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Social Welfare : Politics and Public Policy,9780205294541
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Social Welfare : Politics and Public Policy

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780205294541

ISBN10:
0205294545
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
7/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

This is a leading text in social welfare policy in departments of social work, political science, administration and government; it is also used in some sociology departments. Originally written with Thomas Dye, subsequent editions by Diana DiNitto have been acknowledged as the most comprehensive orientation to social welfare available. DiNitto focuses on the political aspects of policymaking; she describes the major social welfare programs, including public assistance, Social Security, disability, health insurance, and more. She also addresses racism, sexism, gay rights, and immigration in the context of social welfare policies and programs. This new edition includes new and updated information on welfare reform (TANF), food stamps, managed care, disability, aging, the change from a budget deficit to a budget surplus, the latest figures on poverty, and the latest information on job training and employment. A full range of supplements includes an Instructor's Manual/Test Bank and a Computerized Test Bank. Student supplements include an Online Study Guide.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Politics, Rationalism, and Social Welfare
1(31)
Politics and Social Welfare Policy
1(9)
Scope of Social Welfare Policy
2(2)
Social Welfare Policy: A Rational Approach
4(3)
Social Welfare Policy: A Political Approach
7(3)
Illustration 1-1. Special Tips for the Legislative Process
10(2)
The Policymaking Process
12(5)
Agenda Setting
13(1)
Nondecisions
13(1)
The Mass Media
14(1)
The Budget
14(2)
Implementation
16(1)
The American Public and Social Welfare
17(6)
America's Capacity for Giving
21(1)
Political Ideology and Social Welfare
22(1)
Illustration 1-2. We Can Take Care of Our Own ... Or Can We?
23(6)
PACs and Social Welfare
26(3)
Summary
29(1)
Notes
30(2)
Government and Social Welfare
32(34)
Historical Perspectives on Social Welfare
32(5)
Elizabethan Poor Law
33(1)
Early Relief in the United States
34(1)
The Great Depression and the New Deal
34(2)
The Great Society and the War on Poverty
36(1)
Illustration 2-1. The Revolution No One Noticed
37(2)
The Expansion of Social Welfare
39(3)
The Rural-to-Urban Migration
39(1)
Residency Requirements Eliminated
40(1)
Welfare Rights
40(1)
Cost-of-Living Adjustments
41(1)
The Graying of America
42(1)
Increase in Single-Parent Families
42(1)
Finances in the Welfare State
42(4)
Illustration 2-2. Intelligence Report: Our Low Taxes
46(1)
The Legacy of ``Reaganomics''
47(3)
The Supply Side
48(2)
Helping the ``Truly Needy''
50(4)
The States as laboratories
52(1)
The Privatization of Public Services
52(2)
The Reagan-Bush Finale
54(1)
The Presidential Years of Bill Clinton
54(8)
Smoke? Mirrors? Or a Balanced Budget?
54(5)
Line by Line
59(1)
Money to Burn?
59(1)
Starting to Look Back at the Clinton Years
60(1)
The Big Tasks Ahead
61(1)
Summary
62(1)
Notes
63(3)
Defining Poverty: Where to Begin?
66(36)
What Is Poverty?
66(19)
Poverty as Deprivation
67(5)
In-Kind Benefits: How Much Are They Worth?
72(1)
Who Are the Poor?
73(3)
Poverty as Inequality
76(2)
Why Are the Poor, Poor?
78(2)
Poverty as Culture
80(2)
Poverty as Exploitation
82(1)
Poverty as Structure
83(2)
Poor and Homeless: Not Invisible Anymore
85(3)
Who Are the Homeless?
86(2)
Illustration 3-1. Homeless in Paradise
88(4)
Affordable Housing
89(3)
Illustration 3-2. Pam Jackson's New Apartment
92(1)
A Fundamental Shift
93(4)
Doesn't Welfare Cause Poverty?
93(2)
From Poverty to Dependency
95(2)
Summary
97(1)
Notes
98(4)
Preventing Poverty: The Social Insurance Programs
102(31)
Preventing Poverty through Compulsory Savings
102(9)
The Social Security Act
103(2)
Social Security: The World's Largest Social Welfare Program
105(2)
Even the Best-Laid Plans
107(4)
Illustration 4-1. Social Security---Who Qualifies, and How Much Do Beneficiaries Receive?
111(3)
Achieving the Goals of Social Security: Adequacy and Equity
113(1)
Illustration 4-2. Will You Reap What You Sow?
114(8)
Keeping the Wolves from the Door
118(4)
Unemployment Compensation
122(5)
What Is Unemployment, and Who Gets Counted as Unemployed?
123(3)
Reforming Unemployment Compensation
126(1)
Workers' Compensation
127(1)
Summary
128(1)
Notes
129(4)
Helping the ``Deserving Poor'': Aged, Blind, and Disabled
133(35)
Public Assistance for the Deserving Poor
133(4)
SSI: ``Federalizing'' Public Assistance
134(1)
How SSI Works
135(2)
Illustration 5-1. Example of What Happens When You Are Disabled and Work Under SSI
137(7)
Disability Determination
138(1)
SSI Recipients, Payments, and Cost
139(3)
SSI Hot Spots
142(2)
Rehabilitative Services for Individuals with Disabilities
144(3)
The Vocational Rehabilitation Program
145(1)
Creaming
146(1)
The Era of Civil Rights for People with Disabilities
147(2)
From Deinstitutionalization to Normalization and Inclusion
147(1)
The Independent Living Movement
148(1)
A New Bill of Rights for People with Disabilities
148(1)
Illustration 5-2. What Is Reasonable Accommodation for People with Disabilities?
149(4)
Disability Policy for Children
153(2)
Building a Better Policy on Disability
155(2)
A Fair Definition
155(1)
A Fair Policy
156(1)
Illustration 5-3. Guidance from the EEOC in Implementing the Americans with Disabilities Act in Cases of Psychiatric Impairment
157(2)
General Assistance: The State and Community Response to Welfare
159(3)
Federalism and Social Welfare
162(1)
Summary
163(1)
Notes
164(4)
Ending Welfare as We Knew It: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
168(45)
From Mothers' Aid to AFDC
168(3)
Mothers' Aid
168(1)
Aid to Dependent Children
169(1)
Keeping the Family Together
169(1)
Man-in-the-House Rules
170(1)
Trying to Make Parents Pay
171(5)
Welfare and Work
176(1)
Illustration 6-1. What Mothers and Fathers Think About Child Support Enforcement
177(9)
Rehabilitation for Work
180(1)
Job Training and WIN
181(1)
Workfare
182(2)
The JOBS Program
184(2)
Why the Fuss about AFDC?
186(1)
Recipients and Costs
186(1)
Illustration 6-2. Why Mother Slapped Me
187(5)
More Fact and Fiction in AFDC
190(2)
Illustration 6-3. The Unreported Work of Mothers Receiving Public Assistance
192(3)
An End to Welfare as We Knew It
195(11)
Nonwelfare Approaches
195(2)
The March to TANF Begins
197(1)
Enter the Clinton Administration
198(1)
Has Welfare as We Know It Ended?
199(7)
Summary
206(1)
Notes
207(6)
Fighting Hunger: Nutrition Policy and Programs in the United States
213(37)
Malnutrition Amid Plenty
213(2)
Setting Nutritional Policy
215(5)
Commodity Food Distribution
215(1)
A New Food Stamp Program
216(1)
Politics Discovers Hunger
216(1)
Eliminating the Purchase Requirement
217(1)
Politics Rediscovers Hunger
218(2)
Tightening Food Stamps' Belt: The Welfare Reform of 1996
220(1)
Food Stamp Program Operations
221(4)
Determining Eligibility
222(1)
Participants and Costs
223(2)
Nutrition Programs for Younger, Older, and Disabled Americans
225(1)
Meals for School Children
225(1)
Illustration 7-1. A Client's View of the Food Stamp Program
226(6)
WIC
229(2)
Nutrition for Older Adults
231(1)
More Nutrition Programs
231(1)
Nutritional Politics
232(2)
Rendering the Cash versus In Kind Debate Obsolete with EBT
233(1)
Illustration 7-2. The Thrifty Food Plan---How Much Is It Worth?
234(10)
How Much Fraud, Abuse, and Error in Welfare?
239(4)
Who Should Administer Nutrition Programs?
243(1)
Summary
244(1)
Notes
244(6)
Improving Health Care: Treating the Nation's Ills
250(38)
Good Health or Medical Attention?
250(1)
Health Care Policy Today
251(11)
Medicaid: Health Care for Some of the Poor
252(4)
Medicare: Health Care for Older Americans
256(2)
Covering Medigaps
258(4)
What Ails Medicine?
262(11)
The Nation's Health Care Bill
263(3)
Holding Down Public Health Care Costs
266(3)
Is Managed Care Hazardous to Your Health?
269(4)
Illustration 8-1. A Proposed Consumer Bill of Rights and Responsibilities
273(1)
The Politics of Health Care for All
274(7)
The Failed Health Security Act
275(3)
Expanding Health Care Coverage the Incremental Way
278(3)
Health Care---Some Ethical Dilemmas
281(3)
Summary
284(1)
Notes
285(3)
Changing Paradigms in the Poverty Wars: Victories, Defeats, and Stalemates
288(32)
The Curative Strategy in the 1960s War on Poverty
289(1)
Illustration 9-1. Community Development: A Foundation Perspective
290(4)
LBJ and the Economic Opportunity Act
294(4)
Community Action
294(1)
Youth Education
295(1)
Legal Services
296(1)
More Office of Economic Opportunity Projects
297(1)
The Great Society
297(1)
Politics Overtakes the War on Poverty
298(2)
Why Hasn't Head Start ``Cured'' Poverty?
300(3)
Politics, Evaluation, and Head Start
301(1)
Years Later
302(1)
Fueling Employment: Make-Work versus the Real Thing
303(9)
The Job Training Partnership Act
305(2)
Progress Towards One-Stop Shopping at the U.S. Employment Service
307(1)
Should the Minimum Wage Get Another Raise?
308(3)
Enterprise and Empowerment Zones
311(1)
Illustration 9-2. Report Card on Empowerment Zones
312(3)
Building Communities through Service
315(1)
Summary
316(1)
Notes
317(3)
Providing Social Services: Help for Children, the Elderly, and People with Mental Illness
320(40)
Social Services in the United States
320(3)
Who Provides Social Services?
321(1)
The Development of Social Services
322(1)
Social Services for People with ADM Problems
323(8)
Defining the Problems
324(1)
Estimating Problems and Services
324(2)
Achieving Treatment Parity
326(1)
Finding Better Prevention and Treatment Approaches
327(1)
Community Mental Health Centers
328(1)
A War on Drugs or on Drug Addicts?
329(2)
The Rights of Mental Health Service Consumers
331(1)
Illustration 10-1. Needle-Exchange Programmes in the USA: Time to Act Now
332(5)
Liberty or Neglect?
334(1)
Too Much Access or Too Little?
335(1)
From Deinstitutionalization to Recriminalization
335(2)
Child Welfare Policy
337(1)
Discovering Child Abuse
337(1)
Illustration 10-2. What to Do About Helping People with Severe Mental Illness
338(3)
Illustration 10-3. Little Mary Ellen
341(9)
Extent of Child Maltreatment
342(1)
Services for Abused and Neglected Children
343(4)
Problems with the System
347(3)
Social Services for Older Americans
350(4)
Summary
354(1)
Notes
355(5)
Challenging Social Welfare: Racism and Sexism
360(47)
Gender Inequities
360(8)
The Feminization of Poverty
360(3)
The Wage Gap
363(4)
Equal Rights for Women
367(1)
Illustration 11-1. Women in Federal and State Offices
368(5)
Family Care
370(1)
Sexual Harassment
371(2)
Illustration 11-2. A Call for Lustiness: Just Say No to the Sex Police
373(6)
No Consensus on Abortion Rights
374(4)
Violence Against Women
378(1)
Gay Rights
379(4)
Blacks, Hispanics, and Social Welfare
383(1)
Illustration 11-3. A Dialogue on Race
384(11)
Separate But Not Equal
385(3)
The Civil Rights Act
388(1)
Housing and Racial Discrimination
389(1)
Affirmative Action
390(4)
Voting Rights
394(1)
Native Americans and Social Welfare
395(1)
Immigration and Social Welfare
396(6)
Immigration Policy
396(3)
How Much Immigration?
399(3)
Summary
402(1)
Notes
403(4)
Implementing and Evaluating Social Welfare Policy: What Happens After a Law Is Passed
407(26)
The Politics of Implementation
407(7)
Communications
408(2)
Resources
410(1)
Attitudes
411(1)
Bureaucracy
412(2)
Evaluating Social Policy
414(3)
Policy Evaluation as a Rational Activity
416(1)
Illustration 12-1. Rational Evaluation: What Questions to Ask
417(5)
The Many Faces of Program Evaluation
419(1)
Public Hearings
419(1)
Site Visits
419(1)
Program Measures
419(1)
Comparison with Professional Standards
420(1)
Formal Research Designs
420(2)
Illustration 12-2. Is Theory-Based Evaluation Better?
422(4)
Policy Evaluation as a Political Activity
424(1)
Unclear, Ambiguous Program Goals
424(1)
Symbolic Goals
425(1)
Unhappy Findings
425(1)
Illustration 12-3. What to Do If Your Agency's Program Receives a Negative Evaluation
426(4)
Program Interference
426(1)
Usefulness of Evaluations
426(1)
Evaluation by Whom?
427(1)
Threats to Everyone
427(1)
Politics at Work: Evaluating the Guaranteed Annual Income Experiments
427(3)
Summary
430(1)
Notes
431(2)
Name Index 433(2)
Subject Index 435


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