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Sociology Matters

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780072997750

ISBN10:
0072997753
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
3/5/2005
Publisher(s):
MCGRAW HILL

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Summary

Richard Schaefer's "Sociology Matters" is a very concise introduction to the discipline of sociology. Its straightforward style, streamlined design, and highly focused coverage make it the perfect short, affordable, introductory text for instructors who use a variety of materials in their course. "Sociology Matters" helps students understand and connect to the topics it covers by answering the question "How does sociology matter?" "After more than 30 years of teaching sociology to students in colleges, adult education programs, nursing programs, an overseas program based in London, and even a maximum-security prison, I am firmly convinced that the discipline can play a valuable role in teaching critical thinking skills. Sociology can help students to better understand the workings of their own lives as well as of their society and other cultures." " Richard T. Schaefer"

Table of Contents

BRIEF CONTENTS

Chapter 1: The Sociological View

Chapter 2: Culture and Socialization

Chapter 3: Social Structure, Groups, and Organizations

Chapter 4: Deviance and Social Control

Chapter 5: Stratification in the United States and Worldwide

Chapter 6: Inequality by Race, Ethnicity, and Gender

Chapter 7: Inequality of Gender

Chapter 8: Family and Religion

Chapter 9: Education, Government, and the Economy

Chapter 10: Population, Community, Health, and the Environment

Chapter 11: Social Movements, Social Change, and Technology

DETAILED CONTENTS

Preface

Chapter 1: The Sociological View

What Is Sociology?; The Sociological Imagination; Sociology and the Social Sciences; Sociology and Common Sense

What Is Sociological Theory?

The Development of Sociology; Early Thinkers; Émile Durkheim; Max Weber; Karl Marx; Modern Developments:Charles Horton Cooley /Jane Addams / Robert Merton

Major Theoretical Perspectives; Functionalist Perspective: Manifest and Latent Functions; Conflict Perspective: The Marxist View / A Different Voice: W. E. B Du Bois; Interactionist Perspective; Feminist Perspective

What is the Scientific Method?; Defining the Problem; Reviewing the Literature; Formulating the Hypothesis; Collecting and Analyzing Data; Selecting the Sample: Ensuring Validity and Reliability; Developing the Conclusion: Supporting Hypotheses /Controlling the Other Factors /In Summary: The Scientific Method

Major Research Designs; Surveys; Observation; Experiments; Use of Existing Sources

Ethics of Research

Applied and Clinical Sociology

Summary

Chapter 2: Culture and Socialization

Culture and Society

Development of Culture Around the World; Cultural Universals; Innovation; Globalization, Diffusion, and Technology

Elements of Culture; Language; Norms: Types of Norms / Acceptance of Norms; Sanctions; Values

Culture and the Dominant Ideology

Cultural Variation; Subcultures; Countercultures; Culture Shock; Ethnocentrism; Cultural Relativism

The Role of Socialization; Environment: The Impact of Isolation: A Girl Called Isabelle / Heredity: the Impact of Biology

The Self and Socialization; Cooley: Looking-Glass Self; Mead: Stages of the Self; Mead: Theory of the Self; Goffman: Presentation of the Self

Socialization and the Life Course; The Life Course; Anticipatory Socialization and Resocialization

Agents of Socialization; Family; School; Peer Group; Mass Media and Technology; Workplace; The State

Summary

Chapter 3: Social Structure, Groups, and Organizations

Defining and Reconstructing Reality

Elements of Social Structure; Statuses: Ascribed and Achieved Status / Master Status; Social Roles: What Are Social Roles? / Role Conflict/ Role Strain; Groups: Primary and Secondary Groups / In-Groups and Out-Groups / Reference Groups

Social Networks and Technology; Social Institutions

Social Structure in Global Perspective; Tönnies’s Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft; Lenski’s Sociocultural Evolution Approach: Preindustrial Societies / Industrial Societies /Postindustrial and Postmodern Societies

Understanding Organizations; Formal Organizations and Bureaucracies; Characteristics of a Bureaucracy; Bureaucracy and Organizational Culture; Voluntary Associations

Technology Impact on the Workplace

Summary

Chapter 4: Deviance and Social Control

Social Control; Conformity and Obedience; Informal and Formal Social Control; Law and Society

Deviance; What is Deviance? / Deviance and Social Stigma; Explaining Deviance: Functionalist Perspective /Interactionist Perspective / Labeling Theory /Conflict Theory / Feminist Perspective

Crime; Types of Crime: Professional Crime / Organized CrimeWhite-Collar and Technology-Based Crime / Victimless Crime; Crime Statistics:Understanding Crime Statistics /International Crime Rates

Summary

Chapter 5: Stratification in the United States and Worldwide

Understanding Stratification ; Systems of Stratification: Slavery / Castes / Social Classes; Perspectives on Stratification: Karl Marx’s View of Class Differentiation / Max Weber’s View of Stratification; Is Stratification Universal? Functionalist ViewConflict View / Lenski’s Viewpoint

Stratification by Social Class; Measuring Social Class: Objective Method / Multiple Measures; Wealth and Income; Poverty: Studying Poverty / Who Are the Poor? /Explaining Poverty; Life Chances

Social Mobility; Open versus Closed Stratification Systems; Types of Social Mobility; Social Mobility in the United States: Occupational Mobility / The Impact of Education / The Impact of Race /The Impact of Gender

Stratification in the World System; Legacy of Colonialism ; Globalization ; Multinational Corporations: Functionalist View / Conflict View; Modernization

Summary

Chapter 6: Inequality by Race, Ethnicity, and Gender

The Privileges of the Dominant

Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Groups; Minority Groups; Race; Ethnicity

Immigration and New Ethnic Groups

Explaining Inequality by Race and Ethnicity; The Functionalist View; The Conflict Response; The Interactionist Approach

Prejudice and Discrimination; Discriminatory Behavior; Institutional Discrimination; Measuring Discrimination

Summary

Chapter 7: Inequality of Gender

The Social Construction of Gender; Gender-Role Socialization; Women's and Men's Gender Roles; A Cross-Cultural Perspective

Explaining Inequality by Gender; The Functionalist View; The Conflict Response; The Feminist Perpsective; The Interactionist Approach

Women: The Oppressed Majority; Sexism and Sex Discrimination; Sexual Harrassment; The Status of Women Worldwide; Women in the Workforce of the United States; The Social Consequences of Women's Employment

The Double Jeopardy of Minority Women

Summary

Chapter 8: The Family and Religion

Studying Social Institutions; Functionalist View; Conflict View; Interactionist View

The Family: A Global View; Composition: What is the Family?; Kinship Patterns: To Whom Are We Related?; Authority Patterns: Who Rules?

Religion as a Social Institution; The Integrative Function of Religion; Religion and Social Support; Religion and Social Change; Religion and Social Control: A Conflict View

Chapter 9: Education, Government, and the Economy

Education: Schools as Formal Organizations; Bureaucratization of Schools; Teachers: Employees and Instructors; Student Subcultures

Power and Authority; Types of Authority: Traditional Authority /Legal-Rational Authority / Charismatic Authority

Who Rules in the United States?; Power Elite Models: Mill’s Model / Domhoff’s ModelPluralist Model

The Economy: Today and Tomorrow; Economic Systems: Capitalism / Socialism; Economic Change: The Face of the Workforce /Deindustrialization / E-Commerce /The Contingency Workforce

Summary

Chapter 10: Population, Community, Health, and the Environment

Demography: The Study of Population; Malthus’s Thesis and Marx’s Response; Studying Population Today; Elements of Demography

How Did Communities Originate?; Early Communities; Preindustrial Cities; Industrial and Postindustrial Cities

Urbanization and Its Consequences; Functionalist View: Urban Ecology; Conflict View: New Urban Sociology

Health and Illness: Sociological Perspectives; Functionalist Approach; Conflict Approach

The Medicalization of Society ; Inequities in Health Care; Interactionist Approach; Labeling Approach

Social Epidemiology; Social Class; Race and Ethnicity; Gender; Age

The Environment and Our Place in It; Environmental Problems: An Overview: Air Pollution /Water Pollution / Contamination of Land; Human Ecology; A Conflict View of Environmental Issues

Environmental Justice

Summary

Chapter 11: Social Movements, Social Change, and Technology

Social Movements; Relative Deprivation; Resource Mobilization; Gender and Social Movements; New Social Movements

Theories of Social Change; Evolutionary Theory; Functionalist Theory; Conflict Theory; Global Social Change

Resistance to Social Change; Economic and Cultural Factors; Resistance to Technology

Technology and the Future; Computer Technology: Telecommuting / The Internet; Biotechnology: Sex Selection / Genetic Engineering /Bioterrorism; Technological Accidents

Technology and Society; Culture and Social Interaction; Social Control; Stratification and Inequality

Summary

Glossary

References

Credits

Index



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