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The Structure of Soviet History Essays and Documents

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780195137040

ISBN10:
0195137043
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/22/2002
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press

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  • The Structure of Soviet History Essays and Documents
    The Structure of Soviet History Essays and Documents
  • The Structure of Soviet History Essays and Documents
    The Structure of Soviet History Essays and Documents





Summary

This unique collection of primary documents and important scholarly articles tells the fascinating and tragic story of Russia's twentieth century. Edited by Ronald Grigor Suny, an eminent historian and political scientist, The Structure of Soviet History illustrates both the revolutionarychanges and the broad continuities in Soviet history. It discusses the history, not only of the Russian people, but of other Soviet peoples as well--the nationalities that made up the tsarist and Soviet empires and formed independent states in the early 1990s. This volume enables students to delvebeyond traditional narratives to look at the building blocks of history--archival documents, memoirs, and interpretive essays by the leading experts in the field. Students will learn about the fall of the tsarist empire, the hopes and aspirations of the revolutionary years, the brutalities of theStalin years, the attempts to reform the country in the last decades of Soviet power, and finally, the collapse of the USSR and the emergence of fifteen fragile republics. Rather than imposing a single view on students, The Structure of Soviet History allows them to come up with their own, freshinterpretations of a controversial and often misunderstood experience. Organized chronologically and covering political, social, and cultural history from a variety of viewpoints, the readings examine all of the major events and principal interpretations of Soviet history. Selections include official pronouncements and dissident manifestos, public speeches andprivate letters, and previously untranslated documents. Suny's introductory essay provides the broad outlines of Soviet history, while the chapter introductions summarize the main features and historical debates of each period. Each document is prefaced by a brief headnote that identifies the authorand places the work in context; explanatory notes are also included to define words and events that may not be familiar to students. A truly unique text, The Structure of Soviet History is ideal for use in undergraduate courses on the history of the Soviet Union as well as introductory courses onSoviet politics.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Back to the Future xi
Acknowledgments xviii
Transliteration and Dating xviii
PART I REVOLUTION AND CIVIL WAR 1(86)
The Revolutions of 1917
3(45)
Essays
``Toward a Social History of the October Revolution''
6(16)
Ronald Grigor Suny
``Antibourgeois Propaganda and Anti-`Burzhui' Consciousness in 1917''
22(10)
Boris I. Kolonitskii
Documents
Order No. 1
32(3)
A. F Kerenskii's Statement in the Soviet of Workers Deputies, March 2, 1917
35(1)
Iraklii Tsereteli's Speech on Returning from Siberian Exile, March 1917
36(2)
``The Tasks of the Proletariat in the Present Revolution (`April Theses')''
38(3)
V. I. Lenin
Tsereteli and Lenin's Exchange of Words During the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies, June 3-4, 1917
41(2)
``Report of the Commissar of the Novoaleksandrovsk Uezd, Kovno Guberniia'' June 14, 1917
43(2)
``Letter to Central Committee Members,'' October 24, (November 9),1917
45(3)
V. I. Lenin
Civil War, Socialism, and Nationalism
48(39)
Essays
```Information Is the Alpha and Omega of Our Work': Bolshevik Surveillance in its Pan-European Context''
50(12)
Peter Holquist
Documents
First Decrees of the New Soviet Government
62(5)
The Dissolution of the Constituent Assembly
67(6)
``The Cheka is Cheated''
73(4)
I. N. Steinberg
Iulii Martov's Letter to A. N. Stein, June 16, 1918
77(5)
Lenin's Letter to V. V. Kuraev, E. B. Bosh, A. E. Minkin, August 11, 1918
82(1)
``Report on the Red Army'' to the First Congress of the Communist International, March 2, 1919
83(4)
Lev Trotsky
PART II RETREAT AND REBUILDING 87(62)
Politics, Society, and Culture in the 1920s
89(60)
Essays
``An Affirmative-Action Empire: The Emergence of the Soviet Nationalities Policy, 1919-1923''
93(10)
Terry Martin
Documents
The Workers' Opposition, 1921
103(9)
Aleksandra Kollontai
Resolutions of the Tenth Congress of the Russian Communist Parry, ``On Parry Unity'' and ``On the Syndicalist and Anarchist Deviation in Our Parry,'' March 1921
112(5)
Lenin's Letter to Stalin, July 17, 1922
117(1)
``Letter to the Congress'' (December 23-31, 1922) (Lenin's ``Testament'')
118(6)
V. I. Lenin
Bukharin and Dzerzhinskii Disagree About the Nature of Revolutionary Government, December 1924
124(2)
``The October Revolution and the Tactics of the Russian Communists,'' December 17, 1924
126(2)
Joseph Stalin
``Speech to the Fourteenth Parry Congress,'' December 1925
128(2)
Lev Kamenev
The Code of Laws on Marriage and Divorce, the Family and Guardianship, November 19, 1926
130(7)
Kamenev-Bukharin Exchange, July 11, 1928
137(2)
Kliment Voroshilov's Letter to ``Sergo'' Orjonikidze, June 8, 1929
139(1)
Stalin's Letter to Molotov, Voroshilov, and Orjonikidze, September 30, 1929
140(1)
from To Be Preserved Forever
140(9)
Lev Kopelev
PART III STALINISM 149(178)
The Stalin Revolution
151(113)
Essays
``The Bolshevik Invention of Class: Marxist Theory and the Making of `Class Consciousness' in Soviet Society''
164(13)
Sheila Fitzpatrick
``The Centre and the Periphery: Cultural and Social Geography in the Mass Culture of the 1930s''
177(11)
James Von Geldern
``World Revolution or Russia,'' from The Great Retreat
188(10)
Nicholas S. Timasheff
``The Big Deal''
198(11)
Vera S. Dunham
Documents
``Dizzy with Success: Concerning Questions of the Collective Farm Movement,'' March 2, 1930
209(3)
Joseph Stalin
``The Last Grain Collections (1933)''
212(10)
Lev Kopelev
``New Conditions-New Tasks in Economic Construction,'' Stalin's Speech to a Conference of Economic Managers, June 23, 1931
222(6)
I. V. Stalin
Decree of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR and of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Parry (Bolsheviks), ``On the Teaching of Civic History in the Schools of the USSR,'' May 16, 1934
228(1)
``For the Fatherland!'' Editorial in Pravda, June 9, 1934
229(3)
Stalin's Letter to Kosior and Chubar in Kharkov, January 2, 1930
232(1)
``A May Night,'' excerpts from Hope Against Hope: A Memoir
232(8)
Nadezhda Mandelstam
Stalin to All Members of the Central Committee of the All-Russian Communist Parry, March 31, 1937
240(1)
Stalin on the Arrests and Executions of Tukhachevskii, Iakir, Uborevich, and Others, June 1l, 1937
241(1)
Beria to Stalin on Counter-revolutionary Organization in Ajaria, July 17, 1937
241(2)
Stalin to the Secretaries of Obkoms, Kraikoms, and Central Committees of the National Communist Parties, August 3, 1937
243(1)
``Is Pashchitskii Present?''
244(1)
Iu. Lvova
Nikolai Bukharin's Letter to Stalin, December 10, 1937
245(5)
Mekhlis to Stalin and Ezhov, October 28, 1938
250(1)
Conference of Musicians at the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party, January 1948
251(9)
Report to Stalin on Dissolving Jewish Writers' Associations; and Stalin's Decision (February 8, 1949)
260(2)
Nikita Khrushchev's Apology to Stalin, March 6, 1951
262(2)
Dangers and Opportunities: The Comintern, World War, and Cold War
264(63)
Essays
``Popular Reactions in Moscow to the German Invasion of June 22, 1941''
267(6)
John Barber
``The Premises of Policy,'' from Stalin and the Bomb
273(12)
David Holloway
Documents
``Theses on the National and Colonial Question'' (1920)
285(4)
``Theses on the Conditions for Admission'' to the Communist International (1920)
289(5)
Stalin, ``On the Tasks of Workers in the Economy,'' excerpts from his speech to the First All-Union Conference of Workers of Socialist Industry, February 4, 1931
294(1)
Stalin's Interview with Roy Howard of the Scripps-Howard Publications (1936)
295(3)
The Nazi-Soviet Pact, August 23, 1939
298(5)
Memorandum from Lavrenti Beria to Stalin, March 5, 1940
303(3)
Letter to Nikita Khrushchev from Aleksandr Shelepin, March 3, 1959; and Draft Resolution to Destroy the Documents Concerning the Katyn Massacre, March 3, 1959
306(1)
``At Naval Headquarters''
307(6)
Admiral N. G. Kuznetsov
Report from Beria to Stalin, July 4, 1944
313(2)
Record of Conversations between Comrade I. V Stalin and Chairman of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong, December 16, 1949; January 22, 1950
315(12)
PART IV REFORM AND STAGNATION 327(74)
From Autocracy to Oligarchy
329(30)
Essays
``Irreconcilable Differences: Divorce and Conceptions of Private Life in the Khrushchev Era''
330(8)
Deborah A. Field
Documents
from A Precocious Autobiography
338(2)
Evgenii Evtushenko
``Secret Speech'' to the Twentieth Congress of the Communist Parry of the Soviet Union, February 25, 1956
340(10)
Nikita Khrushchev'
``1956-A Memoir''
350(6)
Joseph Starobin
Report of Vladimir Semichastnyi, chairman of the KGB, July 25, 1962
356(3)
Stagnation
359(42)
Essays
``The `New Soviet Man' Turns Pessimist''
360(10)
John Bushnell
``The Little Deal: Brezhnev's Contribution to Acquisitive Socialism''
370(9)
James R. Millar
Documents
``Brezhnev and the End of the Thaw: Reflections on the Nature of Political Leadership''
379(6)
Fedor Burlatskii
Report of Vladmir Semichastnyi to the Central Committee on Armenian Nationalists, February 7, 1966
385(3)
``Was the 1968 Prague Invasion Justified?''
388(5)
``The Case of Boris Kochubiyevsky''
393(4)
Letter from Vladimir Vysotskii to Petr Dimichev, April 17, 1973
397(4)
PART V REFORM AND REVOLUTION 401(163)
The Road to Revolution
403(73)
Essays
``Televorot: The Role of Television Coverage in Russia's August 1991 Coup''
406(17)
Victoria E. Bonnell
Gregory Freidin
Documents
from Memoirs
423(10)
Mikhail Gorbachev
Election of Mikhail Gorbachev as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
433(5)
``I Cannot Give Up My Principles''
438(7)
Nina Andreeva
The Rehabilitation of Bukharin
445(7)
Boris Yeltsin Resigns from the Communist Party at the Twenty-Eighth Congress of the CPSU (July 1990)
452(3)
Boris Yeltsin Calls for Gorbachev's Resignation (February 1991)
455(1)
The August Coup
456(11)
End of the USSR: Formation of the Commonwealth of Independent States
467(5)
``Speech of Resignation,'' December 25, 1991
472(4)
Mikhail Gorbachev
The Second Russian Republic and the ``Near Abroad''
476(57)
Essays
``Russia's Post-Communist Politics: Revolution or Continuity?''
478(14)
Lilia Shevtsova
``Elite Transformation in Late-Soviet and Post-Soviet Transcaucasia, or What Happens When the Ruling Class Can't Rule?''
492(13)
Ronald Grigor Suny
Documents
``After Events, On the Eve of Events,'' January 1992
505(3)
Valentin Rasputin
``August 1991''
508(8)
Gavriil Popov
Yeltsin Dissolves Parliament, Calls Elections, September 21, 1993; and the Reply by Ruslan Khasbulatov
516(5)
``Russia and the Near Abroad''
521(4)
Andranik Migranian
``Appeal to the Citizens of Russia,'' December 11 , 1994
525(1)
Boris Yeltsin
The Russian State Duma Nullifies the Breakup of the Soviet Union
526(3)
Principles for Determining the Foundations of Relations between the Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic, August 31, 1996
529(1)
``Address to the Russian People,'' December 31, 1999
530(3)
Boris Yeltsin
Summing Up
533(31)
Essays
``Z'' [Martin Malia], ``To the Stalin Mausoleum''
533(16)
``Causes of the Collapse of the USSR''
549(15)
Alexander Dallin
``What Russia Teaches Us Now: How Weak States Threaten Freedom''
564
Stephen Holmes


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