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 Sociology: The Core,9780073528120

Sociology: The Core

by
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780073528120

ISBN10:
0073528129
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
5/17/2010 10:09:00 AM
Publisher(s):
McGraw Hill
List Price: $54.12
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Summary

Highly respected for its quality scholarship and its focused, straightforward approach,Sociology: The Corecovers the core sociological concepts with a brief, accessible presentation and at a very affordable price. As in previous editions, the functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives are applied throughout the book, allowing students to develop a solid understanding of the major sociological perspectives and their applications to the topics covered. Completely updated,Sociology: The Coremakes sociology come alive as a vital and exciting field, relates principles to real-world circumstances, and attunes students to the dynamic processes of our rapidly changing contemporary society.

Table of Contents

List of Boxes
xvii
Preface xxi
Acknowledgments xxvii
Visual Preview xxviii
Developing a Sociological Consciousness
2(40)
The Sociological Perspective
5(4)
New Levels of Reality
5(2)
The Sociological Imagination
7(1)
Microsociology and Macrosociology
8(1)
The Development of Sociology
9(9)
Auguste Comte: The Founder of Sociology
9(1)
Harriet Martineau: Feminist and Methodologist
9(1)
Herbert Spencer and Social Darwinism
10(1)
Karl Marx: The Role of Class Conflict
11(1)
Emile Durkheim: Social Integration and Social Facts
12(1)
Max Weber: Subjectivity and Social Organization
13(1)
American Sociology
14(2)
Contemporary Sociology
16(2)
Theoretical Perspectives
18(7)
The Functionalist Perspective
19(1)
The Conflict Perspective
20(2)
The Interactionist Perspective
22(2)
Using the Three Perspectives
24(1)
Conducting Research
25(17)
The Logic of Science
25(1)
How Do Sociologists Collect Data?
26(5)
Steps in the Scientific Method: A Close-up Look
31(4)
Research Ethics
35(1)
The Chapter in Brief: Developing a Sociological Consciousness
36(2)
Glossary
38(2)
Review Questions
40(1)
Internet Connection
40(2)
Culture and Social Structure
42(26)
Components of Culture
44(7)
Norms
45(1)
Values
46(1)
Symbols and Language
47(4)
Cultural Unity and Diversity
51(6)
Cultural Universals
51(1)
Cultural Integration
52(1)
Ethnocentrism
52(1)
Cultural Relativism
53(1)
Subcultures and Countercultures
53(4)
Social Structure
57(11)
Statuses
57(1)
Roles
58(2)
Groups
60(1)
Institutions
61(1)
Societies
62(1)
The Chapter in Brief: Culture and Social Structure
63(2)
Glossary
65(1)
Review Questions
66(1)
Internet Connection
67(1)
Socialization
68(32)
Foundations for Socialization
70(11)
Nature and Nurture
70(2)
Theories of Socialization
72(2)
Agents of Socialization
74(3)
Social Communication
77(2)
Definition of the Situation
79(2)
The Self and Socialization
81(5)
Charles Horton Cooley: The Looking-Glass Self
82(2)
George Herbert Mead: The Generalized Other
84(1)
Erving Goffman: Impression Management
85(1)
Socialization across the Life Course
86(14)
Childhood
87(1)
Adolescence
88(2)
Young Adulthood
90(1)
Middle Adulthood
91(1)
Later Adulthood
92(2)
Death
94(1)
The Chapter in Brief: Socialization
95(2)
Glossary
97(2)
Review Questions
99(1)
Internet Connection
99(1)
Social Groups and Formal Organizations
100(32)
Group Relationships
102(4)
Primary Groups and Secondary Groups
102(2)
In-Groups and Out-Groups
104(1)
Reference Groups
105(1)
Group Dynamics
106(7)
Group Size
106(2)
Leadership
108(1)
Social Loafing
109(1)
Social Dilemmas
109(1)
Groupthink
110(2)
Conformity
112(1)
Formal Organizations
113(19)
Types of Formal Organization
113(2)
Bureaucracy: A Functional Approach to Organizations
115(2)
Characteristics of Bureaucracies
117(1)
Problems of Bureaucracy
118(4)
Conflict and Interactionist Perspectives
122(3)
Humanizing Bureaucracies
125(3)
The Chapter in Brief: Social Groups and Formal Organizations
128(1)
Glossary
129(2)
Review Questions
131(1)
Internet Connection
131(1)
Deviance and Crime
132(42)
The Nature of Deviance
134(7)
Social Properties of Deviance
134(5)
Social Control and Deviance
139(2)
Theories of Deviance
141(12)
Anomie Theory
142(2)
Cultural Transmission Theory
144(3)
Conflict Theory
147(2)
Labeling Theory
149(2)
Control Theory
151(2)
Crime and the Criminal Justice System
153(21)
Forms of Crime
154(5)
Measuring Crime
159(1)
Drugs and Crime
160(1)
Race and Crime
161(2)
Women and Crime
163(1)
The Criminal Justice System
164(6)
The Chapter in Brief: Deviance and Crime
170(2)
Glossary
172(1)
Review Questions
173(1)
Internet Connection
173(1)
Social Stratification
174(36)
Patterns of Social Stratification
176(4)
Open and Closed Systems
176(1)
Dimensions of Stratification
177(3)
The American Class System
180(15)
Is There Inequality in American Society?
181(1)
Identifying Social Classes
182(7)
The Significance of Social Classes
189(1)
Poverty in the United States
190(5)
Social Mobility
195(5)
Forms of Social Mobility
196(1)
Social Mobility and Status Attainment
196(3)
What Is Happening to the American Dream?
199(1)
Explanations of Social Stratification
200(10)
The Functionalist Theory of Stratification
200(3)
The Conflict Theory of Stratification
203(2)
A Synthesis of Perspectives
205(1)
The Chapter in Brief: Social Stratification
206(2)
Glossary
208(1)
Review Questions
209(1)
Internet Connection
209(1)
Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity
210(38)
Racial and Ethnic Stratification
212(4)
Races
212(2)
Ethnic Groups
214(1)
Minority Groups
215(1)
Prejudice and Discrimination
216(6)
Prejudice
216(3)
Discrimination
219(1)
Institutional Discrimination
219(3)
Patterns of Intergroup Relations: Assimilation and Pluralism
222(2)
Assimilation
222(1)
Pluralism
223(1)
Racial and Ethnic Groups in the United States
224(14)
Hispanics/Latinos
225(4)
African Americans
229(3)
American Indians and Alaskan Natives
232(2)
Asian Americans
234(3)
White Ethnics
237(1)
Sociological Perspectives on Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity
238(3)
The Functionalist Perspective
238(1)
The Conflict Perspective
239(1)
The Interactionist Perspective
240(1)
The Future of Ethnic and Minority Group Relations
241(7)
Intergroup Relations
241(1)
Ethnicity
242(1)
The Chapter in Brief: Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity
242(3)
Glossary
245(1)
Review Questions
245(1)
Internet Connection
246(2)
Gender Inequality
248(34)
Gender Stratification
250(20)
Sexism and Patriarchy
251(1)
Gender Inequality around the World
252(2)
Gender Inequality in the United States
254(16)
Sources of Gender Differences
270(5)
Gender and Biology
270(1)
Gender and Culture
271(3)
Gender Identities
274(1)
Sociological Perspectives on Gender Stratification
275(7)
The Functionalist Perspective
276(1)
The Conflict Perspective
276(1)
The Interactionist Perspective
277(1)
The Feminist Perspective
277(1)
The Chapter in Brief: Gender Inequality
278(1)
Glossary
279(1)
Review Questions
280(1)
Internet Connection
280(2)
Political and Economic Power
282(34)
Power, Authority, and the State
284(4)
The State
284(1)
Sociological Perspectives on the State
285(2)
Legitimacy and Authority
287(1)
Political Power
288(11)
Types of Government
289(2)
Political Power in the United States
291(6)
Models of Power in the United States
297(2)
Economic Power
299(3)
Comparative Economic Systems
299(3)
The Power of Corporations
302(6)
The Power of National Corporations
302(2)
The Power of Multinational Corporations in the Global Economy
304(2)
The Control of Corporations
306(2)
The Sociology of Work
308(8)
Changes in the Work Experience
308(2)
The Significance of Work
310(1)
Satisfaction and Alienation in Work
310(2)
The Chapter in Brief: Political and Economic Power
312(2)
Glossary
314(1)
Review Questions
315(1)
Internet Connection
315(1)
The Family
316(36)
Structure of the Family: A Global View
319(5)
Forms of the Family
319(2)
Forms of Marriage
321(2)
Patterns of Courtship
323(1)
Marriage and the Family in the United States
324(15)
Life within Marriage
325(2)
Parenthood
327(1)
Two-Income Families
328(4)
Beyond the Traditional Nuclear Family
332(7)
Challenges for American Families and American Society
339(7)
Family Violence, Child Abuse, and Incest
339(2)
Child Care
341(2)
Divorce
343(2)
Care for the Elderly
345(1)
Sociological Perspectives on the Family
346(6)
The Functionalist Perspective
346(1)
The Conflict Perspective
347(1)
The Interactionist Perspective
347(1)
The Chapter in Brief: The Family
348(2)
Glossary
350(1)
Review Questions
351(1)
Internet Connection
351(1)
Religion, Education, and Medicine
352(42)
Religion
353(14)
What Is Religion?
354(1)
A Global View: Varieties of Religious Behavior
354(2)
Religious Organizations
356(2)
Religion and Secular Change: The Protestant Ethic
358(2)
Adapting Tradition: Religion in Contemporary Life
360(2)
Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism
362(1)
State-Church Issues
363(1)
The Functionalist Perspective
364(2)
The Conflict Perspective
366(1)
Education
367(10)
The Bureaucratic Structure of Schools
367(1)
The Effectiveness of Schools
368(2)
Alternatives to Traditional Public Schools
370(1)
The Availability of Higher Education
371(1)
The Functionalist Perspective
372(1)
The Conflict Perspective
373(2)
The Interactionist Perspective
375(2)
Medicine
377(17)
The U.S. Health Care Delivery System
377(3)
Rising Health Care Costs: Is Managed Care the Answer?
380(2)
Alternatives to the U.S. Health Care System: A Global Perspective
382(1)
The Functionalist Perspective
383(3)
The Conflict Perspective
386(1)
The Interactionist Perspective
387(1)
The Chapter in Brief: Religion, Education, and Medicine
388(2)
Glossary
390(2)
Review Questions
392(1)
Internet Connection
392(2)
Population and Environment
394(34)
Population
396(14)
Elements in Population Change
396(4)
Population Composition
400(4)
Malthus and Marx: Two Views of Population Growth
404(2)
Demographic Transition
406(1)
Population Policies
407(3)
The Urban Environment
410(7)
The Origin and Evolution of Cities
410(3)
Patterns of City Growth
413(1)
Ecological Processes: Segregation and Gentrification
414(1)
Urban Crisis: Cities in Decline
415(2)
Sprawling Urban Growth: The Rise of ``Edge'' Cities
417(1)
The Ecological Environment
417(11)
Human-Environment Interactions: A Closer Look
418(1)
The Functionalist Perspective
419(1)
The Conflict Perspective
420(1)
The Interactionist Perspective
420(1)
The New Millennium
421(2)
The Chapter in Brief: Population and Environment
423(2)
Glossary
425(1)
Review Questions
426(1)
Internet Connection
427(1)
Social Change
428
A World of Change
430(12)
Sources of Social Change
430(3)
Perspectives on Social Change
433(3)
Social Change in the United States
436(4)
Social Change in Developing Nations
440(2)
Collective Behavior
442(5)
Varieties of Collective Behavior
442(2)
Preconditions for Collective Behavior
444(2)
Explanations of Crowd Behavior
446(1)
Social Movements
447(6)
Causes of Social Movements
448(2)
Types of Social Movements
450(1)
Social Revolution
450(1)
Terrorism
451(2)
Looking to the Future
453
The Chapter in Brief: Social Change
456(1)
Glossary
457(2)
Review Questions
459(1)
Internet Connection
459
references 1(1)
photo credits 1(1)
name index 1(16)
subject index 17


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