Statistics

• ISBN13:

• ISBN10:

0130655988

• Edition: 9th
• Format: Hardcover w/CD
• Publisher: Pearson
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Summary

This resource emphasizes statistical inference and sound decision-making through its extensive coverage of data collection and analysis. As in earlier editions, it helps develop statistical thinking and promotes inference assessment- from the vantage point of both the consumer and the producer. Includes new Three-phased Examples that contain three components: "problem," "solution," and "look back." Provides Now Work exercises that follow each example, suggesting an end-of-section exercise that is similar in style and concept to the example. Offers new Chapter Summary Notes along with end-of- chapter material. Provides new Critical Thinking Challenges. A comprehensive resource for anyone who needs to improve their understanding of statistics.

Preface xi
 Statistics, Data, and Statistical Thinking
1(18)
 The Science of Statistics
2(1)
 Types of Statistical Applications
2(2)
 Fundamental Elements of Statistics
4(5)
 Types of Data
9(1)
 Collecting Data
10(3)
 The Role of Statistics in Critical Thinking
13(6)
 Quick Review
14(1)
 Statistics in Action A ``20/20''View of Survey Results: Fact or Fiction?
15(4)
 Methods for Describing Sets of Data
19(88)
 Describing Qualitative Data
20(9)
 Graphical Methods for Describing Quantitative Data
29(13)
 Summation Notation
42(2)
 Numerical Measures of Central Tendency
44(11)
 Numerical Measures of Variability
55(6)
 Interpreting the Standard Deviation
61(9)
 Numerical Measures of Relative Standing
70(5)
 Methods for Detecting Outliers (Optional)
75(11)
 Graphing Bivariate Relationships (Optional)
86(6)
 Distorting the Truth with Descriptive Techniques
92(15)
 Statistics in Action the ``Eye Cue'' Test: Does Experience Improve Performance?
95(1)
 Quick Review
96(11)
 Probability
107(66)
 Events, Sample Spaces, and Probability
108(12)
 Unions and Intersections
120(3)
 Complementary Events
123(3)
 The Additive Rule and Mutually Exclusive Events
126(5)
 Conditional Probability
131(8)
 The Multiplicative Rule and Independent Events
139(10)
 Random Sampling
149(5)
 Some Counting Rules (Optional)
154(19)
 Statistics in Action Game Show Strategy: To Switch or Not to Switch?
165(1)
 Quick Review
166(7)
 Discrete Random Variables
173(44)
 Two Types of Random Variables
174(3)
 Probability Distributions for Discrete Random Variables
177(5)
 Expected Values of Discrete Random Variables
182(7)
 The Binomial Random Variable
189(13)
 The Poisson Random Variable (Optional)
202(6)
 The Hypergeometric Random Variable (Optional)
208(9)
 Statistics in Action Probability in a Reverse Cocaine Sting
212(1)
 Quick Review
212(5)
 Continuous Random Variables
217(44)
 Continuous Probability Distributions
218(1)
 The Uniform Distribution
219(4)
 The Normal Distribution
223(14)
 Descriptive Methods for Assessing Normality
237(7)
 Approximating a Binomial Distribution with a Normal Distribution (Optional)
244(6)
 The Exponential Distribution (Optional)
250(11)
 Statistics in Action IQ, Economic Mobility, and the Bell Curve
255(1)
 Quick Review
256(5)
 Sampling Distributions
261(26)
 What Is a Sampling Distribution?
262(6)
 Properties of Sampling Distributions: Unbiasedness and Minimum Variance (Optional)
268(5)
 The Central Limit Theorem
273(14)
 Quick Review
281(1)
 Statistics in Action The Insomnia Pill
282(5)
 Inferences Based on a Single Sample: Estimation with Confidence Intervals
287(40)
 Large-Sample Confidence Interval for a Population Mean
288(9)
 Small-Sample Confidence Interval for a Population Mean
297(11)
 Large-Sample Confidence Interval for a Population Proportion
308(7)
 Determining the Sample Size
315(12)
 Statistics in Action Scallops, Sampling, and the Law
319(2)
 Quick Review
321(6)
 Inferences Based on a Single Sample: Tests of Hypothesis
327(52)
 The Elements of a Test of Hypothesis
328(6)
 Large-Sample Test of Hypothesis About a Population Mean
334(6)
 Observed Significance Levels: p-Values
340(7)
 Small-Sample Test of Hypothesis About a Population Mean
347(6)
 Large-Sample Test of Hypothesis About a Population Proportion
353(6)
 Calculating Type II Error Probabilities; More About β (Optional)
359(8)
 Test of Hypothesis About a Population Variance (Optional)
367(12)
 Quick Review
371(1)
372(7)
 Inferences Based on Two Samples: Confidence Intervals and Tests of Hypotheses
379(62)
 Comparing Two Population Means: Independent Sampling
380(17)
 Comparing Two Population Means: Paired Difference Experiments
397(14)
 Comparing Two Population Proportions: Independent Sampling
411(7)
 Determining the Sample Size
418(3)
 Comparing Two Population Variances; Independent Sampling (Optional)
421(20)
 Statistics in Action Detection of Rigged Milk Prices
430(1)
 Quick Review
431(10)
 Analysis of Variance: Comparing More Than Two Means
441(68)
 Elements of a Designed Experiment
442(5)
 The Completely Randomized Design
447(16)
 Multiple Comparisons of Means
463(6)
 The Randomized Block Design
469(15)
 Factorial Experiments
484(25)
 Statistics in Action on the Trail of the Cockroach
500(1)
 Quick Review
501(8)
 Simple Linear Regression
509(66)
 Probabilistic Models
510(4)
 Fitting the Model: The Least Squares Approach
514(15)
 Model Assumptions
529(1)
 An Estimator of σ2
530(3)
 Assessing the Utility of the Model: Making Inferences About the Slope β1
533(8)
 The Coefficient of Correlation
541(3)
 The Coefficient of Determination
544(7)
 Using the Model for Estimation and Prediction
551(9)
 A Complete Example
560(15)
 Statistics in Action Can ``Dowsers'' Really Detect Water?
564(3)
 Quick Review
567(8)
 Multiple Regression and Model Building
575(130)
 Multiple Regression Models
576(1)
 The First-Order Model: Estimating and Interpreting the β Parameters
577(6)
 Model Assumptions
583(2)
585(10)
 Checking the Overall Utility of a Model
595(10)
 Using the Model for Estimation and Prediction
605(6)
 Model Building: Interaction Models
611(7)
 Model Building: Quadratic and Other Higher Order Models
618(12)
 Model Building: Qualitative (Dummy) Variable Models
630(7)
 Model Building: Models with Both Quantitative and Qualitative Variables
637(10)
 Model Building: Comparing Nested Models
647(9)
 Model Building: Stepwise Regression
656(9)
 Residual Analysis: Checking the Regression Assumptions
665(15)
 Some Pitfalls: Estimability, Multicollinearity, and Extrapolation
680(25)
 Statistics in Action 12.1 ``Wringing'' the Bell Curve
691(1)
 Statistics in Action 12.2 Building a Model for Condo Sale Prices
692(2)
 Quick Review
694(11)
 Categorical Data Analysis
705(34)
 Categorical Data and the Multinomial Experiment
706(1)
 Testing Categorical Probabilities: One-Way Table
707(7)
 Testing Categorical Probabilities: Two-Way (Contingency) Table
714(16)
 A Word of Caution About Chi-Square Tests
730(9)
 Statistics in Action The Level of Agreement Among Movie Reviewers: Thumbs Up or Thumbs Down?
730(1)
 Quick Review
731(8)
 Nonparametric Statistics
739(54)
 Introduction: Distribution-Free Tests
740(1)
 Single Population Inferences: The Sign Test
741(6)
 Comparing Two Populations: The Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test for Independent Samples
747(8)
 Comparing Two Populations: The Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test for the Paired Difference Experiment
755(8)
 The Kruskal-Wallis H-Test for a Completely Randomized Design
763(6)
 The Friedman Fr-Test for a Randomized Block Design
769(7)
 Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficient
776(17)
 Statistics in Action Deadly Exposure: Agent Orange and Vietnam Vets
784(1)
 Quick Review
785(8)
Appendix A: Tables 793(30)
 Table I Random Numbers
795(3)
 Table II Binomial Probabilities
798(4)
 Table III Poisson Probabilities
802(5)
 Table IV Normal Curve Areas
807(1)
 Table V Exponentials
808(1)
 Table VI Critical Values of t
809(1)
 Table VII Critical Values of X2
810(2)
 Table VIII Percentage Points of the F-Distribution, α = .10
812(2)
 Table IX Percentage Points of the F-Distribution, α = .05
814(2)
 Table X Percentage Points of the F-Distribution, α = .025
816(2)
 Table XI Percentage Points of the F-Distribution, α = .01
818(2)
 Table XII Critical Values of TL and TU for the Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test: Independent Samples
820(1)
 Table XIII Critical Values of T0 in the Wilcoxon Paired Difference Signed Rank Test
821(1)
 Table XIV Critical Values of Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficient
822(1)
Appendix B: Data Sets on CD-ROM That Accompanies Text 823(6)
Appendix C: Calculation Formulas for Analysis of Variance 829(6)