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Strangers to These Shores: Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States (Book Alone),9780205457632
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Strangers to These Shores: Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States (Book Alone)

by
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780205457632

ISBN10:
0205457630
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon

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Summary

Key Topic: This best-selling, comprehensive book on racial and ethnic relations in the U.S. covers theoretical issues and the experiences of more than 50 specific groups. Key Benefit: Covers more racial, ethnic, and religious groups than any other book of its kind, providing broad, yet specific coverage of Europeans, Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanics, Arabs, religious minorities, and women as a minority group.

Table of Contents

Foreword xv
Charles V. Willie
Preface xvii
PART 1 Sociological Framework
1(124)
The Study of Minorities
2(28)
The Stranger as a Social Phenomenon
4(6)
Similarity and Attraction
4(1)
Social Distance
5(3)
Perceptions
8(1)
Interactions
9(1)
Sociological Perspectives
10(4)
Functional Theory
10(2)
Conflict Theory
12(1)
Interactionist Theory
13(1)
Minority Groups
14(3)
Development of a Definition
14(2)
Minority-Group Characteristics
16(1)
Racial and Ethnic Groups
17(1)
Ethnocentrism
18(5)
In the United States
20(1)
In Other Times and Lands
20(2)
Eurocentrism and Afrocentrism
22(1)
Objectivity
23(1)
The Dillingham Flaw
24(1)
Personal Troubles and Public Issues
25(1)
The Dynamics of Intergroup Relations
26(1)
Retrospect
27(1)
Key Terms
28(1)
Review Questions
28(1)
Suggested Readings
28(2)
Culture and Social Structure
30(38)
The Concept of Culture
31(6)
The Reality Construct
33(4)
Cultural Change
37(3)
Cultural Diffusion
37(2)
Subcultures
39(1)
Structural Conditions
40(3)
Stratification
43(1)
Social Class
43(6)
Class Consciousness
43(1)
Ethnicity and Social Class
44(1)
Blaming the Poor or Society?
45(4)
Intergroup Conflict
49(3)
Cultural Differentiation
50(1)
Structural Differentiation
51(1)
Ethnic Stratification
52(4)
The Power-Differential Theory
52(1)
The Internal-Colonialism Theory
53(1)
Origins of Ethnic Stratification
54(2)
Theories of Minority Integration
56(8)
Assimilation (Majority-Conformity) Theory
57(2)
Amalgamation (Melting-Pot) Theory
59(3)
Accommodation (Pluralistic) Theory
62(2)
Is There a White Culture?
64(1)
Retrospect
65(1)
Key Terms
66(1)
Review Questions
66(1)
Suggested Readings
67(1)
Prejudice and Discrimination
68(32)
Prejudice
69(20)
The Psychology of Prejudice
70(5)
The Sociology of Prejudice
75(3)
Stereotyping
78(4)
Television's Influence
82(2)
Advertising and Music
84(1)
Can Prejudice Be Reduced?
85(3)
Diversity Training
88(1)
Discrimination
89(8)
Levels of Discrimination
89(1)
Relationships between Prejudice and Discrimination
89(2)
Social and Institutional Discrimination
91(1)
The Affirmative-Action Controversy
92(5)
Retrospect
97(1)
Key Terms
98(1)
Review Questions
99(1)
Suggested Readings
99(1)
Dominant--Minority Relations
100(25)
Minority-Group Responses
101(6)
Ethnic - and Racial-Group Identity
101(2)
Avoidance
103(1)
Deviance
104(2)
Defiance
106(1)
Acceptance
107(1)
Consequences of Minority-Group Status
107(4)
Negative Self-Image
107(1)
The Vicious Circle
108(1)
Marginality
109(2)
Middleman Minorities
111(1)
Dominant-Group Responses
111(9)
Legislative Controls
112(1)
Segregation
112(2)
Expulsion
114(1)
Xenophobia
114(1)
Annihilation
115(2)
Hate Groups and Hate Crimes
117(3)
Exploitation
120(3)
Retrospect
123(1)
Key Terms
123(1)
Review Questions
123(1)
Suggested Readings
124(1)
PART 2 European Americans
125(84)
Northern and Western Europeans
126(40)
Sociohistorical Perspective
127(8)
The Colonial Period
129(1)
The Early National Period
130(3)
The Pre--Civil War Period
133(1)
Structural Conditions
133(2)
The English
135(3)
The Departure
135(1)
Culture Shock
136(2)
The Dutch
138(3)
Structural Conditions
139(1)
Pluralism
140(1)
The French
141(4)
Marginality and Assimilation
142(1)
Francophobia
142(1)
Pluralism
143(2)
The Germans
145(4)
Early Reactions
146(1)
The Second Wave: Segregation and Pluralism
146(1)
Societal Responses
147(1)
Cultural Impact
148(1)
The Irish
149(6)
Cultural Differentiation
150(1)
Societal Reaction
151(2)
Minority Response
153(2)
Upward Mobility
155(1)
The New Irish
155(1)
The Scandinavians and Finns
155(3)
Ingroup Solidarity
156(2)
Ethnic Identity
158(1)
The Scots
158(1)
The Welsh
159(1)
Social Realities for Women
159(1)
Northern and Western European Assimilation
160(1)
Sociological Analysis
161(2)
The Functionalist View
161(1)
The Conflict View
162(1)
The Interactionist View
162(1)
Retrospect
163(1)
Key Terms
164(1)
Review Questions
164(1)
Suggested Readings
165(1)
Southern, Central, and Eastern Europeans
166(43)
Sociohistorical Perspective
167(11)
The Push--Pull Factors
167(2)
Structural Conditions
169(2)
Societal Reaction
171(7)
The Slavic Peoples
178(2)
Earlier Immigrants
178(2)
Recent Immigrants
180(1)
The Poles
180(2)
Culture Shock
181(1)
Community Organization
181(1)
Polonia Today
182(1)
The Russians
182(4)
Life in the United States
183(1)
Xenophobia
184(1)
Recent Immigrants
185(1)
The Ukrainians
186(1)
The Hungarians
187(2)
Labor Conditions
188(1)
Recent Immigrants
188(1)
The Gypsies
189(2)
Cultural Differentiation
189(2)
Evasive Pluralism
191(1)
The Italians
191(6)
The Great Migration
192(1)
Societal Hostility
192(1)
Social Patterns
193(2)
Marginality
195(1)
Social Mobility
195(2)
The Greeks
197(1)
Occupational Distribution
197(1)
Social Patterns
197(1)
Societal Reaction
198(1)
The Portuguese
198(3)
Early Immigrants
198(1)
Later Immigrants
199(2)
The Armenians
201(2)
Confusion over Refugee Identity
201(1)
Societal Reaction
201(1)
Cultural Differentiation
202(1)
Armenians Today
202(1)
Immigrant Women and Work
203(1)
Southern, Central and Eastern European Assimilation
203(1)
Sociological Analysis
204(2)
The Functionalist View
204(1)
The Conflict View
205(1)
The Interactionist View
205(1)
Retrospect
206(1)
Key Terms
207(1)
Review Questions
207(1)
Suggested Readings
207(2)
PART 3 People of Color
209(222)
The Native Americans
210(50)
Sociohistorical Perspective
211(3)
Early Encounters
214(6)
Cultural Strains
218(1)
Differing Values
219(1)
Values and Social Structure
220(2)
Stereotyping of Native Americans
222(1)
Changes in Government Policy
223(9)
Indian Removal Act
224(4)
Reservations and Dependence
228(1)
Indian Reorganization Act
229(1)
The Relocation Program
230(1)
The Termination Act
230(2)
Present-Day Native American Life
232(8)
Population
232(1)
Employment
233(1)
Life Expectancy
234(1)
Alcohol Abuse
235(1)
Education
236(3)
Housing
239(1)
Natural Resources
240(5)
Exploitation and Emerging Control
240(3)
``Dances with Garbage and Nuclear Waste''
243(1)
Water Rights
244(1)
Red Power
245(3)
Pan-Indianism
246(1)
Alcatraz
246(1)
Wounded Knee
247(1)
The Courts
248(1)
Bureau of Indian Affairs
249(1)
Urban Native Americans
249(3)
Cultural Impact
252(1)
Native American Assimilation
253(1)
Sociological Analysis
254(3)
The Functionalist View
254(1)
The Conflict View
255(1)
The Interactionist View
256(1)
Retrospect
257(1)
Key Terms
257(1)
Review Questions
258(1)
Suggested Readings
258(2)
East and Southeast Asian Americans
260(46)
Sociohistorical Perspective
261(2)
Cultural Attributes
263(1)
The Chinese
264(11)
Structural Conditions
264(1)
Societal Reaction
265(2)
Legislative Action
267(1)
Avoidance and Segregation
268(4)
Social Factors
272(1)
Recent Immigrants
272(2)
Socioeconomic Characteristics
274(1)
The Japanese
275(8)
Economic Competition
276(1)
National Policy
277(1)
Expulsion and Imprisonment
278(3)
Recent Immigrants
281(2)
The Filipinos
283(3)
Early Immigrants
283(1)
The Scarcity of Filipino Women
284(1)
Recent Immigrants
285(1)
The Koreans
286(3)
Early Immigrants
287(1)
Recent Immigrants
287(1)
The Role of the Church
287(2)
Occupational Adaptation
289(1)
The Vietnamese
289(4)
Cultural Differentiation
290(2)
Acculturation
292(1)
Other Southeast Asians
293(4)
The Laotians
295(2)
Ethnoviolence
297(1)
The Model-Minority Stereotype
298(1)
East and Southeast Asian Assimilation
299(1)
Sociological Analysis
300(2)
The Functionalist View
300(1)
The Conflict View
301(1)
The Interactionist View
302(1)
Retrospect
302(1)
Key Terms
303(1)
Review Questions
303(1)
Suggested Readings
304(2)
Other Asian and Middle Eastern Americans
306(34)
Sociohistorical Perspective
307(4)
The Push--Pull Factors
308(1)
Structural Conditions
308(2)
Societal Reaction
310(1)
The Asian Indians
311(5)
Early Immigrants
311(1)
Societal Reaction
311(1)
Minority Response
312(1)
Recent Immigrants
313(3)
Arab Americans
316(6)
Social Organization
319(1)
Residential Patterning
320(1)
Fighting Stereotypes and Group Blame
321(1)
The Syrian/Lebanese
322(5)
Ethnic Identity
322(1)
Migration and Settlement
323(1)
Culture Conflicts
324(1)
Early Patterns
324(1)
Upward Mobility
325(2)
The Palestinians
327(2)
Homeland Influence
327(1)
The American Federation of Ramallah
327(1)
Community Life
328(1)
The Iranians
329(2)
The Iraqis
331(1)
The Turks
332(1)
Factors against Immigration
332(1)
Societal Attitudes
332(1)
Immigrant Patterns
333(1)
The Pakistanis
333(1)
Other Asian and Middle Eastern Assimilation
334(1)
Sociological Analysis
335(2)
The Functionalist View
335(1)
The Conflict View
336(1)
The Interactionist View
336(1)
Retrospect
337(1)
Key Terms
338(1)
Review Questions
338(1)
Suggested Readings
338(2)
Black Americans
340(46)
Sociohistorical Perspective
341(4)
The Years of Slavery
342(1)
Racism and Its Legacy
343(2)
Institutionalized Racism
345(6)
Immigration and Jim Crow
345(2)
Effects of Jim Crow
347(3)
The Ku Klux Klan
350(1)
The Winds of Change
351(5)
Desegregation: The First Phase
351(2)
Desegregation: The Second Phase
353(3)
Urban Unrest
356(3)
The 1960s Riots
357(1)
The 1980s Miami Riots
357(1)
The 1992 Los Angeles Riot
358(1)
Postviolence Exodus
358(1)
The Bell-Curve Debate
359(3)
Early IQ Tests
359(1)
IQ Test Performance by Other Groups
360(2)
Language as Prejudice
362(1)
Social Indicators of Black Progress
362(8)
Education
363(2)
Income
365(1)
Occupation
366(1)
Housing
367(3)
Race or Class?
370(3)
The Black Middle Class
371(1)
The Black Poor
372(1)
The Racial Divide
372(1)
African and Afro-Caribbean Immigrants
373(5)
Afro-Caribbean Americans
374(3)
African-Born Americans
377(1)
Black American Assimilation
378(1)
Sociological Analysis
379(3)
The Functionalist View
380(1)
The Conflict View
381(1)
The Interactionist View
382(1)
Retrospect
382(1)
Key Terms
383(1)
Review Questions
384(1)
Suggested Readings
384(2)
Hispanic Americans
386(45)
Sociohistorical Perspective
387(8)
Structural Conditions
388(2)
Cultural Differentiation
390(1)
Racial Attitudes
391(1)
Other Cultural Attributes
392(1)
Current Patterns
392(3)
Social Indicators of Hispanic Progress
395(4)
Education
398(1)
Income
398(1)
Occupation
399(1)
The Mexicans
399(6)
Recruiting Mexicans
400(1)
Expulsion
400(2)
Violence
402(1)
Urban Life
403(1)
Stereotyping
403(1)
Chicano Power
404(1)
Current Patterns
405(1)
The Puerto Ricans
405(7)
Early Relations
405(2)
The Push--Pull Factors
407(1)
The Family
408(1)
Religion
408(2)
Puerto Rican Communities
410(1)
Socioeconomic Characteristics
411(1)
Mexicans and Puerto Ricans: A Comparison
412(1)
The Cubans
412(5)
Migration
413(1)
Ethnic Communities
414(1)
Cultural Values
415(2)
Caribbean, Central and South Americans
417(4)
The Dominicans
418(2)
The Salvadorans
420(1)
The Nicaraguans
420(1)
The Colombians
421(1)
Hispanic American Assimilation
421(3)
Sociological Analysis
424(3)
The Functionalist View
424(1)
The Conflict View
425(1)
The Interactionist View
426(1)
Retrospect
427(1)
Key Terms
428(1)
Review Questions
428(1)
Suggested Readings
428(3)
PART 4 Other Minorities
431(76)
Religious Minorities
432(42)
Sociohistorical Perspective
435(1)
Catholic Americans
435(4)
Societal Hostility
436(1)
Values and Practices
437(1)
The Present Scene
438(1)
Jewish Americans
439(6)
Immigration Before 1880
439(1)
Newcomers and Tension
440(1)
Anti-Semitism
441(1)
Upward Mobility
442(1)
Social Interaction
443(2)
Jewish Identity
445(1)
The Mormons
445(6)
The Early Years
446(1)
Values and Practices
447(2)
Current Problem Areas
449(2)
Muslim Americans
451(2)
Values and Practices
451(2)
The Amish
453(4)
Values, Symbols, and Practices
454(2)
Conflicts with Society
456(1)
The Rastafarians
457(3)
The Early Years
457(1)
From Outcasts to Social Acceptance
458(1)
Values, Symbols, and Practices
459(1)
Rastafarian Americans
460(1)
The Santerians
460(2)
Values, Symbols, and Practices
461(1)
Santeria in the United States
462(1)
Hindu Americans
462(3)
Values, Symbols, and Practices
463(1)
Hinduism in the United States
464(1)
Religion and U.S. Society
465(2)
Civil Religion
466(1)
Current Controversies
466(1)
Religious Assimilation
467(1)
Sociological Perspectives
468(2)
The Functionalist View
468(1)
The Conflict View
469(1)
The Interactionist View
469(1)
Retrospect
470(1)
Key Terms
471(1)
Review Questions
471(1)
Suggested Readings
472(2)
Women as a Minority Group
474(33)
Sociohistorical Perspective
476(3)
Restrictions on Women
477(1)
The Suffrage Movement
478(1)
The Women's Liberation Movement
479(1)
The Reality of Sexual Differences
479(5)
Biological Explanations
480(1)
Socialization and Gender Roles
480(4)
Immigrant and Minority Women
484(2)
Vestiges of White Ethnic Orientations
484(1)
Today's Minority Women
485(1)
Social Indicators of Women's Status
486(9)
Education
487(3)
Employment
490(3)
Income
493(2)
Sexual Harassment
495(2)
The Hill--Thomas Hearings
496(1)
Complaints and Actions
497(1)
Sexism and the Law
497(1)
Women and Politics
498(2)
Sociological Analysis
500(4)
The Functionalist View
500(2)
The Conflict View
502(1)
The Interactionist View
503(1)
Retrospect
504(1)
Key Terms
505(1)
Review Questions
505(1)
Suggested Readings
505(2)
PART 5 Trends and Possibilities
507(36)
The Ever-Changing U.S. Mosaic
508(35)
Ethnic Consciousness
510(3)
Country of Origin as a Factor
510(2)
The Three-Generation Hypothesis
512(1)
The Changing Face of Ethnicity
513(9)
Transnationalism
513(1)
Social Capital
514(1)
Segmented Assimilation
514(1)
Naturalization
515(1)
Ethnicity as a Social Process
515(6)
Symbolic Ethnicity
521(1)
Current Ethnic Issues
522(14)
Immigration Fears
522(5)
Undocumented Aliens
527(1)
Bilingual Education
528(3)
The English-Only Movement
531(2)
Multiculturalism
533(3)
Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the Future
536(4)
Indicators of Ethnoreligious Change
537(2)
Beyond Tomorrow
539(1)
Key Terms
540(1)
Review Questions
540(1)
Suggested Readings
541(2)
Appendix 543(4)
Glossary 547(6)
Notes 553(34)
Index 587(13)
Credits 600


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