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Sociology of Mental Illness, A,9780134596372

Sociology of Mental Illness, A

by ; ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780134596372

ISBN10:
0134596374
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2004
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div
List Price: $43.33

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This is the 2nd edition with a publication date of 1/1/2004.
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Summary

Summarizing mental health research conducted by sociologists over the last 30 years, "A Sociology of Mental Illness" provides a consistent narrative that emphasizes how social statuses and social roles affect mental health. The mental health treatment system and the public's reaction to mental illness are also comprehensively discussed. Topics include social causes and consequences of mental illness; social statuses, such as gender, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, age, and community; deviant behavior; and the challenges of community mental health. For those in the fields of sociology, psychology, nursing, and social workers.

Table of Contents

PREFACE xiii
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION: SOCIAL CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF MENTAL ILLNESS
1(16)
Biological and Psychological Perspectives
1(2)
The Medical Model
2(1)
The Sociological Perspective
3(4)
The Origins of the Sociological Study of the Stress Process
4(2)
The Current Sociological Study of the Stress Process
6(1)
Statuses and Roles as Causes of Distress
7(1)
Social Reactions to Mental Illness
8(5)
The Labeling of Deviant Behavior as Mental Illness
9(1)
The Relationship between Public Attitudes and Professional Labels
10(1)
The Medicalization of Deviant Behavior as Mental Illness
11(1)
Mental Hospitals and Community-Based Care
12(1)
A Sociology of Mental Illness
13(1)
A Note on Terminology
14(3)
Distress, Deviance, and Mental Illness
14(3)
PART I: SOCIAL CAUSES OF MENTAL ILLNESS 17(86)
CHAPTER 2 THE STRESS PROCESS AND MENTAL ILLNESS
17(8)
The Biological Basis of Stress
17(3)
The Bio-Social Basis of Stress
20(1)
The Socio-Medical Model
21(1)
The Sociological Model
21(2)
Linking Stress with Mental Illness
23(1)
Summary
23(2)
CHAPTER 3 SOCIAL STATUS: GENDER
25(7)
How Gender Is Defined
25(1)
The Relationship between Gender and Mental Health
26(1)
Social Status Explanations of Distress
26(2)
Social Role Explanations of Distress
28(3)
Role Occupancy
28(1)
Role Fulfillment
29(1)
Multiple Roles
29(1)
Role Strain
30(1)
Summary
31(1)
CHAPTER 4 SOCIAL STATUS: SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND RACE/ETHNICITY
32(13)
Socioeconomic Status (SES) and Well-Being
33(8)
Explaining the Relationship
34(2)
The Socioeconomic Distribution of Stressors
36(1)
The Socioeconomic Distribution of Resources
37(3)
Section Summary
40(1)
Race/Ethnicity and Distress
41(4)
CHAPTER 5 SOCIAL STATUS: AGE
45(12)
The Age Trajectory of Distress
46(1)
Age, Resources, and Distress
47(6)
Children and Adolescents
48(2)
Young Adults
50(1)
Middle-Aged Adults
51(1)
Older Adults
52(1)
The Cumulative Nature of Well-Being
53(3)
Cumulative Advantage
54(1)
Cumulative Adversity
55(1)
Summary
56(1)
CHAPTER 6 SOCIAL ROLES: SPOUSE, PARENT
57(12)
Marriage, Marital Roles, and Emotional Well-Being
58(2)
Aggregate Changes in Family Structure as a Source of Distress
60(1)
Marital Status Transitions
61(2)
Impact of Parental Roles on Emotional Well-Being
63(2)
Gender Differences
65(2)
Summary
67(2)
CHAPTER 7 SOCIAL ROLES: WORKER
69(17)
The Economy, Labor Markets, and Distress
70(5)
The Effects of Unemployment
71(1)
Economic Cycles and Unemployment
72(1)
Downsizing
72(1)
Shifts in the Economic Distribution of Jobs
73(1)
Deskilling of Jobs
74(1)
Temporary and Contingent Jobs
74(1)
Job Conditions and Distress
75(5)
Job Demands and Decision Latitude
76(2)
Job Complexity, Co-Worker Support, and Job Security
78(1)
The Effects of the General Economy on Job Conditions
79(1)
Gender, SES, Race, and Job Conditions
80(5)
Gender Effects
81(1)
Socioeconomic Status Effects
82(1)
Race/Ethnicity Effects
83(2)
Summary
85(1)
CHAPTER 8 THE INTERSECTION OF STATUSES AND ROLES
86(17)
The Intersection of Gender, Work, and Family
88(3)
Some Non-Normative Cases
91(6)
Single Mothers
92(2)
Caregivers
94(3)
Combining Statuses and Roles to Predict Distress
97(4)
Section Summary
100(1)
A Note on the Limitations of This Discussion
101(2)
PART II: SOCIAL REACTIONS TO MENTAL ILLNESS 103(107)
CHAPTER 9 LABELING DEVIANT BEHAVIOR AS MENTAL ILLNESS
103(17)
Deviant Behavior as Mental Illness
104(1)
Societal Reactions to Deviant Behavior: Social Control
104(1)
The Labeling of Deviant Behavior and Deviants
105(7)
Critique and Modifications
109(3)
Family Reactions to Deviant Behavior
115(1)
Non-Family Reactions to Deviant Behavior
115(1)
Social Status and Labeling
116(2)
Summary
118(2)
CHAPTER 10 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PUBLIC ATTITUDES AND PROFESSIONAL LABELS
120(18)
Public Attitudes
121(4)
Reactions to Being Labeled
124(1)
Why a Negative Stereotype Develops
125(1)
Professional Labels
125(8)
The Classification of Mental Disorders
127(3)
Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence
130(1)
Delirium, Dementia, and Amnestic and Other Cognitive Disorders
131(1)
Substance-Related Disorders
131(1)
Schizophrenic Disorders
131(1)
Mood Disorders
132(1)
Anxiety Disorders
132(1)
Sexual and Gender Disorders, Eating Disorders, Sleep Disorders, Impulse-Control Disorders, Adjustment Disorders, and Personality Disorders
132(1)
How Changes Are Made in the DSM
133(1)
The Objectivity of Diagnosis
134(2)
Summary
136(2)
CHAPTER 11 MEDICALIZATION OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR AND MENTAL ILLNESS
138(19)
Deviant Behavior and Its Control
140(2)
Illness as Deviant Behavior
141(1)
The Medicalization of Deviant Behavior
142(6)
The Medicalization Process
144(2)
Benefits of Medicalization
146(1)
Costs of Medicalization
146(2)
The Medicalization of Madness
148(1)
The Prevalence of Mental Illness in the General Population
148(3)
The Social Distribution of Mental Illness
151(2)
Deviant Behavior or Biological Dysfunction?
153(2)
Summary
155(2)
CHAPTER 12 THE HISTORY OF SOCIETAL REACTIONS TO MENTAL ILLNESS
157(16)
Definitions of Deviance and Societal Responses across Cultures
157(4)
Common Explanations
158(1)
Non-Western Definitions and Societal Responses
159(2)
Definitions and Societal Responses in Early Western Culture
161(6)
The Middle Ages
162(2)
Industrialization, Enlightenment, and the Need for Order
164(2)
The Growth of Large Public Hospitals
166(1)
Modern Medical and Psychological Explanations
167(5)
The End of the Hospital Era
168(2)
The Shift to Community-Based Care
170(2)
Summary
172(1)
CHAPTER 13 THE CHALLENGE OF COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH
173(23)
Roots of Community Care
174(2)
The State of Public Mental Hospitals
174(1)
The Availability of Psychotropic Drugs
175(1)
The Economics of Custodial Care
175(1)
Mental Illness in the General Community
175(1)
Legal Requirements
176(1)
New Philosophical Orientations to Treatment
176(1)
Deinstitutionalization
176(1)
The Community Ideal
176(9)
Characteristics of Community Mental Health Services
180(1)
The Implementation of CMHC
181(1)
Refocus on the Chronic Patient
182(3)
Deinstitutionalization and Community Mental Health--Persistent Problems and Current Issues
185(4)
Current Trends in Community Mental Health
189(7)
The Family and Community Mental Health Care
190(1)
Family Reactions to Mental Illness
191(1)
Family Burden
192(1)
Alternative Forms of Community-Based Care
193(3)
CHAPTER 14 THE CONTRIBUTION OF SOCIOLOGY
196(14)
Other Explanations
197(6)
The Biological Basis of Psychological Disorder
198(2)
The Psychological Basis of Psychological Disorder
200(2)
The Social Basis of Psychological Disorder
202(1)
The Place of Sociological Explanations
203(3)
Social Causes of Psychological Distress
206(1)
Societal Reactions to Mental Illness
207(3)
BIBLIOGRAPHY 210(20)
INDEX 230


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