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Timely and topical, Talons of the Eagle: Latin America, the United States, and the World, Fourth Edition, presents an eminent scholar's perspective on the interaction between global trends and inter-American affairs - a subject that has become crucially important in our recent history. Ratherthan concentrating solely on U.S. policy, Peter H. Smith uniquely addresses the structural relationships between the two regions by focusing on international systems, the distribution of power, and the perception and pursuit of national interests. Throughout, this provocative text casts light onsuch contemporary issues as economic integration, drug trafficking, undocumented migration, and the rise of Latin America's "new left." It also analyzes Latin American reactions and responses to the U.S. - and to the rest of the world - in these complex and troubling times.
Peter H. Smith is Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Simón Bolívar Professor of Latin American Studies at the University of California, San Diego. A former president of the Latin American Studies Association, he is the author of more than twenty books, including Democracy in Latin America: Political Change in Comparative Perspective, Second Edition (2011) and coauthor of Modern Latin America, Seventh Edition (2019).
Table of Contents
*=New to this Edition
Chapters 1-15 end with Questions for Review.
New to This Edition
Introduction: Global Politics and U.S.-Latin American Relations
Concepts of Power
Caveats and Limitations
I. THE IMPERIAL ERA
1. The European Game
European Rivalry in the New World
Imperial Order: The Rules of the Game
Enter the United States
U.S. Imperialism I: Territorial Expansion
Eyes upon Cuba
U.S. Imperialism II: Commercial Empire
A Sphere of One's Own: The Pan-American Community
Obtaining John Bull's Acquiescence
Securing the Caribbean
Recipe for Intervention
2. The Gospel of Democracy
Roles of Ideology
The Meanings of Manifest Destiny
Obstacles to Democracy
History and Character
The Problem of Race
Intervention for Democracy
Taking Sides: The Mexican Revolution
Dollar Diplomacy I: The Dominican Republic (1916-1924)
Dollar Diplomacy II: Nicaragua (1909-1925)
Dollar Diplomacy III: Haiti (1915-1934)"
3. Latin America: Responding to Imperialism
Option 1: The Bolivarian Dream
Option 2: External Powers
Opposition to Pan Americanism
Hispanidad and Francophilia
Option 3: Rivalry and Subregional Hegemony
Argentina's Manifest Destiny
God Is a Brazilian
Option 4: Doctrines and Diplomacy
Cultures of Resistance
Mexico: War and Invasion
Cuba: Inside the Monster
Nicaragua: Origins of Sandinismo
4. Mr. Roosevelt's Neighborhood
Crucibles: Nicaragua and Cuba
The Good Neighbor Policy: Political Dimensions
The Good Neighbor Policy: Economic Dimensions
The Good Neighbor Policy: Ideological Dimensions
Sizing Up the Neighborhood
II. THE COLD WAR
5. Closing Ranks
United States as Superpower
Cold War: The Rules of the Game
The Cold War in Latin America
The Nixon Trip
6. Making Friends
Social Science, Ideology, and Foreign Policy
The Alliance for Progress
Forming the Alliance
Requiem for Failed Expectations
Holding the Line: Dictators as Friends
7. Crushing Enemies
Intervention in Guatemala
Cuba, Castro, and the Bay of Pigs
The Dominican Invasion
Chile: Allende Overthrown
The Seizure of Grenada
Central America: The Contra War
On U.S. Interventions
8. Latin America: Fighting the Cold War
Option 1: The Socialist Path
Parties and Elections
Option 2: The Anticommunist Crusade
Deliverance for Dictatorship
National Security Doctrines
Human Rights and the United States
Option 3: Seeking a Third Way
A New International Economic Order?
Nonalignment and Foreign Policy
From Contadora to Esquipulas
Legacies of War
III. GLOBALIZATION AND WAR
9. The 1990s: Hegemony and Geoeconomics
Aftermath of the Cold War
Rearrangements of Power
Hegemony by Default?
Toward a New Economic Agenda
The Washington Consensus
North American Free Trade
From NAFTA to FTAA?
Summitry and Setbacks
Geoeconomics: The Rules of the Game
10. Latin America: Playing the Geoeconomic Game
Twilight of Revolution?
Forms of Economic Integration
Model 1: Trading Around
Model 2: Joining with the North
Model 3: Subregional Integration
Model 4: Hubs and Spokes
The Outside World
The European Campaign
The Asia Card
The Problem of Asymmetrical Significance
Legacies of Neoliberal Reform
Protest and Resistance
11. Post 9/11: The War on Terror
War on Terror: The Rules of the Game
George Bush and Latin America
Regime Change and Democracy
Obama and Latin America
Coup in Honduras
12. Latin America: Seizing Opportunities
The Political Context
The New Left
The Burial of FTAA
Latin America Divided
Mexico: Fox and Calderón
Brazil: Lula and Dilma
Venezuela: The One and Only Hugo
The Rest of the World
Economic Growth and Change
Pulling Away from the United States?
The Benefits of Inattention
* 13. Dilemmas of Immigration
Immigration in Long-Term Perspective
Trends in U.S. Policy
Crisis in Haiti
The Post-9/11 Environment
Immigration and National Security
Immigration under Obama
* 14. Drug Trafficking, Drug Wars
Production and Supply
Sources of Supply
Dimensions of Demand
Policies and Wars
The Clinton Years
The Bush Era
Obama: Rhetoric or Reality?
Crisis in Mexico
Retrospect: Impacts on Latin America
Prospect: Debates over Policy
15. Debating U.S. Policy
Varieties of Realism: Conservative and Progressive
The Relevance of Latin America
Confronting the Policy Process
Complicating Factors I: Bureaucratic Wrangling
Complicating Factors II: Engaging the Public
Complicating Factors III: Partisan Polarization
Getting from Here to There
Back to the Future
16. Overview: Structure and Change in U.S.-Latin American Relations
Looking Back: Summation
Looking Back: Analysis
Explaining U.S. Policies
Understanding Latin American Responses
Differentiating Latin America
Looking Ahead: What Next?
A Guide to Further Reading