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Sociology: A Brief Introduction, with PowerWeb and Contexts Magazine,9780073053127
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Sociology: A Brief Introduction, with PowerWeb and Contexts Magazine

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780073053127

ISBN10:
0073053120
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
12/23/2004
Publisher(s):
McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
List Price: $96.25
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Summary

Like its predecessors, the sixth edition of this concise text reflects Rick Schaefer's mission to bring readers a comprehensive, up-to-date presentation that teaches them how to think critically about society and their own lives from a wide range of classical and contemporary perspectives. Combining balanced coverage of theory with current research findings, distinctive social policy sections, examples and issues of interest to students, and abundant learning aids and exercises, this text will help students develop a sociological imagination. A complimentary copy of Contexts: Understanding People in Their Social Worlds, the American Sociological Association's groundbreaking magazine, is packaged with every new copy of the sixth edition."In the aftermath of September 11, 2001, sociology has been called on to explain the social consequences of the attacks.... The introductory sociology class provides the ideal laboratory in which to study our own society and those of our global neighbors. Sociology can help students to better understand the workings of their own lives as well as of their society and other cultures."-- Richard T. Schaefer

Table of Contents

List of Chapter Opening Excerpts

List of Boxed Features and Photo Essays

List of Social Policy Sections

List of Maps and Summing Up Tables

Preface

Sixth Edition Walk-through

1 UNDERSTANDING SOCIOLOGY

WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY?

The Sociological Imagination
Sociology and the Social Sciences
Sociology and Common Sense

WHAT IS SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY?

THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIOLOGY

Early Thinkers
mile Durkheim
Max Weber
Karl Marx
Modern Developments

MAJOR THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES

Functionalist Perspective
Conflict Perspective
Interactionist Perspective
The Sociological Approach
Research in Action: Looking at Sports from Three Theoretical Perspectives

DEVELOPING A SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION

Theory in Practice
Research in Action
The Significance of Social Inequality
Speaking across Race, Gender, and National Boundaries
Sociology in the Global Community: Women in Public Places Worldwide
Social Policy throughout the World

2 SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH

WHAT IS THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD?

Defining the Problem
Reviewing the Literature
Formulating the Hypothesis
Collecting and Analyzing the Data
Developing the Conclusion
In Summary: The Scientific Method

MAJOR RESEARCH DESIGNS

Surveys
Research in Action: Polling in Baghdad
Observation
Experiments
Use of Existing Sources
Sociology on Campus: Does Hard Work Lead to Better Grades?

ETHICS OF RESEARCH

Confidentiality
Research Funding vValue Neutrality

TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH vTaking Sociology to Work: Dave Eberbach, Research Coordinator, United Way of Central Iowa

SOCIAL POLICY AND SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH: Studying Human Sexuality

3 CULTURE

CULTURE AND SOCIETY

DEVELOPMENT OF CULTURE AROUND THE WORLD

Cultural Universals
Innovation
Globalization, Diffusion, and Technology
Sociology in the Global Community: Life in the Global Village
Sociobiology

ELEMENTS OF CULTURE

Language
Norms
Sanctions
Values
Sociology on Campus: A Culture of Cheating?

CULTURE AND THE DOMINANT IDEOLOGY

CULTURAL VARIATION

Aspects of Cultural Variation
Attitudes toward Cultural Variation

SOCIAL POLICY AND CULTURE: Bilingualism

4 SOCIALIZATION

THE ROLE OF SOCIALIZATION

Social Environment: The Impact of Isolation
The Influence of Heredity

THE SELF AND SOCIALIZATION

Sociological Approaches to the Self
Psychological Approaches to the Self
Sociology on Campus: Impression Management by Students

SOCIALIZATION AND THE LIFE COURSE

The Life Course
Anticipatory Socialization and Resocialization

AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION

Family
Sociology in the Global Community: Raising Amish Children
School
Peer Group
Mass Media and Technology
Workplace
The State

SOCIAL POLICY AND SOCIALIZATION: Child Care around the World

5 SOCIAL INTERACTION AND SOCIAL STRUCTURE

SOCIAL INTERACTION AND REALITY

Defining and Reconstructing Reality
Negotiated Order

ELEMENTS OF SOCIAL STRUCTURE

Statuses
Social Inequality: Disability as a Master Status
Social Roles
Groups
Social Networks and Technology
Research in Action: Social Networks among Low-Income Women
Social Institutions

SOCIAL STRUCTURE IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE

Durkheims Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
Tnniess Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
Lenskis Sociocultural Evolution Approach

SOCIAL POLICY AND SOCIAL STRUCTURE: The AIDS Crisis

6 GROUPS AND ORGANIZATIONS

UNDERSTANDING GROUPS

Types of Groups
Research in Action: Pizza Delivery Employees as a Secondary Group
Studying Small Groups

UNDERSTANDING ORGANIZATIONS

Formal Organizations and Bureaucracies
Characteristics of a Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy and Organizational Culture
Sociology in the Global Community: Amway, the Chinese Way
Voluntary Associations

THE CHANGING WORKPLACE

Case Study: Bureaucracy and the Space Shuttle Columbia
Organizational Restructuring
Telecommuting
Electronic Communication

SOCIAL POLICY AND ORGANIZATIONS: The State of the Unions

7 THE MASS MEDIA

SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES OF THE MEDIA

Functionalist View
Conflict View
Social Inequality: The Color of Network TV
Feminist View
Interactionist View

THE AUDIENCE

Who Is in the Audience?
The Segmented Audience
Audience Behavior

THE MEDIA INDUSTRY

Media Concentration
The Medias Global Reach
Sociology in the Global Community: Al Jazeera Is on the Air

SOCIAL POLICY AND THE MASS MEDIA: Media Violence

8 DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL

SOCIAL CONTROL

Conformity and Obedience
Informal and Formal Social Control
Sociology on Campus: Binge Drinking
Law and Society

DEVIANCE

What Is Deviance?
Explaining Deviance
Social Inequality: Discretionary Justice

CRIME

Types of Crime
Taking Sociology to Work: Tiffany Zapata-Mancilla, Victim Witness Specialist, Cook County States Attorneys Office
Crime Statistics

SOCIAL POLICY AND SOCIAL CONTROL: Gun Control

9 STRATIFICATION IN THE UNITED STATES AND WORLDWIDE

UNDERSTANDING STRATIFICATION

Systems of Stratification
Sociology in the Global Community: Under Pressure: The
Caste System in India
Perspectives on Stratification
Is Stratification Universal?

STRATIFICATION BY SOCIAL CLASS

Measuring Social Class
Wealth and Income
Poverty
Research in Action: When Jobs Disappear
Life Chances

SOCIAL MOBILITY

Open versus Closed Stratification Systems
Types of Social Mobility
Social Mobility in the United States

STRATIFICATION IN THE WORLD SYSTEM

The Legacy of Colonialism
Multinational Corporations
Modernization

STRATIFICATION WITHIN NATIONS: A COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE

Case Study: Stratification in Mexico

SOCIAL POLICY AND STRATIFICATION: Rethinking Welfare in North America and Europe

10 RACIAL AND ETHNIC INEQUALITY

MINORITY, RACIAL, AND ETHNIC GROUPS

Minority Groups
Race
Ethnicity
Research in Action: Prejudice against Arab American and Muslim Americans

PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION

Prejudice
Discriminatory Behavior
The Privileges of the Dominant
Institutional Discrimination

STUDYING RACE AND ETHNICITY

Functionalist Perspective
Conflict Perspective
Taking Sociology to Work: Prudence Hannis, Researcher and Community Activist, Quebec Native Women
Interactionist Perspective

PATTERNS OF INTERGROUP RELATIONS

Amalgamation
Assimilation
Segregation
Pluralism

RACE AND ETHNICITY IN THE UNITED STATES

Racial Groups
Ethnic Groups
Social Inequality: The Latino Middle Class

SOCIAL POLICY AND RACE AND ETHNICITY: Global Immigration

11 STRATIFICATION BY GENDER AND AGE

SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF GENDER

Gender Roles in the United States
Cross-Cultural Perspective

EXPLAINING STRATIFICATION BY GENDER

The Functionalist View
The Conflict Response
The Feminist Perspective
The Interactionist Approach

WOMEN: THE OPPRESSED MAJORITY

Sexism and Sex Discrimination
Research in Action: Communication Differences between Male and Female Physicians
Sexual Harassment
The Status of Women Worldwide
Women in the Workforce of the United States
Women: Emergence of a Collective Consciousness

AGING AND SOCIETY

EXPLAINING THE AGING PROCESS

Sociology in the Global Community: Aging Worldwide: Issues and Consequences
Functionalist Approach: Disengagement Theory
Interactionist Approach: Activity Theory
The Conflict Approach

AGE STRATIFICATION IN THE UNITED STATES

The Graying of America
Wealth and Income
Ageism
Competition in the Labor Force
The Elderly: Emergence of a Collective Consciousness

SOCIAL POLICY AND GENDER STRATIFICATION: The Battle over Abortion from a Global Perspective

12 THE FAMILY AND INTIMATE RELATIONSHIPS

GLOBAL VIEW OF THE FAMILY

Composition: What Is the Family?
Kinship Patterns: To Whom Are We Related?
Authority Patterns: Who Rules?

STUDYING THE FAMILY

Functionalist View
Conflict View
Sociology in the Global Community: Domestic Violence
Interactionist View
Feminist View

MARRIAGE AND FAMILY

Courtship and Mate Selection
Variations in Family Life and Intimate Relationships
Child-Rearing Patterns in Family Life

DIVORCE

Statistical Trends in Divorce
Factors Associated with Divorce
Impact of Divorce on Children
Research in Action: The Lingering Impact of Divorce

DIVERSE LIFESTYLES

Cohabitation
Remaining Single
Lesbian and Gay Relationships
Marriage without Children

SOCIAL POLICY AND THE FAMILY: Gay Marriage

13 RELIGION AND EDUCATION

DURKHEIM AND THE SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACH TO RELIGION WORLD RELIGIONS

THE ROLE OF RELIGION

The Integrative Function of Religion
Religion and Social Support
Religion and Social Change
Religion and Social Control: A Conflict View
Social Inequality: The Stained Glass Ceiling

RELIGIOUS BEHAVIOR

Belief
Ritual
Experience

RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATION

Ecclesiae
Denominations
Sects
New Religious Movements or Cults
Comparing Forms of Religious Organization
Case Study: Religion in India

SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON EDUCATION

Functionalist View
Conflict View
Sociology on Campus: The Debate over Title IX
Interactionist View

SCHOOLS AS FORMAL ORGANIZATIONS

Bureaucratization of Schools
Teachers: Employees and Instructors
Student Subcultures
Homeschooling

SOCIAL POLICY AND RELIGION: Religion in the Schools

14 GOVERNMENT, THE ECONOMY, AND THE ENVIRONMENT

ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

Capitalism
Socialism
The Informal Economy
Case Study: Capitalism in China

POWER AND AUTHORITY

Power
Types of Authority

POLITICAL BEHAVIOR IN THE UNITED STATES

Participation and Apathy
Research in Action: Why Dont Young People Vote?
Women in Politics

MODELS OF POWER STRUCTURE IN THE UNITED STATES

Power Elite Models
Pluralist Model

WAR AND PEACE

War
Peace
Taking Sociology to Work: Richard J. Hawk: Vice President and Financial Consultant, Smith Barney
Terrorism

THE CHANGING ECONOMY

The Face of the Workforce
Deindustrialization
Sociology in the Global Community: Offshoring Service Jobs
E-Commerce
The Contingency Workforce

THE ENVIRONMENT

Environmental Problems: An Overview
Functionalism and Human Ecology
Conflict View of Environmental Issues
Environmental Justice

SOCIAL POLICY AND THE ECONOMY: Affirmative Action

15 POPULATION, COMMUNITIES, AND HEALTH

DEMOGRAPHY: THE STUDY OF POPULATION

Malthuss Thesis and Marxs Response
Studying Population Today
Taking Sociology to Work: Kelsie Lenor Wilson-Dorsett, Deputy Director, Department of Statistics, Government of Bahamas
Elements of Demography

WORLD POPULATION PATTERNS

Demographic Transition
The Population Explosion
Sociology in the Global Community: Population Policy in China

FERTILITY PATTERNS IN THE UNITED STATES

The Baby Boom
Stable Population Growth

HOW DID COMMUNITIES ORIGINATE?

Early Communities
Preindustrial Cities
Industrial and Postindustrial Cities

URBANIZATION

Functionalist View: Urban Ecology
Conflict View: New Urban Sociology

TYPES OF COMMUNITIES

Central Cities
Suburbs
Rural Communities
Research in Action: Store Wars

SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON HEALTH AND ILLNESS

Functionalist Approach
Conflict Approach
Interactionist Approach
Labeling Approach

SOCIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY AND HEALTH

Social Class
Race and Ethnicity
Gender
Age

SOCIAL POLICY AND POPULATION: Financing Health Care Worldwide

16 SOCIAL MOVEMENTS, SOCIAL CHANGE, AND TECHNOLOGY

SOCIAL MOVEMENTS

Relative Deprivation
Resource Mobilization
Sociology on Campus: Antiwar Protests
Gender and Social Movements
New Social Movements

THEORIES OF SOCIAL CHANGE

Evolutionary Theory
Functionalist Theory
Conflict Theory
Global Social Change

RESISTANCE TO SOCIAL CHANGE

Economic and Cultural Factors
Resistance to Technology

TECHNOLOGY AND THE FUTURE

Computer Technology
Biotechnology
Research in Action: The Human Genome Project

TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY

Culture and Social Interaction
Stratification and Inequality
Social Control

SOCIAL POLICY AND TECHNOLOGY: Privacy and Censorship in a Global Village

Glossary

References

Acknowledgments

Photo Credits

Index



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