Gathering and Exploring Data | |

Statistics: The Art and Science of Learning from Data | |

How Can You Investigate Using Data? | |

We Learn about Population Using Samples | |

What Role do Computers Play in Statistics? | |

Chapter Summary | |

Chapter Exercises | |

Exploring Data with Graphs and Numerical Summaries | |

What Are the Types of Data? | |

How Can We Describe Data using Graphical Summaries? | |

How Can We Describe the Center of Quantitative Data? | |

How Can We Describe the Spread of Quantitative Data? | |

How Can Measures of Position Describe Spread? | |

How Can Graphical Summaries Be Misused? | |

Answers to Chapter Figure Questions | |

Chapter Summary | |

Chapter Exercises | |

Association: Contingency, Correlation, and Regression | |

How Can We Explore the Association between Two Categorical Variables? | |

How Can We Explore the Association between Two Quantitative Variables? | |

How Can We Predict the Outcome of a Variable? | |

What are Some Cautions in Analyzing Associations? | |

Answers to Chapter Figure Questions | |

Chapter Summary | |

Chapter Exercises | |

Gathering Data | |

Should We Experiment or Should We Merely Observe? | |

What Are Good Ways and Poor Ways to Sample? | |

What Are Good Ways and Poor Ways to Experiment? | |

What Are Other Ways to Perform Experimental and Nonexperimental Studies? | |

Answers to Chapter Figure Questions | |

Chapter Summary | |

Chapter Exercises | |

Part 1 Review | |

Part 1 Summary | |

Part 1 Exercises | |

Probability and Probability Distributions | |

Probability in our Daily Lives | |

How Can Probability Quantify Randomness? | |

How Can We Find Probabilities? | |

Conditional Probability: What's the Probability of A, Given B? | |

Applying the Probability Rules | |

Answers to Chapter Figure Questions | |

Chapter Summary | |

Chapter Exercises | |

Probability Distributions | |

How Can We Summarize Possible Outcomes and Their Probabilities? | |

How Can We Find Probabilities for Bell-Shaped Distributions? | |

How Can We Find Probabilities when Each Observation has Two Possible Outcomes? | |

Answers to Chapter Figure Questions | |

Chapter Summary | |

Chapter Exercises | |

Sampling Distributions | |

How Likely Are the Possible Values of a Statistics? | |

The Sampling Distribution | |

How Close Are Sample Means to Population Means? | |

How Can We Make Inferences about a Population? | |

Answers to Chapter Figure Questions | |

Chapter Summary | |

Chapter Exercises | |

Part 2 Review | |

Part 2 Summary | |

Part 2 Exercises | |

Inference Statistics | |

Statistical Inference: Confidence Intervals | |

What Are Point and Interval Estimates of Population Parameters? | |

How Can We Construct a Confidence Interval to Estimate a Population Proportion? | |

How Can We Construct a Confidence Interval to Estimate a Population Mean? | |

How Do We Choose the Sample Size for a Study? | |

How Do Computers Make New Estimation Methods Possible? | |

Answers to Chapter Figure Questions | |

Chapter Summary | |

Chapter Exercises | |

Statistical Inference: Significance Tests about Hypotheses | |

What Are the Steps for Performing a Significance Test? | |

Significance Tests about Proportions | |

Significance Tests about Means | |

Decisions and Types of Errors in Significance Tests | |

Limitations of Significance Tests | |

How Likely is a Type II Error (Not Rejecting H0, Even though it's False)? | |

Answers to Chapter Figure Questions | |

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