9780739107782

The Species Problem: Biological Species, Ontology, and the Metaphysics of Biology

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780739107782

  • ISBN10:

    073910778X

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2004-03-01
  • Publisher: LEXINGTON BOOKS

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Summary

Stamos squarely confronts the problem of determining what a biological species is, whether species are real, and the nature of their reality. He critically considers the evolution of the major contemporary views of species and also offers his own solution to the species problem.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction
1.1 The Species Problem and the Problem of Universals
1(9)
1.2 Ontology and Criteria of Reality
10(8)
1.3 Preliminary Assumptions and Concepts
18(3)
1.4 Abstract of the Book
21(10)
Chapter 2. Species Nominalism
2.1 Preliminary Considerations
31(4)
2.2 Occam and Locke
35(12)
2.3 Buffon, Lamarck, and Darwin
47(27)
2.4 Modern Nominalists in Biology
74(25)
Chapter 3. Species as Classes
3.1 Plato, Aristotle, and Linnaeus
99(14)
3.2 Species as Elementary Classes
113(10)
3.3 Species as Cluster Classes
123(20)
3.4 Species as Ecological Niches
143(22)
3.5 Problems with Species as Classes
165(16)
Chapter 4. Species as Individuals
4.1 Precursors from Hegel to Mayr
181(24)
4.2 Ghiselin, Hull, et al.
205(15)
4.3 Punctuated Equilibria
220(11)
4.4 Problems with Species as Individuals
231(21)
4.5 Species as Sets, Clades, and Lineages
252(33)
Chapter 5. Species as Relations
5.1 The Origin of an Idea
285(11)
5.2 Species as Biosimilarity Complexes
296(30)
5.3 Problems with Species as Relations
326(26)
5.4 Concluding Remarks
352(5)
References 357(18)
Index 375(6)
About the Author 381

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