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The Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness,9780130999283
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The Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness

by ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780130999283

ISBN10:
0130999288
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 3rd edition with a publication date of 1/1/2000.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

Designed to reflect important changes in health care and significant advancements in medical sociology, this student-friendly text provides a readable, interesting, and in-depth overview of the field. It offers solid coverage of traditional topics with a keen focus on the current issues and public policy debates affecting this dynamic area of study. Coverage examines issues such as giving clean needles to drug users; gender-based and sexual harassment of female physicians; legalizing medical marijuana; the dumping of patients by hospitals; medicine and the Internet; the profession of medicine; socialization of physicians; illness behavior; AIDS and Alzheimer's disease; social stress; health behaviors; alternative healers and alternative healing practices; the physician-patient relationship; the history of medicine; the role of technology in health care; changes in the health care system; health care financing; for-profit medicine; managed care programs; doctor-assisted suicide; organ donation policy; surrogate motherhood; physician truth-telling and confidentiality; the obligation to treat AIDS patients; recruiting physicians to underserved areas; the responsibility of parents for health care for their children; and the responsibility of employers for employee-related stress. For those interested in or practicing medicine, nursing, pharmacology, public health, and ancillary health.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
PART I PERSPECTIVES ON THE SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH, HEALING, AND ILLNESS 1(34)
CHAPTER ONE A Brief Introduction to the Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness
1(12)
Definition of Medical Sociology
1(1)
Historical Development of Medical Sociology
2(2)
Major Topics of Analysis in Medical Sociology
4(2)
Sociology's Contribution to Health, Healing, and Illness
6(3)
The Role of the Medical Sociologist in the Twenty-First Century
9(1)
Summary
10(1)
Health on the Internet
10(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
11(1)
Discussion Question
11(1)
References
11(2)
CHAPTER TWO The Development of Scientific Medicine
13(22)
A Brief History of Medicine
14(1)
Early Humans
14(1)
The Egyptian Civilization
15(1)
Greek and Roman Societies
15(3)
Roman Medicine
18(1)
The Medieval Era
19(1)
Medicine in the Renaissance
20(1)
Medicine from 1600 to 1900
21(3)
The Ascendancy of Medical Authority in America
24(6)
Perspectives on the Ascendancy of Medical Authority
30(2)
Summary
32(1)
Health on the Internet
32(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
33(1)
Discussion Question
33(1)
References
33(2)
PART II THE INFLUENCE OF THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT ON HEALTH AND ILLNESS 35(71)
CHAPTER THREE Social Epidemiology
35(23)
The Work of the Epidemiologist
35(2)
The Epidemiological Transition
37(2)
Life Expectancy and Mortality
39(6)
Infant Mortality
45(2)
Maternal Mortality
47(1)
Morbidity
48(5)
Disability
53(1)
Summary
54(1)
Health on the Internet
55(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
55(1)
Discussion Cases
55(1)
References
56(2)
CHAPTER FOUR Disease and Illness in American Society
58(25)
Cardiovascular Diseases
61(4)
Cancer
65(7)
HIV/AIDS
72(3)
Alzheimer's Disease
75(1)
Mental Illness
76(3)
Summary
79(1)
Health on the Internet
79(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
80(1)
Discussion Case
80(1)
References
81(2)
CHAPTER FIVE Social Stress
83(23)
Definition of Stress
83(1)
Historical Development of the Stress Concept
83(1)
A Model of Social Stress
84(1)
Stressors
85(6)
Appraisal of Stressors
91(1)
Mediators of Stress: Coping and Social Support
92(3)
Stress Outcomes
95(2)
The Role of Social Class, Race, and Gender in Social Stress
97(4)
Summary
101(1)
Health on the Internet
102(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
102(1)
Discussion Cases
102(1)
References
103(3)
PART III HEALTH AND ILLNESS BEHAVIOR 106(44)
CHAPTER SIX Health Behavior
106(20)
The Concept of Health
106(2)
Health Behavior
108(1)
Describing Individual Health Behaviors
109(4)
Explaining Health Behavior
113(8)
Summary
121(1)
Health on the Internet
122(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
122(1)
Discussion Cases
122(1)
References
123(3)
CHAPTER SEVEN Illness and Sick Role Behavior
126(24)
Stages of Illness Experience
126(1)
Stage 1: Symptom Experience
126(3)
Stage 2: Assumption of the Sick Role; Illness as Deviance
129(5)
Stage 3: Medical Care Contact/Self-Care
134(8)
Stage 4: Dependent-Patient Role and Stage 5: Recovery and Rehabilitation
142(3)
Summary
145(1)
Health on the Internet
146(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
146(1)
Discussion Question
146(1)
References
147(3)
PART IV HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS WITH PATIENTS 150(139)
CHAPTER EIGHT Physicians and the Profession of Medicine
150(25)
The Profession of Medicine
150(4)
Professional Medical Associations
154(1)
The Social Control of Medicine
155(6)
The Number, Composition, and Distribution of Physicians in the United States
161(3)
Female Physicians
164(4)
Physician Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction
168(1)
Physician Impairment: Stresses and Strains of the Physician Role
169(1)
Summary
170(1)
Health on the Internet
171(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
171(1)
Discussion Case
171(1)
References
172(3)
CHAPTER NINE Medical Education and the Socialization of Physicians
175(21)
The History of Medical Education
175(2)
Modern Medical Education
177(6)
The Premed Experience
183(1)
The Medical School Experience: Attitude and Value Acquisition
183(3)
The Medical School Experience: Stress
186(2)
The Medical School Experience: Career Choices
188(2)
Future Directions in U.S. Medical Education
190(1)
Summary
191(1)
Health on the Internet
192(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
192(1)
Discussion Case
192(1)
References
193(3)
CHAPTER TEN Nurses, Mid-Level Health Care Practitioners, and Allied Health Workers
196(23)
Evolution of Nonphysician Health Care Practitioners
196(3)
Nurses and the Field of Nursing
199(6)
Mid-Level Health Care Practitioners
205(3)
Allied Health Workers
208(2)
The Health Care Team
210(1)
Relationships among Health Care Workers
211(3)
The Changing Environment among Health Care Workers
214(1)
Summary
215(1)
Health on the Internet
216(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
216(1)
Discussion Question
216(1)
References
217(2)
CHAPTER ELEVEN Alternative Healers and Alternative Healing Practices
219(27)
Scientific Medicine and Alternative Healing
219(1)
Alternative Healers
220(4)
Chiropractic
224(5)
Acupuncture
229(3)
Spiritual Healing and Christian Science
232(4)
Ethnic Folk Healing
236(5)
Summary
241(1)
Health on the Internet
242(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
242(1)
Discussion Case
242(1)
References
243(3)
CHAPTER TWELVE The Physician-Patient Relationship: Background and Models
246(25)
Models of the Physician-Patient Relationship
246(2)
Key Dimensions of the Physician-Patient Relationship
248(8)
The Influence of the Clinical Setting on the Physician-Patient Relationship
256(1)
Labeling Patients: The Influence of Social Class, Race, and Symptomology on the Physician-Patient Relationship
257(1)
The Influence of Gender on the Physician-Patient Relationship
258(4)
Patient Satisfaction with Physicians
262(2)
Patient Compliance with Medical Regimens
264(1)
Summary
265(1)
Health on the Internet
266(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
266(1)
Discussion Cases
266(1)
References
267(4)
CHAPTER THIRTEEN Professional and Ethical Obligations of Physicians in the Physician-Patient Relationship
271(18)
Truth-Telling as an Issue
271(4)
Confidentiality as an Issue
275(4)
Obligation to Treat AIDS Patients
279(6)
Summary
285(1)
Health on the Internet
285(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
285(1)
Discussion Cases
286(1)
References
287(2)
PART V THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM 289(95)
CHAPTER FOURTEEN The Health Care System of the United States
289(25)
Health Care Expenditures
289(3)
Financing Health Care
292(4)
America's Uninsured Population
296(1)
Explaining the High Cost of Health Care
297(5)
Cost Containment: DRGs, Rationing, and Managed Care
302(5)
The Politics of Health Care Reform
307(3)
Summary
310(1)
Health on the Internet
311(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
311(1)
Discussion Cases
311(1)
References
312(2)
CHAPTER FIFTEEN Health Care Delivery
314(23)
The Emergence of Freestanding Ambulatory Care Sites
314(4)
The Flourishing of Managed Care Systems: HMOs and PPOs
318(3)
Emergence of the Modern Hospital
321(12)
The Reemergence of Home Health Care
333(1)
Summary
334(1)
Health on the Internet
334(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
335(1)
Discussion Case
335(1)
References
336(1)
CHAPTER SIXTEEN The Social Implications of Advanced Health Care Technology
337(26)
Health Care Technology
338(4)
The Right to Refuse or Demand Advanced Health Care Technology
342(8)
Organ Donation and Transplantation
350(5)
New Reproductive Technologies
355(4)
Summary
359(1)
Health on the Internet
359(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
360(1)
Discussion Cases
360(1)
References
361(2)
CHAPTER SEVENTEEN Comparative Health Care Systems
363(21)
Major Influences on Health Care Systems
363(2)
Types of Health Care Systems
365(1)
China
366(3)
Russia
369(3)
Canada
372(5)
Great Britain
377(3)
Common Challenges to Health Care Systems Around the World
380(1)
Summary
381(1)
Health on the Internet
381(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
382(1)
Discussion Questions
382(1)
References
382(2)
Photo Credits 384(1)
Name Index 385(12)
Subject Index 397


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