What is included with this book?
Descriptive Statistics | p. 1 |
The Study of Statistics | p. 3 |
Why Study Statistics? | p. 4 |
Descriptive and Inferential Statistics | p. 6 |
Measurement | p. 9 |
Summation Sign | p. 17 |
Summary | p. 24 |
Frequency Distributions and Graphing | p. 28 |
Types of Frequency Distributions | p. 29 |
Constructing Frequency Distributions with Class Intervals | p. 34 |
Graphs of Frequency Distributions | p. 40 |
How Distributions Differ | p. 46 |
Summary | p. 50 |
Characteristics of Distributions | p. 53 |
Indicators of Central Tendency | p. 55 |
Indicators of Variability | p. 63 |
Populations and Samples | p. 69 |
A Note on Calculators and Computers | p. 72 |
Summary | p. 74 |
Elements of Exploratory Data Analysis | p. 78 |
Stem-and-Leaf Displays | p. 79 |
Resistant Indicators | p. 88 |
Summary | p. 97 |
Indicators of Relative Standing | p. 100 |
Percentiles | p. 101 |
Changing the Properties of Scales | p. 107 |
Standard Scores and the Normal Distribution | p. 113 |
Summary | p. 129 |
Regression | p. 133 |
Linear Relationships | p. 134 |
Regression Constants and the Regression Line | p. 142 |
Standard Error of Estimate | p. 152 |
Summary | p. 158 |
Correlation | p. 162 |
The Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient | p. 163 |
Properties of the Correlation Coefficient | p. 170 |
Sampling Factors That Change the Correlation Coefficient | p. 176 |
Causality and Correlation | p. 183 |
Summary | p. 184 |
Inferential Statistics | p. 189 |
Sampling, Sampling Distributions, and Probability | p. 191 |
Methods of Sampling | p. 192 |
Sampling Distributions and Sampling Error | p. 195 |
Probability and Its Application to Hypothesis Testing | p. 204 |
Estimation | p. 207 |
Summary | p. 210 |
Introduction to Hypothesis Testing: Terminology and Theory | p. 214 |
Statistical Terminology | p. 215 |
Hypothesis Testing When [sigma subscript x] Is Estimated by s[subscript x] | p. 231 |
Summary | p. 237 |
Elementary Techniques of Hypothesis Testing | p. 240 |
Inferences about the Difference between Means | p. 241 |
Inferences about Correlation Coefficients | p. 253 |
A Comparison of the Difference between Means and Correlation | p. 260 |
Statistics in the Journals | p. 263 |
Summary | p. 264 |
Beyond Hypothesis Testing: Effect Size and Interval Estimation | p. 269 |
Beyond Hypothesis Testing | p. 270 |
Indices of Size | p. 273 |
Interval Estimation | p. 277 |
Summary | p. 291 |
Special Topics | p. 297 |
Introduction to Research Design | p. 299 |
Scientific Questions | p. 301 |
Operationalizing | p. 307 |
Data Collection and Data Analysis | p. 313 |
Conclusions and Interpretations | p. 314 |
The Research Report | p. 314 |
Ethical Considerations | p. 316 |
Summary | p. 320 |
Topics in Probability | p. 322 |
Set Theory | p. 323 |
Simple Classical Probability | p. 328 |
Probability of Complex Events | p. 333 |
Methods of Counting | p. 340 |
Summary | p. 347 |
Simple Analysis of Variance | p. 351 |
Logic of the Analysis of Variance | p. 353 |
Computational Procedures | p. 367 |
Comparisons between Specific Means | p. 375 |
Size of Relationship | p. 381 |
Summary | p. 386 |
Two-Factor Analysis of Variance | p. 389 |
Two-Factor Classification | p. 390 |
Logic of Two-Factor Analysis of Variance | p. 394 |
Computational Procedures | p. 41 |
Summary | p. 420 |
Nonparametric Techniques | p. 424 |
Parametric and Nonparametric Tests | p. 425 |
Tests on Independent Samples | p. 428 |
Tests on Correlated Samples | p. 446 |
Rank-Order Correlation | p. 450 |
Summary | p. 454 |
Math Review | p. 461 |
Tables | p. 469 |
Symbols | p. 490 |
Terms | p. 493 |
Answers | p. 502 |
Index | p. 523 |
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