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Surgical Technology for the Surgical Technologist: A Positive Care Approach,9780766806627
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Surgical Technology for the Surgical Technologist: A Positive Care Approach

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780766806627

ISBN10:
0766806626
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
9/28/2000
Publisher(s):
CENGAGE Delmar Learning
List Price: $171.33
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Summary

(Association of Surgical Technologists) Textbook focuses on the knowledge and cognitive skills required of the surgical technologist. Presents a systematic approach to surgical problem solving. Includes illustrative procedures, color inserts and halftone illustrations, pearls of wisdom, case studies, and questions for further study. DNLM: Surgical Procedures, Operative.

Table of Contents

Contributors xiii
Reviewers xiv
Preface xv
Acknowledgments xix
How To Use This Book xx
SECTION 1 Introduction to Surgical Technology
Orientation to Surgical Technology
3(21)
History of Surgery
4(1)
Surgery Today
4(2)
Surgical Specialties
4(2)
History of Surgical Technology
6(1)
Surgical Technology and Surgical Technologists
6(8)
Field of Surgical Technology
6(1)
Surgical Technology Education and Certification
6(2)
Surgical Technologist---Role(s) and Competencies
8(1)
Daily Roles in the Operating Room
8(6)
Job Descriptions for the Surgical Technologist
14(1)
Health Care Facilities
14(6)
Hospital Organization
15(2)
Financial Considerations and Reimbursement
17(1)
Organizations Related to Hospitals, Health Care, and Surgical Services
18(1)
Hospital Departments and Interdepartmental Communication
18(2)
Personal and Professional Relations
20(4)
Surgical Technologist's Lifestyle
21(1)
Surgical Technologist as a Professional
21(3)
The Surgical Patient
24(33)
The STSR and the Surgical Patient
25(1)
Physical, Psychological, Social, and Spiritual Needs of the Surgical Patient
25(16)
Understanding the Surgical Patient
26(1)
Causes of Surgical Intervention
26(1)
The Surgical Patient, a Human Being
26(1)
Prioritizing Needs---Maslow's Hierarchy
27(1)
Select Basic Concepts in Developmental and Social Psychology
27(5)
Cultural and Religious Influences
32(9)
Patient Bill of Rights: A Formal View of the Patient as Human
41(5)
Consent for Surgery: A Basic Right
43(2)
Principles of Documentation
45(1)
Legal and Ethical Considerations
46(5)
AST Code of Ethics
48(1)
Specific Legal Considerations
48(3)
Special Populations
51(3)
Pediatric Patients
51(1)
Geriatric Patients
51(2)
Other Special Populations: Trauma, HIV Positive, and Organ Donor/Recipient
53(1)
Surgical Patient Care: Putting It All Together
54(3)
Using the CARE Approach
54(3)
Physical Environment and Safety Standads
57(23)
Physical Design of the Surgery Department
58(8)
Areas of the OR
58(1)
Physical Components of the Operative Suite
59(5)
Substerile Area
64(1)
Direct Support Services
64(2)
Hazards and Regulatory Agencies
66(1)
Safety Considerations
67(4)
Air-Handling System
67(1)
Surgical Lights
67(1)
Noise in the Operating Room
67(1)
Ergonomics and Safety Considerations
67(1)
Fire Hazards and Safety
68(1)
Electrical Hazards
69(1)
Ionizing Radiation
70(1)
Biologic Hazards and Safety Considerations
71(4)
Universal Precautions
71(1)
Standard Precautions
71(3)
Laser and Electrosurgical Plume
74(1)
Latex Allergy
74(1)
Chemical Hazards and Safety Considerations
75(5)
Waste Anesthetic Gases
75(1)
Methyl Methacrylate
75(1)
Formalin
75(1)
Ethylene Oxide
75(1)
Glutaraldehyde
76(4)
SECTION 2 Principles and Practice of Surgical Technology
Asepsis
80(38)
History of Sterilization
81(1)
Basic Terminology
81(1)
Pathogens and Infection
82(6)
Infection
83(1)
Pathogens Associated with Surgical Site Infection
83(2)
Methods of Transmission
85(3)
Principles of Asepsis and Sterile Techniques
88(3)
Sterile Field
88(1)
Sterile Team Member Attire
89(1)
Movement in and Around Sterile Field
90(1)
Surgical Conscience
91(1)
Cleaning, Disinfection, and Sterilization
91(9)
Cleaning and Disinfection
92(4)
Disinfectant and Disinfectant/Sterilant Agents
96(4)
Instrument Preparation and Wrapping for Sterilization
100(1)
Instruments
100(1)
Specific Procedural Trays
100(1)
Instrument Sets
100(1)
Packaging for Sterilization and Storage
101(9)
Performance Standards of Packaging Material
101(1)
Performance Characteristics
101(1)
Types of Packaging Materials
102(2)
General Principles of Packaging
104(2)
Sterilization
106(1)
Requirements and Essential Factors
107(1)
Basic Components of a Steam Sterilizer
108(2)
Gas Sterilization
110(2)
Ethylene Oxide
111(1)
Alternative Gas Sterilization Methods
111(1)
Liquid Chemical Sterilization Processes
112(1)
Ionizing Radiation
112(1)
Methods of Monitoring the Sterilization Process
113(1)
Mechanical Methods of Monitoring the Sterilization Process
113(1)
Chemical Methods of Monitoring the Sterilization Process
113(1)
Biological Methods of Monitoring the Sterilization Process
113(1)
Bowie-Dick Test
114(1)
Event-Related Sterility
114(4)
Environmental Decontamination
115(1)
Environmental Services
115(1)
Case by Case
115(1)
Daily
115(3)
General Patient Care and Safety
118(32)
Preoperative Patient Routines
119(4)
Surgical Consent
119(1)
Preoperative Education
120(1)
Patient Possessions
120(1)
Evening/Morning Before Surgery
121(1)
Diet
122(1)
Makeup and Dress
122(1)
Call to Operating Room
122(1)
Family Visit
122(1)
Patient Identification
123(1)
Transportation
123(1)
Transfer and Positioning
123(1)
Basic Positioning for Surgery
124(4)
Supine Position
125(1)
Trendelenburg Position
125(1)
Reverse Trendelenburg Position
125(1)
Fowler's Position and Sitting Position
125(1)
Lithotomy Position
126(1)
Prone Position
126(1)
Kraske (Jackknife) Position
127(1)
Lateral Position
127(1)
Lateral Kidney Position
128(1)
Thermoregulatory Devices
128(1)
Vital Signs
129(4)
Temperature
129(1)
Pulse
130(1)
Respiration
131(1)
Blood Pressure
131(2)
Urinary Catheterization
133(1)
Indications
133(1)
Procedure
133(1)
Skin Preparation
134(5)
Clean Areas and Contaminated Areas
136(1)
Skin Preparation Setup
136(2)
Perineal and Vaginal Preparations
138(1)
Skin Marking
138(1)
Hemostasis and Blood Replacement
139(5)
Factors Affecting Hemostasis
139(1)
Control of Bleeding During Surgery
139(1)
Mechanical Methods
140(1)
Thermal Hemostasis
141(1)
Pharmacological Agents
142(1)
Blood Loss
142(1)
Blood Replacement
143(1)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
144(1)
Cardiac Arrest in the Surgical Setting
144(1)
Malignant Hyperthermia
145(1)
Prevention
145(1)
Treatment
145(1)
Emergency Medical Services
146(1)
Indications of Emergency Situations
146(1)
Objectives and Priorities in Emergency Situations
146(4)
Syncope
147(1)
Convulsions/Seizures
147(1)
Management of Seizure
147(1)
Anaphylactic Reactions
147(1)
Clinical Manifestation of Impending Cardiac Arrest
148(1)
Hemolytic Transfusion Reactions
148(2)
Surgical Pharmacology and Anesthesia
150(37)
Pharmacology
151(3)
Drug Sources
151(1)
Drug Forms
151(1)
Drug Nomenclature
152(1)
Route of Administration
152(1)
Drug Classifications
152(1)
Pharmacokinetics
153(1)
Pharmacodynamics
154(1)
Drug-Handling Techniques
154(6)
Medication Identification
155(1)
Supplies for Medication Handling
156(1)
Transfer of a Medication to the Sterile Field
156(1)
Medications Commonly Used in the Operating Room
157(3)
History of Modern Anesthesia
160(1)
Methods and Techniques of Anesthetic Administration
161(1)
General Anesthesia
162(12)
Depth of General Anesthesia
162(1)
Phases of General Anesthesis
162(1)
Advantages of General Anesthesia
163(1)
Risks and Complications Associated with General Anesthesia
163(2)
Anesthetic Agents
165(5)
Adjuncts to General Anesthesia
170(1)
Anesthesia Equipment
171(3)
Nerve Conduction Blockade
174(5)
Nerve Conduction Blocking Agents
174(1)
Topical Anesthesia
175(1)
Local Anesthesia
176(1)
Regional Anesthesia
176(2)
Epidural Anesthesia
178(1)
Nontraditional Anesthesia Options
179(1)
Team Member Roles during Anesthesia Administration
179(8)
Preoperative Visits
180(1)
Preoperative Routine---All Types of Anesthesia
180(4)
Postanesthesia Care
184(3)
Instrumentation, Equipment, and Supplies
187(27)
Instrumentation
188(8)
Classifications
188(5)
Care and Handling
193(1)
Types of Instrument Sets
193(3)
Specialty Equipment
196(6)
Endoscopes
196(1)
Power Tools
197(1)
Lasers
197(3)
Microscopes
200(1)
Video Monitors, Recorders, and Cameras
200(1)
Fiberoptic Headlights and Light Sources
201(1)
Irrigation/Aspiration (IA) Units
201(1)
Cryotherapy Units
201(1)
Insufflators
201(1)
Nerve Stimulators
201(1)
Accessory Equipment
202(4)
Suction Systems
202(1)
Electrosurgical Unit
202(2)
Lights
204(1)
Pneumatic Tourniquets
205(1)
Supplies
206(8)
Drapes
206(1)
Sterile Packs
207(1)
Sponges and Dressings
207(2)
Catheters, Tubes, and Drains
209(2)
Nonsuture Needles
211(1)
Irrigators and Syringes
212(2)
Wound Healing, Sutures, Needles, and Stapling Devices
214(24)
Introduction
215(1)
Types of Wounds
215(1)
Surgical Wound
215(1)
Traumatic Wound
215(1)
Chronic Wound
216(1)
Inflammatory Process
216(1)
Types of Wound Healing
216(2)
First Intention (Primary Union)
216(1)
Phases of Wound Healing by First Intention
216(1)
Second Intention (Granulation)
217(1)
Third Intention (Delayed Primary Closure)
217(1)
Factors Influencing Wound Healing
218(1)
Complications of the Healing Wound
218(3)
Intraoperative Wound Care
219(1)
Postoperative Wound Care
220(1)
Suture
221(11)
History
221(1)
Types of Suture Material
222(1)
Suture Sizes
222(1)
General Factors Affecting Choice of Suture
222(1)
Characteristics of Common Sutures
223(2)
Packaging of Suture
225(1)
Ligating Methods
226(1)
Suture for the Procedure
227(1)
Layer Closure
228(1)
Endoscopic Suture
229(1)
Suturing Techniques
229(2)
Accessory Devices
231(1)
Stapling Devices
232(2)
Types of Staplers
233(1)
Meshes or Fabrics
234(1)
Needles
234(4)
Needle Eye
235(1)
Needle Point
235(1)
Needle Bodies
236(2)
The Surgical Technologist in the Scrub Role (Case Management)
238(39)
Operating Room Attire
239(3)
Clothing
239(1)
Head Coverings
240(1)
Masks
240(1)
Shoe Covers
240(1)
Gloves
241(1)
Surgical Gown
241(1)
Protective Eyewear
242(1)
Other Protective Attire
242(1)
Daily Routines
242(1)
Furniture Setup
242(1)
Establishing the Sterile Field
243(12)
Opening Sterile Supplies
243(3)
The Surgical Scrub
246(2)
Hand Drying and Donning the Surgical Gown
248(3)
Closed Gloving Technique for Gowning and Gloving
251(1)
Open Glove Technique When Not Gowned
251(3)
Gowning and Gloving Another Team Member
254(1)
Turning Gown
254(1)
Gown Removal
255(1)
Glove Removal
255(1)
Back Table Setup
255(3)
Some Basic Principles of Back Table Setup
256(2)
The Mayo Stand
258(2)
Draping the Surgical Patient
260(5)
General Principles of Draping
260(5)
Intraoperative Activities of the STSR
265(12)
Using the APOS Approach During the Intraoperative Phase
265(2)
Case Management: Principles, Techniques, Considerations
267(1)
Principles of Practice
267(1)
Techniques of Practice: Passing Instruments
268(2)
Counts
270(1)
Medications and Solutions in the Sterile Field
270(1)
Dressing Application
271(1)
Communication
271(1)
Postoperative Routines
272(5)
SECTION 3 Surgical Procedures
Diagnostic Procedures
277(14)
Sources of Patient Data
278(11)
History and Physical Examination
278(1)
Diagnostic Imaging
278(7)
Laboratory Reports
285(3)
Electrodiagnostic Studies
288(1)
Pulmonary Diagnosis
289(1)
Endoscopy
289(1)
Plethysmography and Phleborheography
289(1)
Indications for Surgery
289(2)
General Surgery
291(84)
Anatomy
292(11)
Abdominal Cavity: General Dimensions
292(1)
Surface Features
293(1)
Abdominal Musculature
293(1)
Peritoneum
293(1)
Retroperitoneum
293(1)
Alimentary Canal
293(1)
Esophagus
293(1)
Stomach
294(1)
Small Intestine
295(1)
Mesentery
296(1)
Colon
297(2)
Rectum
299(1)
Anus
299(1)
Omenta
299(1)
Pancreas
299(1)
Spleen
300(1)
Liver
301(1)
Biliary Tract
301(2)
General Surgery Instrumentation
303(4)
General Surgery: Minor Set
303(1)
Local Excision Instruments
303(1)
Biliary Instruments
303(1)
Intestinal Instruments
303(1)
Other General Instruments
303(4)
Room Setup
307(1)
Positioning
307(1)
Draping
307(1)
Incisions
307(3)
Surgery of the Abdominal Wall: Hernias
310(3)
Specific Anatomic Features of the Groin Area
310(1)
Hernias
310(2)
Hernia Repair
312(1)
Surgery of the Alimentary Canal
313(17)
Surgery of the Esophagus
313(5)
Gastric Surgery
318(1)
Pathological Conditions of the Stomach
318(2)
Procedures Related to Gastric Secretion, Ulcers, and Neoplasm
320(1)
Procedures for Morbid Obesity
321(1)
Surgery of the Small Bowel
321(4)
Appendectomy
325(1)
Colon Surgery
326(4)
Stomas
330(19)
Anorectal Surgery
330(3)
Hemorrhoid Ligation and Excision
333(1)
Surgery of the Liver and Biliary Tract
333(9)
Common Bile Duct Exploration
342(7)
Surgery of the Pancreas and Spleen
349(7)
Select Pathology of the Pancreas
349(1)
Draining Pancreatic Cysts
349(1)
Whipple Pancreaticoduodenectomy
350(3)
Surgery of the Spleen
353(3)
Vascular and Other Procedures
356(2)
Treating Varicose Veins
356(1)
Vascular Access Procedures
356(1)
Muscle and Nerve Biopsies
357(1)
Incision and Drainage
357(1)
Excision of Lesion
358(1)
Endoscopy
358(1)
Breast Surgery
358(3)
Breast Anatomy
358(1)
Breast and Axilla: Pathology and Diagnosis
358(1)
Breast Surgery (Noncosmetic)
359(2)
Surgery of the Thyroid and Parathyroid
361(2)
Anatomy of the Thyroid and Parathyroid
362(1)
Pathologic Conditions of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands
363(1)
Thyroidectomy
363(1)
Tracheotomy
363(12)
Indications for Tracheotomy
366(1)
Illustrative Procedure: Tracheotomy
367(8)
Obstetric and Gynecologic Surgery
375(72)
Introduction to Obstetric and Cynecologic Surgery
376(1)
Anatomy
376(5)
The Pelvis
376(1)
External Genitalia
377(1)
Vagina
377(2)
Uterus
379(1)
Fallopian Tubes
380(1)
Ovaries
380(1)
Pregnancy---A Special Condition
381(2)
Select Key Terms in Labor and Delivery
381(1)
Labor
381(2)
Special Instrumentation, Supplies, Drugs, and Equipment in Obstetric and Gynecologic Surgery
383(7)
Instrumentation
383(1)
Equipment
384(6)
Supplies
390(1)
Room Setup and Basic Patient Positioning and Draping
390(1)
Surgical Procedures: Obstetrics and Fertility Related
391(15)
Pathology and Surgical Conditions: Obstetrics and Fertility Related
391(1)
Vaginal Delivery
392(2)
Cesarean Section
394(5)
Sterilization Procedures
399(1)
Tuboplasty
400(3)
Laparoscopic Resection of Unruptured Tubal Pregnancy
403(3)
Surgical Procedures: Gynecologic Procedures
406(1)
Gynecologic Pathology
406(1)
Surgical Intervention: Overview
406(41)
Abdominal Incisions for Gynecologic Surgery
406(5)
Surgical Intervention: Laparoscopy
411(3)
Basic Colposcopy
414(2)
Hysteroscopy
416(1)
Marsupialization of Bartholin's Gland Cyst
417(2)
Simple Vulvectomy
419(4)
Anterior and Posterior Repair (Colporrhaphy)
423(6)
Cervical Biopsy, Cryotherapy, Laser Treatment, LEEP, and Conization
429(2)
Dilation and Curettage
431(3)
Myomectomy
434(2)
Total Abdominal Hysterectomy and Bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy (TAH-BSO)
436(5)
Viginal and Laporoscopically Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy (LAVH)
441(1)
Radical Cancer Surgery: Total Pelvic Exenteration
442(5)
Ophthalmic Surgery
447(28)
Anatomy of the Eye
448(3)
Orbit
448(1)
Extrinsic Muscles
448(1)
Lacrimal System
449(1)
Globe
449(2)
Ophthalmic Surgical Pathology
451(2)
Cataract
451(1)
Small Retinal Detachment
451(1)
Large Retinal Detachment
452(1)
Vitreous Hemorrhage
452(1)
Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy (PVR)
452(1)
Traction Retinal Detachment
452(1)
Epiretinal Membrane
452(1)
Corneal Pathology
452(1)
Chalazion
452(1)
Dacryocystitis
452(1)
Strabismus
452(1)
Special Considerations in Ophthalmic Surgery
453(1)
Special Equipment
453(1)
Instruments
453(1)
Surgical Intervention
454(21)
Strabismus Correction: Recession/Resection
454(3)
Adjustable Suture Surgery
457(1)
Scleral Buckle
458(4)
Enucleation and Evisceration of the Eye (Traditional Approach)
462(2)
Keratoplasty (Corneal Transplant)
464(4)
Cataract Extraction
468(2)
Phacoemulsification
470(1)
Vitrectomy
470(5)
Otorhinolaryngologic Surgery
475(54)
Anatomy of the Ear
476(1)
Outer Ear
476(1)
Middle Ear
476(1)
Inner Ear
476(1)
Pathology of the Ear
477(2)
Pathology Affecting the Outer Ear
477(1)
Pathology Affecting the Middle Ear
478(1)
Pathology Affecting the Inner Ear
479(1)
Diagnostic Procedures/Tests for the Ear
479(1)
Special Preoperative Considerations
479(1)
Special Instruments, Supplies, Drugs
480(1)
Intraoperative Preparation
480(1)
Ear Procedures
480(8)
Myringotomy
480(4)
Myringoplasty/Tympanoplasty
484(3)
Mastoidectomy
487(1)
Stapedectomy
487(1)
Stapedotomy
488(1)
Cochlear Implants
488(1)
Anatomy of the Nose and Sinuses
488(2)
External Nose
488(1)
Internal Nose
488(1)
Paranasal Sinuses
489(1)
Blood Supply to the Nose
490(1)
Olfaction
490(1)
Pathology of the Nose and Paranasal Sinuses
490(2)
Rhinitis/Sinusitis
490(1)
Nasal Polyps
491(1)
Hypertrophied Turbinates
491(1)
Deviated Nasal Septum
491(1)
Septal Perforation
491(1)
Epistaxis
492(1)
Diagnostic Procedures/Tests
492(1)
Direct Vision
492(1)
Mirror Examination
492(1)
Radiography
492(1)
Special Preoperative Considerations
492(1)
Special Instruments, Supplies, and Drugs
493(3)
Intraoperative Preparation
496(1)
Nasal Procedures
496(9)
Submucous Resection (SMR)
496(3)
Polypectomy
499(1)
Intranasal Antrostomy
499(1)
Removal of Foreign Body
499(1)
Internal Maxillary Artery Ligation
500(1)
Sinus Procedures
500(1)
Caldwell-Luc
500(2)
Ethmoidectomy
502(1)
Sphenoidectomy
502(1)
Drainage of the Frontal Sinus
503(1)
Sinus Endoscopy
503(2)
Anatomy of the Upper Aerodigestive Tract
505(3)
Pharynx
505(1)
Larynx
506(1)
Trachea
507(1)
Bronchi and Lungs
507(1)
Esophagus
507(1)
Pathology Affecting the Upper Aerodigestive Tract
508(3)
Pharyngitis
508(1)
Epiglottitis
508(1)
Tonsillitis
508(1)
Sleep Apnea
509(1)
Laryngitis
509(1)
Polypoid Corditis or Vocal Cord Polyps
510(1)
Vocal Cord Nodules
510(1)
Vocal Cord Granulomas
510(1)
Laryngeal Neoplasms
510(1)
Tracheitis and Bronchitis
510(1)
Laryngotracheobronchitis (Croup)
510(1)
Foreign Bodies
511(1)
Pathology Affecting the Esophagus
511(1)
Esophagitis
511(1)
Ulceration of the Esophagus
511(1)
Neoplasms Affecting the Esophagus
511(1)
Foreign Bodies
511(1)
Zenker's Diverticulum
511(1)
Diagnostic Procedures/Tests
511(1)
Direct Visualization
511(1)
Indirect Visualization
512(1)
Laboratory Tests
512(1)
Radiologic Examinations
512(1)
Videostroboscopy
512(1)
Polysomnography
512(1)
Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT)
512(1)
Special Preoperative Considerations
512(1)
Special Instruments, Supplies, Drugs
513(1)
Intraoperative Preparation
514(1)
Aerodigestive Tract Procedures
514(15)
Adenoidectomy
514(1)
Tonsillectomy
514(3)
Incision and Drainage of a Peritonsillar Abscess
517(1)
Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
517(2)
Laryngoscopy
519(2)
Bronchoscopy
521(1)
Esophagoscopy
522(1)
Panendoscopy
522(1)
Radical Neck Dissection with Mandibulectomy
522(7)
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
529(37)
Anatomy of the Oral Cavity
530(1)
Lips
530(1)
Teeth
530(1)
Palate
530(1)
Cheeks
530(1)
Tongue
530(1)
Anatomy of the Face and Cranium
531(2)
Orbit
532(1)
Facial Muscles and Innervation
532(1)
Embryologic Development of the Face
533(1)
Pathology of the Oral Cavity
533(3)
Mouth
533(1)
Jaw Bones
534(1)
Mandibular Fractures
534(1)
Frontal Fractures
535(1)
Orbital Fractures
535(1)
Zygomatic Fractures
535(1)
Midfacial Fractures
536(1)
Craniofacial Deformities
536(1)
Diagnostic Tests
536(1)
Oral Procedures: General Considerations
537(4)
Tooth Extraction
538(3)
Tooth Restoration
541(1)
Implantation
541(1)
Maxillofacial Procedures: General Considerations
541(25)
Graft Materials
542(1)
Repair of Mandibular/Maxillary Fractures
543(1)
Application of Arch Bars
543(3)
Wire Fixation
546(1)
Plate and Screw Fixation of Mandibular Fracture
546(3)
Frontal Fracture Repair
549(1)
Orbital Floor Fracture Repair
550(3)
Reduction of Zygomatic Fractures
553(1)
Le Fort I Fracture Repair
554(3)
Le Fort II and III Fracture Repair
557(1)
Craniofacial Reconstruction
557(3)
Correction of Retrognathism or Prognathism
560(1)
Temporomandibular Joint Procedures
561(5)
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
566(44)
Anatomy
567(8)
Skin and Underlying Structures
567(1)
Palate
568(2)
Nose
570(1)
Hand
570(5)
Breast
575(1)
Surgical Pathology
575(7)
Pathology Affecting the Skin
575(2)
Cleft Lip and Palate
577(1)
Pathology Affecting the Hand
578(3)
Pathology Affecting the Breast
581(1)
Diagnostic Procedures and Tests
582(1)
Special Instrumentation, Supplies, Drugs, and Equipment
582(2)
Nasal Set
582(1)
Dermatome
583(1)
Mesh Graft Device
584(1)
Surgical Intervention
584(26)
Rhytidectomy
584(2)
Blepharoplasty
586(1)
Suction Lipectomy
587(1)
Abdominoplasty
588(1)
Skin Grafts
589(3)
Cheiloplasty and Palatoplasty
592(1)
Rhinoplasty
593(2)
Hand Surgery
595(7)
Mammoplasty
602(8)
Genitourinary Surgery
610(58)
Anatomy
611(6)
Suprarenal (Adrenal) Glands
611(1)
Kidneys
611(3)
Ureters
614(1)
Urinary Bladder
614(1)
Male Reproductive System
615(2)
Pathology Affecting the Adrenal Glands
617(1)
Cushing's Syndrome
617(1)
Adrenal Insufficiency (Addison's Disease)
617(1)
Pheochromocytoma
618(1)
Pathology Affecting the Urinary System
618(3)
Bladder Tumors
618(1)
Urinary Calculi
618(1)
Kidney Disorders
619(2)
Pathology Affecting the Male Reproductive System
621(2)
Phimosis
621(1)
Hypospadias/Epispadias
621(1)
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
622(1)
Cancer of the Prostate
622(1)
Cryptorchidism
622(1)
Testicular Torsion
622(1)
Testicular Cancer
622(1)
Trauma to the Genitourinary System
623(1)
Diagnostic Procedures/Tests
623(7)
History and Physical
623(1)
Laboratory Findings
623(6)
Radiologic Findings
629(1)
Biopsy
630(1)
Endoscopy
630(1)
Special Equipment, Instruments, Supplies, Drugs
630(2)
Preoperative and Intraoperative Preparation
632(3)
Incisional Options
633(2)
Surgical Procedures
635(33)
Adrenalectomy
636(1)
Nephrectomy
637(4)
Renal Transplant
641(1)
Stone Removal
642(1)
Cystostomy
643(2)
Cystectomy/Ileal Conduit
645(5)
Procedures for Stress Incontinence Affecting Women
650(3)
Transurethral Endoscopy of the Genitourinary Tract
653(2)
Circumcision
655(2)
Orchiectomy
657(1)
Orchiopexy
657(3)
Vasectomy
660(1)
Vasovasostomy
660(1)
Prostatectomy
660(8)
Orthopedic Surgery
668(60)
Bone and Bone Tissue
669(7)
Bone Tissue
670(1)
Types of Bones
671(1)
Types of Joints
672(1)
Bone Growth and Bone Cells
673(1)
Intramembranous Bones
674(1)
Endochondral Bone
674(1)
Mineral Storage
674(1)
Factors That Affect Bone Growth
675(1)
Clinical and Bone Landmark Terms
675(1)
Pathology
676(9)
Types of Fractures
676(1)
Normal Bone Healing
676(6)
Pathologic Bone Healing
682(2)
Diagnostic Terms and Procedures
684(1)
The Skeleton
685(10)
The Skull
685(3)
Vertebral Column
688(1)
Bones of the Thoracic Region
689(1)
Clavicles
689(1)
Scapula
689(1)
Pectoral Girdle
689(1)
Humerus
690(1)
Radius and Ulna
690(1)
Hand and Wrist
690(1)
Pelvis
691(1)
Hip and Femur
692(1)
Tibia and Fibula
692(2)
Ankle and Foot
694(1)
Equipment
695(2)
Positioning Devices
695(1)
Pneumatic Tourniquets
696(1)
Traction
696(1)
Lasers
696(1)
Radiography
696(1)
Air Flow
696(1)
Continuous Passive Range--of--Motion Machines (CPM)
696(1)
Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
696(1)
Electrical Stimulation of Bone
697(1)
Saws, Drills, and Reamers
697(1)
Arthroscopic Equipment
697(1)
Supplies
697(2)
Implants
697(1)
Suture
698(1)
Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA)
698(1)
Pharmacology
698(1)
Procedures
699(29)
Bone Grafting
699(1)
Knee Arthroscopy
700(3)
Arthroscopic Repair of Meniscal Tear
703(3)
Endoscopic Carpal Tunnel Release
706(3)
Colles' Fracture
709(4)
Open Reduction--Internal Fixation (ORIF) of the Humerus
713(3)
Repair of Rotator Cuff
716(4)
Total Hip Arthroplasty
720(8)
Cardiothoracic Surgery
728(61)
Anatomy of the Chest
729(3)
The Thorax
729(1)
The Trachea
730(1)
The Bronchial Tree
730(1)
The Lungs
731(1)
Anatomy and Physiology of the Heart
732(6)
Location of the Heart
733(1)
Coverings of the Heart
733(1)
The Heart Wall
733(1)
The Heart Chambers
733(1)
The Heart Valves
733(2)
Blood Flow Through the Heart
735(1)
Blood Supply for the Heart
735(1)
The Cardiac Cycle
735(1)
Cardiac Output
736(1)
Cardiac Conduction
736(1)
Anatomical Development of the Heart
736(2)
Operative Pathology
738(12)
The Chest Wall
738(1)
The Mediastinum
739(1)
The Lungs
739(1)
Thoracic Trauma
739(2)
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
741(1)
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm
741(1)
Coronary Artery Disease
742(3)
Valvlar Disease
745(1)
Cardiomyopathy
746(1)
Cardiac Dysrhythmias
746(2)
Congenital Heart Defects
748(2)
Diagnostic Procedures: Thorax
750(1)
Bronchoscopy
750(1)
Mediastinoscopy
751(1)
Thoracoscopy
751(1)
Thoracentesis
751(1)
Diagnostic Procedures: Cardiac
751(2)
Radiologic Studies
753(1)
Surgical Intervention: Thoracic
753(10)
Special Preoperative Considerations
753(1)
Special Instrumentation, Supplies, Drugs, and Equipment
753(1)
Patient Preparation
754(1)
Thoracoscopy
755(3)
Scalene/Supraclavicular Node Biopsy
758(1)
Thoracotomy for Upper Lobectomy
758(4)
Thoracotomy for Right Pneumonectomy
762(1)
Thoracotomy for Wedge Resection or Segmentectomy
762(1)
Decortication of Lung
762(1)
Surgical Intervention: Cardiac (Adult)
763(21)
Preoperative Considerations
763(1)
Patient Preparation
764(1)
Techniques of Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CPB)
765(2)
Mechanical Circulatory Assistance
767(2)
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)
769(5)
Aortic Valve Replacement
774(4)
Mitral Valve Replacement
778(1)
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysmectomy (TAA)
779(2)
Pericardictomy/Pericardial Window
781(1)
Heart Transplantation
781(1)
Permanent Pacemaker Insertion
782(1)
Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)
783(1)
Surgical Intervention: Cardiac (Pediatric)
784(5)
Special Preoperative Preparation
784(1)
Atrial Septal Defect
784(1)
Ventricular Septal Defect
785(1)
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
785(1)
Correction of Aortic Coarctation
785(2)
Procedure for Correction of Tetralogy of Fallot
787(1)
Procedure for Correction of Transposition of the Great Arteries
787(2)
Peripheral Vascular Surgery
789(35)
Peripheral Vascular Surgery
790(1)
Surgical Anatomy
790(6)
Blood Vessels
790(1)
Blood Pressure
791(2)
The Arterial System
793(2)
The Venous System
795(1)
Operative Pathology and Diagnosis
796(3)
Arterial Embolism
796(1)
Arteriosclerosis Obliterans
797(1)
Aneurysms of the Abdominal Aorta
797(2)
Surgical Interventions
799(25)
Peripheral Vessel Angioplasty
799(1)
Bypass Grafting and Endarterectomy
800(2)
Features of Peripheral Vascular Procedures
802(1)
Aortofemoral Bypass
803(3)
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysmectomy
806(4)
Femoropopliteal Bypass
810(3)
Femorofemoral Bypass
813(2)
Axillofemoral Bypass
815(3)
Carotid Endarterectomy
818(6)
Neurosurgery
824(57)
Surgical Anatomy
825(9)
Divisions of the Nervous System
825(1)
Cranium
825(6)
Vertebral Column
831(2)
Blood Supply
833(1)
Cranial Nerves
833(1)
Spinal Nerves
833(1)
Neurosurgical Pathology
834(8)
Cervical Spine
835(1)
Thoracic Spine
836(1)
Lumbar Spine
836(1)
Neoplasms
837(1)
Head Injury
838(2)
Spinal Cord Injury
840(1)
Cerebrovascular Disease
840(1)
Congenital Abnormalities
841(1)
Infection
842(2)
Abscess
842(1)
Spinal Tumors
843(1)
Peripheral Nerve Disorders
843(1)
Neurosurgical Procedures
844(37)
Special Instrumentation, Supplies, Drugs, and Equipment
844(4)
Patient Preparation
848(1)
Craniotomy
849(9)
Craniectomy
858(4)
Ventriculoperitoneal and Ventriculoatrial Shunt
862(3)
Transphenoidal Hypophysectomy
865(3)
Stereotactic Procedures
868(1)
Cranioplasty
869(1)
Spinal Procedures
869(7)
Peripheral Nerve Procedures
876(5)
Appendix A Common Prefixes and Suffixes 881(3)
Appendix B Measurements 884


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