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Sources of the Western Tradition Vol. 2 : From the Renaissance to the Present,9780618473878

Sources of the Western Tradition Vol. 2 : From the Renaissance to the Present

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Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780618473878

ISBN10:
0618473874
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
10/20/2006
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $112.66

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Summary

With a collection of 300 sources--each accompanied by an introductory essay and review questions--this two-volume primary source reader emphasizes the history of ideas. The Sixth Edition features additional sources by and about women, as well as new attention to documents dealing with social and cultural issues. This reader works as an accompaniment to any Western Civilization course, but makes an ideal companion for Perry's Western Civilization, 7/e, or Western Civilization: A Brief History, 5/e.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
Prologue xxi
Introduction: The Middle Ages and the Modern World xxiii
Part One: Early Modern Europe
1(94)
The Rise of Modernity
1(28)
The Humanists' Fascination with Antiquity
5(5)
Petrarch: The Father of Humanism
6(1)
Leonardo Bruni: Study of Greek Literature and a Humanist Educational Program
7(3)
Human Dignity
10(2)
Pico della Mirandola: Oration on the Dignity of Man
10(2)
Break with Medieval Political Theory
12(4)
Niccolo Machiavelli: The Prince
12(4)
The Lutheran Reformation
16(4)
Martin Luther: On Papal Power, Justification by Faith, the Interpretation of the Bible, and the Nature of the Clergy
16(4)
Justification of Absolute Monarchy by Divine Right
20(2)
Bishop Jacques-Benigne Bossuet: Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture
20(2)
A Secular Defense of Absolutism
22(3)
Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan
23(2)
The Triumph of Constitutional Monarchy in England: The Glorious Revolution
25(4)
The English Declaration of Rights
26(3)
The Scientific Revolution
29(24)
The Copernican Revolution
32(3)
Nicolaus Copernicus: On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
32(2)
Cardinal Bellarmine: Attack on the Copernican Theory
34(1)
Expanding the New Astronomy
35(3)
Galileo Galilei: The Starry Messenger
36(2)
Critique of Authority
38(4)
Galileo Galilei: Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina and Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems--Ptolemaic and Copernican
38(4)
Prophet of Modern Science
42(2)
Francis Bacon: Attack on Authority and Advocacy of Experimental Science
42(2)
The Circulation of the Blood
44(2)
William Harvey: The Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals
44(2)
The Autonomy of the Mind
46(4)
Rene Descartes: Discourse on Method
47(3)
The Mechanical Universe
50(3)
Isaac Newton: Principia Mathematica
50(3)
The Enlightenment
53(42)
The Enlightenment Outlook
55(2)
Immanuel Kant: What Is Enlightenment?
55(2)
Political Liberty
57(3)
John Locke: Second Treatise on Government
57(2)
Thomas Jefferson: Declaration of Independence
59(1)
Attack on Religion
60(8)
Voltaire: A Plea for Tolerance and Reason
61(3)
Thomas Paine: The Age of Reason
64(2)
Baron d'Holbach: Good Sense
66(2)
Epistemology and Education
68(3)
John Locke: Essay Concerning Human Understanding
68(2)
Claude Helvetius: Essays on the Mind and A Treatise on Man
70(1)
Compendium of Knowledge
71(3)
Denis Diderot: Encyclopedia
72(2)
Rousseau: Political Reform
74(3)
Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract
74(3)
Humanitarianism
77(6)
Caseare Beccaria: On Crimes and Punishments
78(1)
John Howard: Prisons in England and Wales
79(2)
Denis Diderot: Encyclopedia: ``Men and Their Liberty Are Not Objects of Commerce''
81(1)
Marquis de Condorcet: The Evils of Slavery
82(1)
Literature as Satire: Critiques of European Society
83(12)
Voltaire: Candide
83(3)
Denis Diderot: Supplement to the Voyage of Bouganville
86(4)
Montesquieu: The Persian Letters
90(1)
Jonathan Swift: Gulliver's Travels
91(4)
Part Two: Modern Europe
95(208)
Era of the French Revolution
95(29)
Abuses of the Old Regime
98(3)
Grievances of the Third Estate
98(2)
Emmanuel Sieyes: Bourgeois Disdain for Special Privileges of the Aristocracy
100(1)
The Role of the Philosophes
101(3)
Alexis de Tocqueville: Critique of the Old Regime
102(2)
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
104(2)
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens
104(2)
Expansion of Human Rights
106(7)
Mary Wollstonecraft: Vindication of the Rights of Woman
106(4)
Society of the Friends of Blacks: Address to the National Assembly in Favor of the Abolition of the Slave Trade
110(1)
Petition of the Jews of Paris, Alsace, and Lorraine to the National Assembly, January 28, 1790
111(2)
The Jacobin Regime
113(6)
Maximilien Robespierre: Republic of Virtue
114(2)
Abbe Carrichon: The Guillotine
116(2)
General Louis de Lignilres Turreau: Uprising in the Vendee
118(1)
Napoleon: Destroyer and Preserver of the Revolution
119(5)
Napoleon Bonaparte: Leader, General, Tyrant, Reformer
119(5)
The Industrial Revolution
124(21)
Early Industrialization
126(4)
Edward Baines: Britain's Industrial Advantages and the Factory System
126(3)
Adam Smith: The Division of Labor
129(1)
The New Science of Political Economy
130(4)
Adam Smith: The Wealth of Nations
131(1)
Thomas R. Malthus: On the Principle of Population
132(2)
The Dark Side of Industrialization
134(5)
Sadler Commission: Report on Child Labor
135(2)
Friedrich Engels: The Condition of the Working Class in England
137(2)
Factory Discipline
139(2)
Factory Rules
139(2)
The Capitalist Ethic
141(4)
Samuel Smiles: Self-Help and Thrift
142(3)
Romanticism, Reaction, Revolution
145(24)
Romanticism
147(5)
William Wordsworth: Tables Turned
147(1)
William Blake: Milton
148(1)
Bettina Brentano von Arnim: Beethoven
149(3)
Conservatism
152(4)
Edmund Burke: Reflections on the Revolution in France
152(2)
Klemens von Metternich: The Odious Ideas of the Philosophes
154(1)
Joseph de Maistre: Essay on the Generative Principle of Political Constitutions
155(1)
Liberalism
156(4)
Benjamin Constant: On the Limits of Popular Sovereignty
157(1)
John Stuart Mill: On Liberty
158(2)
Modern Nationalism
160(3)
Ernst Moritz Arndt: The War of Liberation
160(1)
Giuseppe Mazzini: Young Italy
161(2)
1848: The Year of Revolutions
163(6)
Alexis de Tocqueville: The June Days
164(2)
Carl Schurz: Revolution Spreads to the German States
166(3)
Thought and Culture in an Age of Science and Industry
169(24)
Realism in Literature
170(7)
Charles Dickens: Hard Times
171(1)
Henrik Ibsen: A Doll's House
172(5)
Theory of Evolution
177(4)
Charles Darwin: Natural Selection
177(4)
The Socialist Revolution
181(7)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: Communist Manifesto
182(6)
The Evolution of Liberalism
188(5)
Thomas Hill Green: Liberal Legislation and Freedom of Contract
188(3)
Herbert Spencer: The Man Versus the State
191(2)
Politics and Society, 1845--1914
193(48)
The Lower Classes
195(10)
Jeanne Bouvier: The Pains of Poverty
195(3)
Nikolaus Osterroth: The Yearning for Social Justice
198(3)
William Booth: In Darkest England
201(2)
M. I. Pokrovskaya: Working Conditions for Women in Russian Factories
203(2)
Prostitution
205(8)
Henry Mayhew: Prostitution in Victorian London
205(3)
Guy de Maupassant: The Odyssey of a Prostitute
208(2)
William W. Sanger: Prostitution in Hamburg
210(3)
Feminism and Antifeminism
213(12)
John Stuart Mill: The Subjection of Women
214(3)
Emmeline Pankhurst: Why We Are Militant
217(3)
Hubertine Auclert: La Citoyenne
220(1)
The Goncourt Brothers: On Female Inferiority
221(1)
Almorth E. Wright: The Unexpurgated Case Against Woman Suffrage
222(3)
German Racial Nationalism
225(2)
Houston Stewart Chamberlain: The Importance of Race
226(1)
Anti-Semitism: Regression to the Irrational
227(11)
Hermann Ahlwardt: The Semitic Versus the Teutonic Race
229(2)
Edouard Drumont: Jewish France
231(1)
The Kishinev Pogrom, 1903
232(3)
Theodor Herzl: The Jewish State
235(3)
The Revolution of 1905 in Russia
238(3)
George Capon and Ivan Vasimov: Petition to the Tsar
238(3)
European Imperialism
241(32)
The Spirit of British Imperialism
244(9)
Cecil Rhodes: Confession of Faith
244(2)
Joseph Chamberlain: The British Empire: Colonial Commerce and ``The White Man's Burden''
246(2)
Karl Pearson: Social Darwinism: Imperialism Justified by Nature
248(2)
John Atkinson Hobson: An Early Critique of Imperialism
250(3)
European Rule in Africa
253(15)
Cecil Rhodes and Lo Bengula: Imperialism in Practice
253(2)
Winston S. Churchill: The Battle of Omdurman
255(4)
Edmund Morel: The Black Man's Burden
259(2)
Richard Meinertzhagen: An Embattled Colonial Officer in East Africa
261(4)
Albert Schweitzer: A Concerned Doctor in Tropical Africa
265(3)
British Rule in India
268(5)
Lord Lytton: Speech to the Calcutta Legislature, 1878
269(1)
Mohandas K. Gandhi: Passive Resistance
270(3)
Modern Consciousness
273(30)
The Overman and the Will to Power
274(5)
Friedrich Nietzsche: The Will to Power and The Antichrist
275(4)
The Unconscious
279(3)
Sigmund Freud: The Unconscious and Civilization and Its Discontents
279(3)
The Political Potential of the Irrational
282(4)
Gustave Le Bon: Mass Psychology
283(3)
Human Irrationality in the Modernist Novel
286(10)
Joseph Conrad: Heart of Darkness
287(4)
Franz Kafka: The Trial
291(5)
Modern Art and the Questioning of Western Values
296(7)
Filippo Tommaso Marinetti: Manifesto of Futurism
297(2)
Tristan Tzara: Dada
299(4)
Part Three: Western Civilization in Crisis
303(176)
World War I
303(39)
Militarism
305(3)
Heinrich von Treitschke: The Greatness of War
305(1)
Friedrich von Bernhardi: Germany and the Next War
306(2)
Pan-Serbism: Nationalism and Terrorism
308(2)
The Black Hand
308(2)
War as Celebration: The Mood in European Capitals
310(5)
Roland Doregeles: Paris: ``That Fabulous Day''
310(1)
Stefan Zweig: Vienna: ``The Rushing Feeling of Fraternity''
311(2)
Philipp Scheidemann: Berlin: ``The Hour We Yearned For''
313(1)
Bertrand Russell: London: ``Average Men and Women Were Delighted at the Prospect of War''
314(1)
Trench Warfare
315(5)
Erich Maria Remarque: All Quiet on the Western Front
315(3)
Siegfried Sassoon: Base Details
318(1)
Wilfred Owen: Disabled
319(1)
Women at War
320(6)
Naomi Loughnan: Genteel Women in the Factories
320(2)
Magda Trott: Opposition to Female Employment
322(2)
Russian Women in Combat
324(2)
The Paris Peace Conference
326(5)
Woodrow Wilson: The Idealistic View
326(3)
Georges Clemenceau: French Demands for Security and Revenge
329(2)
The Bolshevik Revolution
331(5)
Army Intelligence Report: The Breakdown of Military Discipline
332(1)
N. N. Sukhanov: Trotsky Arouses the People
333(2)
V.I. Lenin: The Call to Power
335(1)
The War and European Consciousness
336(6)
Paul Valery: Disillusionment
336(1)
Erich Maria Remarque: The Lost Generation
337(1)
Ernst von Salomon: Brutalization of the Individual
338(1)
Sigmund Freud: A Legacy of Embitterment
339(3)
Era of Totalitarianism
342(54)
Modernize or Perish
345(2)
Joseph Stalin: The Hard Line
346(1)
Forced Collectivization
347(4)
Joseph Stalin: Liquidation of the Kulaks
347(1)
Lev Kopelev: Terror in the Countryside
348(3)
Famine in Ukraine
351(5)
Miron Dolot: Execution by Hunger
352(4)
Soviet Indoctrination
356(3)
A. O. Avdienko: The Cult of Stalin
356(1)
Yevgeny Yevtushenko: Literature as Propaganda
357(2)
Stalin's Terror
359(8)
Nikita S. Khrushchev: Khrushchev's Secret Speech
359(2)
Lev Razgon: True Stories
361(6)
The Rise of Italian Fascism
367(2)
Benito Mussolini: Fascist Doctrines
367(2)
The Great Depression
369(7)
Max Cohen: I Was One of the Unemployed
369(3)
Heinrich Hauser: With Germany's Unemployed
372(4)
The Rise of Nazism
376(7)
Adolf Hitler: Mein Kampf
376(4)
Kurt G. W. Ludecke: The Demagogic Orator
380(1)
Thomas Mann: An Appeal to Reason
381(2)
The Leader-State
383(2)
Ernst Huber: ``The Authority of the Fuhrer Is . . . All-Inclusive and Unlimited''
384(1)
The Nazification of Culture and Society
385(5)
Johannes Stark: ``Jewish Science'' Versus ``German Science''
385(1)
Jakob Graf: Heredity and Racial Biology for Students
386(1)
Louis P. Lochner: Book Burning
387(1)
Joseph Roth: ``The Auto-Da-Fe of the Mind''
388(2)
Persecution of the Jews
390(6)
Hertha Nathorff: A German Jewish Doctor's Diary
391(2)
Marta Appel: Memoirs of a German Jewish Woman
393(3)
World War II
396(53)
Prescient Observers of Nazi Germany
397(5)
Horace Rumbold: ``Pacifism Is the Deadliest of Sins''
398(2)
George S. Messersmith: ``The Nazis Were After . . . Unlimited Territorial Expansion''
400(2)
The Anschluss, March 1938
402(3)
Stefan Zweig: The World of Yesterday
403(2)
The Munich Agreement
405(5)
Neville Chamberlain: In Defense of Appeasement
405(2)
Winston Churchill: ``A Disaster of the First Magnitude''
407(3)
World War II Begins
410(2)
Adolf Hitler: ``Poland Will Be Depopulated and Settled with Germans''
410(2)
The Fall of France
412(3)
Heinz Guderian: ``French Leadership . . . Could Not Graps the Significance of the Tank in Mobile Warfare''
412(3)
The Battle of Britain
415(2)
Winston Churchill: ``Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat''
415(2)
Nazi Propaganda: for Volk, Fuhrer, and Fatherland
417(4)
The Indoctrination of the German Solider
417(4)
Stalingrad: A Turning Point
421(8)
William Hoffman: Diary of a German Soldier
421(4)
Anton Kuzmich Dragan: A Soviet Veteran Recalls
425(2)
Joachim Wieder: Memories and Reassessments
427(2)
The Holocaust
429(6)
Hermann Graebe: Slaughter of Jews in the Ukraine
429(2)
Rudolf Hoess: Commandant of Auschwitz
431(2)
Y. Pfeffer: Concentration Camp Life and Death
433(2)
D-Day, June 6, 1944
435(3)
Historical Division, War Department: Omaha Beachhead
436(2)
The End of the Third Reich
438(11)
Nerin E. Gun: The Liberation of Dachau
439(1)
Joseph Goebbels: ``The Morale of the German People, Both at Home and at the Front, Is Sinking Ever Lower''
440(2)
Marie Neumann: ``We're in the Hands of a Mob, Not Soldiers, and They're All Drunk Out of Their Minds''
442(3)
Adolf Hitler: Political Testament
445(4)
Western Europe: The Dawn of a New Era
449(30)
The Aftermath: Devastation and Demoralization
451(4)
Stephen Spender: European Witness
451(1)
Bruno Foa: Europe in Ruins
452(3)
The Cold War
455(4)
Winston Churchill: The ``Iron Curtain''
455(2)
Nikita S. Khrushchev: Report to the Twentieth Party Congress
457(2)
Communist Repression
459(7)
Milovan Djilas: The New Class
460(3)
Andor Heller: The Hungarian Revolution, 1956
463(3)
The Twilight of Imperialism
466(5)
Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Vietnam, September 2, 1945
466(2)
Ndabaningi Sithole: Imperialism's Benefits by an Anti-Imperialist African
468(3)
Germany Confronts Its Past
471(8)
Hannah Vogt: The Burden of Guilt
472(2)
Richard von Weizsacker: ``We Seek Reconciliation''
474(2)
Elie Wiesel: Reflections of a Survivor
476(3)
Part Four: The Contemporary World
479(37)
The West in an Age of Globalism
479(37)
The Collapse of Communism
481(3)
Vaclav Havel: The Failure of Communism
481(3)
Globalization: Patterns and Problems
484(11)
Fareed Zakaria: ``Democracy Has Its Dark Sides''
485(3)
Amy Chua: ``Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability''
488(3)
Samuel P. Huntington: The Clash of Civilizations
491(4)
Radical Islamic Terrorists
495(13)
Abbas Amanat: ``Empowered Through Violence: The Reinvention of Islamic Extremism''
496(7)
The Economist: ``Martyrdom and Murder''
503(5)
Female Oppression
508(8)
Nicholas D. Kristof: ``Girls for Sale''
508(4)
Azar Nafisi: Islamic Fundamentalism: Women's Rights Denied
512(4)
Enlargement of the European Union
516(1)
Bertie Ahern, ``Enlargement Is About Opening Minds as Well as Borders''
516


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