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Social Welfare : A History of the American Response to Need,9780801330407

Social Welfare : A History of the American Response to Need

by ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780801330407

ISBN10:
0801330408
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2001
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $56.60
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Summary

This classic text describes and analyzes the ideas that have shaped the history of social welfare from the Colonial Period to the present day. The text provides a history of events and ideas that have shaped American social welfare policy, using original documents from each respective period. Coverage of economic developments also helps students to understand the context of social welfare movements and policies. This edition includes an expanded discussion of welfare reform since the Welfare Reform Act of 1996. The last chapter (Ch. 9) includes a detailed discussion of the fiscal, intellectual, and ideological forces that led to that Act. The impact of the voluntarism and privatization movements on social welfare is covered in the new edition. The final chapter also includes expanded coverage of the immigration debate and trends in the justice system.

Author Biography

June Axinn is Professor Emeritus at University of Pennsylvania.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Introduction
1(13)
DOCUMENT: Introduction
9(1)
An Act for the Relief of the Poor, 43 Elizabeth, 1601
9(5)
The Colonial Period: 1647-1776
14(23)
The Poor Laws in the Colonies
15(8)
Conquest, Expansion, and Population Growth: Native Americans, Immigration, and Slavery
23(6)
Challenge to the Poor Laws
29(1)
Veterans: A Special Class
30(2)
DOCUMENTS: The Colonial Period
32(1)
An Act of Supplement to the Acts Referring to the Poor, Massachusetts Bay, 1692
32(2)
The Binding of Moses Love, 1747
34(3)
The Pre-Civil War Period: 1777-1860
37(45)
Labor and Economic Security
42(2)
The Reform Movements
44(5)
Institutions, Almshouses, and Paupers
49(8)
Child Saving
57(4)
Retreat from the Almshouse
61(2)
DOCUMENTS: The Pre-Civil War Period
63(1)
First Annual Report, Society for the Prevention of Pauperism in New York City, 1818
64(7)
Constitution and By-Laws, Female Orphan Asylum of Portland, Maine, 1828
71(6)
President Franklin Pierce, Veto Message, Ten-Million Acre Bill, 1854
77(5)
The Civil War and After: 1860-1900
82(42)
Population Changes
83(5)
Naturalization and Citizenship
84(2)
Regional Shifts
86(2)
The Welfare of Soldiers and Veterans
88(2)
Social Welfare: The Rural South
90(4)
Social Welfare: Urban Problems
94(2)
The Charity Organization Movement
96(5)
The Social Welfare of Women
101(3)
A New View of Child Welfare
104(4)
The Aging: The Group That Was Left Behind
108(1)
The Settlement House Movement
109(1)
Summary: The Nineteenth Century
110(2)
DOCUMENTS: The Civil War and After
112(1)
State of New York, Act to Provide for the Relief of Indigent Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines and the Families of Deceased Military Personnel, 1887
113(1)
Josephine Shaw Lowell, ``The Economic and Moral Effects of Public Outdoor Relief,'' Proceedings, NCCC,1890
114(2)
An Act to Prohibit the Coming of Chinese Laborers to the United States, September 13, 1888
116(4)
An Act, A Supplement, October 1, 1888
120(4)
Progress and Reform: 1900-1930
124(44)
Poverty and the Working Class
126(3)
Coalitions for Reform
129(5)
Social Reform: Working Conditions
134(3)
Social Reform: Women, Work, and Suffrage
137(2)
Social Reform: Income Security
139(2)
Social Reform: Family Welfare
141(5)
Social Work and the Black Population
146(1)
The End of Reform
147(2)
The Social Welfare of Veterans
149(2)
The Professionalization of Social Work
151(3)
DOCUMENTS: Progress and Reform
154(1)
Florence Kelley, ``The Family and the Woman's Wage,'' Proceedings, NCCC, 1909
155(2)
Funds to Parents Act, Illinois, 1911
157(1)
Frederic Almy et al., ``Public Pensions to Widows,'' Proceedings, NCCC, 1912
158(10)
The Depression and the New Deal: 1930-1940
168(53)
The Hoover Response to Crisis
170(1)
FDR and the New Deal
171(6)
Labor and Social Welfare
177(2)
Veterans and the Bonus
179(2)
Public Money for Relief
181
Federal Emergency Relief Administration
184(188)
The Social Security Act
188(2)
Social Insurance
190(2)
Public Assistance
192(2)
Family Life and Social Workers
194(4)
New Alignments in Social Welfare
198(2)
Conclusion
200(2)
DOCUMENTS: The Depression and the New Deal
202(1)
Federal Emergency Relief Administration, Monthly Report, Rules and Regulations, 1933
203(5)
Social Security Act, 1935
208(13)
War and Prosperity: 1940-1970
221(48)
Population Shifts
223(3)
Technology, Productivity, and Economic Insecurity
226(2)
World War II
228(3)
Wartime Economic and Social Advances
231(2)
Veterans and the G.I. Bill
233(1)
Postwar Optimism
234(2)
The Attack on Public Welfare
236(1)
Poverty and the Reform of Welfare
237(7)
The War on Poverty
244(3)
Expanded Benefits for the Aging
247(1)
Reform of Welfare: 1967
248(3)
Civil Rights and Juvenile Justice
251(1)
DOCUMENTS: War and Prosperity
252(1)
President John F. Kennedy, Message on Public Welfare, 1962
253(5)
Economic Opportunity Act, 1964
258(3)
U.S. Supreme Court, In re Gault, 1967
261(8)
Economic and Social Stagnation: 1970-1990
269(38)
Changing Employment Patterns
271(1)
The Changing Family
272(3)
Poverty and Income Distribution
275(3)
The Battle over ``Rights''
278(4)
Expenditures for Social Welfare
282(2)
New Approaches to Income Security
284(8)
Welfare Reform
284(4)
The Aging
288(3)
The Unemployed
291(1)
Women
292(2)
Veterans
294(2)
DOCUMENTS: Economic and Social Stagnation
296(1)
President Richard M. Nixon, Message on Reform in Welfare, 1969
297(5)
Standard of Review for Termination of Disability Benefits, 1984
302(5)
Social Welfare and the Information Society: The 1990s
307(34)
The Economy: Productivity, Growth, and Employment
308(1)
The Rich and the Poor
309(1)
Poverty
310(1)
Changes in Family Composition
311(1)
The Family and Medical Leave Act: One Response to Changes in Family Structure
312(1)
Population Shifts
312(1)
Health Programs
313(3)
The Problems
313(1)
The Failure of Comprehensive Reform
314(2)
Addressing Poverty and Dependency: The Scope of Welfare Reform
316(7)
The Changing Dynamics of the Welfare Debate
317(2)
The New Consensus over Welfare Reform
319(1)
The Impact of Welfare Reform
320(1)
Welfare Reform and ``Immigration Control''
321(1)
The Return to Voluntarism and the Rise of Privatization
322(1)
The Continuing Retreat from ``Rights''
323(3)
Education
323(1)
Affirmative Action in the Marketplace
324(1)
Abortion
325(1)
The Great Lockup
325(1)
Conclusion
326(2)
DOCUMENTS: Social Welfare and the Information Society
328(1)
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996
329(3)
State of California, Proposition 187, Illegal Aliens-Public Services, Verification, and Reporting, 1994
332(3)
Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, Hopwood v. Texas, 1996
335(6)
Index 341


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