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Designed to accompany McKay et al.'s A History of World Societies, each chapter of Sources of World Societiescontains approximately six sources that present history from the perspectives of well-known figures and ordinary individuals alike. Now with visual sources and two more documents per chapter, this edition offers breadth and depth. Headnotes and questions supplement each document, while a new "Viewpoints" feature highlights two or three sources per chapter that address a single topic from different perspectives. Comparative questions ask students to make connections between sources and across time. Sources of World Societiesis FREE when packaged with A History of World Societies. For more information on the reader or on package ISBNs, please contact your local sales representative or click here.
Walter D. Ward (Ph.D., UCLA) is an assistant professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. He has published several scholarly articles on the Roman Near East, early Christianity, and trade in the Red Sea, and he is putting the finishing touches on his first book manuscript, Inventing the pre-Islamic Saracen "Other": Monastic and Saracen Identity Formation in the Sinai Peninsula from Constantine to Mohammad.
Denis Gainty (Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania) is a professor of history at Georgia State University. He is the author of several pieces on Tokugawa and Meiji social history, including a book chapter on the inclusion of martial arts in the modern Japanese public school curriculum. He is currently writing his first book, Martialing the National Body.
Table of Contents
16 The Acceleration of Global Contact, 1450-1600
16-1 Zheng He, Stele Inscription, 1431
Viewpoints: Exploration and Its Material Advantages
16-2 Christopher Columbus, Letter from the Third Voyage, 1493
16-3 King Dom Manuel of Portugal, Grant of Rights of Trade, 1500
16-4 Bartolomé de Las Casas, From Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies, 1542
16-5 Bernal Díaz del Castillo, From The True History of the Conquest of New Spain, 1568 16-6 From The Florentine Codex, ca. 1577-1580 16-7 Matteo Ricci, From China in the Sixteenth Century, ca. 1607
17 European Power and Expansion, 1500-1750 Viewpoints: Thoughts on Government 17-1 Jacques-Benigne Bossuet, On Divine Right, ca. 1675-1680 17-2 Thomas Hobbes, From Leviathan: “Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning Their Felicity and Misery,” 1651 17-3 John Locke, From Two Treatises of Government: “Of the Ends of Political Society and Government,” 1690 17-4 Duc de Saint-Simon, From Memoirs of Louis XIV: “On the Early Life of Louis XIV,” ca. 1730-1755 17-5 Catherine II of Russia, Two Decrees, 1762, 1765 17-6 Emilian Ivanovich Pugachev, A Decree and a Manifesto, 1773, 1774 Comparative Questions
18 New Worldviews and Ways of Life, 1540-1790 18-1 Galileo Galilei, From aLetter to the Grand Duchess Christina and “To the Discerning Reader”from Dialog Concerning the Two Chief World-Systems, 1615, 1632 Viewpoints: Changing Ideas of Science 18-2 Francis Bacon, From The Great Restoration: “History of Life and Death,” 1623 18-3 Peter the Great and Gottfried Leibniz, Items from the Rule of Peter the Great, ca. 1712-1718 18-4 Voltaire, From Dictionnaire Philosophique: “Theist,” 1764 18-5 Immanuel Kant, “What Is Enlightenment?” 1784 18-6 Philip Stanhope, From Letters to His Son, 1748 Comparative Questions
19 Africa and the World, 1400-1800 19-1 Nzinga Mbemba (Alfonso I), FromLetters to the King of Portugal, 1526 19-2 Osei Bonsu, An Asante King Questions British Motives in Ending the Slave Trade, 1820 19-3 Leo Africanus, A Description of Timbuktu, 1526 Viewpoints: The Slave Trade 19-4 Anna Maria Falconbridge, From Narrative of Two Voyages to the River Sierra Leone, 1794 19-5 Olaudah Equiano, From The Interesting Narrative of Olaudah Equiano, 1789 19-6 Louis Ohier de Grandpré, From Voyage to the West Coast of Africa, 1801 Comparative Questions
20 The Islamic World Powers, 1300-1800 20-1 Sultan Selim I, From a Letter to Shah Ismail of Persia, 1514 20-2 Antonio Monserrate, From The Commentary of Father Monserrate: On Mughal India, ca. 1580 20-3 Farid Ud-Din Attar and Habiballah, Excerpt from and Illustration of The Conference of the Birds, 1600 20-4 Nuruddin Salim Jahangir, From the Memoirs of Jahangir, ca. 1580-1600 Viewpoints: Economics Micro and Macro 20-5 Halime Hatun, Record of Two Petitions, 1702 20-6 The Dutch East India Company and Shah Abbas, Correspondences on Persian Trade, 1647, 1648 Comparative Questions
21 Continuity and Change in East Asia, 1400-1800 21-1 Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Letter to His Wife, 1587 22-2 Huang Zongxi, From Waiting for the Dawn: “On the Prince” and “On Ministership,” 1662 22-3 Engelbert Kaempfer, From History of Japan, 1727 Viewpoints: Gender in East Asia 22-4 Kaibara Ekiken and Kaibara To¯ken, Common Sense Teachings for Japanese Children and Greater Learning for Women, ca. 1700 22-5 A Japanese Sake Brewer's Female Antipollution Pass, ca. 1603-1868 22-6 Li Ruzhen (Li Ju-Chen), From Flowers in the Mirror (Jing Hua Yuan), 1827 Comparative Questions
22 Revolutions in the Atlantic World, 1775-1815 22-1 From The Declaration of Independence of the United States of America, 1776 Viewpoints: Defining the Citizen 22-2 The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, 1789 22-3 Olympe de Gouges, From the Declaration of the Rights of Woman, 1791 22-4 Maximilien Robespierre, Revolutionary Speech, 1794 22-5 Mary Wollstonecraft, From A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, 1792 21-6 The Haitian Declaration of Independence, 1804 Comparative Questions
23 The Revolution in Energy and Industry, ca. 1760-1860 23-1 Thomas Robert Malthus, From “An Essay on the Principle of Population,” 1798 Viewpoints: The Realities of Manufacturing 23-2 Robert Owen, From Observations of the Effect of the Manufacturing System, 1815 23-3 Sadler Committee and Ashley Commission, Testimonies Before Parliamentary Committees on Working Conditions in England, 1832, 1842 23-4 Chartism: The People's Petition, 1838 23-5 The Treaty of Balta-Liman Comparative Questions
24 Ideologies of Change in Europe, 1815-1914 24-1 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, From The Communist Manifesto, 1848 Viewpoints: Visions of the Nation 24-2 Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Address to the German Nation, 1808 24-3 Max Nordau, On Zionism, 1905 24-4 Giuseppe Garibaldi, Speech to His Soldiers, 1860 24-5 Munich Bar Kochba Association, 1902 24-6 Beatrice Webb, From My Apprenticeship: “Why I Became a Socialist,” 1926 Comparative Questions
25 Africa, Southwest Asia, and the New Imperialism, 1800-1914 25-1 Sultan Abdul Mejid, Imperial Rescript, 1856 25-2 An Ottoman Government Decree on the “Modern” Citizen, 1870 Viewpoints: The Colonial Encounter in Africa 25-3 Cecil Rhodes, From “Confession of Faith,” ca. 1877 25-4 Ndansi Kumalo, On the British Incursion in Zimbabwe, 1932 25-5 Roger Casement and David Engohahe, Victims of Belgian Atrocities, ca. 1904-1905 Comparative Questions
26 Asia in the Era of Imperialism, 1800-1914 Viewpoints: Reactions to Imperialism and Modernity 26-1 Lin Zexu, From a Letter to Queen Victoria, 1839 26-2 Two Proclamations of the Boxer Rebellion, 1898, 1900 26-3 Saigo Takamori, Letter on the Korean Question, 1873 26-4 Sir Henry Montgomery Lawrence, Letter to Lieutenant-Governor J. Colvin, June 13, 1857 26-5 Sun Yat-Sen, On the Three People's Principles and the Future of the Chinese People, 1906 26-6 Moorfield Storey and Julian Codman, On American Imperialism in the Philippines, 1902 Comparative Questions
27 Nation Building in the Americas and Australia, 1770-1914 27-1 Simòn Bolivar, Jamaica Letter, 1815 27-2 Alexis de Tocqueville, From Democracy in America, 1840 Viewpoints: Federal Dispossession in the United States and Australia 27-3 Cherokee Nation Versus the State of Georgia, 1831 27-4 From Aborigines Protection Act, 1909-1943 27-5 N.C. Adossides, “Villa, the Bandit General,” 1914 27-6 Advertisement for the Canadian Pacific Railway, 1883 Comparative Questions
28 World War and Revolution, 1914-1929 28-1 From A War Nurse's Diary, 1918 28-2 Correspondence of Evelyn and Fred Albright, 1917 28-3 Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, “All Power to the Soviets!” 1917 28-4 The Zionist Organization, Memorandum to the Peace Conference in Versailles: On the Establishment of a Jewish State in Palestine, February 3, 1919 Viewpoints: Zionist, German, and Japanese Views on the End of WWI 28-5 German Delegation to the Paris Peace Conference, On the Conditions of Peace, October 1919 28-6 Konoe Fumimaro, “Against a Pacifism Centered on England and America,” 1918 Comparative Questions
29 Nationalism in Asia, 1914-1939 29-1 Mary L. Graffam, An Account of Turkish Violence against Armenians, 1915 29-2 Arthur James Balfour, Debating the Balfour Declaration: The British Government Supports a Jewish Homeland in Palestine, 1917 29-3 Sarojini Naidu, From “The Agony and Shame of the Punjab”: An Indian Nationalist Condemns the British Empire, 1920 Viewpoints: Prescriptions for National Improvement in China and Siam 29-4 Jiang Jieshi, “The New Life Movement,” 1934 29-5 King Vajiravudh, On the Siamese Nation, 1914, 1917, 1920 29-6 Claudie Beaucarnot, Vacation Diary, July 1943 Comparative Questions
30 The Great Depression and World War II, 1929-1945 30-1 Woody Guthrie, “Do Re Mi,” 1937 30-2 Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, Speech to the National Socialist Women's Association, 1935 30-3 The Nuremberg Laws: The Centerpiece of Nazi Racial Legislation, 1935 30-4 Letters to Izvestiya: On the Issue of Abortion, 1936 Viewpoints: Atomic Warfare Realized 30-5 Harry S. Truman, White House Press Release on Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 30-6 Toshiko Saeki, Interview with a Survivor of Hiroshima, 1986 Comparative Questions
31 Global Recovery and Division Between Superpowers, 1945 to the Present 31-1 United Nations General Assembly, Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, December 14, 1960 Viewpoints: Clashes and Reforms Among Cold War Superpowers 31-2 Harry S Truman, The Truman Doctrine, March 12, 1947 31-3 Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev, “On the Personality Cult and Its Consequences,” 1956 31-4 Mikhail Gorbachev, From Perestroika: New Thinking for Our Country and the World, 1986 31-5 George C. Wallace, “Statement and Proclamation”: School House Door Speech, June 11, 1963 31-6 Male Japanese Citizens, “Ikigai,” 2003 Comparative Questions
32 Independence, Progress, and Conflict in Asia and the Middle East, 1945 to the Present 32-1 Ho Chi Minh, Declaration of the Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, September 1945 32-2 Jawaharlal Nehru, The Partitioning of the Punjab, 1947 Viewpoints: Transitions in Modern China 32-3 Former Red Guard, “Away from Madness,” 1996 32-4 Deng Ziaoping, “Build Socialism with Chinese Characteristics,” June 30, 1984 32-5 Gamal Abdel Nasser, Suez Canal Nationalization Speech, September 15, 1956 32-6 Unya Shavit, Arab and Israeli Soccer Players Discuss Ethnic Relations in Israel, November 3, 2000 Comparative Questions
33 The Global South: Latin America and Africa, 1945 to the Present 33-1 Pablo Neruda, “Standard Oil Co.” and “United Fruit Co.,” 1950 33-2 Fidel Castro, Interview with Dan Rather, September 30, 1979 33-3 Charles de Gaulle, Comments on Algeria, April 11, 1961 33-4 Kwame Nkrumah, Speech on the Tenth Anniversary of the Convention People's Party, 1960 Viewpoints: Race and Power in South Africa 33-5 National Party of South Africa, “The National Party's Colour Policy,” March 29, 1948 33-6 Nelson Mandela, The Rivonia Trial Speech to the Court, April 20, 1964 Comparative Questions
34 A New Era in World History Viewpoints: Defining Arabic and Islamic Identities 34-1 George Tarabishi, A Roundtable Discussion of Globalization and Its Impact on Arab Culture, October 26, 2000 34-2 Osama (Usama) bin Laden, A Call on Muslims to Take Up Arms Against America, 1998 34-3 John Yoo, Memoranda Regarding U.S. Military Interrogations, 2002, 2003 34-4 Carolina Sic, From an Interview with Women United for Worker Justice, 2005 34-5 Al Gore, On Solving the Climate Crisis, September 18, 2006 34-6 Jonas Bendiksen, “New Settlement”: A Slum in Caracas, Venezuela, ca. 2007 Comparative Questions