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Social Psychology : Sociological Perspectives

by ; ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780205440047

ISBN10:
0205440045
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 1st edition with a publication date of 1/1/2007.
What is included with this book?
  • The Used copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included.

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Summary

This text, written by a team of sociologists, introduces students to social psychology by focusing on the contributions of sociology to this field, and on the perspectives, theories, and issues that are of the greatest importance to sociology.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Boxes xi
Tables xii
Figures xiii
Part 1 Perspectives and Methods 1
1. Introduction to Sociological Social Psychology
3
Sociology, Psychology, and Social Psychology
5
Macrosociology and Microsociology
6
Box 1.1 Macro-Level Sources of Information
8
Sociological and Psychological Social Psychology
8
Box 1.2 Theoretical Perspectives in Macrosociology
9
Historical Context of Sociological Social Psychology
10
Box 1.3 Psychoanalysis in Psychology
11
Section Summary
12
Perspectives in Sociological Social Psychology
12
Symbolic Interactionism
13
Social Structure and Personality
13
Group Processes
14
Section Summary
15
Your Social Psychological Tool Kit
15
The Sociological Imagination
15
Other Tools in Your Kit
16
Box 1.4 Ethnomethodology
18
Box 1.5 Major Institutions in Society
20
Box 1.6 Elements of Culture
21
Section Summary
22
Bringing It All Together
22
Summary
23
Key Terms and Concepts
24
Discussion Questions
25
2. Perspectives in Sociological Social Psychology
27
The Symbolic Interaction Perspective
28
Society and Agency
29
Basic Principles of Symbolic Interactionism
29
Box 2.1 The Social Behaviorist Perspective in Psychology
30
Box 2.2 Language and Consciousness in Psychology
32
Two Schools of Symbolic Interactionism
35
Section Summary
37
The Social Structure and Personality Perspective
37
The Components Principle
38
Box 2.3 Role Theory
40
The Proximity Principle
41
The Psychology Principle
42
Section Summary
43
The Group Processes Perspective
43
Studying Processes
45
Group Structures
47
Relationships between Groups
49
Section Summary
50
Bringing It All Together
50
Summary
51
Key Terms and Concepts
52
Discussion Questions
53
3. Studying People
55
Basic Concepts and Issues
56
Theories and Hypotheses
57
Independent and Dependent Variables
58
Sampling Issues
59
Ethical Issues in Studying People
60
Section Summary
60
Different Ways to Study People
61
Qualitative Methods
62
Box 3.1 The Promises and Pitfalls of Going into the Field
64
Quantitative Methods
65
Box 3.2 Exploration and Inspection
66
Box 3.3 Rats as Experimental Subjects
71
Mixed-Method Approaches
71
Section Summary
73
Steps in Developing Research Projects
73
Step 1: Assess Theory and Literature
73
Step 2: Develop Research Questions or Hypotheses
74
Step 3: Choose Research Methods
75
Step 4: Conduct Data Analysis
75
Box 3.4 The Research Paper Format
76
Step 5: Report Results
76
Section Summary
77
Bringing It All Together
77
Summary
78
Key Terms and Concepts
78
Discussion Questions
80
Part 2 The Individual in Society 81
4. The Social Psychology of Stratification
83
SI: Constructing Inequalities
84
Basic Stratification Processes
85
Doing Gender
88
Race and Poverty
88
Box 4.1 Stereotype Threat
90
Section Summary
90
SSP: Structures of Inequality
91
The Wisconsin Model and Education
92
Networks and Social Capital
94
Education, Occupations, and Aspirations
95
Section Summary
99
GP: Stratification Processes in Groups
99
Status and Power in Social Exchange Processes
100
Box 4.2 Homans' Experience on a Small Warship
101
Status in Groups
101
Power in Networks
107
The Differences between Power and Status
110
Section Summary
112
Bringing It All Together
112
Summary
113
Key Terms and Concepts
114
Discussion Questions
115
5. Self and Identity
117
SI: The Self as a Process
118
The I and the Me
119
Box 5.1 Freud's Approach to Personality
120
Identity Theory
120
Identity, Emotions, and Behavior
122
Dramaturgical Sociology and the Presentation of Self
123
Section Summary
125
SSP: The Self and Social Structure
125
Evaluative Dimensions of the Self-Concept
126
Box 5.2 Mastery, Self-Efficacy, and Locus of Control
130
Measuring the Self-Concept
131
Social Class, Race, and the Self-Concept
133
Section Summary
136
GP: Identity and Group Processes
136
Social Identity Theory
137
Section Summary
139
Bringing It All Together
139
Summary
139
Key Terms and Concepts
140
Discussion Questions
142
6. Socialization over the life Course
143
SI: Developing the Self
144
Stages of Development
145
Box 6.1 Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
146
The Role of the Other
146
The Sociology of Childhood
147
Section Summary
150
SSP: Structural and Time Dimensions of Socialization
150
The Life Course
151
Box 6.2 Erikson's Stages of Social Development
156
Agents of Socialization
157
Section Summary
165
GP: Group Processes and Socialization
166
Finding Socialization in Group Processes
166
Assessing the Effects of Socialization
168
Section Summary
170
Bringing It All Together
170
Summary
171
Key Terms and Concepts
171
Discussion Questions
173
Part 3 Areas of Social Life 175
7. The Social Psychology of Deviance
177
SI: Interactionist Approaches to Deviance
178
Ethnomethodology and Deviance
179
Labeling Theory of Deviance
180
Box 7.1 Lemert's Stages Leading to Secondary Deviance
182
Box 7.2 Becoming a Marijuana User
185
Section Summary
186
SSP: Social Structure and Deviant Behavior
186
Anomie and Social Strain
187
Social Control Theory
190
Box 7.3 Studies in Conformity
191
Section Summary
192
GP: Group Relationships and Deviance
193
The Principles of Differential Association Theory
194
Studying Deviance in a Lab
197
Section Summary
200
Bringing It All Together
200
Summary
201
Key Terms and Concepts
201
Discussion Questions
203
8. Mental Health and Illness
205
SI: The Social Construction of Mental Health
206
Defining Mental Illness
207
Box 8.1 The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual
210
Labeling Theory and Social Control of Deviance
211
Section Summary
212
SSP: Social Causes of Stress
212
Stressors and Outcomes
214
Mediating and Moderating Conditions
216
Socioeconomic Characteristics: The Epidemiology of Mental Health
218
Section Summary
222
GP: Mental Health as a Status Characteristic
222
Mental Health and Selfhood
223
Box 8.2 Parson's Sick Role
224
Section Summary
225
Bringing It All Together
226
Summary
226
Key Terms and Concepts
227
Discussion Questions
228
9. Attitudes, Values, and Behaviors
229
SI: The Construction ofAttitudes
230
Dimensions of Attitudes
231
Studying Behavior: How People Use their Time
232
Linking Attitudes and Behavior
233
Box 9.1 Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior
234
Box 9.2 The Weighted Average Model in Psychology
235
Prejudicial Attitudes and Behavior
236
Section Summary
240
SSP: Social Structure, Attitudes, and Behavior
241
Attitudes and Agents of Socialization
241
Gender, Attitudes, and Behavior
242
Race and Attitudes
244
Group Affiliations and the Complexity of Attitudes
244
Attitudes across the Life Course
245
Box 9.3 Balance and Cognitive Dissonance Theories
247
Section Summary
248
GP: Group Processes and Attitudes
248
Status Construction Theory
248
Box 9.4 The Robbers' Cave Experiment in Psychology
250
Social Identity Theory and Attitudes
250
Section Summary
251
Bringing It All Together
251
Summary
252
Key Terms and Concepts
253
Discussion Questions
253
10. The Sociology of Sentiment and Emotion
255
SI: Constructing and Using Sentiment and Emotions
257
The Dimensions and Components of Emotions
258
Box 10.1 Universal Expressions of Emotion
259
Socialization of Emotions
260
Identity, Interactions, and Emotions
261
Society and Emotions
263
Section Summary
265
SSP: Structural Conditions Affecting Emotions
265
Power, Status, and Emotions
265
Feeling Rules and Norms
266
Section Summary
270
GP: Group Processes and Emotions
270
Feelings and Social Exchange
271
Box 10.2 Aggression and Love in Psychology
274
Section Summary
275
Bringing It All Together
275
Summary
276
Key Terms and Concepts
277
Discussion Questions
278
11. Collective Behavior
279
SI: Constructing Collective Behavior
281
Mass Hysteria Theory
281
Box 11.1 The Case of the Stairway of the Stars Concert
287
Rational Choice in Collective Behavior: Emergent Norm Theory
288
Value-Added Theory
290
Perception Control Theory
292
Section Summary
292
SSP: The Structure of Crowds and Social Movements
293
Social Structure and Social Movements
293
Behavior during Collective Events
294
Section Summary
298
GP: Group Processes and Collective Behavior
298
Section Summary
301
Bringing It All Together
301
Summary
302
Key Terms and Concepts
303
Discussion Questions
305
References 307
Index 323


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