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Society : Myths and Realities, an Introduction to Sociology (Penguin Academics Series)

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780205480500

ISBN10:
0205480500
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/31/2006
Publisher(s):
Pearson

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Summary

Description Adapted from the sixth edition of Sociology: A Brief Introduction, this Penguin Academics Series title is a brief, one-color, low-cost version of that text. This introductory text uses a balanced and systematic application of sociological theory to help students see the difference between myths and realities about society. It provides integrated coverage of feminist views on various social issues and discusses the contributions of feminist theories. Also found in every chapter are "Global Analysis" sections, showing how people around the world live, and "Social Diversity" sections, highlighting not only the problems of women and minorities, but also their achievements.

Table of Contents

Theoretical Thumbnails vii
Preface ix
About the Author xv
CHAPTER 1 THE ESSENCE OF SOCIOLOGY 1(33)
The Study of Social Life
1(7)
The Development of Sociology
8(6)
Major Perspectives in Sociology
14(6)
Sports: Illustrating the Three Perspectives
20(5)
Major Research Methods
25(9)
CHAPTER 2 SOCIETY AND CULTURE 34(37)
Building Blocks of Society
35(5)
Societies in Sociocultural Evolution
40(11)
Components of Culture
51(6)
U.S. Culture
57(6)
A Global Analysis of Culture
63(3)
Sociological Perspectives on Culture
66(5)
CHAPTER 3 SOCIALIZATION 71(32)
The Significance of Heredity
71(2)
The Significance of Socialization
73(2)
Processes of Socialization
75(8)
Sociological Perspectives on Socialization
83(4)
Social Diversity in Socialization
87(3)
A Global Analysis of Socialization
90(2)
Agents of Socialization
92(5)
Adult Socialization
97(4)
Are We Puppets of Society?
101(2)
CHAPTER 4 SOCIAL INTERACTION IN EVERYDAY LIFE 103(25)
Sociological Perspectives on Social Interaction
103(7)
Interaction as Symbolic Communication
110(4)
Communication between Women and Men
114(3)
Dramaturgy: Interaction as Drama
117(3)
The Art of Managing Impressions
120(2)
The Social Construction of Reality
122(6)
CHAPTER 5 GROUPS AND ORGANIZATIONS 128(32)
Social Groups
128(4)
Group Characteristics
132(7)
Social Networks
139(2)
Formal Organizations
141(4)
Functionalist Perspective: Cooperating to Achieve a Common Goal
145(2)
Conflict Perspective: Equality as Key to Organizational Success
147(3)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: Defining the Situation in Organizations
150(3)
The Threat of Organizations to Personal Privacy
153(1)
The Realities of Bureaucracy
154(3)
A Global Analysis of Organizations
157(3)
CHAPTER 6 DEVIANCE AND CONTROL 160(35)
What Is Deviance?
160(2)
Examples of Deviance
162(10)
Functionalist Perspective: Functions and Dysfunctions
172(5)
Conflict Perspective: Social Conflict or Inequality
177(4)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: Association, Reaction, and Interpretation
181(4)
Social Diversity in Deviance
185(2)
A Global Analysis of Deviance
187(1)
Controlling Deviance
188(7)
CHAPTER 7 U.S. AND GLOBAL STRATIFICATION 195(36)
The Bases of Stratification
195(5)
Stratification Systems: A Global View
200(3)
New Approaches to Stratification
203(2)
The U.S. Class Structure
205(7)
Poverty in the United States
212(6)
Social Mobility in U.S. Society
218(4)
Global Stratification
222(6)
Sociological Perspectives on Stratification
228(3)
CHAPTER 8 RACE AND ETHNICITY 231(32)
Sociological Definitions
231(4)
Racial and Ethnic Diversity
235(15)
Racial and Ethnic Relations
250(4)
Prejudice and Discrimination
254(5)
A Global Analysis of Race and Ethnicity
259(4)
CHAPTER 9 GENDER AND AGE 263(34)
Gender Roles
263(5)
Gender Socialization
268(4)
Spheres of Gender Inequality
272(8)
Consequences of Gender Inequality
280(3)
Sociological Perspectives on Gender Inequality
283(3)
The Aging Process
286(6)
Social Diversity in Aging
292(3)
The Future of Aging
295(2)
CHAPTER 10 FAMILIES 297(30)
Families: A Global Analysis
297(3)
Sociological Perspectives on the Family
300(4)
Patterns of U.S. Marriages
304(5)
Problems of U.S. Families
309(3)
Changes in the U.S. Family
312(7)
Other Lifestyles
319(3)
Social Diversity of U.S. Families
322(3)
The Future of the Family
325(2)
CHAPTER 11 EDUCATION AND RELIGION 327(44)
Sociological Perspectives on Education
327(7)
Education in the United States
334(8)
Social Diversity in U.S. Education
342(3)
Sociological Perspectives on Religion
345(5)
Religion in the United States
350(11)
Facing the Secular World: Confrontation or Compromise?
361(4)
A Global Analysis of Religion
365(6)
CHAPTER 12 THE ECONOMY AND POLITICS 371(40)
The Economy in Perspective
372(7)
The World's Economic Systems
379(3)
The Dominance of Big Corporations
382(4)
Work in the United States
386(4)
Social Diversity in the U.S. Economy
390(3)
Power and Authority
393(3)
The World of U.S. Politics
396(7)
Who Really Governs in U.S. Society?
403(5)
A Global Analysis of Political Violence
408(3)
CHAPTER 13 HEALTH AND POPULATION 411(32)
Health and Society
411(7)
Medical Care
418(8)
Sociological Perspectives on Health and Medical Care
426(4)
A Global Analysis of Population
430(5)
Patterns of Population Change
435(3)
Combating Population Growth
438(5)
CHAPTER 14 ENVIRONMENT AND URBANIZATION 443(30)
Environment
443(7)
A Global Analysis of Urbanization
450(4)
Cities in the United States
454(4)
The Urban Environment
458(4)
The Nature of City Life
462(5)
Causes Urban Problems
467(2)
Sociological Perspectives on Urbanization arid City Life
469(4)
CHAPTER 15 COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR, SOCIAL MOVEMENTS, AND SOCIAL CHANGE 473(29)
The Study of Collective Behavior
474(3)
Forms of Collective Behavior
477(12)
A Global Analysis of Social Change
489(4)
Functionalist Perspective: Gradual Change
493(4)
Conflict Perspective: Revolutionary Change
497(1)
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: Changing Interaction
498(1)
How U.S. Society Has Changed
499(3)
Glossary 502(14)
References 516(37)
Name Index 553(8)
Subject Index 561


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