9780395906170

State and Local Government

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780395906170

  • ISBN10:

    0395906172

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1998-12-23
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Table of Contents

Preface xi
PART ONE: The Context for State and Local Politics and Government
New Directions for State and Local Government
3(20)
The Study of State and Local Government
4(3)
State and Local Government Capacity
7(8)
The People: Designers and Consumers of Government
15(4)
From Capacity to Productivity
19(2)
Summary
21(2)
Pondering Politics: Creating an Image
21(2)
Federalism and the States
23(32)
The Concept of Federalism
24(3)
The History of Federalism
27(9)
Intergovernmental Relations
36(4)
Models of Federalism
40(6)
Federal Purse Strings
46(4)
The Future of Federalism
50(3)
Summary
53(2)
Pondering Politics: The Devolution Revolution: A Race to the Bottom or a Path to More Effective Government?
45(7)
Pondering Politics: Death and Drugs
52(3)
State Constitutions
55(27)
The Evolution of State Constitutions
57(3)
Weaknesses of Constitutions
60(5)
Constitutional Reform
65(8)
Methods for Constitutional Change
73(7)
State Responsiveness and Constitutional Reform
80(1)
Summary
81(1)
Pondering Politics: Does the Right to Privacy Include Smoking?
62(10)
Pondering Politics: Will Puerto Rico Become the Fifty-first State?
72
Policy Innovation: Nebraska's Unicameral Legislature
69(13)
Citizen Participation and Elections
82(27)
Participation
82(7)
Elections
89(7)
Election-Day Lawmaking
96(4)
Citizen Access to Government
100(4)
Volunteerism
104(1)
The Effects of Citizen Participation
105(1)
Summary
106(3)
Pondering Politics: Restoring the Citizen-Government Link
86(12)
Policy Innovation: Letting the People Decide
98(11)
Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Campaigns
109(30)
Political Parties
109(11)
Interest Groups
120(10)
Political Campaigns
130(7)
Summary
137(2)
Pondering Politics: Third Parties: Also-Rans or Real Contenders?
116(20)
Policy Innovation: Cleaning Up Elections in the Pine Tree State
136(3)
PART TWO: The Institutions of State Government
State Legislatures
139(32)
The Essence of Legislatures
140(3)
Legislative Dynamics
143(8)
Legislative Behavior
151(3)
How a Bill Becomes a Law
154(3)
Legislative Reform and Capacity
157(7)
Relationship with the Executive Branch
164(5)
Legislatures and Capacity
169(1)
Summary
169(2)
Pondering Politics: Legislators and Governors: Power Politics at Work
167
Policy Innovation: Does More Women in the Legislature = More Policy Innovation?
159(12)
Governors
171(36)
The Office of Governor
172(4)
The Roles of the Governor: Duties and Responsibilities
176(9)
Formal Powers of the Governor
185(12)
Informal Powers
197(3)
Removal from Office
200(1)
Other Executive Branch Officials
201(4)
The Vigor of U.S. Governors
205(1)
Summary
205(2)
Pondering Politics: The Perquisites of Office
181(26)
Public Administration: Budgeting and the Bureaucracy
207(34)
Public Employees in State and Local Government: Who They Are, What They Do
209(1)
Budgeting in State and Local Government
210(9)
Personnel Policy in State and Local Government: From Patronage to Merit
219(10)
The Politics of Bureaucracy
229(10)
Responsiveness of Bureaucracies
239(1)
Summary
240(1)
Pondering Politics: Damned If You Do
212(17)
Pondering Politics: Should Public Employees Be Allowed to Strike?
229(9)
Policy Innovation: Re-engineering Government with Geographic Information Systems
238(3)
The Judiciary
241(28)
The Structure of State Court Systems
242(4)
How Judges Are Selected
246(9)
Judicial Decisionmaking
255(6)
New Judicial Federalism
261(2)
State Court Reform
263(5)
Summary
268(1)
Policy Innovation: Fighting Gender Bias in the Courtroom
260(5)
Pondering Politics: Too Many Lawyers?
265(4)
PART THREE: Local Governments...and the States
The Structure of Local Government
269(25)
Orientations to Communities
270(1)
Five Types of Local Governments
271(20)
The Issue of Governance
291(1)
Summary
292(2)
Pondering Politics: Saving Miami
281
Policy Innovation: Tribal Governments: A Case of Local/National Government
272(22)
Local Leadership and Governance
294(22)
Community Power
295(5)
Local Executives
300(8)
Local Legislatures
308(5)
Leadership Is Capacity
313(1)
Summary
314(2)
Pondering Politics: Houston Elects a New Mayor
304
Policy Innovation: Entrepreneurial Local Governments
296(20)
State-Local Relations
316(24)
The Distribution of Authority
318(4)
State-Local Organizations
322(1)
Metropolitics: A New Challenge for State Government
323(10)
States and Urban Policy
333(3)
States and Their Rural Communities
336(1)
The Interaction of State and Local Governments
337(1)
Summary
338(2)
Pondering Politics: Massachusetts Says ``Adios'' to Its Counties
317(15)
Policy Innovation: Regionalism: Lots of Talk, Even Some Action
332(8)
State and Local Finance
340(35)
The Principles of Finance
341(5)
Revenues
346(12)
The Political Economy of Taxation
358(6)
Borrowing and Debt
364(4)
State and Local Financial Relations
368(4)
State and Local Finance at the Millennium
372(1)
Summary
373(2)
PART FOUR: Public Policy in States and Localities
Economic Development
375(23)
Regional Differences in Economic Prosperity
376(1)
Approaches to Economic Development
377(2)
The Politics of Economic Development
379(3)
Current Initiatives
382(6)
Issues in Economic Development
388(3)
Competition and Cooperation
391(3)
The Implications of Economic Development Policy
394(3)
Summary
397(1)
Pondering Politics: Gambling as Economic Development: States Place Their Bets
381(12)
Policy Innovation: Civic Entrepreneurs Spur Economic Development
393(5)
Education Policy
398(30)
The Crisis in Education
399(5)
Intergovernmental Roles in Education
404(9)
Actors in Education Policy
413(5)
Educational Innovation in the States
418(7)
The Continuing Challenge of Public Education
425(1)
Summary
426(2)
Pondering Politics: Whose School Is It?
406(14)
Policy Innovation: Year-Round Schools
420(8)
Criminal Justice
428(30)
How Much Crime Is There?
429(3)
Intergovernmental Roles in Criminal Justice
432(2)
Actors in Criminal Justice Policy
434(5)
How Policy Participants Interact: Two Policy Areas
439(4)
Correctional Policy
443(6)
Policy Alternatives for States and Localities
449(6)
The Continuing Challenge in Crime and Corrections
455(1)
Summary
456(2)
Pondering Politics: Concealed Weapons Permits...Or Will There Be Shootouts over the Last Mustard Packet at Burger King?
431(4)
Policy Innovation: Techno-Cop
435(23)
Social Welfare and Health Care Policy
458(26)
The Meaning of Poverty
459(2)
Social Welfare and Ideology
461(3)
Current Social Welfare Policy
464(1)
Types of Social Welfare Programs
464(4)
State Innovations in Social Welfare
468(5)
Turning Welfare Checks into Paychecks
473(2)
Health Care
475(8)
Summary
483(1)
Pondering Politics: The Fair and Even Hand of Government
476
Policy Innovation: Welfare Traps
469(11)
Policy Innovation: Florida's Healthy Kids
480(4)
Environmental Policy
484(1)
The Political Economy of Environmental Protection
485(1)
Intergovernmental Relationships in Environmental Policy
486(7)
Solid Waste Management: Garbage and What to Do with It
493(4)
Hazardous Waste: The Politics of Confusion
497(5)
Nuclear Waste: The Lingering Horror
502(2)
Environmental Tradeoffs
504(3)
Environmental Justice
507(2)
Summary
509
Pondering Politics: Environmental Self-Audits: Industry Takes on a New Role
491(17)
Policy Innovation: Indoor Air Pollution: The Smoking Gun
508
References R-1
Index I-1

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