The aim of this book is to demonstrate how ecotourism and sustainable tourism can assist in supporting and meeting the goals set forward by the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, promote gender equity and empower women, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, ensure environmental sustainability and develop a global partnership for development. The MDG will provide the broad structure for the book with sections focusing on poverty alleviation, health, gender, education, environmental sustainability and biodiversity conservation and partnerships. The practice of ecotourism and sustainable tourism has the potential to assist in conserving natural areas, alleviating poverty, empowering women, enhancing education, and improving the health and well being of local communities. The text will present approximately 16 chapters tat discuss how ecotourism and sustainable tourism can assist in supporting and meeting this potential by drawing on case studies and examples. The book will take an historical perspective looking at the development of ecotourism and sustainable tourism over the past twenty years, from where The International Ecotourism Society and other associations began, and in particular the key landmarks and events that have brought ecotourism and sustainable tourism to the present day. The remaining chapters discuss how these forms of tourism can and have the potential to support and meet the MDG. The final summary chapter will discuss how ecotourism and sustainable tourism can assist in supporting and meeting the MDG by 2015, and look towards the future in identifying some of the challenges and goals that need to be considered. The text will take a unique look at ecotourism and sustainable tourism by placing it in the context of the United Nations MDG. Other volumes focus on ecotourism programming and planning, generalities field of ecotourism or sustainable tourism, case studies and the business of ecotourism.The book will include: chapter objectives, examples, boxed articles, case studies which highlight the focus of the chapter, review questions, and web links for additional inquiry. There will be a glossary of terms and a list of acronyms. There will be a summary at the end of each chapter; 5 discussion questions; and resource guide which includes additional readings and websites.