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Sources of the Western Tradition: From the Scientific Revolution Ot the Present,9780395892022

Sources of the Western Tradition: From the Scientific Revolution Ot the Present

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780395892022

ISBN10:
0395892023
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/21/1998
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $50.33
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Table of Contents

Preface xi
Introduction: The Middle Ages and the Modern World xiv
PART ONE: Early Modern Europe 1(89)
The Rise of Modernity
1(27)
The Humanists' Fascination with Antiquity
5(4)
The Father of Humanism
6(1)
Petrarch
Study of Greek Literature and a Humanist Educational Program
7(2)
Leonardo Bruni
Human Dignity
9(3)
Oration on the Dignity of Man
10(2)
Pico della Mirandola
Break with Medieval Political Theory
12(3)
The Prince
12(3)
Niccolo Machiavelli
The Lutheran Reformation
15(5)
On Papal Power, Justification by Faith, the Interpretation of the Bible, and the Nature of the Clergy
16(4)
Martin Luther
Justification of Absolute Monarchy by Divine Right
20(2)
True Law of Free Monarchies and A Speech to Parliament
20(2)
James I
A Secular Defense of Absolutism
22(3)
Leviathan
22(3)
Thomas Hobbes
The Triumph of Constitutional Monarchy in England: The Glorious Revolution
25(3)
The English Declaration of Rights
26(2)
The Scientific Revolution
28(25)
The Copernican Revolution
31(4)
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
31(3)
Nicolaus Copernicus
Attack on the Copernican Theory
34(1)
Cardinal Bellarmine
Expanding the New Astronomy
35(2)
The Starry Messenger
35(2)
Galileo Galilei
Critique of Authority
37(4)
Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina and Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems---Ptolemaic and Copernican
38(3)
Galileo Galilei
Prophet of Modern Science
41(3)
Attack on Authority and Advocacy of Experimental Science
42(2)
Francis Bacon
The Circulation of the Blood
44(2)
The Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals
44(2)
William Harvey
The Autonomy of the Mind
46(4)
Discourse on Method
47(3)
Rene Descartes
The Mechanical Universe
50(3)
Principia Mathematica
50(3)
Isaac Newton
The Enlightenment
53(37)
The Enlightenment Outlook
55(2)
What Is Enlightenment?
55(2)
Immanuel Kant
Political Liberty
57(3)
Second Treatise on Government
57(2)
John Locke
Declaration of Independence
59(1)
Thomas Jefferson
Attack on the Old Regime
60(4)
A Plea for Tolerance and Reason
61(3)
Voltaire
Attack on Religion
64(4)
The Age of Reason
65(1)
Thomas Paine
Good Sense
66(2)
Baron d'Holbach
Epistemology and Education
68(8)
Essay Concerning Human Understanding
68(2)
John Locke
Some Thoughts Concerning Education
70(2)
John Locke
Essays on the Mind and A Treatise on Man
72(2)
Claude Helvetius
Jean Jacques Rousseau
74(2)
Emile
Compendium of Knowledge
76(3)
Encyclopedia
76(3)
Denis Diderot
Rousseau: Political Reform
79(4)
The Social Contract
79(4)
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Judicial and Penal Reform
83(3)
On Crime and Punishments
83(1)
Caesare Beccaria
Prisons in England and Wales
84(2)
John Howard
On the Progress of Humanity
86(4)
The Evils of Slavery
86(2)
Marquis de Condorcet
Progress of the Human Mind
88(2)
Marquis de Condorcet
PART TWO: Modern Europe 90(201)
The French Revolution
90(27)
Abuses of the Old Regime
93(5)
Plight of the French Peasants
93(2)
Arthur Young
Grievances of the Third Estate
95(2)
Bourgeois Disdain for Special Privileges of the Aristocracy
97(1)
Emmanuel Sieyes
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
98(2)
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens
99(1)
Expansion of Human Rights
100(8)
Vindication of the Rights of Woman
101(3)
Mary Wollstonecraft
Society of the Friends of Blacks: Address to the National Assembly in Favor of the Abolition of the Slave Trade
104(2)
Petition of the Jews of Paris, Alsace, and Lorraine to the National Assembly, January 28, 1790
106(2)
The Jacobin Regime
108(4)
The Levy in Mass
108(1)
Republic of Virtue
109(3)
Maximilien Robespierre
Napoleon: Destroyer and Preserver of the Revolution
112(5)
Leader, General, Tyrant, Reformer
112(5)
Napoleon Bonaparte
The Industrial Revolution
117(20)
Early Industrialization
119(4)
Britain's Industrial Advantages and the Factory System
119(3)
Edward Baines
The Division of Labor
122(1)
Adam Smith
The Capitalist Ethic
123(3)
Self-Help
123(1)
Samuel Smiles
Thrift
123(3)
Samuel Smiles
Factory Discipline
126(2)
Factory Rules
126(2)
The Dark Side of Industrialization
128(4)
Report on Child Labor
128(4)
Sadler Commission
The New Science of Political Economy
132(5)
The Wealth of Nations
133(1)
Adam Smith
On the Principle of Population
134(3)
Thomas R. Malthus
Romanticism, Reaction, Revolution
137(23)
Romanticism
139(4)
Tables Turned
139(1)
William Wordsworth
Milton
140(1)
William Blake
Faust
141(2)
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Conservatism
143(3)
Reflections on the Revolution in France
143(2)
Edmund Burke
Essay on the Generative Principle of Political Constitutions
145(1)
Joseph de Maistre
Liberalism
146(2)
On Liberty
147(1)
John Stuart Mill
Nationalism and Repression in Germany
148(4)
The War of Liberation
149(1)
Ernst Moritz Arndt
The Call for German Unity
150(1)
Heinrich von Gagern
Karlsbad Decrees
151(1)
The Call for Italian Unity
152(2)
Young Italy
153(1)
Giuseppe Mazzini
1848: The Year of Revolutions
154(6)
The June Days
155(2)
Alexis de Tocqueville
Revolution Spreads to the German States
157(3)
Carl Schurz
Thought & Culture in an Age of Science & Industry
160(24)
Realism and Naturalism
161(4)
The Poetry of Reality
162(1)
Vissarion Belinsky
The Experimental Novel
162(2)
Emile Zola
Hard Times
164(1)
Charles Dickens
Theory of Evolution
165(5)
Natural Selection
166(4)
Charles Darwin
Darwinism and Religion
170(3)
A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology
170(3)
Andrew D. White
The Socialist Revolution
173(7)
Communist Manifesto
173(7)
Karl Marx
Friedrich Engels
The Evolution of Liberalism
180(4)
Justification for State Intervention
180(1)
L. T. Hobhouse
The Man versus the State
181(3)
Herbert Spencer
Politics and Society, 1845-1914
184(39)
The Irish Potato Famine
186(6)
The Irish Crisis
187(2)
Charles Trevelyan
Evictions
189(1)
Poulett Scrope
The Famine in Skibbereen
190(2)
Nicholas Cummins
The Lower Classes
192(10)
The Pains of Poverty
192(3)
Jeanne Bouvier
The Yearning for Social Justice
195(3)
Nikolaus Osterroth
In Darkest England
198(2)
William Booth
Working Conditions for Women in Russian Factories
200(2)
M. I. Pokzovskaya
Feminism and Antifeminism
202(10)
The Subjection of Women
203(2)
John Stuart Mill
Why We Are Militant
205(3)
Emmeline Pankhurst
On Female Inferiority
208(1)
The Goncourt Brothers
The Unexpurgated Case Against Woman Suffrage
209(3)
Almroth E. Wright
Anti-Semitism: Regression to the Irrational
212(11)
The Semitic versus the Teutonic Race
213(3)
Hermann Ahlwardt
Jewish France
216(1)
Edouard Drumont
The Kishinev Pogrom, 1903
217(3)
The Jewish State
220(3)
Theodor Herzl
European Imperialism
223(40)
The Spirit of British Imperialism
226(9)
Confession of Faith
226(2)
Cecil Rhodes
The British Empire: Colonial Commerce and ``The White Man's Burden''
228(2)
Joseph Chamberlain
Social Darwinism: Imperialism Justified by Nature
230(2)
Karl Pearson
An Early Critique of Imperialism
232(3)
John Atkinson Hobson
Seeking a Place in the Sun
235(5)
Does Germany Need Colonies?
235(2)
Friedrich Fabri
Colonization among Modern People
237(3)
Paul Leroy-Beaulieu
European Rule in Africa
240(14)
Imperialism in Practice
240(2)
Cecil Rhodes
Lo Bengula
The Black Man's Burden
242(2)
Edmund Morel
An Embattled Colonial Officer in East Africa
244(4)
Richard Meinertzhagen
A Concerned Doctor in Tropical Africa
248(3)
Albert Schweitzer
Imperialism's Benefits by an Anti-Imperialist African
251(3)
Ndabanangi Sithole
British Rule in India
254(9)
Speech to the Calcutta Legislature, 1878
255(1)
Lord Lytton
Passive Resistance
256(2)
Mohandas K. Gandhi
India's Resentment of the British
258(5)
Jawaharlal Nehru
Modern Consciousness
263(28)
The Futility of Reason and the Power of the Will
264(4)
Notes from Underground
265(3)
Fyodor Dostoyevsky
The Overman and the Will to Power
268(7)
The Birth of Tragedy
269(2)
Friedrich Nietzsche
The Will to Power
271(2)
Friedrich Nietzsche
The Antichrist
273(2)
Friedrich Nietzsche
The Unconscious
275(5)
The Unconscious
275(1)
Sigmund Freud
Psychoanalysis
276(2)
Sigmund Freud
Civilization and Its Discontents
278(2)
Sigmund Freud
Irrationalism and Social Thought
280(5)
Politics and the Nonrational
280(2)
Vilfredo Pareto
Mass Psychology
282(3)
Gustave Le Bon
Modern Art: Rejecting Conventional Modes of Esthetics
285(6)
Breaking with Representation
286(2)
Guillaume Apollinaire
Paul Klee
Kazimir Malevich
Cubism
288(1)
Pablo Picasso
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
288(1)
Abstract Art
289(1)
Wassily Kandinsky
Shape of a Horn
290(1)
PART THREE: Western Civilization in Crisis 291(130)
World War I
291(38)
Militarism
293(2)
The Greatness of War
293(2)
Heinrich von Treitschke
Pan-Serbism: Nationalism and Terrorism
295(2)
The Black Hand
295(2)
British Fear of German Power
297(2)
Germany's Yearning for Expansion and Power
297(2)
Eyre Crowe
War as Celebration: The Mood in European Capitals
299(5)
Paris: ``That Fabulous Day''
299(2)
Roland Doregeles
Vienna: ``The Rushing Feeling of Fraternity''
301(1)
Stefan Zweig
Berlin: ``The Hour We Yearned For''
302(1)
Philipp Scheidemann
London: ``Average Men and Women Were Delighted at the Prospect of War''
303(1)
Bertrand Russell
Trench Warfare
304(5)
All Quiet on the Western Front
305(2)
Erich Maria Remarque
Base Details
307(1)
Siegfried Sassoon
Disabled
308(1)
Wilfred Owen
Women at War
309(6)
Genteel Women in the Factories
309(2)
Naomi Loughnan
Opposition to Female Employment
311(1)
Magda Trott
Russian Women in Combat
312(3)
The Paris Peace Conference
315(8)
The Idealistic View
315(2)
Woodrow Wilson
French Demands for Security and Revenge
317(3)
Georges Clemenceau
German Delegation to the Paris Peace Conference: A Peace of Might
320(3)
The War and European Consciousness
323(6)
Disillusionment
323(1)
Paul Valery
The Lost Generation
324(1)
Erich Maria Remarque
Brutalization of the Individual
325(1)
Ernst von Salomon
A Legacy of Embitterment
326(3)
Sigmund Freud
The Russian Revolution and the Soviet Union
329(32)
Theory and Practice of Bolshevism
331(3)
What Is to Be Done?
331(3)
V. I. Lenin
The Bolshevik Revolution
334(3)
Trotsky Arouses the People
335(1)
N. N. Sukhanov
The Call to Power
336(1)
V. I. Lenin
The Revolution Denounced
337(4)
Proclamation of the Kronstadt Rebels
338(1)
Socialist Condemnation of the Bolshevik Regime
339(2)
Karl Kautsky
Modernize or Perish
341(2)
The Hard Line
342(1)
Joseph Stalin
Forced Collectivization
343(4)
Liquidation of the Kulaks
343(1)
Joseph Stalin
Terror in the Countryside
344(3)
Lev Kopelev
Soviet Indoctrination
347(5)
The Cult of Stalin
348(1)
A. O. Avdienko
Literature as Propaganda
348(2)
Yevgeny Yevtushenko
An Attack on Censorship: The Story of Fireman Prokhorchuk
350(2)
Vladimir Polyakov
Stalin's Terror
352(9)
Khrushchev's Secret Speech
353(2)
Nikita Khrushchev
True Stories
355(6)
Lev Razgon
Fascism and World War II
361(60)
Italian Fascism
363(3)
Fascist Doctrines
364(2)
Benito Mussolini
Conservative Attack on the Weimar Republic
366(4)
The Cult of Blood, Soil, and Action
366(4)
Friedrich Junger
The World-View of Nazism
370(5)
Mein Kampf
370(5)
Adolf Hitler
The Great Depression and Hitler's Rise to Power
375(5)
With Germany's Unemployed
375(3)
Heinrich Hauser
Mass Suggestion
378(2)
Lilo Linke
Nazism and Youth
380(3)
The Youth Who Are Hitler's Strength
380(3)
Alice Hamilton
Nazification of Culture
383(4)
New Foundations of Racial Science
383(2)
Hermann Gauch
``Jewish Science'' versus ``German Science''
385(1)
Johannes Stark
Heredity and Racial Biology for Students
386(1)
Jakob Graf
The Anguish of the Intellectuals
387(4)
An Appeal to Reason
387(2)
Thomas Mann
The Appeal of Communism
389(2)
Arthur Koestler
The Munich Agreement
391(5)
In Defense of Appeasement
392(1)
Neville Chamberlain
A Disaster of the First Magnitude
393(3)
Winston Churchill
Britain's Finest Hour
396(2)
``Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat''
396(2)
Winston Churchill
The Indoctrination of the German Soldier: for Volk, Fuhrer, and Fatherland
398(4)
Stalingrad: A Turning Point
402(8)
Diary of a German Soldier
402(4)
William Hoffman
A Soviet Veteran Recalls
406(2)
Anton Kuzmich Dragan
Memories and Reassessments
408(2)
Joachim Wieder
The Holocaust
410(11)
Slaughter of Jews in the Ukraine
410(2)
Hermann Graebe
Commandant of Auschwitz
412(2)
Rudolf Hoess
Concentration Camp Life and Death
414(2)
Y. Pfeffer
A German Perspective on the Holocaust
416(1)
Richard von Weizsacker
Reflections of a Survivor
417(4)
Elie Wiesel
PART FOUR: The Contemporary World 421(33)
The West in an Age of Globalism
421(33)
The Cold War
422(7)
The Iron Curtain
422(2)
Winston Churchill
Containing the Soviet Union
424(2)
George F. Kennan
Report to the Twentieth Party Congress
426(3)
Nikita S. Khrushchev
The Collapse of Communism
429(13)
The New Class
429(3)
Milovan Djilas
Perestroika
432(3)
Mikhail Gorbachev
The Failure of Communism
435(3)
Vaclav Havel
An American Assessment
438(2)
Zbigniew Brzezinski
The Condition of Russia, 1997
440(2)
Boris Yeltsin
Feminism
442(4)
The Second Sex
442(4)
Simone de Beauvoir
A Reaffirmation of Western Values
446(4)
The Betrayal of the West
446(4)
Jacques Ellul
Toward the Twenty-First Century
450(4)
The Clash of Civilizations
451(3)
Samuel P. Huntington
Global Tensions
454
Michael T. Klare


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