9781565936898

The Speech Sciences

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781565936898

  • ISBN10:

    1565936892

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 7/1/1997
  • Publisher: Singular
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Summary

Speech Sciences represents an comprehensive learning resource on that most uniquely human faculty of talking. Culminating decades of innovative research and teaching by an acknowledged master of the profession, The Speech Sciences crystallizes into a unified whole, a multidisciplinary subject of broad scope, great richness, and enormous practical importance. It provides the necessary foundations for users who want to be good clinicians and run good institutions. With text of exceptional lucidity, buttressed by a wealth of didactic illustrations and exercises, The Speech Sciences will inevitably become an essential tool not only for the communication sciences and disorders but for many other related disciplines, including linguistics, anthropology, social sciences, computer sciences, psychology, human engineering and more.

Table of Contents

Preface v(6)
Acknowledgments xi
1 Speech Communication and the Speech Sciences
1(20)
The Physics and Biology of Speech Communication
5(2)
The Linguistic Role in Speech
7(3)
Biological Differences Among Speakers
10(4)
Theories of Speech Production and Speech Perception
14(1)
The Speech Technologies
14(1)
Applied Speech Sciences
15(1)
On The Reference Shelf
16(1)
Chapter References
16(3)
Exercises
19(2)
2 Basic Concepts from Physics and Mathematics
21(26)
Tools for Understanding
21(1)
The Physics of Fluids
22(1)
Hydrodynamics
22(4)
Sound
26(9)
Applied Mathematics
35(8)
On The Reference Shelf
43(1)
Chapter References
44(1)
Exercises
45(2)
3 An Overview of Anatomy, the Speech System, and Speech Sounds
47(24)
Basic Anatomic Terminology and Concepts
48(2)
Primary Tissues of the Body
50(3)
The Body Systems of Speech Production
53(7)
Phonetics
60(8)
Chapter References
68(1)
Exercises
69(2)
4 The Respiratory and Laryngeal Systems
71(70)
Respiratory Anatomy and Physiology
72(28)
Laryngeal Anatomy and Physiology
100(34)
Chapter Summary
134(1)
On the Reference Shelf
135(1)
Chapter References
135(4)
Exercises
139(2)
5 The Upper Airway of Speech Production
141(68)
Anatomy of the Upper Airway
142(41)
Facial Expression: Developmental and Universalist Concepts
183(12)
Swallowing
195(5)
Conclusion
200(1)
On the Reference Shelf
200(1)
Chapter References
200(4)
Exercises
204(5)
6 The Auditory System
209(24)
Gross Anatomy of the Ear
210(13)
Electrical Events and Related Phenomena
223(1)
Energy and Information Flow in the Auditory System
224(1)
Summary of the Auditory System
225(1)
Comparative Auditory Function
225(1)
Psychoacoustics
226(1)
Life Course Considerations
227(2)
On The Reference Shelf
229(1)
Chapter References
229(2)
Exercises
231(2)
7 The Neural Basis of Speech
233(70)
The Cells of the Nervous System
234(7)
Anatomy of the Nervous System
241(27)
Neuroimaging Methods
268(3)
Afferent and Efferent Neural Pathways
271(14)
Centers and Circuits for the Neural Control of Speech
285(6)
Life Course Considerations
291(2)
Conclusion
293(1)
On The Reference Shelf
293(1)
Chapter References
294(1)
Exercises
298(3)
Appendix: Cranical Nerve Supplement
301(2)
8 Physiological Phonetics
303(26)
Issues in Speech Physiology
305(1)
Methods of Speech Physiology
306(12)
Physiological Requirements of Speech Production
318(2)
Commonly Used Physiological Indexes of Speech
320(1)
Multiarticulate Recordings of Speech Production
321(1)
Multisystem Recordings
322(2)
Conclusions and Summary
324(1)
On The Reference Shelf
325(1)
Chapter References
325(2)
Exercises
327(2)
9 Acoustic Phonetics
329(42)
Acoustic Theory of Speech Production
330(13)
Methods of Acoustic Analysis
343(1)
The Acoustic Analysis of Speech
344(4)
Acoustic Correlates of Information Sources in Speech
348(18)
Summary
366(1)
On The Reference Shelf
366(1)
Chapter References
366(2)
Exercises
368(3)
10 Speech Perception
371(30)
Acoustic-Perceptual Invariance in Speech
372(3)
Experimental Phenomena in Speech Perception
375(9)
Theories of Speech Perception
384(6)
Some Basic Issues in Speech Perception
390(4)
Life Course Issues
394(2)
On The Reference Shelf
396(1)
Chapter References
397(3)
Exercises
400(1)
11 Theories of Speech Perception
401(18)
Why Theories Matter
401(1)
The Three Major Problems to Be Accounted for by a Theory of Speech Production
402(5)
Selected Theories of Speech Perception
407(6)
Conclusion
413(1)
On the Reference Shelf
414(1)
Chapter References
414(3)
Exercises
417(2)
12 Applied Speech Sciences
419(26)
Human-Machine Speech Communication
420(1)
Digital Speech Coding
421(5)
Forensics
426(2)
Speech, Language, and Hearing Disorders
428(7)
Dialect and Non-Native Languages
435(2)
Dyslexia
437(1)
Speech and Psychiatry
437(1)
Speech in Art and Culture
438(1)
Conclusion
438(1)
On The Reference Shelf
439(1)
Chapter References
440(3)
Exercises
443(2)
13 The Evolution of Speech
445(20)
Language, Speech, and Evolution
447(1)
Why is Speech Unique to Humans?
447(9)
Asymmetry of Language Representation
456(3)
Evolution: A Postscript
459(1)
On The Reference Shelf
460(1)
Chapter References
460(3)
Exercises
463(2)
14 The Embryology of the Speech Organs
465(14)
Embryonic and Fetal Chronology
466(9)
Conclusion
475(1)
On The Reference Shelf
476(1)
Exercises
477(2)
Glossary 479(42)
Appendix: Answers to Selected Exercises 493(2)
Index 495(26)
Color Plates
521

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