9780312103859

Talking Back To Civilization Indian Voices from the Progressive Era

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780312103859

  • ISBN10:

    0312103859

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/19/2001
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Summary

As progressive reformers took on America's ills at the start of the twentieth century, a new generation of Native American reformers took on America, "talking back" to the civilization that had overrun but not crushed their own. This volume offers a collection of 21 primary sources, including journal articles, testimony, and political cartoons by Native Americans of the Progressive Era, who worked in a variety of fields to defend their communities and culture. Their voices are organized into 7 topical chapters on subjects such as native religion, education, and Indian service in World War I. Spanning the period from the 1893 Columbian Expedition to the 1920s' congressional land hearings, this rich array of voices fills an important gap in the chronology of Native American studies. An engaging introduction focusing on the intellectual leaders of the protest efforts includes background on the Progressive Era, while headnotes for each document, striking illustrations, a chronology of major events, and a bibliography support the firsthand accounts.

Author Biography

Frederick E. Hoxie is Swanlund Professor of History at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Educated at Amherst College and Brandeis University, Dr. Hoxie has taught at Antioch College and Northwestern University. In addition he has been Director of the D'Arcy McNickle Center for American Indian History and Vice President for Research and Education at the Newberry Library. He is the author of A Final Promise: The Campaign to Assimilate the Indians, 1880–1920 (1984), The Crow (1989), and Parading through History: The Making of the Crow Nation in America (1995). He has edited 7 books, including The Encyclopedia of North American Indians (1996). Dr. Hoxie has consulted for Indian tribes and government agencies; he is the former president of the American Society for Ethnohistory and served as a founding trustee of the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of the American Indian.

Table of Contents

Foreword v
Preface vii
List of Illustrations
xv
Introduction: American Indian Activism in the Progressive Era 1(4)
Indian America, 1900
5(2)
The ``Antithesis of Civilization''
7(4)
The Progressive Era
11(3)
Indian Writers Respond
14(2)
Indian Anthropologists
16(4)
Defending Tribal Religions
20(1)
Political Protests and Legal Challenges
21(4)
Talking Back Brings Results
25(2)
The Structure of This Book
27(2)
Speaking Out at the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893
29(7)
Simon Pokagon Offers The Red Man's Greeting, 1893
31(5)
Critics of Indian Education
36(30)
Francis La Flesche on Boarding School, 1900
39(12)
Laura Kellogg Attacks the Government's System of Indian Education, 1913
51(5)
Henry Roe Cloud Presents an Alternative Vision of Indian Education, 1914
56(6)
Arthur C. Parker Argues for College Education for Indians, 1913
62(4)
Discussing Christianity and Religion
66(21)
Zitkala Sa (Gertrude Bonnin) Defends Paganism, 1902
69(4)
Charles Eastman Compares the Morality of Indians and Modern Christians, 1916
73(6)
Francis La Flesche and Fred Lookout Defend Peyote before Congress, 1918
79(8)
American Indians on America's Indians Policy
87(21)
Carlos Montezuma Advocates the Abolition of the Indian Office, 1914
90(5)
Arthur C. Parker Indicts the Government for Its Actions, 1915
95(7)
The Society of American Indians Supports Tribal Claims, 1913
102(6)
Popular Images of Indians: Cartoons and Commentary, 1913-1916
108(15)
Cartoons from the Quarterly Journal, 1913-1916
108(7)
Chauncey Yellow Robe on the Wild West Shows, 1914
115(4)
Arthur C. Parker on the Alleged Racial Inferiority of Indians, 1914
119(4)
World War I
123(16)
Carlos Montezuma on the Draft, 1917
125(2)
Chauncey Yellow Robe on the War Effort, 1918
127(2)
Zitkala Sa on the Paris Peace Conference, 1919
129(2)
Charles Eastman Sees the End of War as the Moment to End the ``Petty Autocracy'' of the Indian Office, 1919
131(2)
Robert Yellowtail Calls for Self-Determination, 1919
133(6)
After the War: Reservation Indians Speak Out
139(31)
Ojibwe Leaders Protest Government Proposals to Abolish Their Reservation, 1920
141(7)
Sioux Leaders Protest the Leasing of Tribal Lands, 1920
148(8)
Winnebago Leaders Ask for Justice, 1922
156(7)
The Klamath Seek Independence, 1924
163(7)
Afterword: The Pueblos Protest the Bursum Bill, 1922 170(15)
An Appeal for Fair Play and the Preservation of Pueblo Life, November 5, 1922
173(2)
APPENDIXES
Questions for Consideration
175(3)
Chronology of Important Events for Native Americans in the Progressive Era (1890-1928)
178(4)
Selected Bibliography
182(3)
Index 185

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