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Sociology

by
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780073125749

ISBN10:
0073125741
Format:
Nonspecific Binding
Pub. Date:
12/1/2005
Publisher(s):
MCGRAW HILL
List Price: $109.10

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Summary

Like its predecessors, the tenth edition of this text reflects Rick Schaefer's mission to bring readers a comprehensive, up-to-date presentation that teaches them how to think critically about society and their own lives from a wide range of classical and contemporary perspectives. Combining balanced coverage of theory with current research findings, distinctive social policy sections, examples of interest to students, and abundant learning aids and exercises, this text will help students develop a sociological imagination. An optional package combines Schaefer, Sociology, with PowerWeb , Tenth Edition and Reel Society Interactive Movie 2.0 CD-ROM at nominal extra cost. "The introductory sociology class provides the ideal laboratory in which to study our own society and those of our global neighbors. The distinctive emphasis on social policy found in this text shows students how to use the sociological imagination in examining such public policy issues as sexual harassment, the AIDS crisis, welfare reform, the death penalty, and privacy and censorship in an electronic age." – Richard T. Schaefer

Table of Contents

BRIEF CONTENTS

List of Chapter-Opening Excerpts

List of Boxed Features and Photo Essays

List of Social Policy Sections

List of Maps and Summing Up tables

Preface

Part 1: The Sociological Perspective

Chapter 1: Understanding Sociology

Chapter 2: Sociological Research

Part 2: Organizing Social Life

Chapter 3: Culture

Chapter 4: Socialization

Chapter 5: Social Interaction and Social Structure

Chapter 6: Groups and Organizations

Chapter 7: The Mass Media

Chapter 8: Deviance and Social Control

Part 3: Social Inequality

Chapter 9: Stratification and Social Mobility in the United States

Chapter 10: Global Inequality

Chapter 11: Racial and Ethnic Inequality

Chapter 12: Stratification by Gender

Chapter 13: Stratification by Age

Part 4: Social Institutions

Chapter 14: The Family and Intimate Relationships

Chapter 15: Religion

Chapter 16: Education

Chapter 17: Government and Politics

Chapter 18: The Economy and Work

Chapter 19: Health and Medicine

Part 5: Changing Society

Chapter 20: Communities and Urbanization

Chapter 21: Population and the Environment

Chapter 22: Collective Behavior and Social Movements

Chapter 23: Globalization, Technology, and Social Change

Glossary

References

Acknowledgements

Photo Credits

Name Index

Subject Index

DETAILED CONTENTS

List of Chapter-Opening Excerpts

List of Boxed Features and Photo Essays

List of Social Policy Sections

List of Maps and Summing Up tables

Preface

Part 1: The Sociological Perspective

Chapter 1: Understanding Sociology

What Is Sociology?

The Sociological Imagination
Sociology and the Social Sciences
Sociology and Common Sense

What Is Sociological Theory?

The Development of Sociology

Early Thinkers
Émile Durkheim
Max Weber
Karl Marx
Modern Developments

Major Theoretical Perspectives

Functionalist Perspective
Conflict Perspective
Interactionist Perspective
The Sociological Approach

Developing a Sociological Imagination

Theory in Practice
Research in Action
Thinking Globally
The Significance of Social Inequality
Speaking across Race, Gender, and Religious Boundaries
Social Policy throughout the World

Applied and Clinical Sociology

Appendix: Careers in Sociology

Photo Essay: Are You What You Own?
Research in Action: Looking at Sports from Three Theoretical Perspectives
Sociology in the Global Community: The Global Response to the 2004 Tsunami

Chapter 2: Sociological Research

What Is the Scientific Method?

Defining the Problem
Reviewing the Literature
Formulating the Hypothesis
Collecting and Analyzing Data
Developing the Conclusion
In Summary: The Scientific Method

Major Research Designs

Surveys
Observation
Experiments
Use of Existing Sources

Ethics of Research

Confidentiality
Research Funding
Value Neutrality

Technology and Sociological Research

Social Policy and Sociological Research: Studying Human Sexuality

Appendix I. Using Statistics, Tables, and Graphs

Appendix II. Writing a Research Report

Research in Action: Polling in Baghdad
Social Inequality: Researching Privilege and Discrimination in Employment
Taking Sociology to Work: Dave Eberbach, Research Coordinator, United Way of Central Iowa

Part 2: Organizing Social Life

Chapter 3: Culture

Culture and Society

Development of Culture around the World

Cultural Universals
Innovation
Globalization, Diffusion, and Technology
Sociobiology

Elements of Culture

Language
Norms
Sanctions
Values

Culture and the Dominant Ideology

Cultural Variation

Aspects of Cultural Variation

Social Policy and Culture: Bilingualism

Photo Essay: Are You What You Eat?
Sociology on Campus: A Culture of Cheating?
Sociology in the Global Community: Life in the Global Village

Chapter 4: Socialization

The Role of Socialization

Social Environment: The Impact of Isolation
The Influence of Heredity

The Self and Socialization

Sociological Approaches to the Self
Psychological Approaches to the Self

Socialization and the Life Course

The Life Course
Anticipatory Socialization and Resocialization

Agents of Socialization

Family
School
Peer Group
Mass Media and Technology
Workplace
Religion and the State

Social Policy and Socialization: Child Care around the World

Sociology on Campus: Impression Management by Students
Sociology in the Global Community: Raising Amish Children
Taking Sociology to Work: Rakefet Avramovitz, Program Administrator, Child Care Law Center

Chapter 5: Social Interaction and Social Structure

Social Interaction and Reality

Elements of Social Structure

Statuses
Social Roles
Groups
Social Networks and Technology
Social Institutions

Social Structure in Global Perspective

Durkheim’s Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
Tonnies’s Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
Lenski’s Sociocultural Evolution Approach

Social Policy and Social Structure: The AIDS Crisis

Social Inequality: Disability as a Master Status
Photo Essay: Why Do We Gather Together?
Research in Action: Adolescent Sexual Networks

Chapter 6: Groups and Organizations

Understanding Groups

Types of Groups
Studying Small Groups

Understanding Organizations

Formal Organizations and Bureaucracies
Characteristics of a Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy and Organizational Culture
Voluntary Associations

Case Study: Bureaucracy and the Space Shuttle Columbia

The Changing Workplace

Organizational Restructuring
Telecommuting
Electronic Communication

Social Policy and Organizations: The State of the Unions

Research in Action: Pizza Delivery Employees as a Secondary Group
Sociology in the Global Community: Amway the Chinese Way

Chapter 7: The Mass Media

Sociological Perspectives on the Media

Functionalist View
Conflict View
Feminist View
Interactionist View

The Audience

Who Is in the Audience?
The Segmented Audience
Audience Behavior

The Media Industry

Media Concentration
The Media’s Global Reach

Social Policy and the Mass Media: Media Violence

Social Inequality: The Color of Network TV
Sociology in the Global Community: Al Jazeera Is on the Air

Chapter 8: Deviance and Social Control

Social Control

Conformity and Obedience
Informal and Formal Social Control
Law and Society

Deviance

What Is Deviance?
Explaining Deviance

Crime

Types of Crime
Crime Statistics

Social Policy and Social Control: Gun Control

Sociology on Campus: Binge Drinking
Photo Essay: Who Is Deviant
Social Inequality: Discretionary Justice
Taking Sociology to Work: Tiffany Zapata-Mancilla, Victim Witness Specialist, Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office

Part 3: Social Inequality

Chapter 9: Stratification and Social Mobility in the United States

Understanding Stratification

Systems of Stratification
Perspective on Stratification
Is Stratification Universal?

Stratification by Social Class

Measuring Social Class
Wealth and Income
Poverty
Life Chances

Social Mobility

Open versus Closed Stratification Systems
Types of Social Mobility
Social Mobility in the United States

Social Policy and Stratification: Rethinking Welfare in North America and Europe

Sociology in the Global Community: Under Pressure: The Caste System in India
Sociology on Campus: Social Class and Financial Aid

Chapter 10: Global Inequality

The Global Divide

Stratification in the World System

The Legacy of Colonialism
Multinational Corporations
Modernization

Stratification within Nations: A Comparative Perspective

Distribution of Wealth and Income
Social Mobility

Case Study: Stratification in Mexico

Mexico’s Economy
Race Relations in Mexico: The Color Hierarchy
The Status of Women in Mexico
The Borderlands

Social Policy and Global Inequality: Universal Human Rights

Sociology in the Global Community: The Global Disconnect
Social Inequality: Stratification in Japan

Chapter 11: Racial and Ethnic Inequality

Minority, Racial, and Ethnic Groups

Minority Groups
Race
Ethnicity

Prejudice and Discrimination

Prejudice
Discriminatory Behavior
The Privileges of the Dominant
Institutional Discrimination

Studying Race and Ethnicity

Functionalist Perspective
Conflict PerspectiveInteractionist Perspective

Patterns of Intergroup Relations

Amalgamation
Assimilation
Segregation
Pluralism

Impact of Global Immigration

Race and Ethnicity in the United States

Racial Groups
Ethnic Groups

Social Policy and Race and Ethnicity: Racial Profiling

Taking Sociology to Work: Prudence Hannis, Liaison Officer, National Institute of Science Research, University of Quebec
Research in Action: Interracial and Interethnic Friendships
Social Inequality: Native Americans Gamble on Gambling

Chapter 12: Stratification by Gender

Social Construction of Gender

Gender Roles in the United States
Cross-Cultural Perspective

Explaining Stratification by Gender

The Functionalist View
The Conflict Response
The Feminist Perspective
The Interactionist Approach

Women: The Oppressed Majority

Sexism and Sex Discrimination
Sexual Harassment
The Status of Women Worldwide
Women in the Workforce of the United States
Women: Emergence of a Collective Consciousness

Intersection of Gender, Race, and Class

Social Policy and Gender Stratification: The Battle over Abortion from a Global Perspective

Research in Action: Differences in Male and Female Physicians’ Communication with Patients
Sociology in the Global Community: The Head Scarf and the Veil: Complex Symbols

Chapter 13: Stratification by Age

Aging and Society

Explaining the Aging Process

Functionalist Approach: Activity Theory
The Conflict Approach

Role Transitions throughout the Life Course

The Sandwich Generation
Adjusting to Retirement
Death and Dying

Age Stratification in the United States

The “Graying of America”
Wealth and Income
Ageism
Competition in the Labor Force
The Elderly: Emergence of a Collective Consciousness

Social Policy and Age Stratification: The Right to Die Worldwide

Sociology in the Global Community: Aging Worldwide: Issues and Consequences
Taking Sociology to Work: A. David Roberts: Social Worker
Research in Action: Naturally Occurring Retirement Communities (NORCs)

Part 4: Social Institutions

Chapter 14: The Family and Intimate Relationships

Global View of the Family

Composition: What Is the Family?
Kinship Patterns: To Whom Are We Related?
Authority Patterns: Who Rules?

Studying the Family

Functionalist View
Conflict View
Interactionist View
Feminist View

Marriage and the Family

Courtship and Mate Selection
Variations in Family Life and Intimate Relationships
Child-Rearing Patterns in Family Life

Divorce

Statistical Trends in Divorce
Factors Associated with Divorce
Impact of Divorce on Children

Diverse Lifestyles

Cohabitation
Remaining Single
Marriage without Children
Lesbian and Gay Relationships

Social Policy and the Family: Gay Marriage

Photo Essay: What Is a Family?
Sociology in the Global Community: Domestic Violence
Research in Action: The Lingering Impact of Divorce

Chapter 15: Religion

Durkheim and the Sociological Approach to Religion

World Religions

The Role of Religion

The Integrative Function of Religion
Religion and Social Support
Religion and Social Change
Religion and Social Control: A Conflict View

Religious Behavior

Belief
Ritual
Experience

Religious Organization

Ecclesiae
Denominations
Sects
New Religious Movements or Cults
Comparing Forms of Religious Organization

Case Study: Religion in India

The Religious Tapestry in India
Religion and the State in India

Social Policy and Religion: Religion in the Schools

Photo Essay: Why Do Sociologists Study Religion?
Social Inequality: The Stained Glass Ceiling
Research in Action: Islam in the United States

Chapter 16: Education

Sociological Perspectives on Education

Functionalist View
Conflict View
Interactionist View

Schools as Formal Organizations

Bureaucratization of Schools
Teachers: Employees and Instructors
Student Subcultures
Homeschooling

School Policy and Education: No Child Left Behind Program

Taking Sociology to Work: Ray Zapata, Business Owner and Former Regent, Texas State University
Sociology on Campus: The Debate over Title IX
Research in Action: Violence in the Schools

Chapter 17: Government and Politics

Power and Authority

Power
Types of Authority

Types of Government

Monarchy
Oligarchy
Dictatorship and Totalitarianism
Democracy

Political Behavior in the United States

Participation and Apathy
Women in Politics

Models of Power Structure in the United States

Power Elite Models
Pluralist Model

War and Peace

War
Peace
Terrorism

Political Activism on the Internet

Social Policy and the Government: Campaign Financing

Research in Action: Why Don’t More Young People Vote?
Social Inequality: Gender Quotas at the Ballot Box

Chapter 18: The Economy and Work

Economic Systems

Capitalism
Socialism
The Informal Economy

Case Study: Capitalism in China

The Road to Capitalism
The Chinese Economy Today
Chinese Workers in the New Economy

Work and Alienation

Marx’s View
Worker Satisfaction

The Changing Economy

The Changing Face of the Workforce
Deindustrialization

Social Policy and the Economy: Global Offshoring

Taking Sociology to Work: Richard J. Hawk, Vice President and Financial Consultant, Smith Barney
Sociology in the Global Community: Working Women in Nepal
Social Inequality: Affirmative Action

Chapter 19: Health and Medicine

Culture and Health

Sociological Perspectives on Health and Illness

Functionalist Approach
Conflict Approach
Interactionist Approach
Labeling Approach

Social Epidemiology and Health

Social Class
Race and Ethnicity
Gender
Age

Health Care in the United States

A Historical View
Physicians, Nurses, and Patients
Alternatives to Traditional Health Care
The Role of Government

Mental Illness in the United States

Theoretical Models of Mental Disorders
Patterns of Care

Social Policy and Health: Financing Health Care Worldwide

Social Inequality: To Inform or Not to Inform? How Race and Ethnicity Affect Views of Patient Autonomy
Research in Action: The Nun Study
Taking Sociology to Work: Jess Purmort, Research Assistant, New York Academy of Medicine

Part 5: Changing Society

Chapter 20: Communities and Urbanization

How Did Communities Originate?

Early Communities
Preindustrial Cities
Industrial and Postindustrial Cities

Urbanization

Functionalist View: Urban Ecology
Conflict View: New Urban Sociology

Types of Communities

Central Cities
Suburbs
Rural Communities

Social Policy and Communities: Seeking Shelter Worldwide

Sociology in the Global Community: Squatter Settlements
Research in Action: Store Wars

Chapter 21: Population and the Environment

Demography: The Study of Population

Malthus’s Thesis and Marx’s Response
Studying Population Today
Elements of Demography

World Population Patterns

Demographic Transition
The Population Explosion

Fertility Patterns in the United States

The Baby Boom
Stable Population Growth

Population and Migration

International Migration
Internal Migration

The Environment

Environmental Problems: An Overview
Functionalism and Human Ecology
Conflict View of Environmental Issues
Environmental Justice

Social Policy and Population: World Population Policy

Taking Sociology to Work: Kelsie Lenor Wilson-Dorsett, Deputy Director, Department of Statistics, Government of the Bahamas
Sociology in the Global Community: Population Policy in China

Chapter 22: Collective Behavior and Social Movements

Theories of Collective Behavior

Emergent-Norm Perspective
Value-Added Perspective
Assembling Perspective

Forms of Collective Behavior

Crowds
Disaster Behavior
Fads and Fashions
Panics and Crazes
Rumors
Publics and Public Opinion
Social Movements

Communications and the Globalization of Collective Behavior

Social Policy and Social Movements: Disability Rights

Sociology on Campus: Antiwar Protests
Sociology in the Global Community: A New Social Movement in Rural India

Chapter 23: Globalization, Technology and Social Change

Theories of Social Change

Evolutionary Theory
Functionalist Theory
Conflict Theory

Resistance to Social Change

Economic and Cultural Factors
Resistance to Technology

Global Social Change

Technology and the Future

Computer Technology
Privacy and Censorship in a Global Village
Biotechnology

Social Policy and Globalization: Transnationals

Sociology in the Global Community: Social Change in South Africa
Research in Action: The Human Genome Project

Glossary

References

Acknowledgements

Photo Credits

Name Index

Subject Index



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