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Social Problems and the Quality of Life with OLC,9780073205793
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Social Problems and the Quality of Life with OLC

by
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780073205793

ISBN10:
0073205796
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/6/2005
Publisher(s):
McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
List Price: $105.45
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Summary

Focusing on quality of life, this text defines what a social problem is and then addresses specific issues-- for example, how can one gain a sociological understanding of social problems? What kinds of critical thinking should one engage in and what kinds should one avoid in attempting to understand social problems? How is the quality of one's life affected by particular problems? What causes these problems and how can we resolve them? Part One establishes key approaches to social problems; the remaining parts discuss the social problems that most acutely impact the quality of our lives.

Table of Contents

List of Figures
xii
List of Tables
xiii
Preface xiv
PART 1 Foundations
1(32)
Understanding Social Problems
2(31)
Objectives
2(1)
``Why Is It My Fault?''
3(1)
Introduction
3(1)
Personal Versus Social Problems
4(3)
The Causes of Problems
5(1)
The Consequences of Problems
5(2)
A Model for Understanding
7(7)
A Theory-Based Model
7(3)
Quality of Life
10(1)
Multiple Levels of Social Problems
11(1)
Social Action for Resolution
12(1)
The Changing Nature of Social Problems
13(1)
Analyzing Social Problems
14(1)
Critical Thinking: Recognizing Fallacies
14(7)
Fallacy of Dramatic Instance
14(1)
Fallacy of Retrospective Determinism
15(1)
Fallacy of Misplaced Concreteness
16(1)
Fallacy of Personal Attack
17(1)
Fallacy of Appeal to Prejudice
17(1)
Fallacy of Circular Reasoning
18(1)
Fallacy of Authority
18(2)
Fallacy of Composition
20(1)
Involvement: How, and How Not, to Think
21(1)
Fallacy of Non Sequitur
21(1)
The Sources of Data: Social Research
22(8)
Survey Research
22(2)
Statistical Analysis of Official Records
24(2)
Experiments
26(2)
Participant Observation
28(2)
Summary
30(1)
Key Terms
30(1)
Study Questions
30(1)
Internet Resources
31(1)
For Further Reading
31(2)
PART 2 Problems of Behavioral Variance
33(128)
Sexual Variance
34(32)
Objectives
34(1)
``I Didn't Understand''
35(1)
Introduction
36(1)
Examples of Sexual Variance
36(1)
Prostitution
37(5)
Prostitution and the Quality of Life
39(3)
Global Comparison: Child Prostitutes
42(2)
Contributing Factors
42(2)
Public Policy & Private Action
44(1)
Pornography, Erotica, and Obscenity
45(4)
Nature and Extent of the Problem
45(2)
Pornography, Erotica, Obscenity and the Quality of Life
47(2)
Involvement: Sexy or Disgusting?
49(2)
Contributing Factors
49(2)
Public Policy & Private Action
51(1)
Homosexuality and Homophobia
52(9)
Homosexuality: Definitions and Numbers
52(1)
Why Are Some People Homosexual?
52(3)
Homosexuality and the Quality of Life
55(4)
Contributing Factors
59(2)
Public Policy & Private Action
61(2)
Summary
63(1)
Key Terms
63(1)
Study Questions
63(1)
Internet Resources
64(1)
For Further Reading
64(2)
Alcohol and Other Drugs
66(34)
Objectives
66(1)
Despair and Hope
67(1)
Introduction
68(1)
Alcohol
69(4)
Effects
69(1)
Patterns of Use
70(1)
Alcohol and the Quality of Life
71(2)
Global Comparison: Alcoholism in Eastern Europe
73(1)
Involvement: ``I'd Kill before I'd Drink''
74(2)
Contributing Factors
74(2)
Public Policy & Private Action
76(2)
Other Drugs
78(16)
Types and Effects
79(2)
Patterns of Use
81(3)
Drugs and the Quality of Life
84(4)
Contributing Factors
88(6)
Public Policy & Private Action
94(3)
Summary
97(1)
Key Terms
97(1)
Study Questions
97(1)
Internet Resources
98(1)
For Further Reading
98(2)
Crime and Delinquency
100(30)
Objectives
100(1)
A Victim Recovers
101(1)
Introduction
102(1)
The Varieties of Crime
103(7)
Predatory Crime
103(1)
Illegal Service Crimes
104(1)
Public Disorder Crime
104(1)
Crimes of Negligence
104(1)
Computer Crime
104(1)
White-Collar Crime
105(2)
Organized Crime
107(1)
Juvenile Delinquency
108(1)
Juvenile Violence and Juvenile Gangs
108(2)
The Extent of Crime and Delinquency
110(4)
Sources of Data
110(1)
Problems with Official Records
110(2)
The Amount of Crime and Delinquency
112(2)
The Distribution of Crime
114(1)
The Criminal Justice Process
114(1)
Crime, Delinquency, and the Quality of Life
115(2)
Physical and Psychological Costs of Crime
116(1)
Economic Costs of Crime
116(1)
Contributing Factors
117(3)
Social Structural Factors
117(3)
Global Comparison: Alternatives to Imprisonment: Germany and Israel
120(1)
Involvement: Coddling Criminals
121(3)
Social Psychological Factors
123(1)
Public Policy & Private Action
124(4)
Summary
128(1)
Key Terms
128(1)
Study Questions
128(1)
Internet Resources
129(1)
For Further Reading
129(1)
Violence
130(31)
Objectives
130(1)
``I Felt Guilty''
131(1)
Introduction
132(1)
What Is Violence?
133(2)
How Much Violence Is There?
133(1)
Interpersonal Violence
134(1)
Intergroup Violence
135(1)
Violence and the Quality of Life
135(3)
Human Injury and Destruction
135(1)
Psychological Disruption and Dehumanization
136(1)
Violence as Seductive Self-Destruction
137(1)
Economic Costs
137(1)
Contributing Factors
138(3)
Social Structural Factors
138(3)
Involvement: Violently Opposed to Violence
141(6)
Social Psychological Factors
143(4)
Public Policy & Private Action
147(1)
The Violence of Rape
148(1)
Rape and the Quality of Life
148(4)
Emotional and Physical Trauma
149(2)
Physical Abuse
151(1)
Contributing Factors
152(2)
Social Structural Factors
152(1)
Social Psychological Factors
152(2)
Global Comparison: Attitudes of Turkish Students toward Rape
154(2)
Public Policy & Private Action
156(2)
Summary
158(1)
Key Terms
158(1)
Study Questions
158(1)
Internet Resources
159(1)
For Further Reading
159(2)
PART 3 Problems of Inequality
161(92)
Poverty
162(30)
Objectives
162(1)
``We Feel Like Deadbeats''
163(1)
Introduction
164(1)
What Is Poverty?
164(6)
Extent of Poverty
166(1)
Who Are the Poor?
167(2)
The Changing Nature of Poverty
169(1)
Poverty and the Quality of Life
170(2)
The Right to Life and Happiness
171(1)
Global Comparison: Poverty in the World System
172(4)
The Right to Dignity as a Human Being
174(1)
Poverty and Health
175(1)
Involvement: From Riches to Rags
176(2)
Dilemmas of Poverty
177(1)
Public Policy & Private Action
178(2)
Contributing Factors
180(9)
Social Structural Factors
180(7)
Social Psychological Factors
187(2)
Summary
189(1)
Key Terms
189(1)
Study Questions
189(1)
Internet Resources
190(1)
For Further Reading
190(1)
Endnotes
190(2)
Gender Inequality
192(30)
Objectives
192(1)
``I Didn't Need the Extra Hassles''
193(1)
Introduction
194(1)
Biology or Society?
195(2)
Gender and Biology
195(1)
Men's Issues
196(1)
Gender Inequality and the Quality of Life
197(5)
The Right to Equal Economic Opportunities
197(5)
Global Comparison: Occupational Sex Segregation in Developing Countries
202(4)
Political Participation
202(2)
The Right to Dignity as a Human Being
204(2)
Contributing Factors
206(5)
Social Structural Factors
206(5)
Involvement: You Are What You Read
211(5)
Social Psychological Factors
212(4)
Public Policy & Private Action
216(3)
Summary
219(1)
Key Terms
219(1)
Study Questions
219(1)
Internet Resources
220(1)
For Further Reading
220(2)
Race, Ethnic Groups, and Racism
222(31)
Objectives
222(1)
Will It Ever End?
223(1)
Introduction
224(1)
The Meaning of Race, Ethnic Groups, and Racism
224(1)
Extent and Origin of Races and Racism in America
225(3)
Race, Ethnicity, and the Quality of Life
228(11)
The Rights of Citizenship
228(2)
The Right to Equal Economic Opportunities
230(4)
The Right to Life and Happiness
234(3)
The Right to Dignity as a Human Being
237(2)
Contributing Factors
239(1)
Involvement: Becoming Color Blind
240(7)
Social Structural Factors
240(4)
Social Psychological Factors
244(3)
Global Comparison: Prejudice in Europe
247(1)
Public Policy & Private Action
248(3)
Summary
251(1)
Key Terms
251(1)
Study Questions
251(1)
Internet Resources
251(1)
For Further Reading
251(1)
Endnotes
252(1)
PART 4 Problems of Social Institutions
253(150)
Government and Politics
254(30)
Objectives
254(1)
``Why Isn't There Help for People Like Me?''
255(1)
Introduction
256(1)
Why Government?
256(3)
Protect the Citizenry
257(1)
Secure Order
258(1)
Distribute Power Equitably
258(1)
Provide a Safety Net
258(1)
Problems of Government and Politics
259(5)
Inequalities in Power
259(1)
The Failure of Trust
260(4)
Involvement: Why Don't People Trust the Government?
264(2)
Waste, Corruption, and Scandals
264(2)
Gridlock
266(1)
Government, Politics, and the Quality of Life
266(3)
Unequal Opportunities for a High Quality of Life
266(1)
Inadequate Protection of Individual Rights
267(1)
Lack of Responsiveness to Needs
268(1)
Contributing Factors
269(4)
Social Structural Factors
269(4)
Global Comparison: Bureaucracy in Indonesia
273(7)
Social Psychological Factors
278(2)
Public Policy & Private Action
280(2)
Summary
282(1)
Key Terms
282(1)
Study Questions
282(1)
Internet Resources
283(1)
For Further Reading
283(1)
Work and the Economy
284(28)
Objectives
284(1)
``I'm Not a Worrier, But . . .''
285(1)
Introduction
286(1)
The Economy, Work, and the Workforce in America
286(6)
The Changing Economy
286(2)
The Changing Workforce
288(2)
The Changing Composition of the Labor Force
290(1)
The Changing Meaning of Work
291(1)
Work as a Social Problem
292(3)
Unemployment and Underemployment
292(2)
Dissatisfaction and Alienation
294(1)
Global Comparison: Unemployment Rates in Industrial Nations
295(1)
Work Hazards and Stress
295(1)
Work and the Quality of Life
296(3)
Work, Unemployment, and Health
296(3)
Interpersonal Relationships
299(1)
Contributing Factors
299(6)
Social Structural Factors
299(5)
Social Psychological Factors
304(1)
Involvement: Fun and Games at Work
305(1)
Public Policy & Private Action
306(3)
The Ideology and Reality of Work
308(1)
Summary
309(1)
Key Terms
309(1)
Study Questions
309(1)
Internet Resources
310(1)
For Further Reading
310(1)
Endnotes
310(2)
Education
312(30)
Objectives
312(1)
``I Kept My Mouth Shut''
313(1)
Introduction
314(1)
Why Education?
314(1)
Educational Attainment and Payoff
315(3)
Levels of Attainment
315(2)
Attainment and Payoff
317(1)
Global Comparison: Educational Attainment, by Country
318(2)
Education and the Quality of Life
320(7)
Inequality of Opportunity and Attainment
320(2)
The Atmosphere: Learning or Surviving?
322(2)
The Payoff: A Great Training Robbery?
324(1)
American Education: A Tide of Mediocrity?
325(2)
Contributing Factors
327(1)
Social Structural Factors
327(1)
Involvement: What Is the Purpose of Education?
328(7)
Social Psychological Factors
332(1)
A Concluding Note on Inequality in Education
333(2)
Public Policy & Private Action
335(5)
Summary
340(1)
Key Terms
340(1)
Study Questions
340(1)
Internet Resources
341(1)
For Further Reading
341(1)
Family Problems
342(30)
Objectives
342(1)
``I Survived the Abuse''
343(1)
Introduction
344(1)
Is the Family Doomed?
345(3)
Alternate Forms of the Family
345(1)
The Changing American Family
346(1)
Functions of the Family
347(1)
The Extent of Family Problems
348(3)
Disrupted and Reconstituted Families
348(2)
Family Violence
350(1)
Global Comparison: Marital Quality and Well-Being of Children
351(2)
Family Problems and the Quality of Life
353(6)
Physical and Emotional Difficulties
354(3)
Poverty
357(1)
Deviant Behavior
357(1)
Maladjustment
358(1)
Contributing Factors
359(6)
Social Structural Factors
359(4)
Social Psychological Factors
363(2)
Involvement: One Big Happy Family
365(2)
Public Policy & Private Action
367(2)
Summary
369(1)
Key Terms
369(1)
Study Questions
369(1)
Internet Resources
370(1)
For Further Reading
370(2)
Health Care and Illness: Physical and Mental
372(31)
Objectives
372(1)
``If You Want to Live a Long Life''
373(1)
Introduction
374(1)
Nature of the Problem: Health Care and Illness
375(3)
Physical Illness
375(3)
Global Comparison: The Worldwide Challenge of Infectious Diseases
378(3)
Mental Illness
379(2)
Involvement: Except Me and Thee?
381(2)
Health Care, Illness, and the Quality of Life
383(6)
Stress and Suffering
383(1)
Interpersonal Relationships
384(1)
Inadequate Care
385(1)
Deinstitutionalization
386(1)
Individual Freedom
387(1)
Economic Costs
388(1)
Contributing Factors
389(9)
Social Structural Factors
389(6)
Social Psychological Factors
395(3)
Public Policy & Private Action
398(3)
Summary
401(1)
Key Terms
401(1)
Study Questions
401(1)
Internet Resources
402(1)
For Further Reading
402(1)
PART 5 Global Social Problems
403(60)
War and Terrorism
404(30)
Objectives
404(1)
``I Didn't Want to See It''
405(1)
Introduction
406(1)
War, Civil War, and Terrorism
406(2)
The New Face of War
406(1)
The Extent of the Problem
407(1)
War, Terrorism, and the Quality of Life
408(12)
Human Destruction and Injury
408(4)
Psychological and Interpersonal Disruption and Dehumanization
412(4)
Environmental Destruction
416(1)
The Economic Costs
417(2)
War, Terrorism, and Civil Liberties
419(1)
Global Comparison: Militarism: ``A World Gone Insane''
420(2)
Contributing Factors
422(4)
Social Structural Factors
422(3)
Social Psychological Factors
425(1)
Involvement: ``What a Great War That Was''
426(2)
Public Policy & Private Action
428(3)
Summary
431(1)
Key Terms
431(1)
Study Questions
431(1)
Internet Resources
432(1)
For Further Reading
432(1)
Endnotes
432(2)
The Environment
434(29)
Objectives
434(1)
``We're Not Safe Here Anymore''
435(1)
Introduction
436(1)
The Ecosystem
436(1)
Types of Environmental Problems
437(7)
Environmental Pollution
437(4)
Environmental Depletion
441(3)
How Big Are These Environmental Problems?
444(2)
Environmental Pollution
444(2)
Global Comparison: World Energy Production and Consumption
446(3)
Environmental Depletion
447(2)
Environmental Problems and the Quality of Life
449(5)
The Environmental Threat to Life and Health
449(2)
Threat to the Ecological Balance
451(1)
The Economic Costs
452(1)
Threat to World Peace
453(1)
Contributing Factors
454(3)
Social Structural Factors
454(3)
Involvement: Nature Bats Last
457(1)
Social Psychological Factors
457(1)
Public Policy & Private Action
458(3)
Summary
461(1)
Key Terms
461(1)
Study Questions
461(1)
Internet Resources
461(1)
For Further Reading
462(1)
Glossary 463(5)
References 468(58)
Credits 526(1)
Name Index 527(18)
Subject Index 545


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