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Social Psychology

by ; ;
Edition:
12th
ISBN13:

9780205444120

ISBN10:
0205444121
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2009
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon

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Summary

Instructor Exam Copy

NEW! Allyn & Bacon Introduces MyPsychLab for Social Psychology, where learning comes to life!

MyPsychLab is an exciting new online learning and teaching tool designed to increase student success through assessment and research features, and quickly and easily give instructors access to every imaginable web resource needed to teach and administer a social psychology course - all housed in one rich site.

MyPsychLab is easy to use!
MyPsychLab is a turn-key solution; instructors can spend as much or as little time as they'd like creating their course. Our content is pre-loaded and fully customizable to meet each instructor's individual needs.

Increase Student Performance!
MyPsychLab provides students with multiple structured testing and quizzing opportunities within each chapter to reinforce concepts presented. Results from these assessments then generate an Individualized Study Plan, which allows students to pinpoint exactly where additional study and review is needed. MyPsychLab also offers students access to The Tutor Center, a free, one-on-one tutoring service during afternoon and evening hours.

Strengthen Research Skills!
MyPsychLab also offers students access to Research Navigator™, Pearson Education's online database of academic journals. Research Navigator™ is the easiest way for students to start a research assignment or research paper. Complete with extensive help on the research process and three exclusive databases of credible and reliable source material including EBSCO's ContentSelect Academic Journal Database, New York Times Search by Subject Archive, and “Best of the Web” Link Library, Research Navigator™ helps students quickly and efficiently make the most of their research time.

Bring Learning to Life with Simulations!
Visual learning enhances test scores; students will test better after not only reading about psychological material, but actually seeing the concept come to life with the help of multimedia. At the center of MyPsychLab are highly interactive simulations that bring learning to life.

Learning in Context For Students!
MyPsychLab is built on the strength of learning in context. Students actually use the e-book - in exactly the same layout as the printed version - to launch multimedia resources such as animations, video clips, audio explanations, activities, and profiles of prominent psychologists.

To discover where learning comes to life, log on to www.mypsychlab.com, and begin exploring the many features of MyPsychLab today!

Additional Ancillaries for the Instructor

Instructor's Manual
Each chapter includes an At-A-Glance Grid, with detailed pedagogical information linking to other available supplements; a detailed chapter outline; teaching objectives covering major concepts within the chapter; a list of key terms; lecture material and student activities; numerous handouts; and an updated list of web links. In addition, this manual includes a preface, a sample syllabus, and a comprehensive list of video sources.

Test Bank
Computerized Test Bank (TestGen 5.5)
Each chapter contains over 100 questions, including multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay, each with an answer justification, page reference, a difficulty rating, and type designation.

PowerPoint Presentation
This dynamic multimedia resource contains key points covered in the textbook, images from the textbook, questions to provoke classroom discussion, a link to the companion website for corresponding activities, and more.

Allyn & Bacon Transparencies for Social Psychology, ©2005
Approximately 100 revised, full-color acetates to enhance classroom lecture and discussion. Images are featured from Allyn & Bacon's major Social Psychology texts.

ABC News Interactive Video for Social Psychology
These brief video segments from ABC News are ideal for helping to introduce your students to timely topics and to spark classroom discussions. Clips cover such topics as self-esteem, plastic surgery, philanthropy, bullying, sororities, age discrimination, and more. Critical thinking questions accompany each clip. An accompanying video guide offers discussion questions and Web links.

Student Edition

NEW! Allyn & Bacon Introduces MyPsychLab for Social Psychology, where learning comes to life!

Learning in Context For Students!
MyPsychLab is built on the strength of learning in context. Students actually use the e-book - in exactly the same layout as the printed version - to launch multimedia resources such as animations, video clips, audio explanations, activities, and profiles of prominent psychologists.

Increase Your Performance!
MyPsychLab provides students with multiple structured testing and quizzing opportunities within each chapter to reinforce concepts presented. Results from these assessments then generate an Individualized Study Plan, which allows students to pinpoint exactly where additional study and review is needed. MyPsychLab also offers students access to The Tutor Center, a free, one-on-one tutoring service during afternoon and evening hours.

Bring Learning to Life with Simulations!
Visual learning enhances test scores; students will test better after not only reading about psychological material, but actually seeing the concept come to life with the help of multimedia. At the center of MyPsychLab are highly interactive simulations that bring learning to life.

Strengthen Your Research Skills!
MyPsychLab also offers students access to Research Navigator™, Pearson Education's online database of academic journals. Research Navigator™ is the easiest way for students to start a research assignment or research paper. Complete with extensive help on the research process and three exclusive databases of credible and reliable source material including EBSCO's ContentSelect Academic Journal Database, New York Times Search by Subject Archive, and “Best of the Web” Link Library, Research Navigator™ helps students quickly and efficiently make the most of their research time.

Research Navigator Guide with access to Research Navigator™
This guide contains a practical and to-the-point discussion of search engines; detailed information on evaluating online sources and citation guidelines for web resources; web activities for Psychology; web links for Psychology; and a complete guide to Research Navigator™.

Grade Aid Study Guide
This guide aids students in synthesizing the material they are learning and helping them prepare for exams. Each chapter includes “Before You Read, ” with a brief chapter summary and chapter learning objectives; “As You Read,” a collection of demonstrations, in-depth activities, and exercises; “After You Read,” containing three short practice quizzes and one comprehensive practice test; “When You Have Finished,” with web links for further information; and crossword puzzles using key terms from the text. An appendix includes answers to all practice tests and crossword puzzles.

Companion Website
A unique resource for connecting the textbook to the Internet. Each chapter includes learning objectives; chapter summaries; updated and annotated web links for additional sources of information; flashcard glossary terms; online practice tests with multiple choice, true/false, and essay questions; and psychology activities.

Table of Contents

Special Features xxiii
Preface xxv
Acknowledgments xxxi
About the Authors xxxii
The Field of Social Psychology: How We Think about and Interact with Others
3(36)
Social Psychology: A Working Definition
6(9)
Social Psychology Is Scientific in Nature
7(2)
Social Psychology Focuses on the Behavior of Individuals
9(1)
Social Psychology Seeks to Understand the Causes of Social Behavior and Social Thought
9(5)
Social Psychology: Summing Up
14(1)
Social Psychology: Its Cutting Edge
15(4)
Cognition and Behavior: Two Sides of the Same Social Coin
15(1)
Social Neuroscience: Where Social Psychology and Neuroscience Meet
16(1)
The Role of Implicit (Nonconscious) Processes
17(1)
Taking Full Account of Social Diversity
18(1)
Answering Questions about Social Behavior and Social Thought: Research Methods in Social Psychology
19(12)
Understanding Research Methods: What's in It for You
20(1)
Systematic Observation: Describing the World around Us
20(1)
Correlation: The Search for Relationships
21(4)
The Experimental Method: Knowledge through Systematic Intervention
25(3)
Interpreting Research Results: The Use of Statistics, and Social Psychologists as Perennial Skeptics
28(1)
The Role of Theory in Social Psychology
29(2)
The Quest for Knowledge and Rights of Individuals: Seeking an Appropriate Balance
31(2)
Using This Book: A Fugitive Preface
33(1)
Summary and Review of Key Points
34(1)
Ideas to Take with You---and Use!
35(1)
Key Terms
36(1)
For More Information
37(2)
Social Cognition: Thinking about the Social World
39(42)
Schemas: Mental Frameworks for Organizing---and Using---Social Information
42(4)
The Impact of Schemas on Social Cognition: Attention, Encoding, Retrieval
42(2)
The Self---Confirming Nature of Schemas: When---and Why---Beliefs Shape Reality
44(2)
Heuristics and Automatic Processing: How We Reduce Our Effort in Social Cognition
46(4)
Representativeness: Judging by Resemblance
47(1)
Availability: ``If I Can Think of It, It Must Be Important.''
48(1)
Anchoring and Adjustment: Where You Begin Makes a Difference
49(1)
Beyond The Headlines: As Social Psychologists See It---Unsafe at Any Size?
50(6)
Automatic Processing in Social Thought: Saving Effort---But at a Cost!
53(1)
Controlled versus Automatic Processing in Evaluating the Social World: Evidence from Social Neuroscience
54(2)
Potential Sources of Error in Social Cognition: Why Total Rationality Is Rarer Than You Think
56(12)
Negativity Bias: The Tendency to Pay Extra Attention to Negative Information
57(1)
The Optimistic Bias: Our Tendency to See the World through Rose-Colored Glasses
58(3)
Counterfactual Thinking: The Effects of Considering What Might Have Been
61(2)
Thought Suppression: Why Efforts to Avoid Thinking Certain Thoughts Sometimes Backfire
63(2)
Limits on Our Ability to Reason about the Social World: Magical Thinking and Ignoring Moderating Variables
65(2)
Social Cognition: Some Words of Optimism
67(1)
Affect and Cognition: How Feelings Shape Thought and Thought Shapes Feelings
68(3)
The Influence of Affect on Cognition
68(2)
The Influence of Cognition on Affect
70(1)
The Science of Social Psychology: Making Sense of Common Sense---Is Being in a Good Mood Always a Plus? The Potential Downside of Feeling ``Up''
71(4)
Summary and Review of Key Points
75(2)
Connections
77(1)
Ideas to Take with You---and Use!
77(1)
Key Terms
78(1)
For More Information
78(3)
Social Perception: Perceiving and Understanding Others
81(42)
Nonverbal Communication: The Language of Expressions, Gazes, and Gestures
84(8)
Nonverbal Communication: The Basic Channels
84(4)
Recognizing Deception: The Role of Nonverbal Cues
88(4)
The Science of Social Psychology: Making Sense of Common Sense---Does ``Women's Intuition'' Exist? And If So, Is It Based on the Ability to Use and Interpret Nonverbal Cues?
92(1)
Attribution: Understanding the Causes of Others' Behavior
92(16)
Theories of Attribution: Frameworks for Understanding How We Attempt to Make Sense of the Social World
93(6)
Attribution: Some Basic Sources of Error
99(6)
Applications of Attribution Theory: Insights and Interventions
105(3)
Impression Formation and Impression Management: How We Integrate Social Information
108(9)
A True Classic in Social Psychology: Asch's Research on Central and Peripheral Traits
108(2)
Implicit Personality Theories: Schemas That Shape First Impressions
110(2)
Impression Formation: A Cognitive Perspective
112(1)
Other Aspects of Impression Formation: The Nature of First Impressions and Our Motives for Forming Them
113(1)
Impression Management: The Fine Art of Looking Good
114(3)
Beyond the Headlines: As Social Psychologists See It---First Impressions on the Run: Speed Dating
117(1)
Summary and Review of Key Points
118(2)
Connections
120(1)
Ideas to Take with You---and Use!
120(1)
Key Terms
121(1)
For More Information
121(2)
Attitudes: Evaluating the Social World
123(46)
Attitude Formation: How Attitudes Develop
127(1)
Social Learning: Acquiring Attitudes from Others
127(6)
Classical Conditioning: Learning Based on Association
127(2)
Instrumental Conditioning: Rewards for the ``Right'' Views
129(1)
Observational Learning: Learning by Example
130(1)
Role of Social Comparison
131(2)
Attitude Functions: Why We Form Attitudes in the First Place
133(4)
The Knowledge Function of Attitudes
133(1)
The Identity Function of Attitudes
134(1)
The Self-Esteem Function of Attitudes
135(1)
The Ego-Defensive Function of Attitudes
135(1)
The Impression Motivation Function of Attitudes
135(2)
Role of the Social Context in the Link between Attitudes and Behavior
137(1)
When and Why Do Attitudes Influence Behavior?
138(3)
Situational Constraints That Affect Attitude Expression
138(1)
Strength of Attitudes
139(1)
Attitude Extremity
140(1)
Role of Personal Experience
140(1)
How Do Attitudes Guide Behavior?
141(3)
Attitudes Based on Reasoned Thought
141(2)
Attitudes and Spontaneous Behavioral Reactions
143(1)
The Fine Art of Persuasion: How Attitudes Are Changed
144(2)
Persuasion: Communicators and Audiences
145(1)
The Science of Social Psychology: Making Sense of Common Sense---Fear Appeals: Do They Really Work?
146(5)
The Cognitive Processes Underlying Persuasion
149(2)
Resisting Persuasion Attempts
151(4)
Reactance: Protecting Our Personal Freedom
151(1)
Forewarning: Prior Knowledge of Persuasive Intent
152(1)
Selective Avoidance of Persuasion Attempts
153(1)
Actively Defending Our Attitudes: Counterarguing against the Competition
153(1)
Inoculation against ``Bad Ideas''
154(1)
Cognitive Dissonance: What It Is and How We Reduce It
155(2)
Beyond The Headlines: As Social Psychologists See It---How TV Affects Attitudes toward Same-Sex Marriage: The Will & Grace Effect
157(6)
Is Dissonance Really Unpleasant?
158(1)
Is Dissonance a Universal Human Experience?
158(2)
Dissonance and Attitude Change: The Effects of Induced or Forced Compliance
160(1)
When Dissonance Is a Tool for Beneficial Changes in Behavior
161(2)
Summary and Review of Key Points
163(2)
Connections
165(1)
Ideas to Take with You---and Use!
165(1)
Key Terms
166(1)
For More Information
167(2)
The Self: Understanding ``Who Am I?''
169(40)
Thinking about the Self: Personal versus Social Identity
171(13)
Who I Am Depends on the Situation
174(3)
Who I Am Depends on Others' Treatment
177(2)
Self-Awareness: Terror Management
179(2)
Possible Selves: The Self over Time
181(3)
Self-Esteem: Attitudes toward the Self
184(3)
The Measurement of Self-Esteem
184(2)
Self-Serving Biases
186(1)
Is High Self-Esteem Always Positive?
186(1)
Beyond The Headlines: As Social Psychologists See It---When Complaining Runs Headlong into Self-Serving Biases
187(3)
Do Women and Men Differ in Their Levels of Self-Esteem?
188(2)
Social Comparison: Knowing the Self
190(4)
Self-Presentation and Self-Regulation
193(1)
The Science of Social Psychology: Making Sense of Common Sense---Is Looking Inwardly the Best Route to Self-Insight?
194(2)
The Self as Target of Prejudice
196(8)
Emotional Consequences: How Well-Being Can Suffer
197(3)
Cognitive Consequences: Performance Deficits
200(1)
Behavioral Consequences: Stereotype Threat
200(4)
Summary and Review of Key Points
204(1)
Connections
205(1)
Ideas to Take with You---and Use!
206(1)
Key Terms
206(1)
For More Information
207(2)
Prejudice: Its Causes, Effects, and Cures
209(46)
The Nature and Origins of Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination
212(8)
Stereotyping: Beliefs about Social Groups
213(7)
The Science of Social Psychology: Making Sense of Common Sense---Shifting Standards: Does No Difference in Evaluations Indicate No Difference in Meaning?
220(6)
Why Do People Form and Use Stereotypes?
220(6)
Prejudice and Discrimination: Feelings and Actions toward Social Groups
226(16)
The Origins of Prejudice: Contrasting Perspectives
230(6)
Discrimination: Prejudice in Action
236(3)
Consequences of Exposure to Others' Prejudice
239(3)
Beyond The Headlines: As Social Psychologists See It---Reactions to the Harmful Actions of Members of Our Own National Group
242(1)
Why Prejudice Is Not Inevitable: Techniques for Countering Its Effects
242(7)
On Learning Not to Hate
243(1)
The Potential Benefits of Contact
244(1)
Recategorization: Changing the Boundaries
245(1)
The Benefits of Guilt for Prejudice Reduction
246(1)
Can We Learn to ``Just Say No'' to Stereotypes?
246(1)
Social Influence as a Means of Reducing Prejudice
247(2)
Summary and Review of Key Points
249(2)
Connections
251(1)
Ideas to Take with You---and Use!
252(1)
Key Terms
253(1)
For More Information
253(2)
Interpersonal Attraction: Meeting, Liking, Becoming Acquainted
255(38)
Internal Determinants of Attraction: The Need to Affiliate and the Basic Role of Affect
259(8)
The Importance of Affiliation for Human Existence
259(2)
Affect as a Basic Response System
261(1)
Affect and Attraction
262(1)
Additional Implications of the Affect---Attraction Relationship
263(4)
External Determinants of Attraction: Proximity and Observable Characteristics
267(10)
The Power of Proximity: Unplanned Contacts
267(4)
Observable Characteristics: Instant Evaluations
271(6)
Beyond The Headlines: As Social Psychologists See It---Voting for the Candidate Who Looks Like a President
277(3)
Interactive Determinants of Attraction: Similarity and Mutual Liking
280(1)
Similarity: Birds of a Feather Actually Do Flock Together
280(1)
The Science of Social Psychology: Making Sense of Common Sense---Complementarity: Do Opposites Attract?
281(7)
Attraction: Progressing from Bits and Pieces to an Overall Picture
286(1)
Mutual Evaluations: Reciprocal Liking or Disliking
287(1)
Summary and Review of Key Points
288(1)
Connections
289(1)
Ideas to Take with You---and Use!
290(1)
Key Terms
291(1)
For More Information
291(2)
Close Relationships: Family, Friends, Lovers, and Spouses
293(44)
Interdependent Relationships with Family and Friends versus Loneliness
296(13)
Family: Where Relationships and Attachment Styles Begin
297(5)
Beyond the Family: Friendships
302(2)
Loneliness: Life without Close Relationships
304(5)
Romantic Relationships and Falling in Love
309(5)
Romance: Moving beyond Friendship
309(2)
Selecting a Potential Mate: Different Criteria for Men and Women
311(1)
Love: Who Can Explain It? Who Can Tell You Why? Just Maybe, Social Psychologists
312(2)
The Science of Social Psychology: Making Sense of Common Sense---Written in the Stars or We Met on the Internet?
314(7)
Marriage: Happily Ever After---and Otherwise
321(1)
Marital Success and Satisfaction: Similarity, Personality, and Sexuality
321(1)
Beyond The Headlines: As Social Psychologists See It---Gay Marriage, Civil Unions, and Family Values
322(10)
Love and Marriage: Careers, Parenthood, and Family Composition
324(3)
When Relationships Fail: Causes, Preventives, and Consequences
327(5)
Summary and Review of Key Points
332(1)
Connections
333(1)
Ideas to Take with You---and Use!
333(1)
Key Terms
334(1)
For More Information
335(2)
Social Influence: Changing Others' Behavior
337(40)
Conformity: Group Influence in Action
339(9)
Asch's Research on Conformity: Social Pressure---The Irresistible Force?
341(2)
Factors Affecting Conformity: Variables That Determine the Extent to Which We ``Go Along''
343(2)
Situational Norms: Automaticity in Normative Behavior
345(1)
The Bases of Conformity: Why We Often Choose to ``Go Along''
346(2)
Beyond The Headlines: As Social Psychologists See It---The Rocky Road to Social Acceptance?
348(5)
Resisting Pressures to Conform: Why, Sometimes, We Choose Not to ``Go Along''
350(3)
The Science of Social Psychology: Making Sense of Common Sense---Do Women and Men Differ in the Tendency to Conform?
353(2)
Minority Influence: Does the Majority Always Rule?
353(2)
Compliance: To Ask---Sometimes---Is to Receive
355(7)
Compliance: The Underlying Principles
356(1)
Tactics Based on Friendship or Liking: Ingratiation
356(1)
Tactics Based on Commitment or Consistency: The Foot-in-the-Door and the Lowball
357(2)
Tactics Based on Reciprocity: The Door-in-the-Face and the That's-Not-All Techniques
359(1)
Tactics Based on Scarcity: Playing Hard to Get and the Fast-Approaching-Deadline Technique
360(2)
Symbolic Social Influence: How We Are Influenced by Others Even When They Are Not There
362(2)
Obedience to Authority: Would You Harm an Innocent Stranger if Ordered to Do So?
364(5)
Obedience in the Laboratory
364(2)
Destructive Obedience: Why It Occurs
366(1)
Destructive Obedience: Resisting Its Effects
367(2)
Social Influence Goes to Work: Influence Tactics in Work Settings
369(2)
Summary and Review of Key Points
371(2)
Connections
373(1)
Ideas to Take with You---and Use!
373(1)
Key Terms
374(1)
For More Information
374(3)
Prosocial Behavior: Helping Others
377(40)
Responding to an Emergency: Will Bystanders Help?
379(3)
When a Stranger Is Distressed: Heroism or Apathy?
379(2)
Five Crucial Steps Determine Helping versus Not Helping
381(1)
The Science of Social Psychology: Making Sense of Common Sense---Do More Witnesses to an Emergency Mean That More Help Is Given?
382(16)
External and Internal Influences on Helping Behavior
389(1)
Situational Factors That Enhance or Inhibit Helping
389(3)
Emotions and Prosocial Behavior
392(1)
Empathy and Other Personality Dispositions Associated with Helping
393(5)
Long-Term Commitment to Prosocial Action and the Effects of Being Helped
398(7)
Volunteering
398(3)
Self-Interest, Moral Integrity, and Moral Hypocrisy
401(2)
How Does It Feel to Be Helped?
403(2)
The Basic Motivation for Engaging in Prosocial Acts
405(5)
Empathy--Altruism: It Feels Good to Help Others
405(3)
Negative-State Relief: Helping Makes You Feel Less Bad
408(1)
Empathic Joy: Helping as an Accomplishment
408(1)
Genetic Determinism: Helping as an Adaptive Response
409(1)
Beyond The Headlines: As Social Psychologists See It---Is Helping as Joyful as Eating Ice Cream?
410(2)
Summary and Review of Key Points
412(1)
Connections
413(1)
Ideas to Take with You---and Use!
414(1)
Key Terms
415(1)
For More Information
415(2)
Aggression: Its Nature, Causes, and Control
417(42)
Theoretical Perspectives on Aggression: In Search of the Roots of Violence
420(5)
The Role of Biological Factors: From Instincts to the Evolutionary Perspective
420(1)
Drive Theories: The Motive to Harm Others
421(1)
Modern Theories of Aggression: The Social Learning Perspective and the General Aggression Model
422(3)
Causes of Human Aggression: Social, Cultural, Personal, Situational
425(7)
Social Causes of Aggression: Frustration, Provocation, and Heightened Arousal
425(3)
Exposure to Media Violence: The Effects of Witnessing Aggression
428(2)
Violent Pornography: When Sex and Aggression Mix---and Perhaps Explode
430(2)
Beyond The Headlines: As Social Psychologists See It---Children as Sexual Predators: Does Violent Pornography Play a Role?
432(10)
Cultural Factors in Aggression: ``Cultures of Honor'' and Sexual Jealousy
432(3)
Personal Causes of Aggression: Type A, Narcissism, Sensation Seeking, and Gender Differences
435(4)
Situational Determinants of Aggression: The Effects of High Temperatures and Alcohol Consumption
439(3)
Aggression in Long-Term Relationships: Bullying and Workplace Violence
442(5)
Bullying: Singling Out Others for Repeated Abuse
443(2)
Workplace Violence: Aggression on the Job
445(2)
The Prevention and Control of Aggression: Some Useful Techniques
447(3)
Punishment: Just Desserts versus Deterrence
447(2)
Cognitive Interventions: Apologies and Overcoming Cognitive Deficits
449(1)
The Science of Social Psychology: Making Sense of Common Sense---Catharsis: Does Getting It Out of Your System Really Help?
450(3)
Forgiveness: Compassion Instead of Revenge
451(2)
Summary and Review of Key Points
453(2)
Connections
455(1)
Ideas to Take with You---and Use!
456(1)
Key Terms
456(1)
For More Information
457(2)
Groups and Individuals: The Consequences of Belonging
459(43)
Groups: Why We Join ... and Why We Leave
462(7)
Groups: Some Basic Aspects
463(2)
The Benefits---and Costs---of Joining
465(4)
Beyond The Headlines: As Social Psychologists See It---Groups to Die For?
469(1)
Effects of the Presence of Others: From Task Performance to Behavior in Crowds
470(7)
Social Facilitation: Performing in the Presence of Others
471(3)
Social Loafing: Letting Others Do the Work
474(1)
Deindividuation: Submerged in the Crowd
475(2)
Coordination in Groups: Cooperation or Conflict?
477(8)
Cooperation: Working with Others to Achieve Shared Goals
478(3)
Conflict: Its Nature, Causes, and Effects
481(2)
Resolving Conflicts: Some Useful Techniques
483(2)
Perceived Fairness in Groups: Its Nature and Effects
485(5)
Basic Rules for Judging Fairness: Distributive, Procedural, and Transactional Justice
485(2)
Factors Affecting Judgments of Fairness
487(1)
Reactions to Perceived Unfairness: Tactics for Dealing with Injustice
488(2)
Decision Making by Groups: How It Occurs and the Pitfalls It Faces
490(2)
The Decision-Making Process: How Groups Attain Consensus
490(1)
Potential Dangers of Group Decision Making: Groupthink, Biased Processing, and Restricted Sharing of Information
491(1)
The Science of Social Psychology: Making Sense of Common Sense---Are Groups Really Less Likely Than Individuals to ``Go over the Edge''?
492(5)
Summary and Review of Key Points
497(2)
Connections
499(1)
Ideas to Take with You---and Use!
500(1)
Key Terms
500(1)
For More Information
501(1)
A. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY IN ACTION: Applications to Law and Health
502(35)
Social Psychology and the Legal System
505(14)
Before the Trial Begins: Effects of Police Interrogation
505(3)
Effects of Media Coverage on Perceptions of Defendants
508(2)
Eyewitnesses: Are They as Accurate as We'd Like to Believe?
510(5)
Key Participants in a Trial: Effects of Attorneys, Judges, Defendants, and Jurors
515(4)
Social Psychology and Personal Health
519(11)
Stress: Its Causes, Effects, and Control
520(6)
Personal Characteristics and Health: Hostility, Perfectionism, and Socioeconomic Status
526(3)
Promoting Healthy Lifestyles: The Choice Is Ours
529(1)
Beyond The Headlines: As Social Psychologists See It---Can Being a Happy Person Reduce the Odds of Catching a Cold?
530(4)
Summary and Review of Key Points
534(1)
Connections
535(1)
Key Terms
536(1)
B. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY GOES TO WORK: Applying Social Psychology to Work Settings and Entrepreneurship
537(26)
Work-Related Attitudes: The Nature and Effects of Job Satisfaction
540(5)
Job Satisfaction: Its Causes
540(3)
Job Satisfaction: Its Effects
543(2)
Beyond the Headlines: As Social Psychologists See It---When Employees No Longer Care: Effects of Low Job Satisfaction
545(1)
Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Prosocial Behavior at Work
546(3)
The Nature of Prosocial Behavior at Work: Some Basic Forms
546(1)
Helping at Work: What Factors Affect Its Occurrence?
547(2)
Leadership: Influence in Group Settings
549(6)
Why Do Some Persons, but Not Others, Become Leaders?
549(1)
What Do Leaders Do? Basic Dimensions of Leader Behavior
550(2)
Transactional and Transformational Leaders: Different Approaches, Different Effects
552(3)
The Social Psychology of Entrepreneurship
555(5)
Why Do Some Persons Become Entrepreneurs? The Role of Social, Cognitive, and Personal Factors
555(2)
Why Are Some Entrepreneurs More Successful Than Others?
557(3)
Summary and Review of Key Points
560(1)
Connections
561(1)
Key Terms
562(1)
Glossary 563(10)
References 573(56)
Name Index 629(12)
Subject Index 641


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