9780071497565

Space Based Radar Theory & Applications

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780071497565

  • ISBN10:

    0071497560

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-01-10
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
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Summary

Begin with the fundamental theories and principles and advance to actual applications(MTI) in interference and noiseThis is the first comprehensive professional reference covering the design and application of the complex radio systems located in outer space that serve various military and civilian functions.

Author Biography

S. Unnikrishna Pillai, Ph.D. is a professor of electricaland computer engineering at Polytechic University.Ke Yong Li is a staff engineer at C&P Technologies, Inc..Braham Himed, Ph.D. is chief research officer at SignalLabs, Inc. He was formerly a senior research engineer at the US AirForce Research Laboratory, Rome Research Site.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
List of Abbreviationsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Overviewp. 3
The Radar Equationp. 7
Notations and Matrix Identitiesp. 9
Eigenvalues and Eigenvectorsp. 10
Hermitian Matricesp. 12
Singular Value Decomposition (SVD)p. 16
Schur, Kronecker, and Khatri-Rao Productsp. 17
Matrix Inversion Lemmasp. 25
Line Spectra and Singular Covariance Matricesp. 26
Referencesp. 28
The Conicsp. 31
What Is a Conic?p. 31
Ellipsep. 33
Parabolap. 39
Hyperbolap. 40
The Solar Systemp. 44
Spherical Trianglesp. 46
Referencesp. 50
Two Body Orbital Motion and Kepler's Lawsp. 51
Orbital Mechanicsp. 51
The Motion of the Center of Massp. 52
Equations of Relative Motionp. 54
Kepler's Lawsp. 57
Synchronous and Polar Orbitsp. 60
Satellite Velocityp. 61
Kepler's Equationp. 67
Euler's Equation and the Identification of Cometsp. 71
Lambert's Equation for Elliptic Orbitsp. 74
Referencesp. 76
Space Based Radar-Kinematicsp. 77
Radar-Earth Geometryp. 77
Maximum Range on Earthp. 81
Mainbeam Footprint Sizep. 83
Packing of Mainbeam Footprintsp. 86
Range Foldover Phenomenonp. 90
Mainbeam Foldoverp. 90
Total Range Foldoverp. 94
Doppler Shiftp. 97
Crab Angle and Crab Magnitude: Modeling Earth's Rotation for SBRp. 101
Range Foldover and Crab Phenomenonp. 118
Ground Range from Latitude and Longitude Coordinatesp. 121
Nonsphericity of Earth and the Grazing Angle Correction Factorp. 123
Doppler Effectp. 130
Oblate Spheroidal Earth and Crab Angle Correctionp. 134
Referencesp. 137
Space-Time Adaptive Processingp. 139
Spatial Array Processingp. 139
Why Use an Array?p. 140
Maximization of Output SNRp. 148
Space-Time Adaptive Processingp. 153
Side-Looking Airborne Radarp. 155
Minimum Detectable Velocity (MDV)p. 162
Sample Matrix Inversion (SMI)p. 162
Sample Matrix with Digonal Loading (SMIDL)p. 165
Eigen-Structure Based STAPp. 165
Brennan's Rulep. 166
Eigencanceler Methodsp. 167
Hung-Turner Projection (HTP)p. 171
Subaperture Smoothing Methodsp. 173
Subarray Smoothingp. 177
Subaperture Smoothing Methods for STAPp. 183
Subarray Methodp. 183
Subpulse Methodp. 184
Subarry-Subpluse Methodp. 184
Array Tapering and Covariance Matrix Taperingp. 188
Diagonal Loading as Taperingp. 192
Convex Projection Techniquesp. 194
Convex Setsp. 195
Toeplitz Propertyp. 196
Positive-Definite Propertyp. 197
Methods of Alternating Projectionsp. 198
Relaxed Projection Operatorsp. 200
Factor Time-Space Approachp. 201
Joint-Domain Localized Approachp. 205
Uniform Array Sidelobe Levelsp. 208
Referencesp. 213
STAP for SBRp. 215
SBR Data Modelingp. 216
Mainbeam and Sidelobe Clutterp. 218
Ideal Clutter Spectrump. 223
Minimum Detectable Velocity (MDV)p. 232
MDV with Earth's Rotation and Range Foldoverp. 234
Range Foldover Minimization Using Orthogonal Pulsingp. 246
Scatter Return Modelingp. 255
Terrain Modelingp. 256
ICM Modelingp. 261
MDV with Terrain Modeling and Wind Effectp. 268
Effect of Wind on Dopplerp. 270
General Theory of Wind Damping Effect on Dopplerp. 275
Joint Effect of Terrain, Wind, Range Foldover, and Earth's Rotation on Performancep. 280
STAP Algorithms for SBRp. 283
Matrix Inversion Identityp. 296
Output SINR Derivationp. 297
Spectral Factorizationp. 298
Rational System Representationp. 303
Referencesp. 307
Performance Analysis Using Cramer-Rao Boundsp. 309
Cramer-Rao Bounds for Multiparameter Casep. 309
Cramer-Rao Bounds for Target Doppler and Power in Airborne and SBR Casesp. 320
Simulation Resultsp. 331
Referencesp. 338
Waveform Diversityp. 341
Matched Filter Receiversp. 344
Matched Filter Receivers in White Noisep. 346
Matched Filter Receivers in Colored Noisep. 353
Chirp and Pulse Compressionp. 358
Joint Transmitter-Receiver Design in Noisep. 364
Joint Time Bandwidth Optimizationp. 376
Transform of a Chirp Signalp. 385
Referencesp. 391
Advanced Topicsp. 393
An Infinitesimal Body Around Two Finite Bodiesp. 394
Particular Solutions of the Three-Body Problemp. 401
Stability of the Particular Solutionsp. 405
Stability of Linear Solutionsp. 409
Stability of Equilateral Solutionsp. 412
Hill Spherep. 417
Referencesp. 420
Indexp. 421
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