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Timely and topical, Talons of the Eagle: Latin America, the United States, and the World, Fourth Edition, presents an eminent scholar's perspective on the interaction between global trends and inter-American affairs - a subject that has become crucially important in our recent history. Ratherthan concentrating solely on U.S. policy, Peter H. Smith uniquely addresses the structural relationships between the two regions by focusing on international systems, the distribution of power, and the perception and pursuit of national interests. Throughout, this provocative text casts light onsuch contemporary issues as economic integration, drug trafficking, undocumented migration, and the rise of Latin America's "new left." It also analyzes Latin American reactions and responses to the U.S. - and to the rest of the world - in these complex and troubling times.
Peter H. Smith is Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Simón Bolívar Professor of Latin American Studies at the University of California, San Diego. A former president of the Latin American Studies Association, he is the author of more than twenty books, including Democracy in LatinAmerica: Political Change in Comparative Perspective, Second Edition (2011) and coauthor of Modern Latin America, Seventh Edition (2019).
Table of Contents
*=New to this Edition Chapters 1-15 end with Questions for Review. Preface New to This Edition Acknowledgements Introduction: Global Politics and U.S.-Latin American Relations Analytical Tools Concepts of Power Overview Caveats and Limitations I. THE IMPERIAL ERA 1. The European Game European Rivalry in the New World Imperial Order: The Rules of the Game Enter the United States U.S. Imperialism I: Territorial Expansion Pocketbook Diplomacy Military Conquest Eyes upon Cuba U.S. Imperialism II: Commercial Empire A Sphere of One's Own: The Pan-American Community Obtaining John Bull's Acquiescence Securing the Caribbean Spanish-Cuban-American War Taking Panama Recipe for Intervention 2. The Gospel of Democracy Roles of Ideology The Meanings of Manifest Destiny Obstacles to Democracy History and Character The Problem of Race Intervention for Democracy Taking Sides: The Mexican Revolution Dollar Diplomacy I: The Dominican Republic (1916-1924) Dollar Diplomacy II: Nicaragua (1909-1925) Dollar Diplomacy III: Haiti (1915-1934)" Promoting Democracy? 3. Latin America: Responding to Imperialism Option 1: The Bolivarian Dream Option 2: External Powers Pax Britannica? Opposition to Pan Americanism Hispanidad and Francophilia Option 3: Rivalry and Subregional Hegemony Argentina's Manifest Destiny God Is a Brazilian Option 4: Doctrines and Diplomacy Cultures of Resistance Mexico: War and Invasion Cuba: Inside the Monster Nicaragua: Origins of Sandinismo Continental Solidarity In Retrospect 4. Mr. Roosevelt's Neighborhood Crucibles: Nicaragua and Cuba Nicaragua, 1927-1933 Cuba, 1929-1933 The Good Neighbor Policy: Political Dimensions Cuba, 1933-1936 The Good Neighbor Policy: Economic Dimensions Applying Leverage Extending Assistance? The Good Neighbor Policy: Ideological Dimensions Sizing Up the Neighborhood II. THE COLD WAR 5. Closing Ranks United States as Superpower Cold War: The Rules of the Game The Cold War in Latin America Courting Dictators Cleaning House The Nixon Trip 6. Making Friends Social Science, Ideology, and Foreign Policy The Alliance for Progress Forming the Alliance Requiem for Failed Expectations Holding the Line: Dictators as Friends 7. Crushing Enemies Intervention in Guatemala Cuba, Castro, and the Bay of Pigs The Dominican Invasion Chile: Allende Overthrown The Seizure of Grenada Central America: The Contra War El Salvador Nicaragua On U.S. Interventions 8. Latin America: Fighting the Cold War Option 1: The Socialist Path Parties and Elections Guerrilla Movements Revolutionary States Option 2: The Anticommunist Crusade Deliverance for Dictatorship National Security Doctrines Human Rights and the United States Option 3: Seeking a Third Way A New International Economic Order? Nonalignment and Foreign Policy From Contadora to Esquipulas Legacies of War III. GLOBALIZATION AND WAR 9. The 1990s: Hegemony and Geoeconomics Aftermath of the Cold War Rearrangements of Power Hegemony by Default? Toward a New Economic Agenda The Washington Consensus North American Free Trade From NAFTA to FTAA? Summitry and Setbacks Geoeconomics: The Rules of the Game 10. Latin America: Playing the Geoeconomic Game Narrowing Options Twilight of Revolution? Forms of Economic Integration Model 1: Trading Around Model 2: Joining with the North Model 3: Subregional Integration Model 4: Hubs and Spokes The Outside World The European Campaign The Asia Card The Problem of Asymmetrical Significance Legacies of Neoliberal Reform Protest and Resistance Policy Debates 11. Post 9/11: The War on Terror Unleashing War Concurrent Developments Obama's Wars Exiting Iraq Afghanistan War on Terror: The Rules of the Game Two-Level Games George Bush and Latin America Regime Change and Democracy Obama and Latin America Cuba (Again) Coup in Honduras 12. Latin America: Seizing Opportunities The Political Context The New Left The Burial of FTAA Latin America Divided Mexico: Fox and Calderón Brazil: Lula and Dilma Venezuela: The One and Only Hugo The Rest of the World Europe Japan China Iran? Economic Growth and Change Pulling Away from the United States? The Benefits of Inattention * 13. Dilemmas of Immigration Immigration in Long-Term Perspective Trends in U.S. Policy Crisis in Haiti The Post-9/11 Environment Immigration and National Security Immigration under Obama * 14. Drug Trafficking, Drug Wars Production and Supply Sources of Supply Dimensions of Demand Policies and Wars The Clinton Years The Bush Era Obama: Rhetoric or Reality? Crisis in Mexico Retrospect: Impacts on Latin America Prospect: Debates over Policy IV. REFLECTIONS 15. Debating U.S. Policy Varieties of Realism: Conservative and Progressive The Relevance of Latin America Confronting the Policy Process Presidential Prerogatives Complicating Factors I: Bureaucratic Wrangling Complicating Factors II: Engaging the Public Complicating Factors III: Partisan Polarization Getting from Here to There Back to the Future 16. Overview: Structure and Change in U.S.-Latin American Relations Looking Back: Summation Looking Back: Analysis Explaining U.S. Policies Understanding Latin American Responses Differentiating Latin America Looking Ahead: What Next? A Guide to Further Reading Index