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Social Problems in a Diverse Society (Book Alone)

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780205482641

ISBN10:
0205482643
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 4th edition with a publication date of 1/1/2007.
What is included with this book?
  • The Used copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included.

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Summary

This text focuses on the significance of race, class, and gender; uses personal narratives to convey how problems are experienced by individuals and groups; and applies sociological perspectives throughout to examine social issues.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Studying Social Problems in the Twenty-First Century
2(24)
Using Sociological Insights to Study Social Problems
4(5)
What Is a Social Problem?
4(2)
The Sociological Imagination: Bringing Together the Personal and the Social
6(1)
Box 1.1 Social Problems and Social Policy A Standoff on Gun Control Policy?
7(2)
Do We Have a Problem? Subjective Awareness and Objective Reality
9(1)
Box 1.2 Critical Thinking and You Determining What Constitutes a Social Problem
10(1)
Using Social Theory to Analyze Social Problem
10(7)
The Functionalist Perspective
11(2)
The Conflict Perspective
13(3)
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
16(1)
Using Social Research Methods to Study Social Problems
17(5)
Box 1.3 Social Problems in the Media ``If It Bleeds, It Leads''? News Reporting on Violence
18(2)
Field Research
20(1)
Survey Research
20(1)
Secondary Analysis of Existing Data
21(1)
In Sum
22(4)
Summary
23(1)
Key Terms
24(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
25(1)
Wealth and Poverty: U.S. and Global Economic Inequalities
26(22)
Wealth and Poverty in Global Perspective
28(1)
Analyzing U.S. Class Inequality
29(6)
Box 2.1 Social Problems in Global Perspective ``Cheap Labor'' and the Global Economy
30(2)
Wealth versus Income Inequality
32(2)
Divisions in the U.S. Class Structure
34(1)
Poverty in the United States
35(6)
Box 2.2 Social Problems and Statistics Poverty in the United States
36(1)
The Poverty Line
36(3)
Who Are the Poor?
39(1)
Consequences of Poverty
40(1)
Social Welfare in the United States
41(7)
Box 2.3 Social Problems and Social Policy Following Up on Welfare Reform: Does One Size Fit All?
42(1)
Explanations for Poverty
43(2)
Can Class-Based Inequality Be Reduced?
45(1)
Summary
46(1)
Key Terms
47(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
47(1)
Racial and Ethnic Inequality
48(26)
Racial and Ethnic Inequality as a Social Problem
50(2)
What Are Race and Ethnicity?
50(1)
``Official'' Racial and Ethnic Classifications
50(1)
Dominant and Subordinate Groups
51(1)
Racism, Prejudice, and Discrimination
52(2)
Box 3.1 Social Problems in Global Perspective The Polish Plumber in France: Negative Stereotypes about ``Cheap Labor''
53(1)
Perspectives on Racial and Ethnic Inequality
54(5)
Social-Psychological Perspectives
54(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives
54(1)
Functionalist Perspectives
55(1)
Box 3.2 Social Problems in the Media The Color of Mayhem: Racial Stereotyping, Sexism, and Violence in Video Games
56(1)
Conflict Perspectives
56(3)
Inequalities Among Racial and Ethnic Groups
59(10)
Native Americans (American Indians)
59(1)
African Americans
60(2)
Latinos/as (Hispanic Americans)
62(2)
Asian and Pacific Americans
64(1)
Box 3.3 Social Problems and Statistics Accurate and Inaccurate Comparisons
65(3)
Box 3.4 Social Problems and Social Policy Social Justice: Beyond Black and White
68(1)
Summary
69(1)
Can Racial and Ethnic Inequalities Be Reduced?
69(5)
Summary
71(1)
Key Terms
72(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
72(2)
Gender Inequality
74(26)
Gender Inequality as a Social Problem
76(1)
Defining Sex and Gender
76(1)
Biological and Social Bases for Gender Roles
76(1)
Gender Inequality and Socialization
77(7)
Gender Socialization by Parents
77(1)
Peers and Gender Socialization
78(1)
Box 4.1 Critical Thinking and You Does Class Position Influence How We Think About Gender?
79(1)
Education and Gender Socialization
80(1)
Sports and Gender Socialization
81(1)
The Media and Gender Socialization
81(1)
Box 4.2 Social Problems and Social Policy Title IX and Gender Quotas in College Sports?
82(2)
Contemporary Gender Inequality
84(7)
The Gendered Division of Paid Work
85(2)
The Wage Gap
87(1)
Sexual Harassment
87(2)
The Glass Ceiling and the Glass Escalator
89(1)
The Double Shift
90(1)
Perspectives on Gender Inequality
91(4)
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
91(1)
The Functionalist Perspective
92(1)
Conflict and Feminist Perspectives
93(1)
Box 4.3 Social Problems in Global Perspective Missing Girls: Facing Up to the Problem in China
94(1)
Global Gender Inequality
95(2)
Can Gender Inequality in the United States Be Reduced?
97(3)
Summary
97(1)
Key Terms
98(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
98(2)
Inequality Based on Age
100(20)
Ageism as a Social Problem
102(8)
Age-Based Stereotypes
102(1)
Social Inequality and the Life Course
102(3)
Box 5.1 Social Problems in the Media Middle-aged Women: Over the Hill and in Need of Repair?
105(3)
Death and Dying
108(1)
Box 5.2 Social Problems and Statistics Drawing the Wrong Conclusion
109(1)
Problems Associated with Aging
110(5)
Workplace Discrimination
110(1)
Retirement and Changing Roles
111(1)
Health, Illness, and Health Care
111(1)
Box 5.3 Social Problems and Social Policy Government-Funded Health Care for Older People: Medicare
112(1)
Victimization
113(1)
Family Problems and Social Isolation
113(1)
Housing Patterns and Long-Term Care Facilities
114(1)
Perspectives on Aging and Social Inequality
115(1)
The Functionalist Perspective
115(1)
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
115(1)
The Conflict Perspective
116(1)
Can Age-Based Inequality Be Reduced?
116(4)
Summary
118(1)
Key Terms
119(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
119(1)
Inequality Based on Sexual Orientations
120(20)
Nature and Extent of Inequality Based on Sexual Orientation
122(1)
Box 6.1 Social Problems and Statistics How Many Gays and Lesbians?
122(1)
Ideological Bases of Inequality Based on Sexual Orientation
123(3)
Religion and Sexual Orientation
124(1)
Box 6.2 Social Problems in the Media Depictions of Gay Men and Lesbians: Accurate Portrayals in Television Programming?
124(2)
Law and Sexual Orientation
126(1)
Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation
126(6)
Lack of Marital Rights
127(1)
Parental Rights
127(1)
Box 6.3 Social Problems and Social Policy Should We Amend the U.S. Constitution to Define ``Marriage''?
128(1)
Housing Discrimination
129(1)
Discrimination in Medical Care
129(1)
Occupational Discrimination
130(1)
Discrimination in the Military
131(1)
Victimization and Hate Crimes
132(1)
Perspectives on Sexual Orientation and Social Inequality
132(4)
Biological and Psychological Perspectives
133(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives
134(1)
Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives
135(1)
Can Inequalities Based on Sexual Orientation Be Reduced?
136(4)
Summary
138(1)
Key Terms
139(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
139(1)
Prostitution Pornography, and the Sex Industry
140(20)
Deviance, the Sex Industry, and Social Problems
141(1)
Prostitution in Global Perspective
142(4)
The World's Oldest Profession?
143(1)
The Global Sex Industry
143(1)
Box 7.1 Social Problems in Global Perspective Economic Development or Childhood Sexual Slavery?
144(1)
Health Aspects of Prostitution for Women
145(1)
Prostitution in the United States
146(4)
The Nature of Prostitution
146(1)
The Extent of Prostitution
147(1)
Box 7.2 Social Problems and Statistics What We Know and Don't Know about Prostitution
148(1)
Prostitution and Age, Class, and Race
148(2)
Sociological Perspectives on Prostitution
150(2)
The Functionalist Perspective
150(1)
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
150(1)
The Conflict Perspective
151(1)
Pornography
152(4)
The Social Construction of Pornography as a Social Problem
152(1)
The Nature and Extent of Pornography
153(1)
Research on Pornography
154(1)
Box 7.3 Social Problems and Social Policy The Issue of Real versus Virtual Actors in Internet Child Pornography
154(1)
Pornography and Age, Gender, Class, and Race
155(1)
The Future of Pornography and the Sex Industry
156(4)
Summary
158(1)
Key Terms
159(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
159(1)
Alcohol and Other Drugs
160(28)
Drug Use and Abuse
161(2)
Defining Drug Abuse
162(1)
Drug Addiction
162(1)
Alcohol Use and Abuse
163(6)
Alcohol Consumption and Class, Gender, Age, and Race
163(1)
Box 8.1 Social Problems in the Media The Two Faces of Alcohol: Framing Social Drinking and Alcoholism on TV Shows
164(2)
Alcohol-Related Social Problems
166(3)
Tobacco (Nicotine) Use as a Social Problem
169(1)
Prescription Drugs, Over-the-Counter Drugs, and Caffeine
170(2)
Prescription Drugs
170(1)
Over-the-Counter Drugs
171(1)
Caffeine
172(1)
Illegal Drug Use and Abuse
172(6)
Marijuana
173(1)
Stimulants
173(1)
Box 8.2 Social Problems and Social Policy The Battle over Marijuana: Medicalization or Legalization?
174(2)
Depressants
176(1)
Narcotics
177(1)
Hallucinogens
177(1)
Explanation of Drug Abuse
178(3)
Biological Explanations
178(1)
Psychological Explanations
179(1)
Sociological Explanations
179(2)
The Future of Alcohol and Drug Abuse
181(7)
Prevention Programs
181(2)
Treatment Programs
183(1)
Box 8.3 Critical Thinking and You Calling on a Higher Power or Using Self-Reliance? Alcohol and Drug Abuse Programs
184(2)
Summary
186(1)
Key Terms
187(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
187(1)
Crime and Criminal Justice
188(30)
Crime as a Social Problem
190(2)
Problems with Official Statistics
190(2)
Defining Crime and Delinquency
192(1)
Types of Crimes
192(11)
Violent Crime
192(3)
Box 9.1 Social Problems in the Media Murder in the Media: Framing News Stories to Get Attention
195(3)
Property Crime
198(2)
Occupational (White-Collar) Crime
200(1)
Corporate Crime
200(1)
Box 9.2. Social Problems in Global Perspective Who Am I? Identity Theft in the Global Village
201(1)
Organized Crime
202(1)
Juvenile Delinquency
202(1)
Who Commits Crimes?
203(1)
Biological and Psychological Explanations of Crime
204(2)
Biological Explanations
204(1)
Psychological Explanations
205(1)
Sociological Explanations of Crime
206(4)
The Functionalist Perspective
206(2)
The Conflict Perspective
208(1)
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
208(2)
The Criminal Justice System
210(8)
The Police
210(1)
The Courts
211(1)
Punishment and the Prisons
212(1)
The Death Penalty
213(1)
Box 9.3 Social Problems and Social Policy Crime Prevention or the Prison-Industrial Complex?
214(1)
Summary
215(2)
Key Terms
217(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
217(1)
Health Care Problems of Physical and Mental Illness
218(24)
Health Care as a Social Problem
219(6)
Acute and Chronic Diseases and Disability
222(1)
Box 10.1 Social Problems in Global Perspective Global Enemies of Health: The Double Burden of Low-Income Nations
222(2)
The AIDS Crisis
224(1)
Mental Illness as a Social Problem
225(4)
Treatment of Mental Illness
225(3)
Race, Class, Gender, and Mental Disorders
228(1)
The Crisis in U.S. Health Care
229(8)
Health-Care Organization, Rising Costs, and Unequal Access
230(1)
Box 10.2 Social Problems and Social Policy Who Pays for Health Care? A Brief Look at Canada, the United Kingdom, and Sweden
230(4)
The Uninsured and the Underinsured
234(1)
Race, Class, Gender, and Health Care
234(1)
Box 10.3 Social Problems and Statistics Families without Health Insurance
235(2)
Sociological Explanations for Health-Care Problems
237(5)
The Functionalist Perspective
237(1)
The Conflict Perspective
238(1)
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
239(1)
Summary
240(1)
Key Terms
241(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
241(1)
The Changing Family
242(24)
The Nature of Families
243(5)
Changing Family Structure and Patterns
244(1)
Are U.S. Families in Decline?
244(1)
Changing Views on Marriage and Families
245(2)
Box 11.1 Social Problems in Global Perspective The Changing Family around the World
247(1)
Sociological Perspectives on Family-Related Problems
248(2)
Functionalist Perspectives
248(1)
Conflict and Feminist Perspectives
249(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives
249(1)
Diversity in Intimate Relationships and Families
250(4)
Singlehood
250(1)
Postponing Marriage
251(1)
Cohabitation and Domestic Partnerships
251(1)
Dual-Earner Marriages
252(1)
Comparing Two-Parent and One-Parent Households
253(1)
Child-Related Family Issues
254(4)
Reproductive Freedom, Contraception, and Abortion
254(1)
Infertility and New Reproductive Technologies
255(1)
Adoption
256(1)
Teen Pregnancies and Unmarried Motherhood
257(1)
Divorce and Remarriage
258(2)
Box 11.2 Social Problems and Statistics The Odds of Getting Divorced
259(1)
Domestic Violence
260(2)
Child Abuse
260(1)
Spouse Abuse
261(1)
Social Responses to Domestic Violence
262(1)
Family-Related Problems in the Twenty-First Century
262(4)
Box 11.3 Social Problems and Social Policy Paying for Child Care? ``It Takes a Village. . . .''
263(1)
Summary
264(1)
Key Terms
265(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
265(1)
Problems in Education
266(22)
Sociological Perspectives on Education
268(5)
Functionalist Perspectives
268(1)
Conflict Perspectives
269(1)
Box 12.1 Social Problems in Global Perspective Education in Japan: Cramming for Success and Corporate Profits
269(2)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives
271(2)
Problems in U.S. Education
273(5)
What Can Be Done about Illiteracy?
273(1)
Immigration and Increasing Diversity in Schools
273(2)
Educational Opportunities and Race, Class, and Gender
275(2)
School Violence
277(1)
Problems in School Financing
278(3)
Box 12.2 Social Problems in the Media Ads and Obesity in the Classroom: Channel One
279(2)
Problems in Higher Education
281(2)
The Soaring Cost of a College Education
281(1)
The Continuing Debate over Affirmative Action
282(1)
Educational Problems in the Twenty-First Century
283(5)
Box 12.3 Social Problems and Statistics Does Spending More Money Guarantee a Better Education?
284(1)
Summary
284(2)
Key Terms
286(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
287(1)
Problems in Politics and the Global Economy
288(22)
Three Major Modern Economic Systems
288(3)
Capitalism
290(1)
Socialism
290(1)
Mixed Economies
291(1)
Problems in the Global Economy
291(2)
Inequality Based on Uneven Economic Development
291(1)
Transnational Corporations and the Lack of Accountability
292(1)
Problems in the U.S. Economy
293(1)
Concentration of Wealth
293(6)
Box 13.1 Social Problems in Global Perspective The Malling of China: Transnational Corporations and Global Consumerism
294(2)
The National Debt and Consumer Debt
296(1)
Corporate Welfare
297(1)
Box 13.2 Critical Thinking and You Are You a Conservative or a Liberal? The Language of the Political Economy
298(1)
Problems in Political Participation Around the World
299(1)
Problems in U.S. Politics
300(5)
Voter Apathy and the Gender Gap
300(1)
Politics and Money in Political Campaigns
301(1)
Government by Special-Interest Groups
302(1)
Box 13.3 Social Problems and Social Policy ``He Who Pays the Piper, Calls the Piper's Tune?'' Passing Campaign Finance Reform
303(1)
Government by Bureaucracy
303(1)
The Military-Industrial Complex
304(1)
Sociological Perspectives on the Political Economy
305(2)
The Functionalist Perspective
306(1)
The Conflict Perspective
306(1)
Problems in Politics and the Economy in the Twenty-First Century
307(3)
Summary
308(1)
Key Terms
309(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
309(1)
Problems in the Media
310(20)
The Importance of the Media in Contemporary Life
311(1)
The Political Economy of Media Industries
312(4)
Media Ownership and Control
313(2)
Problems Associated with Convergence
315(1)
Global Media Issues
316(4)
Box 14.1 Critical Thinking and You Where Does Your News Come From? Should You Care?
317(2)
Box 14.2 Social Problems in Global Perspective Skewed Depictions of Africa in the Media
319(1)
Potential Media Effects
320(3)
Aggression, Violence, and the Media
320(1)
Perpetuation of Race and Gender Stereotypes in the Media
321(2)
Sociological Perspectives on Media-Related Problems
323(4)
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
324(1)
The Functionalist Perspective
325(1)
The Conflict Perspective
326(1)
The Media in the Twenty-First Century
327(3)
Summary
327(2)
Key Terms
329(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
329(1)
Population, Global Inequality, and the Environmental Crisis
330(26)
Global Overpopulation
331(8)
Population Growth
332(2)
The Impact of Population Growth
334(1)
Box 15.1 Social Problems in Global Perspective International Migration: Problem or Solution?
334(2)
World Hunger
336(3)
Controlling Fertility
339(1)
Family Planning
339(1)
Zero Population Growth
340(1)
Immigration and Its Consequences
340(2)
Population and the Environment
342(8)
Box 15.2 Social Problems in the Media Children in the Trunk? Framing Ads to Discourage Illegal Border Crossings
342(1)
Economic Growth and Environmental Degradation
343(1)
Air Pollution
344(3)
Problems with Water, Soil, and Forests
347(1)
Solid, Toxic, and Nuclear Wastes
348(2)
Sociological Perspectives on Population and the Environment
350(3)
The Functionalist Perspective
350(1)
Box 15.3 Critical Thinking and You Do We Have a Problem or Not? Learning from Environmental Sociology
351(1)
The Conflict Perspective
352(1)
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
352(1)
Population and the Environment in the Twenty-First Century
353(3)
Summary
354(1)
Key Terms
355(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
355(1)
Urban Problems
356(22)
Changes in U.S. Cities
358(2)
Early Urban Growth and Social Problems
358(1)
Contemporary Urban Growth
358(2)
Urban Problems in the United States
360(10)
Fiscal Crisis in the Cities
360(2)
The Crisis in Health Care
362(1)
Housing Problems
362(2)
Box 16.1 Social Problems in the Media Media Framing of Stories about Homelessness and the Holidays
364(3)
Box 16.2 Social Problems and Social Policy Persons Living with HIV/AIDS and Homelessness: What Should the Government Do?
367(1)
Racial and Ethnic Segregation
368(2)
Problems in Global Cities
370(3)
Sociological Perspectives on Urban Problems
373(2)
The Functionalist Perspective
373(1)
The Conflict Perspective
373(1)
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
374(1)
Urban Problems in the Twenty-First Century
375(3)
Summary
376(1)
Key Terms
377(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
377(1)
Global Social Problems: War and Terrorism
378(20)
War as a Social Problem
380(5)
The Nature of War
380(1)
The Consequences of War
381(1)
Box 17.1 Social Problems in the Media ``Weapons of Mass Destruction'': Political Spin and Media Framing of a War
382(3)
Military Technology and War
385(2)
Global Terrorism
387(1)
Terrorism in the United States
388(1)
Explanations of War and Terrorism
389(4)
Biological Perspectives
389(1)
Psychological Perspectives
390(1)
Sociological Explanations
391(1)
The Conflict and Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives
392(1)
War and Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century
393(5)
Box 17.2 Social Problems and Social Policy Does the USA Patriot Act Protect Us or Threaten Our Liberties? Ask Your Librarian
394(1)
Summary
394(3)
Key Terms
397(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
397(1)
Can, Social Problems Be Solved?
398(23)
Box 18.1 Social Problems in the Media Covering the Hurricane Katrina Disaster: Journalists as Advocates in New Orleans
400(2)
The Problem with Tackling Social Problems
402(1)
Social Change and Reducing Social Problems
403(1)
Microlevel Attempts to Solve Social Problems
403(2)
Seeking Individual Solutions to Personal Problems
404(1)
Limitations on the Microlevel Solutions Approach
405(1)
Midrange Attempts to Solve Social Problems
405(4)
Groups That Help People Cope with Their Problems
405(1)
Grassroots Groups That Work for Community-Based Change
406(2)
Limitations on the Midlevel Solutions Approach
408(1)
Macrolevel Attempts to Solve Social Problems
409(4)
Working through Special-Interest Groups for Political Change
409(1)
Working through National and International Social Movements to Reduce Problems
410(2)
Limitations of the Macrolevel Solution Approach
412(1)
Final Review of Social Theories and Social Problems
413(8)
Box 18.2 Critical Thinking and You Applying Sociology to the Ordinary and the Extraordinary in Everyday Life
414(3)
Summary
417(2)
Key Terms
419(1)
Questions for Critical Thinking
419(2)
Glossary 421(8)
References 429(24)
Name Index 453(8)
Subject Index 461(12)
Credits 473


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