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Steps for Writers: Composing Essays, Volume 2 (Penguin Academics Series),9780321198822

Steps for Writers: Composing Essays, Volume 2 (Penguin Academics Series)

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780321198822

ISBN10:
0321198824
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $49.33
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  • Steps for Writers Composing Essays, Volume 2
    Steps for Writers Composing Essays, Volume 2




Summary

Every developing writer is different and has specific needs. Whether students lack confidence, are overconfident, or come to the course under prepared in grammar and process, writing their own event. By organizing Three Steps to College Writing around three phases of college writingfinding oners"s own writing process, writing essays based on oners"s own experience and perceptions, and writing essays involving texts and research, Phil Eggers aims to transform writing into an intrinsic experience for todayrs"s developing writers. His graduated approach to grammar and writing teaches students the basic of composing solid paragraphs and essays by allowing students to mature in the process and build confidence. Grammar correctness and peer review are heavily emphasized, and student and professional models are incorporated throughout the text to show "real" writing. As part of the Penguin Academic Series, Three Steps to College Writing offers a compact, trade-format size and streamlined narrative to make this book both easy to handle and easy to read. Its brevity and low cost allows instructors to easily supplement the basic text with other books, including those on the list of Penguin titles offered at a deep discount as part of the Longman/Penguin Program. Teaches students the basics of composing solid paragraphs and essays in preparation for freshman composition. Paragraph-to-Essay level Penguin Academic = concise and affordable Three phases of college writingfinding oners"s own writing process, writing essays based on oners"s own experience and perceptions, and writing essays involving texts and research Graduated approach with grammar and writing: "Basic," "Intermediate," Challenge" Heavy emphasis on grammar, proofreading, and peer review Student and professional models are incorporated throughout text

Table of Contents

To the Instructor xv
To the Student xxv
INTRODUCTION Visualizing the Essay 1(6)
Student Essay
3(4)
STEP ONE DEVELOPING YOUR OWN THINKING, WRITING, AND LEARNING PROCESS 7(230)
CHAPTER 1 Prewriting
8(15)
Prewriting Experiments: Freewriting, Focused Writing, Brainstorming, Clustering, Outlining, and Cubing
9(5)
Interacting with Your Readers
11(1)
Identifying Your Purpose
12(1)
Prewriting Activities: A Glimpse of a Student Writer at Work
12(4)
WRITING TIP #1
14(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
14(2)
Proofreading Practice: Identifying Sentence Divisions in Your Prewriting Activities
16(4)
Correcting Fragments
16(1)
Correcting Run-on Sentences
17(2)
Correcting Comma Splices
19(1)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
20(3)
CHAPTER 2 Making a Point
23(11)
Thesis Statements
23(2)
Thesis Statements Must Take a Position
24(1)
Thesis Statements Must Be Precise
24(1)
Introductory Paragraphs
25(4)
Starting with the Three-Step Design
25(1)
Model Introductory Paragraph
26(1)
Avoid Bad Starts
26(5)
WRITING TIP #2
29(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
29(2)
Proofreading Practice: Agreement of Subjects and Verbs
31(1)
Watch Those S-Endings
31(1)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
32(2)
CHAPTER 3 Developing Your Body Paragraphs and Making Conclusions
34(17)
Explaining and Illustrating Ideas in Body Paragraphs
34(1)
Applying Techniques of Development
34(6)
Analyzing a Topic
35(1)
Using Personal Experience
36(1)
Using Analogies
36(1)
Acknowledging the Reader
37(2)
Appealing to Emotion
39(1)
Using Public Sources of Information
39(1)
Choosing Modes of Development
40(1)
WRITING TIP #3
41(1)
Concluding Paragraphs
41(3)
Conclusions to Avoid
42(1)
Model Concluding Paragraph
43(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
44(1)
Proofreading Practice: Special Problems with Agreement
44(5)
Forms of Be, Have, and Do
45(1)
Subjects That Come After Verbs
46(1)
Special Subjects
47(1)
Group Nouns
47(1)
Verbs Separated from Subjects by Prepositional Phrases
48(1)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
49(2)
CHAPTER 4 Global Revising: Doing an Extreme Makeover
51(10)
Moving from a Draft to an Essay: A Glimpse of a Student Writer at Work
51(2)
Testing Your Thesis: Looking for Digressions and Weak Spots
53(1)
Achieving Continuity through Transitions
54(1)
Improving Your Style: Breaking Up, Varying, and Combining Sentences
54(1)
Interacting with Your Reader (Reading Aloud to Others)
55(2)
Peer Review Questions
56(1)
WRITING TIP #4
56(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
57(1)
Proofreading Practice: Subordination
57(2)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
59(2)
CHAPTER 5 Putting on the Final Touches
61(15)
Improving Word Choice; Eliminating Wordiness
61(2)
Proofreading Aloud; Locating Your Patterns of Error
63(1)
Using Your Spelling and Grammar Check
64(1)
WRITING TIP #5
64(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
65(1)
Proofreading Practice: Spelling
66(6)
Spelling Patterns
67(2)
Twenty Common Mix-ups
69(3)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
72(3)
WRITING ESSAYS BASED ON YOUR OWN EXPERIENCE AND PERCEPTIONS
75(1)
CHAPTER 6 Describing a Situation, Person, or Group
76(10)
Visualizing Your Subject and Giving It Meaning
76(1)
Student Essay: Describing a Person
76(2)
Organizing a Description
78(1)
Example by a Published Author: Using Details
78(2)
WRITING TIP #6
79(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
80(1)
Essay Topics: Descriptive Writing
81(1)
Peer Review Questions
81(1)
Proofreading Practice: Adjectives and Adverbs
82(2)
Telling the Difference Between Adjectives and Adverbs
82(2)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
84(2)
CHAPTER 7 Telling a Story to Make a Point
86(13)
Organizing Chronologically
86(1)
Telling a Meaningful and Moving Story
86(1)
Student Essay: Telling a Story to Make a Point
87(3)
Example by a Published Author
90(2)
WRITING TIP #7
92(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
92(1)
Essay Topics: Narration
93(1)
Peer Review Questions
94(1)
Proofreading Practice: Past Tense
94(3)
Verb Tenses in Writing: Some Guidelines
94(1)
D-Endings in the Past Tense
95(1)
The Past Tense of Irregular Verbs
96(1)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
97(2)
CHAPTER 8 Enumerating Examples
99(12)
Student Essay: Enumerating Examples
99(3)
Example by a Published Author: Enumerating Examples
102(2)
WRITING TIP #8
104(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
104(1)
Essay Topics: Illustration by Examples
105(1)
Peer Review Questions
106(1)
Proofreading Practice: Parallel Structure
106(2)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
108(3)
CHAPTER 9 Defining a Term
111(17)
Student Essay: Defining a Term
112(1)
Example by a Published Author: Definition Essay
113(2)
Examples of Short Definitions
115(1)
Limiting the Scope of Your Definition
116(1)
Examining Your Subject from Different Angles
116(1)
Giving Examples of the Concept
117(1)
WRITING TIP #9
117(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
118(1)
Essay Topics: Definition
119(2)
Peer Review Questions
120(1)
Proofreading Practice: Use of Pronouns; Who and Which Clauses
121(3)
Avoiding Relative Clause Fragments
122(1)
Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Clauses
123(1)
Using Who and Whom
123(1)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
124(3)
WRITING ESSAYS BASED ON YOUR READING AND RESEARCH
127(1)
CHAPTER 10 Making a Comparison
128(24)
Comparing and Contrasting as a Way of Knowing
128(1)
Types of Comparison
128(3)
Categories of Comparison
129(2)
Gathering Facts on Both Subjects
131(1)
Exploring Similarities and Differences: A Student Writer at Work
131(4)
Andrea's Brainstorming Notes about Two Career Options
132(3)
Organizing Your Material
135(2)
The Block Method of Organizing
135(1)
The Similarities/Differences Method of Organization
135(1)
Organizing by Categories
136(1)
Student Essay: Exploring Similarities and Differences
137(3)
Example by a Published Author: Comparing and Contrasting
140(2)
WRITING TIP #10
142(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
142(4)
Essay Topics: Comparison/Contrast
146(1)
Peer Review Questions
147(1)
Proofreading Practice: Modifiers in Comparisons
147(3)
Adjectives in Comparisons
147(1)
Adverbs in Comparisons
148(2)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
150(2)
CHAPTER 11 Explaining a Process or Procedure
152(15)
"How-To" Writing: Giving Clear Instructions
152(1)
Student Essay: Explaining a Procedure
153(2)
Analyzing a Process: Making the Connections
155(1)
Researching the Facts of the Process
156(1)
Example by a Published Author: Explaining a Process
156(2)
WRITING TIP #11
158(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
158(4)
Essay Topics: Procedural Writing
162(1)
Peer Review Questions
163(1)
Proofreading Practice: Present and Progressive Tenses
163(1)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
164(3)
CHAPTER 12 Analyzing Cause and Effect
167(14)
Student Essay: Analyzing Causes
168(2)
Example by a Published Author: Analyzing Effects
170(1)
Being Logical: Causes vs. Coincidences
171(1)
Identifying All the Causes and Effects
172(1)
Finding the Necessary Information
172(1)
WRITING TIP #12
173(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
173(2)
Essay Topics: Cause and Effect
175(1)
Peer Review Questions
176(1)
Proofreading Practice: Compound and Complex Sentences
176(2)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
178(3)
CHAPTER 13 Arguing Persuasively
181(16)
Student Essay
182(2)
Example by a Published Author
184(2)
Guidelines for Persuasive Writing
186(1)
Stressing the Argument, Not the Personalities
187(1)
Approaching the Argument from Several Angles
188(1)
Researching and Presenting Supporting Materials
188(2)
WRITING TIP #13
189(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
190(2)
Essay Topics: Argumentation
192(1)
Peer Review Questions
193(1)
Proofreading Practice: Sentence Combining
193(2)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
195(2)
CHAPTER 14 Writing a Research Paper
197(21)
Making Sense of Sources
197(1)
Paraphrasing
198(1)
Quoting: the Long and Short of It
199(1)
Common Mistakes in Short Quotations
199(1)
Common Mistakes in Long Quotations
200(1)
Using the Library and Internet
200(3)
Analyzing Source Material; Evaluating Web Sites
201(2)
Avoiding Plagiarism
203(1)
Writing a Bibliography
204(1)
Sample Research Paper in MLA Form
205(4)
WRITING TIP #14
209(1)
Research Paper Checklist
209(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
210(3)
Essay Topics: Writing with Sources
213(1)
Peer Review Questions
214(1)
Proofreading Practice: MLA Form
214(1)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
215(3)
CHAPTER 15 Writing about Literature
218(19)
Methods of Interpreting a Story, Play, or Poem
218(1)
Student Essay: Writing about a Story
218(3)
Example by a Published Author: Writing about Poetry
221(3)
Analyzing vs. Paraphrasing
224(1)
Developing a Point by Using the Text
224(2)
WRITING TIP #15
225(1)
WRITING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
226(6)
Essay Topics: Writing about Literature
232(1)
Peer Review Questions
233(1)
Proofreading Practice: Quoting Correctly from Literary Works
233(1)
PROOFREADING EXERCISES: BASIC, INTERMEDIATE, CHALLENGE
234(3)
APPENDIX: Punctuation Handbook 237(12)
The Elements of Punctuation
237(12)
Commas
237(8)
Apostrophes
245(1)
End Punctuation: Periods, Question Marks, and Exclamation Points
246(1)
Semicolons
247(1)
Colons
247(2)
Credits 249(2)
Index 251


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