing the Marriage Rules
335(2)
Brave New Families: High-Tech Reproduction
336(1)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Family Problems
337(1)
Structural-Functional Analysis: Family as Foundation
337(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: Family and Learning
337(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Family and Inequality
338(1)
Politics and Family Life: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
338(3)
Conservatives: Traditional ``Family Values''
338(1)
Liberals: Many Kinds of Families
339(1)
Radicals: Replace the Family
339(2)
Going On From Here
341(3)
Chapter Summary
341(1)
Key Concepts
342(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
343(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
343(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
343(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
343(1)
Education
344(26)
Getting the Picture
345(1)
Problems of Education: A Global Perspective
346(3)
Low-Income Countries: Too Little Schooling
346(1)
High-Income Countries: Unequal Schooling
347(1)
Education in U.S. History
348(1)
Problems with U.S. Education
349(5)
The Academic Performance of U.S. Schools
349(2)
Dropping Out
351(1)
Functional Illiteracy
352(1)
School Segregation and Busing
352(2)
A Defining Moment
Linda Brown: Fighting to Desegregate the Schools
354(7)
School Funding
354(2)
Tracking
356(1)
Gender Inequality
357(1)
Immigration: Increasing Diversity
357(2)
Schooling People with Disabilities
359(1)
The Teacher Shortage
360(1)
School Violence
360(1)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Educational Problems
361(2)
Structural-Functional Analysis: The Functions of Schooling
361(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: Labels in the Schools
361(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Schooling and Inequality
362(1)
Politics and Education: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
363(3)
Conservatives: Increase Competition
363(1)
Liberals: Increase Special Programs
364(1)
Radicals: Attack Structural Inequality
365(1)
Going On From Here
366(4)
Chapter Summary
367(1)
Key Concepts
368(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
369(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
369(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
369(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
369(1)
Urban Life
370(24)
Getting the Picture
371(1)
Cities in the Past
372(1)
Colonial Villages: 1565--1800
372(1)
Westward Expansion: 1800--1860
372(1)
The Industrial Metropolis: 1860--1950
372(1)
Postindustrial Cities and Suburbs: 1950--Present
373(1)
Problems of Today's Cities
373(5)
Fiscal Problems
373(1)
Urban Sprawl
374(1)
Poverty
375(1)
Housing Problems
375(3)
A Defining Moment
Jacob Riis: Revealing the Horror of the Tenements
378(6)
Racial Segregation
379(1)
Homelessness
380(1)
Snowbelt and Sunbelt Cities
381(1)
Cities and Terrorism
382(1)
Cities in Poor Countries
383(1)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Urban Problems
384(3)
Structural-Functional Analysis: A Theory of Urbanism
384(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: Experiencing the City
385(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Cities and Inequality
386(1)
Politics and Urban Life: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
387(3)
Conservatives: The Market and Morality
387(1)
Liberals: Government Reform
388(1)
Radicals: The Need for Basic Change
389(1)
Going On From Here
390(4)
Chapter Summary
391(1)
Key Concepts
392(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
392(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
393(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
393(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
393(1)
Part V Global Problems
Population and Global Inequality
394(28)
Getting the Picture
395(1)
Global Population Increase
396(6)
Population by the Numbers
396(1)
Causes of Population Increase
396(3)
Measuring Population Increase
399(3)
A Defining Moment
Thomas Robert Malthus: Claiming Population Is a Problem
402(2)
Explaining the Population Problem: Malthusian Theory
403(1)
A More Recent Approach: Demographic Transition Theory
403(1)
Global Inequality
404(5)
High-Income Nations
405(1)
Middle-Income Nations
405(1)
Low-Income Nations
405(2)
The World's Poverty Problem
407(1)
Poverty and Children
407(1)
Poverty and Women
408(1)
Slavery
408(1)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Global Inequality
409(4)
Structural-Functional Analysis: The Process of Modernization
409(2)
Social-Conflict Analysis: The Global Economic System
411(2)
Politics and Global Inequality: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
413(5)
Conservatives: The Power of the Market
413(1)
Liberals: Governments Must Act
414(2)
Radicals: End Global Capitalism
416(2)
Going On From Here
418(4)
Chapter Summary
419(1)
Key Concepts
419(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
420(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
420(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
421(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
421(1)
Technology and the Environment
422(24)
Getting the Picture
423(1)
Ecology: Studying the Natural Environment
424(4)
The Role of Sociology
424(1)
The Global Dimension
424(1)
The Rising Power of Technology
424(2)
Population Increase
426(1)
Cultural Patterns: Growth and Limits
427(1)
Environmental Problems
428(1)
Solid Waste: The Disposable Society
428(1)
A Defining Moment
Rachel Carson: Sounding an Environmental Wake-Up Call
429(6)
Preserving Clean Water
430(3)
Air Pollution
433(1)
Acid Rain
433(1)
The Disappearing Rain Forests
434(1)
Global Warming
434(1)
Declining Biodiversity
435(1)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Environmental Problems
435(3)
Structural-Functional Analysis: Highlighting Connections
435(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Highlighting Inequality
436(2)
Politics and the Environment: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
438(3)
Conservatives: Grounds for Optimism
438(1)
Liberals: Grounds for Concern
438(3)
Radicals: Grounds for Fundamental Change
441(1)
Going On From Here
441(5)
Chapter Summary
442(1)
Key Concepts
443(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
444(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
444(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
444(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
445(1)
War and Terrorism
446(23)
Getting the Picture
447(1)
War and Peace: Basic Definitions
447(9)
The Increasing Destruction of War
448(1)
The Causes of War
448(2)
The Economic Costs of Militarism
450(1)
The Economic Costs of War
450(1)
The Human Costs of War
450(3)
War in the Nuclear Age
453(1)
Strategies for Peace
454(2)
A Defining Moment
Mohandas Gandhi: Spreading a Message of Peace
456(1)
Terrorism
456(4)
The Extent of Terrorism
457(1)
The Costs of Terrorism
458(1)
Terrorism as a Type of War
458(1)
Strategies for Dealing with Terrorism
459(1)
Theoretical Analysis: Understanding War and Terrorism
460(3)
Biological Theories of Conflict
460(1)
Structural-Functional Analysis: The Functions of Conflict
461(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: The Meanings of Conflict
462(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Inequality and Conflict
463(1)
Politics and War: Constructing Problems and Defining Solutions
463(2)
Conservatives: Strength Means Security
463(1)
Liberals: The Dangers of Militarism
464(1)
Radicals: The Need for Justice
464(1)
Going On From Here
465(4)
Chapter Summary
466(1)
Key Concepts
467(1)
Thinking Critically: Questions and Issues
468(1)
Getting Involved: Learning Activities
468(1)
Getting Connected: Useful Web Links
468(1)
Getting Started on Your Own: Research Navigator™
468(1)
Glossary 469(6)
References 475(27)
Photo Credits 502(1)
About the Author 503(1)
Name Index 504(6)
Subject Index 510


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