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Sources of the Western Tradition From the Ancient Times to the Enlightenment, Volume 1,9780618162277
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Sources of the Western Tradition From the Ancient Times to the Enlightenment, Volume 1

by ; ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780618162277

ISBN10:
0618162275
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
5/15/2002
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $126.66
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Summary

This successful two-volume primary source reader emphasizes the history of ideas. Each of its 300 sources is accompanied by an introductory essay and review questions. "How to Read Sources" prologue helps students read and interpret primary sources. The author uses the example of Holocaust deniers for this prologue, showing students the danger of improper analysis and use of documents. Approximately one-third of the documents are new to the Fifth Edition.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Prologue xv
PART ONE: The Ancient World 1(194)
The Near East
1(25)
Mesopotamian Protest Against Death
3(4)
Epic of Gilgamesh
4(3)
A Pessimistic View of Life
7(2)
Mesopotamian Wisdom Literature
7(2)
Mesopotamian Concepts of Justice
9(4)
Code of Hammurabi
10(3)
Divine Kingship in Egypt
13(2)
Hymns to the Pharaohs
13(1)
Guidelines for the Ruler
14(1)
Religious Inspiration of Akhenaten
15(2)
Hymn to Aton
15(2)
Love, Passion, and Misogyny in Ancient Egypt
17(2)
Love Poetry
17(1)
The Instruction of Ankhsheshonq
18(1)
Empire Builders
19(3)
The Assyrian Empire: Inscription of Tiglathpileser I
19(1)
The Persian Empire: Inscriptions of Cyrus and Darius I
20(2)
The Myth-making Outlook of the Ancient Near East
22(4)
Personification of Natural Objects
23(1)
Lament for Ur: The Gods and Human Destiny
24(2)
The Hebrews
26(19)
Hebrew Cosmogony and Anthropology
28(3)
Genesis
28(3)
Human Sinfulness
31(7)
Genesis: The Origins of Sin
31(1)
Jeremiah: Sin and Suffering
32(2)
Job: The Problem of Undeserved Suffering
34(4)
The Covenant and the Ten Commandments
38(1)
Exodus: The Covenant
38(1)
Exodus: The Ten Commandments
38(1)
Humaneness of Hebrew Law
39(3)
Leviticus: Neighbor and Community
40(1)
Deuteronomy: Judges, Witnesses, and Justice
40(2)
The Age of Classical Prophecy
42(3)
Amos and Isaiah: Social Justice
42(1)
Isaiah: Peace and Humanity
43(2)
The Greeks
45(54)
Homer: The Educator of Greece
48(3)
Homer: The Iliad
49(2)
Early Greek Philosophy: The Emancipation of Thought from Myth
51(3)
Aristotle: Thales of Miletus
51(1)
Anaximander
52(1)
Aristotle: Pythagoras
53(1)
The Expansion of Reason
54(3)
Hippocrates: The Sacred Disease: The Separation of Medicine from Myth
54(1)
Thucydides: Method of Historical Inquiry
55(1)
Critias: Religion as a Human Invention
56(1)
Humanism
57(2)
Pindar: The Pursuit of Excellence
58(1)
Sophocles: Lauding Human Talents
58(1)
Greek Drama
59(9)
Sophocles: Antigone
59(6)
Aeschylus: The Persians
65(3)
Athenian Greatness
68(3)
Diodorus Siculus: ``The Grecians...Gained an Everlasting Renown''
68(1)
Thucydides: The Funeral Oration of Pericles
68(3)
The Status of Women in Classical Greek Society
71(5)
Euripides: Medea
71(1)
Aristophanes: Lysistrata
72(4)
Socrates: The Rational Individual
76(4)
Plato: The Apology
76(4)
Plato: The Philosopher-King
80(6)
Plato: The Republic
80(6)
Aristotle: Science, Politics, and Ethics
86(4)
Aristotle: History of Animals, Politics, and Nicomachean Ethics
86(4)
Hellenistic Culture: Universalism and Individualism
90(5)
Plutarch: Cultural Fusion
91(2)
Epicurus: Self Sufficiency
93(2)
Greek Culture and the Jews in the Hellenistic Age
95(4)
First Book of Maccabees: Jewish Resistance to Forced Hellenization
95(1)
Philo of Alexandria: Appreciation of Greek Culture and Syntheses of Reason and Revelation
96(3)
The Roman Republic
99(27)
Rome's March to World Empire
100(6)
Polybius: The Roman Army
101(1)
Livy: The Second Punic War: The Threat from Hannibal
102(2)
Appian of Alexandria: The Third Punic War: The Destruction of Carthage
104(2)
The Spread of Greek Philosophy to Rome
106(7)
Lucretius: Denunciation of Religion
107(2)
Cicero: Advocate of Stoicism
109(2)
Cato the Elder: Hostility to Greek Philosophy
111(2)
Roman Slavery
113(3)
Diodorus Siculus: Slaves: Torment and Revolt
113(3)
Women in Republican Society
116(4)
Livy: Cato Protests Against the Demands of Roman Women
116(2)
Quintus Lucretius Vespillo: A Funeral Eulogy for a Roman Wife
118(2)
The Decline of the Republic
120(6)
Plutarch: Tiberius Gracchus
120(2)
Cicero: Justifying Caesar's Assassination
122(1)
Sallust: Moral Deterioration
123(3)
The Roman Empire
126(37)
The Imperial Office
128(3)
Augustus: The Achievements of the Divine Augustus
129(1)
Tacitus: The Imposition of One-Man Rule
130(1)
Imperial Culture
131(4)
Virgil: The Aeneid
132(1)
Juvenal: The Satires
132(3)
Roman Stoicism
135(5)
Seneca: The Moral Epistles
135(3)
Marcus Aurelius: Meditations
138(2)
Roman Law
140(3)
Justinian: Corpus Iuris Civilis
141(2)
Provincial Administration
143(3)
Correspondence Between Pliny the Younger and Emperor Trajan
143(3)
The Roman Peace
146(6)
Aelius Aristides: The Roman Oration: The Blessings of the Pax Romana
147(1)
Josephus: The Jewish War: ``In Battle Nothing is Done without Plan''
148(2)
Tacitus: The Other Side of the Pax Romana
150(2)
Third-Century Crisis
152(3)
Dio Cassius: Caracalla's Extortions
152(2)
Petition to Emperor Philip
154(1)
Herodian: Extortions of Maximinus
154(1)
The Demise of Rome
155(8)
Ammianus Marcellinus: The Battle of Adrianople
156(3)
Salvian: Political and Social Injustice
159(2)
Jerome: The Fate of Rome
161(1)
Pope Gregory I: The End of Roman Glory
162(1)
Early Christianity
163(32)
The Teachings of Jesus
165(3)
The Gospel According to Saint Mark
165(1)
The Gospel According to Saint Matthew
166(2)
Saint Paul's View of Jesus, His Mission, and His Teaching
168(2)
The Letter of Paul to the Ephesians
168(1)
The First Letter of Paul to the Corinthians
169(1)
Christianity and Greco-Roman Learning
170(3)
Tertullian: What Has Jerusalem to Do with Athens?
171(1)
Clement of Alexandria: In Defense of Greek Learning
172(1)
The Persecutions
173(2)
Persecutions at Lyons and Vienne
173(2)
Monastic Life
175(6)
Saint Jerome: The Agony of Solitude in the Desert
176(1)
Cassian of Marseilles: On the Dangers and Fruits of Solitude
177(1)
Saint Benedict of Nursia: The Benedictine Rule
178(3)
Christianity and Society
181(6)
Clement of Alexandria: Christ the Educator
182(2)
Saint Benedict of Nursia: The Christian Way of Life
184(1)
Lactantius: Acquisitiveness As the Source of Evil
185(2)
Christian Demonization of Jews
187(3)
Saint John Chrysostom: Discourses Against Judaizing Christians
188(2)
The Christian World-View
190(5)
Saint Augustine: The City of God
191(4)
PART TWO: The Middle Ages 195(84)
The Early Middle Ages
195(24)
The Byzantine Cultural Achievement
197(4)
Theophylact Simocattes: The Value of Reason and History
197(2)
Procopius: The Building of Saint Sophia
199(2)
Islam
201(3)
Muhammad: The Koran
201(3)
Islam and Greek Learning
204(3)
Avicenna: Love of Learning
205(2)
Converting the Germanic Peoples to Christianity
207(3)
Saint Boniface: Sacred Mission to Germany
207(1)
Einhard: Forcible Conversion Under Charlemagne
208(2)
The Transmission of Learning
210(2)
Cassiodorus: The Monk as Scribe
210(2)
The Carolingian Renaissance
212(3)
Einhard: Charlemagne's Appreciation of Learning
212(1)
Charlemagne: An Injunction to Monasteries to Cultivate Letters
213(2)
The Feudal Lord: Vassal and Warrior
215(4)
Galbert of Bruges: Commendation and the Oath of Fealty
215(1)
Fulbert, Bishop of Chartres: Obligations of Lords and Vassals
216(1)
Bertran de Born: In Praise of Combat
217(2)
The High and Late Middle Ages
219(60)
The Revival of Trade and the Growth of Towns
222(4)
How to Succeed in Business
222(2)
Ordinances of the Guild Merchant of Southampton
224(2)
Theological Basis for Papal Power
226(3)
Pope Gregory VII: The Second Letter to Bishop Herman of Metz and the Dictatus Papae
226(3)
The First Crusade
229(4)
Robert the Monk: Appeal of Urban II to the Franks
230(1)
William of Tyre: The Capture of Jerusalem
231(2)
Religious Dissent
233(4)
Bernard Gui: The Waldensian Teachings
234(2)
Emperor Frederick II: Heretics: Enemies of God and Humanity
236(1)
Medieval Learning: Synthesis of Reason and Christian Faith
237(5)
Peter Abelard: Inquiry into Divergent Views of Church Fathers
238(1)
Saint Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologica
239(3)
Medieval Universities
242(5)
John of Salisbury: On the Liberal Arts
242(1)
Geoffrey Chaucer: An Oxford Cleric
243(1)
Student Letters
244(1)
A Wandering Scholar: ``In the Tavern Let Me Die''
245(2)
The Jews in the Middle Ages
247(5)
Albert of Aix-la-Chapelle: Massacre of the Jews of Mainz
247(1)
A Decree by Pope Innocent III
248(1)
The Libel of Ritual Murder
249(1)
Maimonides: Jewish Learning
250(2)
Troubadour Love Songs
252(2)
Love as Joyous, Painful, and Humorous
252(2)
The Status of Women in Medieval Society
254(7)
Jacopone da Todi: Praise of the Virgin Mary ``O Thou Mother, Fount of Love''
255(1)
Christine de Pisan: The City of Ladies
256(3)
A Merchant of Paris: On Love and Marriage
259(2)
Medieval Contributions to the Tradition of Liberty
261(3)
John of Salisbury: Policraticus: A Defense of Tyrannicide
261(1)
Magna Carta
262(2)
The Fourteenth Century: An Age of Adversity
264(7)
Jean de Venette: The Black Death
264(3)
Sir John Froissart: The Peasant Revolt of 1381
267(2)
Marsilius of Padua: Attack on the Worldly Power of the Church
269(2)
The Medieval World-View
271(8)
Lothario dei Segni (Pope Innocent III): On the Misery of the Human Condition
272(1)
The Vanity of This World
273(1)
Dante Alighieri: The Divine Comedy
274(5)
PART THREE: Early Modern Europe 279(159)
The Renaissance
279(25)
The Humanists' Fascination with Antiquity
281(7)
Petrarch: The Father of Humanism
282(1)
Leonardo Bruni: Study of Greek Literature and A Humanist Educational Program
283(2)
Petrus Paulus Vergerius: The Importance of Liberal Studies
285(3)
Human Dignity
288(3)
Pico della Mirandola: Oration on the Dignity of Man
289(2)
Break with Medieval Political Theory
291(3)
Niccolo Machiavelli: The Prince
291(3)
Renaissance Art
294(4)
Leonardo da Vinci: Art and Science
295(3)
The Spread of the Renaissance
298(6)
Francois Rabelais: Celebration of the Worldly Life
298(3)
William Shakespeare: Human Nature and the Human Condition
301(3)
The Reformation
304(26)
A Catholic Critic of the Church
307(3)
Desiderius Erasmus: In Praise of Folly
307(3)
The Lutheran Reformation
310(4)
Martin Luther: On Papal Power, Justification by Faith, the Interpretation of the Bible, and The Nature of the Clergy
310(4)
The German Peasants' Revolt
314(3)
The Twelve Articles
314(2)
Martin Luther: Against the Peasants
316(1)
Luther and the Jews
317(2)
Martin Luther: On the Jews and Their Lies
317(2)
The Calvinist Reformation
319(4)
John Calvin: The Institutes, Ecclesiastical Ordinances, and The Obedience Owed Rulers
320(3)
The Catholic Response to Protestantism
323(7)
Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent
324(3)
Saint Ignatius Loyola: The Spiritual Exercises
327(3)
Early Modern Society and Politics
330(44)
The Age of Exploration and Conquest
332(5)
Bernal Diaz del Castillo: The Discovery and Conquest of Mexico
333(4)
Toward the Modern Economy: The Example of Holland
337(1)
William Carr: The Dutch East India Company
337(1)
The Jews of Spain and Portugal: Expulsion, Forced Conversion, Inquisition
338(5)
Proceedings of the Spanish Inquisition: The Torture of Elvira del Campo
339(2)
Damiao de Gois: The Forced Conversion of Portuguese Jews
341(2)
The Atlantic Slave Trade
343(9)
Seventeenth-Century Slave Traders: Buying and Transporting Africans
344(2)
John Newton: Thoughts upon the African Slave Trade
346(2)
Malachy Postlethwayt: Slavery Defended
348(1)
Olaudah Equiano: Memoirs of a Former Slave
349(3)
The Witch Craze
352(6)
Jakob Sprenger and Heinrich Kramer: The Hammer of Witches
353(2)
Johannes Junius: A Confession of Witchcraft Explained
355(1)
Nicholas Malebranche: Search after Truth
356(2)
The Court of Louis XIV
358(6)
Duc de Saint-Simon: An Assessment of Louis XIV
358(3)
Liselotte von der Pfalz (Elizabeth Charlotte d'Orleans): A Sketch of Court Life
361(3)
Justification of Absolute Monarchy by Divine Right
364(4)
Bishop Jacques-Benigne Bossuet: Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture
365(1)
James I: True Law of Free Monarchies and A Speech to Parliament
366(2)
A Secular Defense of Absolutism
368(3)
Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan
368(3)
The Triumph of Constitutional Monarchy in England: The Glorious Revolution
371(3)
The English Declaration of Rights
372(2)
The Scientific Revolution
374(23)
The Copernican Revolution
377(4)
Nicolaus Copernicus: 0n the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
377(3)
Cardinal Bellarmine: Attack on the Copernican Theory
380(1)
Expanding the New Astronomy
381(2)
Galileo Galilei: The Starry Messenger
381(2)
Critique of Authority
383(4)
Galileo Galilei: Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina and Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems-Ptolemaic and Copernican
384(3)
Prophet of Modern Science
387(3)
Francis Bacon: Attack on Authority and Advocacy of Experimental Science
388(2)
The Autonomy of the Mind
390(3)
Rene Descartes: Discourse on Method
390(3)
The Mechanical Universe
393(4)
Isaac Newton: Principia Mathematica
394(3)
The Enlightenment
397(41)
The Enlightenment Outlook
399(2)
Immanuel Kant: What Is Enlightenment?
399(2)
Political Liberty
401(3)
John Locke: Second Treatise on Government
401(2)
Thomas Jefferson: Declaration of Independence
403(1)
Attack on the Old Regime
404(4)
Voltaire: A Plea for Tolerance and Reason
405(3)
Attack on Religion
408(4)
Thomas Paine: The Age of Reason
409(1)
Baron d'Holbach: Good Sense
410(2)
Epistemology and Education
412(8)
John Locke: Essay Concerning Human Understanding
412(2)
John Locke: Some Thoughts Concerning Education
414(2)
Claude Helvetius: Essays on the Mind and A Treatise on Man
416(2)
Jean Jacques Rousseau: Emile
418(2)
Compendium of Knowledge
420(2)
Denis Diderot: Encyclopedia
420(2)
Rousseau: Political Reform
422(4)
Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract
423(3)
Judicial and Penal Reform
426(4)
Caesare Beccaria: On Crimes and Punishments
426(2)
John Howard: Prisons in England and Wales
428(2)
Questioning European Values
430(3)
Denis Diderot: Supplement to the Voyage of Bouganville
430(3)
Slavery Condemned
433(5)
Denis Diderot: Encyclopedia ``Men and Their Liberty are Not Objects of Commerce''
433(1)
Marquis de Condorcet: The Evils of Slavery
434(1)
John Wesley: Thoughts upon Slavery
435(3)
On the Progress of Humanity
438(1)
Marquis de Condorcet: Progress of the Human Mind
438


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