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Sociology,9780132184748

Sociology

by
Edition:
11th
ISBN13:

9780132184748

ISBN10:
0132184745
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div
List Price: $137.40

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Summary

The title says it all. This tenth edition of the best-sellingSociologyis a comprehensive book and multimedia package that offers readers aglobal perspectiveto help them better understand their own lives, provides a strong focus onsocial diversitythat allows them to see the impact of race, class, and gender, and focuses oncritical thinking. With technology integratedthroughout,this new edition features new research citations, more social theory applications, additional references to pop culture linking directly to sociological material.Covering all aspects of sociology, this book describes sociological investigation, culture, society, interaction in everyday life, groups and organizations, deviance, sexuality, social stratification, social class in the United States, global inequality, gender stratification, race and ethnicity, aging, the economy, politics and government, family, religion, education, health and medicine, population and urbanization, collective behavior and social movements, and social change.An excellent resource for professionals in the field of sociology, this book is also an excellent read for non-academic hobbyists and life-long learners.

Table of Contents

Preface xxii
About the Author xxxv
PART I The Foundations of Sociology
The Sociological Perspective
1(27)
The Sociological Perspective
2(4)
Seeing the General in the Particular
2(1)
Seeing the Strange in the Familiar
3(2)
Seeing Personal Choice in Social Context
5(1)
Seeing Sociologically: Marginality and Crisis
6(1)
The Importance of a Global Perspective
6(4)
Sociology Work
10(1)
Applying the Sociological Perspective
10(2)
Sociology and Public Policy
10(1)
Sociology and Personal Growth
11(1)
Careers: The ``Sociology Advantage''
11(1)
Sociology Work
12(1)
The Origins of Sociology
12(2)
Social Change and Sociology
12(1)
Science and Sociology
13(1)
Sociological Theory
14(7)
The Structural-Functional Approach
15(1)
In the Times ``Social Isolation, Guns and a `Culture of Suicide'''
16(1)
The Social-Conflict Approach
17(3)
The Symbolic-Interaction Approach
20(1)
Applying the Approaches: The Sociology of Sports
21(7)
The Functions of Sports
21(1)
Sports and Conflict
22(1)
Sports as Interaction
23(2)
Making the Grade Key Points
25(1)
Key Concepts
26(1)
Sample Test Questions
26(1)
Applications and Exercises
27(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
27(1)
Sociological Investigation
28(30)
Basics of Sociological Investigation
31(2)
Science as One Form of Truth
31(1)
Common Sense versus Scientific Evidence
32(1)
Three Ways To Do Sociology
33(8)
Scientific Sociology
33(5)
Interpretive Sociology
38(1)
Critical Sociology
39(1)
Methods and Theory
39(1)
Gender and Research
39(1)
Research Ethics
40(1)
Methods of Sociological Research
41(12)
Testing a Hypothesis: The Experiment
41(1)
Sociology Work
42(1)
Asking Questions: Survey Research
43(3)
In the Field: Participant Observation
46(3)
Using Available Data: Existing Sources
49(1)
In the Times ``Images of a Growing Nation, from Census to Census''
50(1)
The Interplay of Theory and Method
51(2)
Putting It All Together: Ten Steps in Sociological Investigation
53(5)
Making the Grade Key Points
54(2)
Key Concepts
56(1)
Sample Test Questions
56(1)
Applications and Exercises
57(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
57(1)
PART II The Foundations of Society
Culture
58(32)
Sociology Work
60(1)
What Is Culture?
60(4)
Culture and Human Intelligence
62(2)
Culture, Nation, and Society
64(1)
How Many Cultures?
64(1)
The Elements of Culture
64(10)
Symbols
64(2)
Language
66(2)
Values and Beliefs
68(3)
Norms
71(2)
Ideal and Real Culture
73(1)
Material Culture and Technology
73(1)
New Information Technology and Culture
74(1)
Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World
74(8)
High Culture and Popular Culture
75(1)
Subculture
75(1)
In the Times ``Cultural Divide over Parental Discipline''
76(1)
Multiculturalism
76(2)
Counterculture
78(1)
Cultural Change
79(1)
Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism
80(1)
Sociology Work
81(1)
A Global Culture?
81(1)
Theoretical Analysis of Culture
82(3)
The Functions of Culture: Structural-Functional Analysis
82(1)
Inequality and Culture: Social-Conflict Analysis
83(1)
Evolution and Culture: Sociobiology
83(2)
Culture and Human Freedom
85(5)
Culture as Constraint
85(1)
Culture as Freedom
85(2)
Making the Grade Key Points
87(1)
Key Concepts
87(1)
Sample Test Questions
88(1)
Applications and Exercises
89(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
89(1)
Society
90(26)
Gerhard Lenski: Society and Technology
92(8)
Hunting and Gathering Societies
93(1)
Horticultural and Pastoral Societies
94(1)
Agrarian Societies
95(1)
In the Times ``Animal Herders of 23 Lands Meet and Swap Stories''
96(1)
Industrial Societies
96(2)
Postindustrial Societies
98(1)
The Limits of Technology
99(1)
Karl Marx: Society and Conflict
100(4)
Society and Production
101(1)
Conflict and History
102(1)
Capitalism and Class Conflict
102(1)
Capitalism and Alienation
103(1)
Sociology Work
103(1)
Revolution
103(1)
Max Weber: The Rationalization of Society
104(4)
Two Worldviews: Tradition and Rationality
105(1)
Is Capitalism Rational?
105(1)
Weber's Great Thesis: Protestantism and Capitalism
105(2)
Rational Social Organization
107(1)
Emile Durkheim: Society and Function
108(3)
Structure: Society beyond Ourselves
109(1)
Function: Society as System
109(1)
Personality: Society in Ourselves
109(1)
Modernity and Anomie
110(1)
Evolving Societies: The Division of Labor
110(1)
Critical Review: Four Visions of Society
111(5)
Making the Grade Key Points
113(1)
Key Concepts
113(1)
Sample Test Questions
114(1)
Applications and Exercises
115(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
115(1)
Socialization
116(26)
Social Experience: The Key to Our Humanity
118(3)
Human Development: Nature and Nurture
118(1)
Social Isolation
119(2)
Understanding Socialization
121(6)
Sigmund Freud's Elements of Personality
121(1)
Jean Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
122(1)
Lawrence Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development
123(1)
Carol Gilligan's Theory of Gender and Moral Development
123(1)
George Herbert Mead's Theory of the Social Self
124(2)
Erik H. Erikson's Eight Stages of Development
126(1)
Agents of Socialization
127(6)
The Family
127(1)
The School
128(1)
The Peer Group
129(1)
The Mass Media
130(3)
Socialization and the Life Course
133(4)
Childhood
133(1)
Sociology Work
133(1)
Adolescence
133(1)
In the Times ``Adultescent''
134(1)
Adulthood
134(1)
Old Age
135(1)
Death and Dying
135(2)
The Life Course: Patterns and Variations
137(1)
Resocialization: Total Institutions
137(5)
Making the Grade Key Points
139(1)
Key Concepts
140(1)
Sample Test Questions
140(1)
Applications and Exercises
141(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
141(1)
Social Interaction in Everyday Life
142(24)
Social Structure: A Guide to Everyday Living
144(1)
Status
145(1)
Status Set
145(1)
Ascribed and Achieved Status
145(1)
Master Status
145(1)
Role
146(3)
Role Set
147(1)
Role Conflict and Role Strain
147(1)
Role Exit
147(2)
The Social Construction of Reality
149(2)
``Street Smarts''
149(1)
The Thomas Theorem
150(1)
Ethnomethodology
150(1)
Reality Building: Class and Culture
151(1)
Dramaturgical Analysis: ``The Presentation of Self''
151(6)
Performances
151(1)
In the Times ``For Disabled, It's Hooray for Hollywood''
152(1)
Sociology Work
152(1)
Nonverbal Communication
153(2)
Gender and Performances
155(1)
Idealization
156(1)
Embarrassment and Tact
156(1)
Interaction in Everyday Life: Three Applications
157(9)
Emotions: The Social Construction of Feeling
157(1)
Sociology Work
158(1)
Language: The Social Construction of Gender
158(3)
Reality Play: The Social Construction of Humor
161(2)
Making the Grade Key Points
163(1)
Key Concepts
164(1)
Sample Test Questions
164(1)
Applications and Exercises
165(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
165(1)
Groups and Organizations
166(26)
Social Groups
168(7)
Primary and Secondary Groups
169(1)
Group Leadership
170(1)
Group Conformity
171(1)
Reference Groups
172(1)
In-Groups and Out-Groups
173(1)
Group Size
173(1)
Social Diversity: Race, Class, and Gender
174(1)
Networks
174(1)
Formal Organizations
175(7)
Types of Formal Organizations
177(1)
Origins of Formal Organizations
177(1)
Characteristics of Bureaucracy
177(1)
Organizational Environment
178(1)
The Informal Side of Bureaucracy
178(1)
Problems of Bureaucracy
179(1)
In the Times ``The New Magic Bullet: Bureaucratic Imagination''
180(1)
Oligarchy
181(1)
The Evolution of Formal Organizations
182(6)
Scientific Management
182(1)
The First Challenge: Race and Gender
182(1)
The Second Challenge: The Japanese Work Organization
183(1)
The Third Challenge: The Changing Nature of Work
184(1)
Sociology Work
185(1)
The ``McDonaldization'' of Society
186(2)
The Future of Organizations: Opposing Trends
188(4)
Making the Grade Key Points
189(1)
Key Concepts
190(1)
Sample Test Questions
190(1)
Applications and Exercises
191(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
191(1)
Sexuality and Society
192(28)
Understanding Sexuality
194(4)
Sex: A Biological Issue
194(1)
Sex and the Body
195(1)
Sex: A Cultural Issue
196(1)
The Incest Taboo
197(1)
In the Times ``The Skin Wars Start Earlier and Earlier''
198(1)
Sexual Attitudes in the United States
198(5)
The Sexual Revolution
199(1)
The Sexual Counterrevolution
200(1)
Premarital Sex
200(1)
Sex between Adults
201(1)
Sex over the Life Course
201(1)
Extramarital Sex
202(1)
Sexual Orientation
203(3)
What Gives Us a Sexual Orientation?
203(2)
How Many Gay People Are There?
205(1)
The Gay Rights Movement
205(1)
Sexual Issues and Controversies
206(4)
Teen Pregnancy
206(1)
Pornography
207(1)
Prostitution
207(2)
Sexual Violence: Rape and Date Rape
209(1)
Theoretical Analysis of Sexuality
210(10)
Structural-Functional Analysis
211(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis
212(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis
213(2)
Sociology Work
215(1)
Making the Grade Key Points
215(3)
Key Concepts
218(1)
Sample Test Questions
218(1)
Applications and Exercises
219(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
219(1)
Deviance
220(32)
What Is Deviance?
222(2)
Social Control
222(1)
The Biological Context
223(1)
Personality Factors
223(1)
The Social Foundations of Deviance
224(1)
The Functions of Deviance: Structural-Functional Analysis
224(4)
Durkheim's Basic Insight
224(2)
Merton's Strain Theory
226(1)
Deviant Subcultures
226(2)
Labeling Deviance: Symbolic-Interaction Analysis
228(4)
Labeling Theory
228(1)
The Medicalization of Deviance
229(1)
Sutherland's Differential Association Theory
230(1)
Hirschi's Control Theory
231(1)
Deviance and Inequality: Social-Conflict Analysis
232(2)
Deviance and Power
232(1)
Deviance and Capitalism
232(1)
White-Collar Crime
232(1)
Corporate Crime
233(1)
Organized Crime
233(1)
Deviance, Race, and Gender
234(2)
Hate Crimes
234(1)
Deviance and Gender
235(1)
Crime
236(6)
Types of Crime
236(1)
Criminal Statistics
237(1)
The Street Criminal: A Profile
237(3)
Crime in Global Perspective
240(2)
The U.S. Criminal Justice System
242(10)
Sociology Work
242(1)
Due Process
242(1)
Police
242(1)
Courts
243(1)
Punishment
243(1)
In the Times ``Despite Drop in Crime, an Increase in Inmates''
244(3)
Community-Based Corrections
247(2)
Making the Grade Key Points
249(1)
Key Concepts
250(1)
Sample Test Questions
250(1)
Applications and Exercises
251(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
251(1)
PART III Social Inequality
Social Stratification
252(26)
What Is Social Stratification?
254(1)
Caste and Class Systems
255(9)
The Caste System
256(2)
The Class System
258(1)
Ascription and Achievement: The United Kingdom
258(2)
Another Example: Japan
260(1)
Classless Societies? The Former Soviet Union
261(2)
China: Emerging Social Classes
263(1)
Ideology: The Power behind Stratification
263(1)
The Functions of Social Stratification
264(1)
The Davis-Moore Thesis
264(1)
Sociology Work
264(1)
Stratification and Conflict
265(4)
Karl Marx: Class Conflict
265(1)
In the Times ``Love of Leisure, and Europe's Reasons''
266(1)
Why No Marxist Revolution?
267(1)
Max Weber: Class, Status, and Power
268(1)
Stratification and Interaction
269(2)
Stratification and Technology: A Global Perspective
271(1)
Hunting and Gathering Societies
271(1)
Horticultural, Pastoral, and Agrarian Societies
271(1)
Industrial Societies
271(1)
The Kuznets Curve
271(1)
Social Stratification: Facts and Values
272(6)
Making the Grade Key Points
275(1)
Key Concepts
275(1)
Sample Test Questions
276(1)
Applications and Exercises
277(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
277(1)
Social Class in the United States
278(26)
Dimensions of Social Inequality
280(3)
Income
280(1)
Wealth
281(1)
Power
282(1)
Occupational Prestige
282(1)
Sociology Work
282(1)
Schooling
282(1)
U.S. Stratification: Merit and Caste
283(1)
Ancestry
283(1)
Race and Ethnicity
283(1)
Gender
284(1)
Social Classes in the United States
284(4)
The Upper Class
284(2)
The Middle Class
286(1)
The Working Class
287(1)
The Lower Class
287(1)
The Difference Class Makes
288(1)
Health
288(1)
Values and Attitudes
288(1)
Politics
288(1)
Family and Gender
289(1)
Social Mobility
289(5)
Myth versus Reality
290(1)
Mobility by Income Level
290(1)
Mobility: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
290(1)
The American Dream: Still a Reality?
291(1)
The Global Economy and the U.S. Class Structure
292(2)
Poverty in the United States
294(10)
The Extent of U.S. Poverty
294(1)
Who Are the Poor?
294(1)
Explaining Poverty
295(1)
The Working Poor
296(2)
Homelessness
298(2)
In the Times ``Surge in Homeless Families Sets Off Debate on Cause''
300(1)
Making the Grade Key Points
301(1)
Key Concepts
302(1)
Sample Test Questions
302(1)
Applications and Exercises
303(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
303(1)
Global Stratification
304(28)
Global Stratification: An Overview
307(5)
A Word about Terminology
307(1)
High-Income Countries
308(2)
Middle-Income Countries
310(1)
Low-Income Countries
310(2)
Global Wealth and Poverty
312(7)
The Severity of Poverty
313(2)
The Extent of Poverty
315(1)
Poverty and Children
315(1)
In the Times ``U.N. Aims to Cut Poverty in Half as Experts Wonder How to Measure It''
316(1)
Poverty and Women
316(1)
Slavery
317(1)
Explanations of Global Poverty
318(1)
Global Stratification: Theoretical Analysis
319(8)
Modernization Theory
319(3)
Sociology Work
322(1)
Dependency Theory
323(4)
Global Stratification: Looking Ahead
327(5)
Making the Grade Key Points
329(1)
Key Concepts
330(1)
Sample Test Questions
330(1)
Applications and Exercises
331(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
331(1)
Gender Stratification
332(28)
Gender and Inequality
334(5)
Male-Female Differences
334(1)
Gender in Global Perspective
335(1)
Patriarchy and Sexism
336(3)
Gender and Socialization
339(1)
Gender and the Family
339(1)
Gender and the Peer Group
339(1)
Gender and Schooling
339(1)
Gender and the Mass Media
340(1)
Gender and Social Stratification
340(1)
Working Women and Men
340(11)
Sociology Work
340(2)
Housework: Women's ``Second Shift''
342(1)
Gender, Income, and Wealth
342(1)
Sociology Work
343(1)
Gender and Education
344(1)
Gender and Politics
344(1)
Gender and the Military
345(1)
Are Women a Minority?
346(1)
Minority Women: Intersection Theory
346(1)
Violence against Women
347(1)
Violence against Men
347(1)
Sexual Harassment
348(3)
Theoretical Analysis of Gender
351(2)
Structural-Functional Analysis
351(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis
352(1)
Feminism
353(2)
Basic Feminist Ideas
353(1)
Types of Feminism
354(1)
Opposition to Feminism
354(1)
Gender: Looking Ahead
355(5)
In the Times ``Men Are Becoming the Ad Target of the Gender Sneer''
356(1)
Making the Grade Key Points
356(2)
Key Concepts
358(1)
Sample Test Questions
358(1)
Applications and Exercises
359(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
359(1)
Race and Ethnicity
360(32)
The Social Meaning of Race and Ethnicity
362(4)
Race
362(2)
Ethnicity
364(1)
Minorities
365(1)
Prejudice
366(6)
Stereotypes
366(1)
Sociology Work
367(1)
Measuring Prejudice: The Social Distance Scale
368(1)
Racism
369(2)
Theories of Prejudice
371(1)
Discrimination
372(1)
Institutional Prejudice and Discrimination
372(1)
Prejudice and Discrimination: The Vicious Circle
372(1)
Majority and Minority: Patterns of Interaction
372(3)
Pluralism
372(1)
Assimilation
373(1)
Segregation
373(1)
Genocide
374(1)
Race and Ethnicity in the United States
375(13)
Native Americans
375(1)
In the Times ``Around the World in Five Boroughs''
376(1)
White Anglo-Saxon Protestants
376(2)
African Americans
378(2)
Asian Americans
380(3)
Hispanic Americans/Latinos
383(5)
White Ethnic Americans
388(1)
Race and Ethnicity: Looking Ahead
388(4)
Making the Grade Key Points
389(1)
Key Concepts
390(1)
Sample Test Questions
390(1)
Applications and Exercises
391(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
391(1)
Aging and the Elderly
392(24)
The Graying of the United States
394(3)
The Birth Rate: Going Down
394(1)
Life Expectancy: Going Up
394(2)
An Aging Society: Cultural Change
396(1)
The ``Young Old'' and the ``Old Old''
397(1)
Growing Old: Biology and Culture
397(4)
Biological Changes
397(1)
Psychological Changes
398(1)
Aging and Culture
398(1)
Age Stratification: A Global Survey
399(1)
Sociology Work
400(1)
Transitions and Challenges of Aging
401(6)
Finding Meaning
401(1)
Social Isolation
401(1)
In the Times ``Under One Roof, Aging Together Yet Alone''
402(1)
Retirement
402(2)
Sociology Work
404(1)
Aging and Poverty
404(1)
Caregiving
405(1)
Ageism
406(1)
The Elderly: A Minority?
406(1)
Theoretical Analysis of Aging
407(1)
Structural-Functional Analysis: Aging and Disengagement
407(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: Aging and Activity
408(1)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Aging and Inequality
408(1)
Death and Dying
408(4)
Historical Patterns of Death
408(1)
The Modern Separation of Life and Death
409(1)
Ethical Issues: Confronting Death
409(2)
Bereavement
411(1)
Aging: Looking Ahead
412(4)
Making the Grade Key Points
413(1)
Key Concepts
414(1)
Sample Test Questions
414(1)
Applications and Exercises
415(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
415(1)
PART IV Social Institutions
The Economy and Work
416(26)
The Economy: Historical Overview
418(4)
The Agricultural Revolution
418(1)
The Industrial Revolution
419(2)
The Information Revolution and Postindustrial Society
421(1)
Sectors of the Economy
421(1)
The Global Economy
422(1)
Economic Systems: Paths to Justice
422(5)
Capitalism
424(1)
Socialism
424(1)
Welfare Capitalism and State Capitalism
425(1)
Relative Advantages of Capitalism and Socialism
426(1)
Changes in Socialist Countries
427(1)
Work in the Postindustrial Economy
427(6)
The Decline of Agricultural Work
428(1)
From Factory Work to Service Work
428(1)
Sociology Work
428(1)
The Dual Labor Market
428(1)
Labor Unions
428(1)
Professions
429(1)
Self-Employment
430(1)
Unemployment and Underemployment
430(1)
The Underground Economy
431(1)
Workplace Diversity: Race and Gender
431(1)
New Information Technology and Work
432(1)
Sociology Work
433(1)
Corporations
433(4)
Economic Concentration
433(1)
In the Times ``A Drive-Through Lane to the Next Time Zone''
434(1)
Conglomerates and Corporate Linkages
434(1)
Corporations: Are They Competitive?
435(1)
Corporations and the Global Economy
436(1)
The Economy: Looking Ahead
437(5)
Making the Grade Key Points
439(1)
Key Concepts
440(1)
Sample Test Questions
440(1)
Applications and Exercises
441(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
441(1)
Politics and Government
442(26)
Power and Authority
444(1)
Traditional Authority
444(1)
Rational-Legal Authority
445(1)
Charismatic Authority
445(1)
Politics in Global Perspective
445(5)
Monarchy
446(1)
Democracy
446(2)
Authoritarianism
448(1)
Totalitarianism
448(2)
A Global Political System?
450(1)
Politics in the United States
450(5)
U.S. Culture and the Rise of the Welfare State
450(1)
The Political Spectrum
451(2)
Special-Interest Groups
453(1)
Voter Apathy
454(1)
Should Convicted Criminals Vote?
455(1)
Theoretical Analysis of Power in Society
455(2)
The Pluralist Model: The People Rule
455(1)
The Power-Elite Model: A Few People Rule
455(1)
The Marxist Model: The System Is Biased
456(1)
Power Beyond the Rules
457(1)
Revolution
457(1)
Terrorism
457(1)
War and Peace
458(4)
The Causes of War
459(1)
Social Class and the Military
459(1)
Sociology Work
459(1)
Is Terrorism a New Kind of War?
460(1)
The Costs and Causes of Militarism
460(1)
Nuclear Weapons
461(1)
Mass Media and War
461(1)
Pursuing Peace
461(1)
In the Times ``For the Few and the Proud, Concern over the `Few' Part''
462(1)
Politics: Looking Ahead
462(6)
Making the Grade Key Points
465(1)
Key Concepts
466(1)
Sample Test Questions
466(1)
Applications and Exercises
467(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
467(1)
Families
468(28)
Families: Basic Concepts
470(1)
Families: Global Variations
471(2)
Marriage Patterns
471(2)
Residential Patterns
473(1)
Patterns of Descent
473(1)
Patterns of Authority
473(1)
Theoretical Analysis of Families
473(4)
Functions of the Family: Structural-Functional Analysis
474(2)
Inequality and the Family: Social-Conflict and Feminist Analysis
476(1)
Constructing Family Life: Micro-Level Analysis
476(1)
Stages of Family Life
477(3)
Courtship
477(2)
Settling In: Ideal and Real Marriage
479(1)
Child Rearing
479(1)
Sociology Work
480(1)
The Family in Later Life
480(1)
U.S. Families: Class, Race, and Gender
480(5)
Social Class
481(1)
Ethnicity and Race
481(1)
In the Times ``Crisis of Indian Children Intensifies as Families Fail''
482(3)
Gender
485(1)
Transitions and Problems in Family Life
485(3)
Divorce
485(2)
Remarriage
487(1)
Family Violence
487(1)
Alternative Family Forms
488(4)
One-Parent Families
488(1)
Cohabitation
489(1)
Gay and Lesbian Couples
489(2)
Singlehood
491(1)
New Reproductive Technology and the Family
492(1)
Families: Looking Ahead
492(4)
Making the Grade Key Points
493(1)
Key Concepts
494(1)
Sample Test Questions
494(1)
Applications and Exercises
495(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
495(1)
Religion
496(28)
Religion: Basic Concepts
498(1)
Religion and Sociology
499(1)
Theoretical Analysis of Religion
499(2)
Functions of Religion: Structural-Functional Analysis
499(1)
Constructing the Sacred: Symbolic-Interaction Analysis
500(1)
Inequality and Religion: Social-Conflict Analysis
500(1)
Religion and Social Change
501(1)
Max Weber: Protestantism and Capitalism
501(1)
Liberation Theology
502(1)
Types of Religious Organizations
502(3)
Sociology Work
503(1)
Church
503(1)
Sect
504(1)
Cult
504(1)
Religion in History
505(1)
Religion in Preindustrial Societies
505(1)
Religion in Industrial Societies
505(1)
World Religions
506(5)
Christianity
506(1)
Islam
506(2)
Judaism
508(1)
Hinduism
509(1)
Buddhism
509(1)
Confucianism
510(1)
Religion: East and West
511(1)
Religion in the United States
511(2)
Religious Affiliation
511(1)
Religiosity
512(1)
Religion: Class, Ethnicity, and Race
512(1)
Religion in a Changing Society
513(8)
Secularization
513(2)
Civil Religion
515(1)
``New Age'' Seekers: Spirituality without Formal Religion
515(2)
Religious Revival: ``Good Ol'-Time Religion''
517(1)
In the Times ``Give Them Some of That Free-Market Religion''
518(3)
Religion: Looking Ahead
521(3)
Making the Grade Key Points
521(1)
Key Concepts
522(1)
Sample Test Questions
522(1)
Applications and Exercises
523(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
523(1)
Education
524(26)
Education: A Global Survey
526(4)
Schooling and Economic Development
526(1)
Schooling in India
527(1)
Schooling in Japan
527(2)
Schooling in Great Britain
529(1)
Schooling in the United States
529(1)
The Functions of Schooling
530(1)
Socialization
530(1)
Cultural Innovation
530(1)
Social Integration
530(1)
Social Placement
530(1)
Latent Functions of Schooling
530(1)
Schooling and Social Interaction
531(1)
The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
531(1)
Schooling and Social Inequality
532(5)
Social Control
532(1)
Standardized Testing
532(1)
School Tracking
532(1)
Inequality among Schools
533(2)
Access to Higher Education
535(1)
Sociology Work
535(1)
Greater Opportunity: Expanding Higher Education
536(1)
Privilege and Personal Merit
537(1)
Problems in the Schools
537(5)
Discipline and Violence
538(1)
Student Passivity
538(1)
Dropping Out
539(1)
In the Times ``The College Dropout Boom''
540(1)
Academic Standards
540(2)
Grade Inflation
542(1)
Recent Issues in U.S. Education
542(3)
School Choice
542(2)
Home Schooling
544(1)
Schooling People with Disabilities
544(1)
Adult Education
545(1)
The Teacher Shortage
545(1)
Schooling: Looking Ahead
545(5)
Making the Grade Key Points
547(1)
Key Concepts
548(1)
Sample Test Questions
548(1)
Applications and Exercises
549(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
549(1)
Health and Medicine
550(28)
What Is Health?
552(1)
Health and Society
552(1)
Health: A Global Survey
553(1)
Health in History
553(1)
Health in Low-Income Countries
553(1)
Health in High-Income Countries
554(1)
Health in the United States
554(9)
Who Is Healthy? Age, Gender, Class, and Race
554(2)
Cigarette Smoking
556(1)
Eating Disorders
557(1)
Obesity
557(2)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
559(3)
Ethical Issues surrounding Death
562(1)
The Medical Establishment
563(7)
The Rise of Scientific Medicine
563(1)
In the Times ``Between Faith and Medicine, How Clear a Line?''
564(1)
Holistic Medicine
564(1)
Paying for Medical Care: A Global Survey
565(3)
Paying for Medical Care: The United States
568(1)
The Nursing Shortage
569(1)
Sociology Work
570(1)
Theoretical Analysis of Health and Medicine
570(3)
Structural-Functional Analysis: Role Theory
570(1)
Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: The Meaning of Health
570(2)
Social-Conflict Analysis: Health and Inequality
572(1)
Health and Medicine: Looking Ahead
573(5)
Making the Grade Key Points
575(1)
Key Concepts
576(1)
Sample Test Questions
576(1)
Applications and Exercises
577(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
577(1)
PART V Social Change
Population, Urbanization, and Environment
578(32)
Demography: The Study of Population
580(5)
Fertility
580(1)
Mortality
581(1)
Migration
582(1)
Population Growth
582(1)
Population Composition
583(2)
History and Theory of Population Growth
585(3)
Malthusian Theory
585(1)
Demographic Transition Theory
586(1)
Global Population Today: A Brief Survey
587(1)
Urbanization: The Growth of Cities
588(5)
The Evolution of Cities
589(1)
The Growth of U.S. Cities
590(1)
Suburbs and Urban Decline
591(1)
Postindustrial Sunbelt Cities
591(1)
Megalopolis: The Regional City
592(1)
Edge Cities
592(1)
The Rural Rebound
592(1)
Urbanism as a Way of Life
593(3)
Ferdinand Tonnies: Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
593(1)
Emile Durkheim: Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
593(1)
Georg Simmel: The Blase Urbanite
594(1)
The Chicago School: Robert Park and Louis Wirth
594(1)
Sociology Work
594(1)
Urban Ecology
594(2)
Urban Political Economy
596(1)
Urbanization in Poor Nations
596(1)
Environment and Society
597(8)
The Global Dimension
597(1)
Technology and the Environmental Deficit
597(1)
Culture: Growth and Limits
598(1)
Solid Waste: The Disposable Society
599(1)
Water and Air
600(2)
In the Times ``Glasses, Scalpels, Bikes: Turning Waste into Help''
602(1)
The Rain Forests
603(2)
Environmental Racism
605(1)
Looking Ahead: Toward a Sustainable Society and World
605(5)
Making the Grade Key Points
607(1)
Key Concepts
608(1)
Sample Test Questions
608(1)
Applications and Exercises
609(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
609(1)
Collective Behavior and Social Movements
610(26)
Studying Collective Behavior
612(1)
Localized Collectivities: Crowds
613(3)
Mobs and Riots
614(1)
Crowds, Mobs, and Social Change
614(1)
Explaining Crowd Behavior
615(1)
Dispersed Collectivities: Mass Behavior
616(5)
Rumor and Gossip
616(2)
Public Opinion and Propaganda
618(1)
Fashions and Fads
618(1)
Panic and Mass Hysteria
619(1)
Disasters
619(2)
Social Movements
621(10)
In the Times ``Hurricane Katrina: A Tale of Two Families''
622(1)
Types of Social Movements
622(2)
Claims Making
624(1)
Explaining Social Movements
624(5)
Gender and Social Movements
629(1)
Stages in Social Movements
629(2)
Social Movements and Social Change
631(1)
Sociology Work
631(1)
Social Movements: Looking Ahead
631(5)
Making the Grade Key Points
633(1)
Key Concepts
634(1)
Sample Test Questions
634(1)
Applications and Exercises
635(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
635(1)
Social Change: Traditional, Modern, and Postmodern Societies
636(26)
What Is Social Change?
639(1)
Causes of Social Change
639(2)
Culture and Change
640(1)
Conflict and Change
640(1)
Ideas and Change
640(1)
Demographic Change
640(1)
Modernity
641(5)
Four Dimensions of Modernization
641(1)
Ferdinand Tonnies: The Loss of Community
642(1)
Emile Durkheim: The Division of Labor
643(1)
Sociology Work
643(1)
Max Weber: Rationalization
644(1)
Karl Marx: Capitalism
645(1)
Theoretical Analysis of Modernity
646(8)
Structural-Functional Theory: Modernity as Mass Society
646(2)
Social-Conflict Theory: Modernity as Class Society
648(1)
Modernity and the Individual
649(2)
Modernity and Progress
651(1)
Modernity: Global Variation
652(2)
In the Times ``Modernity Tips Balance in a Remote Corner of Kashmir''
654(1)
Postmodernity
654(2)
Looking Ahead: Modernization and Our Global Future
656(6)
Making the Grade Key Points
659(1)
Key Concepts
660(1)
Sample Test Questions
660(1)
Applications and Exercises
661(1)
Investigate with Research Navigator
661(1)
Glossary 662(7)
References 669(24)
Photo Credits 693(2)
Name Index 695(4)
Subject Index 699


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