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Social Work : An Empowering Profession,9780205340675
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Social Work : An Empowering Profession

by ;
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780205340675

ISBN10:
0205340679
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $73.20
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Summary

This introductory textbook distinguishes itself from others, because it takes a discipline approach rather than a social problems approach to framing the foundations of social work knowledge, values, and skills. This is a revision of the very first text to fully incorporate the strengths or empowerment perspective. The text takes a strong generalist eco-systems approach, while integrating material from the CSWE education core: values and ethics, cultural diversity, social justice, social work practice, human behavior, populations at risk, and policy and services. The text details the roles of the social worker in the functions of consultation, resource management, and education, and presents an easy-to-understand paradigm that shows students how the partnership between practitioners and consumers takes place at all systems levels.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
PART ONE The Profession of Social Work 1(106)
Social Work: A Helping Profession
3(27)
Who Are Social Workers?
3(3)
Caring Professionals
5(1)
What Do Social Workers Do?
6(4)
Voices from the Field
6(3)
Generalist Social Work
9(1)
What Is the Purpose of Social Work?
10(7)
Social Work's Purpose
10(1)
Social Work's Goals
11(2)
Strengths and Needs
13(3)
Interactions of Strengths and Needs
16(1)
How Are Social Work and Social Welfare Related?
17(7)
Social Institutions
17(1)
The Social Welfare Institution
18(1)
Functions of Social Welfare
18(2)
Fields of Social Work Practice
20(3)
Social Work, Social Welfare, and Society
23(1)
How Is Social Work an Empowering Profession?
24(4)
Empowerment Defined
25(1)
Access to Resources
26(1)
Implications for Social Work
26(2)
Looking Forward
28(2)
An Evolving Profession
30(28)
The Emergence of Social Work as a Profession
31(5)
Early Social Welfare Organizations
31(1)
Charity Organization Societies
32(1)
Settlement House Movement
33(3)
Defining Social Work as a Profession
36(8)
Social Casework
36(1)
Psychoanalytic Movement
37(2)
Public Welfare Movement
39(1)
Social Group Work and Community Organization
39(1)
Dual Perspective
40(2)
Social Reform
42(1)
Ecosystems Approach
43(1)
The Evolving Definition of Social Work
43(1)
The Quest for Professional Status
44(5)
``Is Social Work a Profession?''
44(2)
The Rise of Professional Organizations
46(1)
The Development of Professional Education
47(1)
Social Work Today
48(1)
The Common Base of Social Work Practice
49(5)
Professional Values
49(2)
The Knowledge Base of Social Work
51(2)
The Skill Base of Social Work
53(1)
Tenets for the Social Work Profession
54(3)
Looking Forward
57(1)
Social Work and Social Systems
58(22)
The Ecosystems Perspective
60(5)
The Social Systems View
60(3)
The Ecological Perspective
63(1)
The Ecosystems View
64(1)
Social Functioning
65(3)
Types of Social Functioning
65(1)
Environmental Press
66(1)
Social Problems and Social Functioning
67(1)
Environmental Context of Generalist Social Work
68(1)
Client Systems in Social Work
68(8)
Microlevel Intervention
69(2)
Midlevel Intervention
71(2)
Macrolevel Intervention
73(2)
Working with the Social Work Profession
75(1)
Social Work Methods
76(3)
Casework
77(1)
Group Work
77(1)
Community Organization
78(1)
The Integrated Generalist Model
78(1)
Looking Forward
79(1)
The Social Service Delivery System
80(27)
Social Service Settings
81(9)
Public and Private Auspices
82(1)
Agencies and Associations
83(1)
Primary and Host Settings
84(1)
Sectarian and Nonsectarian Affiliations
85(1)
Nonprofit or For-Profit Status
85(1)
Independent Practice
86(1)
Geographic Location
87(3)
The Funding of Services
90(7)
Federal and State Funding
90(3)
Grants
93(1)
Community Funds
93(1)
Endowments and Special Funds
94(1)
Fees-for-Service
94(1)
Insurance Reimbursement
94(1)
Purchase of Service Contracting
95(1)
Issues in Funding
95(2)
Staffing Patterns
97(5)
Social Work Professionals
97(2)
Paraprofessionals
99(1)
Volunteers
100(1)
Computers and Technology in Service Delivery
101(1)
Self-Help Groups as Resources
102(2)
Service Delivery Issues
104(2)
Fragmented Services
104(1)
Coordinated Services
105(1)
User Involvement
105(1)
Service Delivery Reform
106(1)
Looking Forward
106(1)
PART TWO Social Work Perspectives 107(88)
Values and Ethics in Social Work
109(25)
Values and Ethics
111(2)
Values Defined
111(1)
Ethics Defined
112(1)
The Foundation of Professional Social Work Values
113(2)
Focus on Individual Morality
113(1)
The Moral Imperatives for the Profession
114(1)
Common Values of Social Work
114(1)
The Value Context of Social Work
115(8)
Society and Values
116(3)
Values and the Social Work Profession
119(1)
The Agency and Values
120(1)
The Client System and Values
121(1)
The Presenting Problem and Values
122(1)
Social Workers' Personal Values
122(1)
Social Work Codes of Ethics
123(3)
The NASW Code of Ethics
123(1)
The International Code of Ethics
124(1)
The Radical Code of Ethics
125(1)
The Significance of Ethical Codes
126(1)
Ethical Principles for Social Work
126(6)
Acceptance
126(2)
Individualization
128(1)
Purposeful Expression of Feelings
128(1)
Nonjudgmental Attitudes
129(1)
Objectivity
129(1)
Controlled Emotional Involvement
130(1)
Self-Determination
131(1)
Access to Resources
131(1)
Confidentiality
132(1)
Accountability
132(1)
Looking Forward
132(2)
Social Work and Social Justice
134(26)
Human Rights in Society
136(3)
Universal Human Rights
136(1)
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
137(1)
The Right to Social Welfare
138(1)
The Mandate for Social Justice
139(1)
Social Injustice: The ``Isms''
139(8)
Racism
139(2)
Elitism
141(1)
Sexism
142(1)
Heterosexism
143(1)
Ageism
144(1)
Handicapism
145(2)
The Collective Isms
147(1)
The Bases of Social Injustice
147(6)
Social Darwinism
148(1)
Siciological Theories
149(1)
Psychological Theories
150(1)
Blaming the Victim
151(1)
Just World Beliefs
152(1)
Behavioral Aspects of Discrimination
152(1)
Effects of Social Injustice
153(4)
Oppression through Discrimination
153(1)
Interpersonal Dehumanization
154(2)
Personal Victimization
156(1)
Opportunities, Obstacles, and Empowerment
157(1)
Social Work's Mandate for Social Justice
158(1)
Looking Forward
159(1)
Diversity and Social Work
160(35)
Diversity and Minority Status
162(2)
Responses to Dominance
162(1)
Ethnic Identity
163(1)
Cultural Pluralism
163(1)
Sociocultural Dissonance
164(1)
Racial and Ethnic Diversity
164(15)
Black Americans
166(4)
Asian Americans
170(3)
Native Americans
173(2)
Hispanic Americans
175(3)
Cultural Competence
178(1)
Religious Diversity
179(5)
Religion in Today's World
179(1)
Religion in Community
180(1)
Religion and Spirituality
181(1)
Implications of Religious Diversity
182(1)
The Resources of the Religious Community
183(1)
Religion and Social Work
184(1)
Sexual Diversity
184(8)
Sex and Gender
185(3)
Homophobia
188(1)
Work-Related Issues for Gays and Lesbians
189(1)
Social Work with Gay and Lesbian Adolescents
189(1)
Issues for Social Work
190(2)
Social Work with Diverse Populations
192(1)
Looking Forward
192(3)
PART THREE Generalist Social Work 195(84)
Empowering Processes for Social Work Practice
197(27)
An Empowerment-Based Generic Process of Social Work Practice
199(2)
From Expert Professional to Collaborative Partner
199(1)
A Generic Approach
200(1)
Forming Partnerships
201(3)
Professional Relationships
201(1)
The Nature of Clients' Participation
202(1)
Interpersonal Skills
202(2)
Articulating Situations
204(2)
Cultural Context
206(1)
Defining Directions
206(2)
Preemptive Actions
207(1)
Referrals
207(1)
Identifying Strengths
208(1)
Assessing Resource Capabilities
209(2)
Competence Clarification
209(1)
Social Studies
210(1)
Framing Solutions
211(4)
Goals and Objectives
212(2)
Plans of Action
214(1)
Implementing Action Plans
215(4)
Activating Resources
216(1)
Creating Alliances
216(1)
Expanding Opportunities
217(2)
Recognizing Success
219(3)
Types of Practice Evaluation
220(2)
Integrating Gains
222(1)
Looking Forward
223(1)
Social Work Functions and Roles
224(27)
A Generalist Approach
226(2)
Functions of Social Work
226(1)
Social Work Roles and Strategies
226(2)
Consultancy
228(7)
Microlevel: Enabler Role
229(2)
Midlevel: Facilitator Role
231(1)
Macrolevel: Planner Role
232(2)
Professional System: Colleague and Monitor Roles
234(1)
Resource Management
235(9)
Microlevel: Broker and Advocate Roles
236(4)
Midlevel: Convener and Mediator Roles
240(1)
Macrolevel: Activist Role
241(2)
Professional System: Catalyst Role
243(1)
Education
244(5)
Microlevel: Teacher Role
245(1)
Midlevel: Trainer Role
246(1)
Macrolevel: Outreach Role
247(1)
Professional System: Researcher and Scholar Roles
248(1)
Integrating Practice, Policy, and Research
249(1)
Looking Forward
250(1)
Social Work and Social Policy
251(28)
Social Policy
252(4)
What Is Social Policy?
252(1)
Social Policy as Process: Policy Formulation
253(1)
Social Policy as a Product: Policy Implementation
253(1)
Examining Social Policy: Policy Analysis
253(3)
The Influence of Values
256(1)
Social Policy and Political Ideologies
256(2)
Liberalism
256(1)
Conservativism
257(1)
Radicalism
257(1)
Social Work and Political Ideologies
258(1)
Social Work and Social Policy
258(2)
Social Workers as Policy Practitioners
260(1)
Street-Level Services
260(2)
Street-Level Bureaucracies
261(1)
Street-Level Bureaucrats
261(1)
Street-Level Clients
262(1)
Public Welfare Policy in the Twentieth Century
262(10)
Genesis of Reform: Early-Twentieth-Century Legislation
262(1)
Organized Ways of Helping
263(1)
The Emergence of Public Welfare: The New Deal Programs
264(3)
Provisions for Economic and Social Security
267(2)
The Great Society Programs: A Welfare Rights Initiative
269(2)
Movement toward New Federalism
271(1)
Welfare Reform in the 1990s
272(1)
Current Public Welfare Programs
272(5)
OASDI
272(1)
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)
273(2)
Supplemental Security Income
275(1)
General Assistance
275(1)
Medicare and Medicaid
276(1)
Food Stamps
276(1)
Social Service Provisions of Title XX
277(1)
Looking Forward
277(2)
PART FOUR Contemporary Issues in Fields of Practice 279(164)
Social Work in the Public Domain
281(32)
Social Work and Poverty
282(9)
The Other America
282(1)
Who Are the Poor?
283(2)
Relative and Absolute Poverty
285(1)
Why Are People Poor?
286(3)
Service Responses to Poverty
289(2)
Social Work and Homelessness
291(5)
Misconceptions about Homelessness
291(1)
Incidence of Homelessness
292(2)
The Federal Response to Homelessness
294(1)
Social Work's Response to Homelessness
295(1)
Social Work and Unemployment
296(3)
The Economy and Unemployment
296(1)
The Consequences of Unemployment
297(1)
Unemployment Benefits
298(1)
Services for People Who Are Unemployed
298(1)
Social Work in Criminal Justice
299(12)
Crime and Delinquency
300(2)
Crime and Punishment
302(1)
The Criminal Justice System
303(2)
Social Work Role in Criminal Justice
305(6)
Concluding Remarks
311(2)
Social Work in Health, Rehabilitation, and Mental Health
313(42)
Social Work in Health Systems
314(8)
The System of Health Care
315(1)
Social Work's Contribution to Health Care
315(1)
Social Work in Public Health
315(2)
Social Work in Primary Health Care
317(1)
Hospital-Based Services
317(3)
Social Work in Long-Term Care
320(2)
Social Work and Genetics
322(2)
Ethical Issues
323(1)
Social Work and AIDS
324(5)
Prevalence
324(1)
Issues Facing Persons with HIVIAIDS
325(2)
The Social Work Response to HIVIAIDS
327(2)
Social Work and Physical Disabilities
329(7)
Settings
329(1)
Demographic Data
330(1)
Unique Challenges
330(1)
Empowering Relationships
331(1)
Vocational Rehabilitation
331(2)
Environmental Modifications
333(3)
Social Work and Developmental Disabilities
336(4)
Types of Developmental Dishabilities
336(1)
Legislative Mandates
337(1)
Institutional versus Community-Based Services
337(1)
Social Service Delivery Issues
338(2)
Social Work and Mental Health
340(7)
DSM IV-TR
341(1)
Prevalence of Mental Disorders
341(1)
Theories of Mental Illness and Intervention
341(3)
Service Delivery
344(1)
Deinstitutionalization
345(1)
Social Work in Mental Health
346(1)
Social Work and Chemical Dependency
347(7)
Alcohol and Drug Dependence
347(1)
Prevalence of Substance Abuse
348(1)
Special Populations and Alcohol Abuse
349(1)
Delivery of Services
349(1)
Substance Abuse Prevention Programs
350(2)
Social Work Roles
352(2)
Concluding Remarks
354(1)
Social Work with Families and Youths
355(50)
The Contemporary Family
356(12)
Variations in Family Form
356(4)
Family Functions
360(1)
Family Roles
361(2)
Family-Centered Services
363(2)
A Family Systems Perspective
365(2)
Social Work's Support of Families
367(1)
Child Maltreatment
368(5)
Historical Perspective
368(1)
Legal Definition of Child Abuse and Neglect
369(1)
Types of Child Abuse and Neglect
370(1)
Incidence
371(1)
Factors Contributing to Child Maltreatment
371(1)
Psychological Effects of Child Maltreatment
372(1)
Sexual Abuse of Children
372(1)
Child Welfare Services
373(20)
Child Welfare Legislation
373(2)
Supportive, Supplemental, and Substitutive Services
375(2)
Primary Prevention
377(3)
Family Support and Family Preservation Services
380(2)
Day Care
382(1)
Family Group Conferencing
382(2)
Foster Care
384(5)
Residential Group Homes and Institutional Care
389(1)
Adoption
389(3)
Child Welfare Services Continuum
392(1)
Family-Centered Approach to Child Welfare
393(1)
Social Work in the Schools
393(4)
Types of Programs and Services
394(1)
Children with Special Educational Needs
394(1)
Early Developmental Screening
395(1)
Developmental Transitions
396(1)
Specialized Services for Adolescents
397(7)
Factors Enhancing Resiliency and Promoting Competence
398(1)
Model Programs
399(1)
Teen Pregnancy
400(1)
Adolescent Suicide
401(1)
Runaway Youths
402(1)
Eating Disorders
402(1)
Adolescent Youths as Resources for Building Competent Communities
402(2)
Concluding Remarks
404(1)
Adult and Aging Services
405(38)
Services for Adults
406(8)
Infertility Counseling
406(1)
Financial Stress
407(1)
Providing Care for Aging Parents
407(3)
Bereavement Counseling
410(1)
Occupational Social Work
411(3)
Intimate Partner Violence
414(9)
Incidence
415(1)
International Dimensions
416(1)
Dynamics of Intimate Partner Violence
416(2)
The Violence Against Women Act
418(1)
TANF Exceptions and Domestic Violence
418(1)
Service Responses to Intimate Partner Violence
419(1)
Violence among Sexual Minorities
420(2)
Children's Reactions to Domestic Violence
422(1)
Elder Abuse
423(3)
Types of Elder Abuse
423(1)
Dynamics of Elder Abuse
424(1)
Identification of Elder Abuse
425(1)
Ethical Issues
425(1)
Social Service Responses
425(1)
Services for Older Adults
426(16)
Setting the Record Straight about Aging
427(1)
Successful Aging
428(2)
Gerontological Social Work
430(1)
Issues in Working with Older Adults
430(1)
Continuum of Services
431(1)
Case Management Services for Older Adults
432(5)
Adult Day Care and Respite Services
437(1)
Social Work in Nursing Homes
438(1)
Multipurpose Senior Centers
439(1)
Senior Volunteers
440(2)
Challenge to Social Workers
442(1)
Concluding Remarks
442(1)
Epilogue 443(2)
Appendix A Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers 445(22)
Appendix B A Code of Ethics for Radical Social Service Workers 467(4)
References 471(34)
Name Index 505(7)
Subject Index 512


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