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Click here to find out more about the 2009 MLA Updates and the 2010 APA Updates . Andrea A. Lunsford's years of experience in the classroom and in the field have given her a unique understanding of how, what, where, and why today's students write. For her research forThe St. Martin's Handbook ongoing for over two decades she has studied thousands of papers by composition students nationwide. Andrea Lunsford's trademark attention to rhetorical choice, language and style, and critical thinking and argument have always madeThe St. Martin's Handbookan accessible and thorough writing resource. Now informed by new research into student writing patterns and featuring expanded and more visual coverage of research, documentation, and writing in any discipline,The St. Martin's Handbookoffers students more help than ever before with meeting the expectations of college work.
ANDREA A. LUNSFORD is Louise Hewlett Nixon Professor of English and director of the Program in Writing and Rhetoric at Stanford University and also teaches at the Bread Loaf School of English. A past chair of CCCC, she has won the major publication awards in both the CCCC and MLA. For Bedford/St. Martin's, she is also the author of Easy Writer (2006), and The Everyday Writer (2005); The Presence of Others (2004) and Everything's an Argument (2007) with John Ruszkiewicz; and Everything's an Argument with Readings (2007) with John Ruszkiewicz and Keith Walters.
Nora Bacon, University of Nebraska at Omaha
Rick Cole, Boston University
Judith M. Davis, Hampton University
Christy Desmet, University of Georgia
Judith G. Gardner, University of Texas at San Antonio
Sara Jameson, Oregon State University
Michael A. Keller, South Dakota State University
Winnie M. Kenney, Southwestern Illinois College
Heidi L. Kolk, Washington University, St. Louis
Carole P. Lane, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Stephen M. Levin, Georgia Institute of Technology
Annie Perkins, Norfolk State University
Eileen B. Seifert, DePaul University
Anne E. Raines, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Table of Contents
PART I. THE ART AND CRAFT OF WRITING 1. Expectations for College Writing 2. Reading, Writing, and Research 3. Considering Rhetorical Situations 4. Thinking Visually 5. Exploring, Planning, and Drafting 6. Developing Paragraphs 7. Reviewing, Revising, and Editing 8. Working with Others
PART II. CRITICAL THINKING AND ARGUMENT 9. Analyzing Arguments 10. Considering Visual Arguments 11. Constructing Arguments
PART III. DOING RESEARCH AND USING SOURCES 12. Preparing for a Research Project 13. Conducting Research 14. Evaluating Sources and Taking Notes 15. Integrating Sources into Your Writing 16. Acknowledging Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism 17. Writing a Research Project 18. MLA Documentation 19. APA Documentation 20. Chicago Documentation 21. CSE Documentation
PART IV. PRINT, ELECTRONIC, AND OTHER MEDIA 22. Computer Basics 23. Document Design 24. Online Texts 25. Oral and Multimedia Presentations
PART V. EFFECTIVE LANGUAGE 26. Writing to the World 27. Language That Builds Common Ground 28. Language Variety 29. Word Choice 30. Dictionaries, Vocabulary, and Spelling
PART VI. SENTENCE: GRAMMAR 31. Grammatical Sentences 32. Verbs 33. Subject-Verb Agreement 34. Pronouns 35. Adjectives and Adverbs
PART VII. SENTENCE: CLARITY 36. Shifts 37. Parallelism 38. Comma Splices and Fused Sentences 39. Sentence Fragments 40. Modifier Placement 41. Consistent and Complete Structures
PART VIII. SENTENCE: STYLE 42. Effective Sentences 43. Coordination and Subordination 44. Varied Sentences 45. Memorable Prose
PART IX. PUNCTUATION 46. Commas 47. Semicolons 48. End Punctuation 49. Apostrophes 50. Quotation Marks 51. Other Punctuation Marks
PART X. MECHANICS 52. Capitals 53. Abbreviations and Numbers 54. Italics 55. Hyphens
PART XI. FOR MULTILINGUAL WRITERS 56. Writing for a U.S. Academic Audience 57. Clauses and Sentences 58. Nouns and Noun Phrases 59. Verbs and Verb Phrases 60. Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases
PART XII. ACADEMIC AND PROFESSIONAL WRITING 61. Understanding Disciplinary Discourse 62. Writing for the Humanities 63. Writing for the Social Sciences 64. Writing for the Natural and Applied Sciences 65. Writing for Business 66. Essay Examinations and Portfolios