9781319040154

Subject and Strategy A Writer's Reader

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319040154

  • ISBN10:

    1319040152

  • Edition: 14th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 10/28/2016
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Connecting reading and writing to the work students do in their other courses and to reading and writing in the workplace, Subject & Strategy goes beyond other rhetorical readers in the accessible writing instruction if offers at such an affordable price. This text provides the strategies your students need to approach any writing subject. With engaging readings, innovative classroom exercises, and effective writing assignments, Subject & Strategy guides students in selecting, practicing, and mastering writing strategies that will help them succeed in any discipline or career track they choose. Students are encouraged to see themselves as writers, and thorough coverage of reading and writing, research, documentation, and grammar provides a foundation for success.

Author Biography

Paul Eschholz and Alfred Rosa are professors emeriti of English at the University of Vermont. They have directed statewide writing programs and conducted numerous workshops throughout the country on writing and the teaching of writing.  Eschholz and Rosa have collaborated on a number of best-selling texts for Bedford/St. Martin's, including Subject & Strategy; Outlooks and Insights: A Reader for College Writers; with Virginia Clark, Language Awareness; and, with Virginia Clark and Beth Simon, Language: Readings in Language.

Table of Contents

Preface for Instructors

Thematic Contents

1 Reading

Developing an Effective Reading Process

Step 1
: Prepare Yourself to Read the Selection

Step 2: Read the Selection

Step 3: Reread the Selection

Step 4: Annotate the Selection

An Example: Annotating Cherokee Paul McDonald’s "A View from the Bridge"

Step 5: Analyze and Evaluate the Selection

The Reading Process in Action: Thomas L. Friedman’s "My Favorite Teacher"

About the Photographs and Visual Texts in This Book

The Reading-Writing Connection

2
Writing

Developing an Effective Writing Process

Step 1
: Understand Your Assignment

Step 2: Gather Ideas and Formulate a Thesis

Step 3: Organize and Write Your First Draft

Step 4: Revise Your Essay

Step 5: Edit and Proofread Your Essay

A Student Essay in Progress

Step 1
: Keith’s Assignment

Step 2: Keith’s Ideas

Step 3: Keith’s First Draft

Step 4: Keith’s Revised Essay

Step 5: Keith’s Edited Essay

Keith Eldred, Secular Mantras (student essay)

3 Writers on Writing

Russell Baker, Discovering the Power of My Words

Anne Lamott, Shitty First Drafts

Linda S. Flower, Writing for an Audience

William Zinsser, Simplicity

Susan Orlean, On Voice

Stephen King, Reading to Write

*Isabel Allende, Writing as an Act of Hope

4 Narration

What Is Narration?

Narration in Written Texts

Using Narration as a Writing Strategy

Using Narration across the Disciplines

Sample Student Essay Using Narration as a Writing Strategy

Laura LaPierre,
Why Are You Here? (student essay)

Suggestions for Using Narration as a Writing Strategy

Malcolm X,
Coming to an Awareness of Language

*
Junot Díaz, The Terror

David P. Bardeen, Not Close Enough for Comfort

Barry Winston, Stranger Than True

*Mindy Kaling, Don't Peak in High School

Writing Suggestions for Narration

5
Description

What Is Description?

Description in Written Texts

Using Description as a Writing Strategy

Using Description across the Disciplines 000

Sample Student Essay Using Description as a Writing Strategy

Jim Tassé,
Trailcheck (student essay)

Suggestions for Using Description as a Writing Strategy

Jeannette Walls,
A Woman on the Street

Robert Ramírez, The Barrio

*
Helen MacDonald, Hiding from Animals

Maya Angelou,
Sister Flowers

*Phyllis Korkki, The Attachment That Still Makes Noise

Writing Suggestions for Description

6
Illustration

What Is Illustration?

Illustration in Written Texts

Using Illustration as a Writing Strategy

Using Illustration across the Disciplines

Sample Student Essay Using Illustration as a Writing Strategy

Paula Kersch,
Weight Management: More Than a Matter of Good Looks (student essay)

Suggestions for Using Illustration as a Writing Strategy

Natalie Goldberg,
Be Specific

*
Brent Crane, For a More Creative Brain, Travel

Mitch Albom, If You Had One Day with Someone Who’s Gone 

Deborah Tannen, How to Give Orders Like a Man

*Tim Krieder, The Busy Trap

Writing Suggestions for Illustration

7
Process Analysis

What Is Process Analysis?

Process Analysis in Written Texts

Using Process Analysis as a Writing Strategy

Using Process Analysis across the Disciplines

Sample Student Essay Using Process Analysis as a Writing Strategy

*William Peterson,
Juggling Is Easier Thank You Think (student essay)

Suggestions for Using Process Analysis as a Writing Strategy

Mortimer Adler,
How to Mark a Book

*
Paul Roberts, How to Say Nothing in 500 Words

Michael Pollan, Eating Industrial Meat

 *Alicia Ault, How Do Spiders Make Their Webs?

Nikki Giovanni, Campus Racism 101

Writing Suggestions for Process Analysis 000

8
Comparison and Contrast

What Are Comparison and Contrast?

Comparison and Contrast in Written Texts 000

Using Comparison and Contrast as a Writing Strategy

Using Comparison and Contrast across the Disciplines

Sample Student Essay Using Comparison and Contrast as a Writing Strategy

Barbara Bowman,
Guns and Cameras (student essay) 000

Suggestions for Using Comparison and Contrast as a Writing Strategy

Suzanne Britt,
Neat People vs. Sloppy People

*
James Hamblin, Buy Experiences, Not Things

Bharati Mukherjee, Two Ways to Belong in America

Andrew Vachss, The Difference between "Sick" and "Evil"

Bruce Catton, Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrasts

Writing Suggestions for Comparison and Contrast

9
Division and Classification

What Are Division and Classification?

Division and Classification in Written Texts

Using Division and Classification as a Writing Strategy

Using Division and Classification across the Disciplines

Sample Student Essay Using Division and Classification as a Writing Strategy

*Katie Angeles,
The Forgotten Personality Type (student essay)

Suggestions for Using Division and Classification as a Writing Strategy

*Deborah Tannen,
But What Do You Mean?

Rosalind Wiseman, The Queen Bee and Her Court

Judith Viorst, The Truth about Lying

Martin Luther King Jr., The Ways of Meeting Oppression 000

*Amy Tan, Mother Tongue

Writing Suggestions for Division and Classification

10
Definition

What Is Definition?

Definition in Written Texts

Using Definition as a Writing Strategy

Using Definition across the Disciplines

Sample Student Essay Using Definition as a Writing Strategy

Howard Solomon Jr.,
Best Friends (student essay) 0

Suggestions for Using Definition as a Writing Strategy

Jo Goodwin Parker,
What Is Poverty?

G. Anthony Gorry, Steal This MP3 File: What Is Theft?

Deborah M. Roffman, What Does "Boys Will Be Boys" Really Mean?

*Ellen Goodman, The Company Man

*Barbara Ehrenreich, The Selfish Side of Gratitude

Writing Suggestions for Definition

11
Cause and Effect Analysis

What Is Cause and Effect Analysis?

Cause and Effect Analysis in Written Texts

Using Cause and Effect Analysis as a Writing Strategy

Using Cause and Effect Analysis across the Disciplines

Sample Student Essay Using Cause and Effect Analysis as a Writing Strategy

Kevin Cunningham,
Gentrification (student essay) 0

Suggestions for Using Cause and Effect Analysis as a Writing Strategy

Jon Katz,
How Boys Become Men

Andrew Sullivan, iPod World: The End of Society?

Michael Jonas, The Downside of Diversity

*Anahad O'Connor, Coca-Cola Funds Scientists Who Shift Blame for Obesity Away from Bad Diets

*Deborah Cramer, A Bird Whose Life Depends on a Crab

Writing Suggestions for Cause and Effect Analysis

12
Argumentation

What Is Argumentation?

Argument in Written Texts

Persuasive and Logical Argument

Informational, or Exploratory, Argument

Focused Argument

Action-Oriented Argument

Quiet, or Subtle, Argument

Reconciliation Argument

Using Argumentation as a Writing Strategy

The Classical Appeals

Considering Audience

Argumentation and Other Rhetorical Strategies

Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

Using Argumentation across the Disciplines

Sample Student Essay Using Argumentation as a Writing Strategy

Kate Suarez,
Celebrity Obsession: Is It Healthy Behavior? (student essay)

Suggestions for Using Argumentation as a Writing Strategy

Classic Arguments

*Plato,
The Allegory of the Cave

Thomas Jefferson, The Declaration of Independence

Sojourner Truth, Ain’t I a Woman?

*Henry David Thoreau, Resistance to Civil Government

Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal

Contemporary Arguments

Richard Lederer,
The Case for Short Words

*Nancy Armour, You Shouldn’t Get a Prize for Showing Up

*William Galston, Telling Americans to Vote, Or Else

*Roger Cohen, The Organic Fable

ARGUMENT CLUSTER Race and Privilege: How to Address A System of Bias?

*John Metta
, I, Racist  

*Derald Wing Sue, Racial Microaggressions in Everyday Life: Is Subtle Bias Harmless?  

*J. Dowsett, What My Bike Has Taught Me about White Privilege  

ARGUMENT CLUSTER Getting an Education: What’s the Line between Comfort and Learning?

*Jeffrey Zaslow,
The Compliment Complex

*Siobhan Crowley, On the Subject of Trigger Warnings

*Greg Lukianoff and Jonathan Haidt, The Coddling of the American Mind

Writing Suggestions for Argumentation

13
Combining Strategies

What Does It Mean to Combine Strategies? 000

Combining Strategies in Written Texts

Same Student Essay Using a Combination of Strategies

*Ria Foye-Edwards,
The "Steaks" Are High (student essay)

Suggestions for Using a Combination of Strategies in an Essay

Lars Eighner,
On Dumpster Diving

*
Michael White, How to Reengineer Crops for the 21st Century

*
Cooper Thompson, Language Chauvinism: The Ugly American Revisited

*
David Sedaris, Me Talk Pretty One Day

Writing Suggestions for Combining Strategies

14
Writing with Sources

What Does It Mean to Write with Sources? 000

Writing with Sources

Learning to Summarize, Paraphrase, and Quote from Your Sources

Summarizing

Paraphrasing

Using Direct Quotation

Using Direct Quotation with Summary or Paraphrase

Integrating Borrowed Material into Your Text

Synthesizing Several Sources to Deepen Your Discussion

Avoiding Plagiarism

Using Quotation Marks for Language Borrowed Directly

Using Your Own Words and Word Order When Summarizing and Paraphrasing

Sample Student Essay Using Library and Internet Sources

Courtney Sypher,
From Computer Cruelty to Campus Crime: Cyberbullying at College (student essay)

*Wayne Ellwood, Bees: Why Are They Dying?

*
Nicola Freedman, How Social Media is Changing Hollywood 000

Jake Jamieson, The English-Only Movement: Can America Proscribe Language with a Clear Conscience? (MLA model)

15 A Brief Guide to Researching and Documenting Essays

Establishing a Realistic Schedule

Finding and Using Sources

Evaluating Your Sources

Analyzing Your Sources

Developing a Working Bibliography for your sources

Taking Notes

Documenting Sources

List of Works Cited

16
Editing for Grammar, Punctuation, and Sentence Style

1 Run-Ons: Fused Sentences and Comma Splices

2 Sentence Fragments

3 Comma Faults

4 Subject-Verb Agreement

5 Unclear Pronoun References

6 Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

7 Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers

8 Faulty Parallelism

9 Weak Nouns and Verbs

10 Shifts in Verb Tense, Mood, and Voice

11 Wordiness

12 Sentence Variety

Appendix: Thematic Writing Assignments

Glossary of Rhetorical Terms

Acknowledgments

Index

Rewards Program

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