9780415267793

Syria: Revolution From Above

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780415267793

  • ISBN10:

    041526779X

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2001-10-12
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Summary

This study examines the development of hte Syrian state as it has emerged inder thirty-five years of military-Ba'thist rule and, particularly, under president Hafiz al-Asad. It analyzes the way in which the fragility of the post-independence state, unable to contain rising nationalist struggle and class conflict, opened the way to the Ba'th's "revolution from above" transformed Syria's socio-political terrain. the mixed strategy of power concentration under Asad is then examined and the way in which the creation of a presidential monarchy buttressed by trusted kin and clients commanding instruments of repression was combined with the creation of Lenisit-like political organization incorporating a rural constituency. Susequent state-society realtions, including the rise of a new class, Islamic rebellion, the survival of civil society and Asad's resort to political decompression as a substitute for democratization are then surveyed. The author moves on to assess the political economy of economic development,showing how agrarian reform, industrialization and economic liberlization created a more equitable and diverse but fundamentally flawed state-dominated economy.

Table of Contents

Chronology vii
Foreword ix
Glossary xi
Map
xiii
Introduction: Conceptualising the Syrian Ba'th State
1(14)
The Formation of Modern Syria
15(32)
The Ba'th Revolution from Above (1963--70)
47(18)
Power and Politics under Asad
65(24)
State-Society Relations under Asad
89(26)
The Political Economy of Development
115(24)
Syrian Foreign Policy
139(26)
Afterword 165(2)
Bibliography 167(12)
Index 179

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