Steps for Writers Sentence and Paragraph to the Essay, Volume 1

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/10/2012
  • Publisher: Longman
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As part of the Penguin Academic Series, Steps for Writersoffers a compact, trade-format size and streamlined narrative to make it both easy to handle and easy to read. The authorteaches the basics of composing solid paragraphs and essays through a graduated approach to emphasize the goals of growth and development. Through this graduated approach to writing and grammar, readers move in "steps" and build confidence as they progress through the book. This flexibility helps readers overcome their anxiety, and, therefore, contributes to their discovery of writing's intrinsic qualities.

Table of Contents

To the Instructor

To the Student


Visualizing the Paragraph in Context

Paragraphs as Building Blocks of Essays

STEP ONE Writing Effective Paragraphs

CHAPTER 1 The Writing Process

Overview of the Writing Process


Focused Writing

Exploring Ideas: Brainstorming and Making Lists

Clustering and Grouping

Organizing and Composing

Editing and Proofreading


Writing Assignments and Activities to Get Started

Keeping a Journal

Using the Computer Along With This Book

CHAPTER 2 Paragraph Basics

Writing Activity: Creating Paragraphs

Model Paragraphs

Paragraph Unity

Test Yourself: Paragraph Unity

Basic Exercise: Paragraph Unity

Intermediate Exercise: Paragraph Unity

Challenge Exercise: Paragraph Unity

Using Topic Sentences to Guide Your Reader

Test Yourself: Topic Sentences

Basic Exercise: Topic Sentences

Intermediate Exercise: Topic Sentences

Challenge Exercise: Topic Sentences

Basic Exercise II: Topic Sentences

Intermediate Exercise II: Topic Sentences

Challenge Exercise II: Topic Sentences

Basic Exercise III: Topic Sentences

Intermediate Exercise III: Topic Sentences

Challenge Exercise III: Topic Sentences


Using Key Words in Topic Sentences

Test Yourself: Key Words

Basic Exercise: Key Words

Intermediate Exercise: Key Words

Challenge Exercise: Key Words

Basic Writing Assignment: Key Words

Intermediate Writing Assignment: Key Words

Challenge Writing Assignment: Key Words

CHAPTER 3 Qualities of Effective Paragraphs

Paragraph Development

Basic Exercise: Paragraph Development

Intermediate Exercise: Paragraph Development

Challenge Exercise: Paragraph Development


Basic Writing Assignment: Paragraph Development

Intermediate Writing Assignment: Paragraph


Challenge Writing Assignment: Paragraph




Transitional Words and Phrases

Exercises Using Transitional Expressions


Chronological Sequence

Spatial Sequence

Climactic Sequence

CHAPTER 4 Creating Varied Paragraphs

Types of Paragraphs

Narration: Telling About an Event

Basic Writing Assignment: Narrative Paragraphs

Intermediate Writing Assignment: Narrative Paragraphs

Challenge Writing Assignment: Narrative Paragraphs

Description: Visualizing Persons, Places, and Objects

Basic Exercise: Descriptive Paragraphs

Intermediate Exercise: Descriptive Paragraphs

Challenge Exercise: Descriptive Paragraphs

Basic Writing Assignment: Details in Descriptive


Intermediate Writing Assignment: Spatial Sequence in



Challenge Writing Assignment: Descriptive Paragraphs

Comparison: Exploring Similarities and Differences

Three Kinds of Comparison

Attention to Detail

Basic Exercise: Comparative Paragraphs

Intermediate Exercise: Comparative Paragraphs

Challenge Exercise: Comparative Paragraphs

Basic Writing Activity: Comparative Paragraphs

Intermediate Writing Activity: Comparative


Challenge Writing Activity: Comparative Paragraphs

Exposition: “How-To” Paragraphs

Basic Exercise: How-To Paragraphs

Intermediate Exercise: How-To Paragraphs

Challenge Exercise: Process Paragraphs

Basic Writing Activity: How-To Paragraphs

Intermediate Writing Activity: How-To Paragraphs

Challenge Writing Activity: Process Paragraphs


Definition Paragraphs: Explaining a Term

Basic Exercise: Definition Paragraphs

Intermediate Exercise: Definition Paragraphs

Challenge Exercise: Definition Paragraphs

Classification: Dividing Into Categories

Guidelines for Classification

Basic Exercise: Classification Paragraphs

Intermediate Exercise: Classification Paragraphs

Challenge Exercise: Classification Paragraphs

Cause and Effect Paragraphs: Telling Why

Guidelines for Cause and Effect Analysis

Basic Writing Assignment: Cause and Effect Paragraphs

Intermediate Writing Assignment: Cause and Effect


Challenge Writing Assignment: Cause and Effect Paragraphs

Persuasion: Writing to Convince

Guidelines for Persuasive Writing

Basic Exercise: Persuasive Writing

Intermediate Exercise: Persuasive Writing

Challenge Exercise: Persuasive Writing

Basic Exercise II: Persuasive Paragraphs

Intermediate Exercise II: Persuasive Paragraphs

Challenge Exercise II: Persuasive Paragraphs

Basic Writing Activity: Persuasive Paragraphs

Intermediate Writing Activity: Persuasive Paragraphs

Challenge Writing Activity: Persuasive Paragraphs

CHAPTER 5 Some Added Features of Paragraph


Critical Thinking in Paragraphs

Basic Writing Activity: Critical Thinking in Paragraphs

Intermediate Writing Activity: Critical Thinking in


Challenge Writing Activity: Critical Thinking in Paragraphs


Creative Thinking in Paragraphs

Basic Writing Activity: Creative Thinking in Paragraphs

Intermediate Writing Activity: Creative Thinking in Paragraphs

Challenge Writing Activity: Creative Thinking in Paragraphs

Including Quoted Text in Paragraphs

Test Yourself: Including Quoted Text in Paragraphs

Basic Exercise: Including Quoted Text in Paragraphs

Intermediate Exercise: Including Quoted Text in Paragraphs

Challenge Exercise: Including Quoted Text in Paragraphs

STEP TWO Revising and Correcting Your Paragraphs

CHAPTER 6 Revising Your Paragraphs

Revising vs. Proofreading

A Student Writer at Work

Peer Review Questions


Altering Your Design

Enriching Your Content

Improving Your Style

Basic Exercise: Improving Your Style

Intermediate Exercise: Improving Your Style

Challenge Exercise: Improving Your Style

CHAPTER 7 Writing and Correcting Sentences

Writing Activities: Noticing Your Sentences

Correcting Fragments

Test Yourself: Correcting Fragments

Basic Exercise: Correcting Fragments

Intermediate Exercise: Correcting Fragments

Challenge Exercise: Correcting Fragments

Overcoming ESL Problems: Using Subjects Correctly

Test Yourself: Using Subjects Correctly

Basic Exercise: Using Subjects Correctly

Intermediate Exercise: Using Subjects Correctly

Challenge Exercise: Using Subjects Correctly


Run-On Sentences

Test Yourself: Correcting Run-On Sentences

Basic Exercise: Run-On Sentences

Intermediate Exercise: Run-On Sentences

Challenge Exercise: Run-On Sentences

Comma Splices

Test Yourself: Comma Splices

Basic Exercise: Comma Splices

Intermediate Exercise: Comma Splices

Challenge Exercise: Comma Splices


Test Yourself: Subordinating

Basic Exercise: Subordinating

Intermediate Exercise: Subordinating

Challenge Exercise: Subordinating

CHAPTER 8 Matching Sentence Parts

Writing Activities: Noticing Your Sentences

Model Paragraphs: Noticing Sentences in Context

Matching Subjects and Verbs

Test Yourself: Correcting Basic Errors in Agreement

Basic Exercise: Correcting Errors in Agreement

Intermediate Exercise: Correcting Errors in Agreement

Challenge Exercise: Correcting Errors in Agreement


Matching Pronouns and Antecedents

Test Yourself: Matching Pronouns and Antecedents

Basic Exercise: Matching Pronouns and Antecedents

Intermediate Exercise: Matching Pronouns and Antecedents

Challenge Exercise: Matching Pronouns and Antecedents

Matching Parallel Parts

Test Yourself: Parallel Parts

Basic Exercise: Parallelism

Intermediate Exercise: Parallelism

Challenge Exercise: Parallelism

CHAPTER 9 Using Words Correctly

Writing Activities: Noticing Your Use of Words

Model Paragraphs: Seeing Words in Context

Parts of Speech: Seeing How Words Work

Test Yourself: Identifying Parts of Speech

Basic Exercise: Parts of Speech

Intermediate Exercise: Parts of Speech

Challenge Exercise: Parts of Speech

Verb and Noun Endings

Adding S Endings to Words

Test Yourself: -S Endings

Basic Exercise: Identifying -S Endings

Intermediate Exercise: Identifying -S Endings

Challenge Exercise: Identifying -S Endings

Basic Exercise: Adding -S Endings

Intermediate Exercise: Adding -S Endings

Challenge Exercise: Adding -S Endings


Possessives: A Quick Review

Test Yourself: Possessives

Basic Exercise: Possessives

Intermediate Exercise: Possessives

Challenge Exercise: Possessives

Review Exercises: -S Endings

Recognizing Tenses

Present Tense

Past Tense

Future Tense

Basic Exercise: Recognizing Tenses

Intermediate Exercise: Recognizing Tenses

Challenge Exercise: Recognizing Tenses

Verb Tenses and -D Endings

Test Yourself: -D Endings in the Past Tense

Basic Exercise: -D Endings

Intermediate Exercise: -D Endings

Challenge Exercise: -D Endings

STEP THREE From Paragraph to Essay

CHAPTER 10 Building Essays out of Paragraphs

Starting with a Thesis


Introductory Paragraphs

Body Paragraphs

Student Essay

Transitions between Paragraphs

Concluding Paragraphs

Some Essay Topics

CHAPTER 11 Revising and Correcting Your Essays

Revising for Unity and Coherence

Peer Review Questions

Proofreading Practice: Applying What You’ve



Test Yourself: Editing for Sentence Errors in Context

Basic Exercise: Editing for Sentence Errors in Context

Intermediate Exercise: Editing for Sentence Errors in Context

Challenge Exercise: Editing for Sentence Errors in Context

Test Yourself: Editing for Phrasing Errors in Context

Basic Exercise: Editing for Phrasing Errors in Context

Intermediate Exercise: Editing for Phrasing Errors in Context

Challenge Exercise: Editing for Phrasing Errors in Context

Test Yourself: Editing for Word Errors in Context

Basic Exercise: Editing for Word Errors in Context

Intermediate Exercise: Editing for Word Errors in Context

Challenge Exercise: Editing for Word Errors in Context

CHAPTER 12 Some Fine Points


Test Yourself: Spelling

Basic Exercise: Spelling

Intermediate Exercise: Spelling

Challenge Exercise: Spelling


Test Yourself: Capitalization

Basic Exercise: Capitalization

Intermediate Exercise: Capitalization

Challenge Exercise: Capitalization


Basic Look-Alikes

Test Yourself: Basic Look-Alikes

Intermediate Look-Alikes

Test Yourself: Intermediate Look-Alikes

Challenge Look-Alikes

Test Yourself: Challenge Look-Alikes

Basic Exercise: Look-Alikes

Intermediate Exercise: Look-Alikes

Challenge Exercise: Look-Alikes



Avoiding Double Comparatives

Test Yourself: Avoiding Double Comparatives

Basic Exercise: Avoiding Double Comparatives

Intermediate Exercise: Avoiding Double Comparatives

Challenge Exercise: Avoiding Double Comparatives

Avoiding Double Negatives

Test Yourself: Avoiding Double Negatives

Basic Exercise: Avoiding Double Negatives

Intermediate Exercise: Avoiding Double Negatives

Challenge Exercise: Avoiding Double Negatives

Some Problems with Adverbs

Test Yourself: Problems with Adverbs

Basic Exercise: Problems with Adverbs

Intermediate Exercise: Problems with Adverbs

Challenge Exercise: Problems with Adverbs

Articles in ESL Writing

Test Yourself: Using A, An, and The

Basic Exercise: Using A, An, and The

Intermediate Exercise: Using A, An, and The

Challenge Exercise: Using A, An, and The

Word Choice

Some Often Misused Words

Test Yourself: Misused Words

Basic Exercise: Misused Words

Intermediate Exercise: Misused Words

Challenge Exercise: Misused Words

Index of Grammar Topics


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