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There is no other guide to Svalbard. This stunningly gorgeous, seriously remote Arctic archipelago is about as far from civilization as you can get in Europe. Permafrost freezes the ground up to half a kilometer in depth, while winter temperatures can drop to over 40 below zero. Svalbard's glorious mountains, majestic fjords and sprawling valleys are the perfect setting for journeys to the back of beyond - by snowmobile, snowshoe or Siberian husky. This new edition includes extensive information on the history, wildlife and landscape of this unique destination with details on national parks and areas of exploration unavailable in other books.
Table of Contents
Part One: General Information
Chapter 1: Background. Geography, Climate, Flora, fauna and conservation.
Chapter 2: History. Climatic impacts, Discovery, The period of whaling and hunting, Polar exploration and research, Economic development and sovereignty from 1900, World War II, Post war mining, Tourism, Administration, democracy, legalization and taxation, International relations
Chapter 3: Practical Information. When to visit, Tour operators and independent travel, Some tour options, Travel for non-tourists, Red tape, Getting there and away, Health, Safety, Disabled travel, What to take, Electricity, Time.
Chapter 4: In Spitsbergen. Tourist information, Money and banking, Getting around, Accommodation, Eating and drinking, Shopping, Photography and video, Media and communications, Sport
Part Two: Svarlbard (Spitsbergen)
Chapter 5: Svarlbard’s Region
Chapter 6: Svarlbard’s Settlements and Stations
Chapter 7: Cruise Routes
Part Three: Franz Josef Land And Jan Mayen
Chapter 8: Franz Josef Land
Chapter 9: Jan Mayen
Appendices and Index