9780393321838

Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World (The Global Century Series)

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780393321838

  • ISBN10:

    0393321835

  • Edition: 00
  • Format: Trade Paper
  • Copyright: 4/17/2001
  • Publisher: W W NORTON

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Summary

The history of the twentieth century is most often told through its world wars, the rise and fall of communism, or its economic upheavals. In his startling new book, J. R. McNeill gives us our first general account of what may prove to be the most significant dimension of the twentieth century: its environmental history. To a degree unprecedented in human history, we have refashioned the earth's air, water, and soil, and the biosphere of which we are a part. Based on exhaustive research, McNeill's story#xE2;#x80;#x94;a compelling blend of anecdotes, data, and shrewd analysis#xE2;#x80;#x94;never preaches: it is our definitive account. This is a volume in The Global Century Series (general editor, Paul Kennedy).

Table of Contents

List of Maps and Tables
xiii
Foreword xv
Paul Kennedy
Acknowledgments xvii
Preface xxi
Prologue: Peculiarities of a Prodigal Century
3(16)
Economic Growth Since 1500
5(3)
Population Growth Since 10,000 B.C.
8(2)
Energy History Since 10,000 B.C.
10(6)
Conclusion
16(3)
PART ONE: The Music of the Spheres 19(248)
The Lithosphere and Pedosphere: The Crust of the Earth
21(29)
The Basics of the Earth's Crust
22(1)
Soil Alchemy
22(4)
Soil Pollution
26(4)
Earth Movers
30(18)
Conclusion
48(2)
The Atmosphere: Urban History
50(34)
The Basics of the Atmosphere
51(4)
Air Pollution Before 1900
55(3)
Air Pollution since 1900
58(6)
Coal Cities
64(8)
Smog Cities
72(4)
Megacities
76(5)
Recovering Cities
81(2)
Conclusion
83(1)
The Atmosphere: Regional and Global History
84(34)
Regional Air Pollution since 1870
84(8)
The Air in Japan
92(7)
Acid Rain
99(3)
Further Consequences of Air Pollution
102(6)
Climate Change and Stratospheric Ozone
108(7)
Space Pollution
115(1)
Conclusion
116(2)
The Hydrosphere: The History of Water Use and Water Pollution
118(31)
Water Basics
119(1)
World Water Use and Supply
120(2)
Urban Water
122(7)
River Water
129(7)
Lakes and Eutrophication
136(1)
Seas and Oceans
137(10)
Conclusion
147(2)
The Hydrosphere: Depletions, Dams, and Diversions
149(43)
Groundwater
151(6)
Dams and Diversions
157(26)
Taming Floods and Draining Wetlands
183(6)
Coastlines
189(1)
Conclusion
190(2)
The Biosphere: Eal and Be Eaten
192(36)
Microbiota: The First Lords of the Biosphere
194(18)
Land Use and Agriculture
212(15)
Conclusion
227(1)
The Biosphere: Forests, Fish, and Invasions
228(39)
Forests
229(8)
Whaling and Fishing
237(15)
Biological Invasions
252(10)
Biodiversity and the Sixth Extinction
262(3)
Conclusion
265(2)
PART TWO: Engines of Change 267(96)
More People, Bigger Cities
269(27)
Population Growth
270(6)
Migration
276(5)
The Footprints and Metabolisms of Cities
281(14)
Conclusion
295(1)
Fuels, Tools, and Economics
296(29)
Energy Regimes and the Environment
297(9)
Technological Change and the Environment
306(8)
Economic Changes and the Environment
314(9)
Conclusion
323(2)
Ideas and Politics
325(32)
Big Ideas
326(10)
Environmental Ideas
336(5)
International Politics and War
341(8)
Environmental Politics and Policies
349(6)
Conclusion
355(2)
Epilogue: So What?
357(6)
Bibliography 363(42)
Credits 405(2)
Index 407

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