9780761923428

Substance Use and Abuse : Cultural and Historical Perspectives

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780761923428

  • ISBN10:

    076192342X

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-04-07
  • Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

"This book takes an integrative approach to the understanding of drug use and its relationship to social-cultural factors. It is lucidly and powerfully argued and constitutes a significant achievement. The authors sensibly argue that in order to fully understand and explain drug use and abuse it is necessary to take into account different levels of analysis, reflecting distinct domains of human functioning; the biological, psychosocial, and cultural-historicala? .Overall, this book represents an exceptional achievement and should be of interest to drug clinicians and researcher as well as social scientists and students." --Professor Tony Ward, University of Melbourne Substance use and abuse are two of the most frequent psychological problems clinicians encounter. Mainstream approaches focus on the biological and psychological factors supporting drug abuse. But to fully comprehend the issue, clinicians need to consider the social, historical, and cultural factors responsible for drug-related problems. Substance Use and Abuse: Cultural and Historical Perspectives provides an inclusive explanation of the human desire to take drugs. Using a multidisciplinary framework, authors Russil Durrant and Jo Thakker explore the cultural and historical variables that contribute to drug use. Integrating biological, psychosocial, and cultural-historical perspectives, this innovative and accessible volume addresses the fundamental question of why drug use is such a ubiquitous feature of human society. Addressing issues important to prevention, treatment, and public policy, the authors include A comprehensive, historical survey of drug use An exploration of the evolutionary basis of drug-taking behavior Historically and culturally based explanations of drug use and abuse Inclusive approaches that complement mainstream biopsychosocial perspectives Designed for upper-division undergraduate and graduate students in psychology, counseling, sociology, social work, and health departments, Substance Use and Abuse: Cultural and Historical Perspectives will also be of significant interest to drug clinicians, researchers, and social scientists.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Acknowledgments xi
1. What Needs to Be Explained and How Should We Explain It?
1(12)
Introduction
1(2)
Levels of Analysis and the Multidisciplinary Nature of Psychoactive Drug Studies
3(3)
Toward an Integrated Model of Substance Use and Abuse
6(5)
Overview
11(2)
2. The Nature and Scope of Substance Use and Abuse
13(21)
Introduction
13(1)
What Is a Drug?
14(1)
Who Uses Drugs?
15(5)
Taxonomy of Drug Use Contexts
20(3)
The Harm and Benefits of Drugs
23(3)
From Use to Abuse
26(6)
Summary
32(2)
3. An Evolutionary Perspective
34(25)
Introduction
34(2)
The Nature and Role of Evolutionary Explanations
36 (2)
Has Drug Use Been Selected For?
38(2)
Drugs and the Brain
40(5)
Drug Use, Sexual Selection, and Life History Theory
45 (6)
From Use to Abuse
51(3)
An Integrated Evolutionary Model of Substance Use
54(3)
Summary
57 (2)
4. Drugs in History
59(30)
Introduction
59(1)
What Can History Tell Us About Substance Use and Abuse?
60(3)
A Brief History of Drugs
63(24)
Early History
64(4)
Drugs and the Birth of the Modern World
68(11)
A New Order: Drugs in the Twentieth Century
79(8)
Summary
87(2)
5. The Forces of History: Explaining Patterns of Use and Abuse
89(30)
Introduction
89(1)
The Functions of Drugs in Historical Perspective
90(4)
Pharmacology
94(1)
New Forms, New Modes, New Substances: The Impact of Technological Change on Drug Use
95 (3)
Availability
98(2)
Economic and Political Factors
100(4)
Legislation and Public Policy
104(2)
Social Factors
106(7)
A Complex Web: Multiple Influences on Patterns of Drug Use
113 (4)
Summary
117(2)
6. Drugs and Culture
119(37)
Introduction
119(2)
Conceptual and Methodological Issues
121(5)
Indigenous Patterns of Drug Use
126(16)
Oceania
127(3)
Asia
130(2)
Africa and the Middle East
132(4)
The Americas
136(4)
Conclusions
140(2)
Drugs and Multiculturalism
142(12)
Ethnic Groups
143(6)
Migrants and Drug Use
149(1)
Other Cultural Groups
150(4)
Summary
154(2)
7. The Role of Culture: Explaining Patterns of Use
156(35)
Introduction
156(1)
Drugs and Culture
157 (6)
The Function of Drugs in Cultural Perspective
157 (3)
Alien Poisons Versus Culturally Integrated Substances
160(2)
Production, Supply, and Availability
162(1)
Culture and Drugs
163 (14)
Genetic Factors
164 (2)
Norms, Values, and Roles
166 (3)
Beliefs, Expectations, and Concepts
169 (3)
Socialization and Social Identity
172(5)
Social-Structural Factors
177 (12)
Social Organization, Social Control, and Power
177 (2)
The Minority Experience: Marginalization, Poverty, Prejudice, and Social Change
179(4)
Integrating Cultural Explanations
183(6)
Summary
189(2)
8. Conceptualizing and Treating Substance Use Problems: A Cultural-Historical Perspective
191 (25)
Introduction
191 (1)
The Pre-and Early History of Addiction
192 (5)
Treatment for Alcohol and Drug Problems in the Nineteenth Century
197 (2)
The Changing Face of Drug Addiction: 1914-1960
199 (5)
The Alcoholism Movement 202 Contemporary Developments
204 (4)
Culture and Classification
208 (3)
Implications
211(5)
9. Prevention, Treatment, and Public Policy: An Integrated Perspective
216 (35)
Introduction
216 (1)
Prevention
217 (6)
Assessment
223 (2)
Treatment
225(13)
Biological and Psychosocial Treatment Approaches
226 (6)
Cultural Issues 229 Natural Recovery
232 (2)
A Holistic View of Treatment
234(4)
Legal Sanctions, Regulations, and Restrictions
238 (5)
Harm Reduction
243(4)
Conclusion
247(4)
References 251(40)
Author Index 291(12)
Subject Index 303(8)
About the Authors 311

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